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SubjectRe: [PATCH v28 21/22] x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call
On Wed, Mar 11, 2020 at 1:38 PM Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com> wrote:
>
> On 2020-03-11 18:30, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 3, 2020 at 6:40 PM Jarkko Sakkinen
> > <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> >>
> >> An SGX runtime must be aware of the exceptions, which happen inside an
> >> enclave. Introduce a vDSO call that wraps EENTER/ERESUME cycle and returns
> >> the CPU exception back to the caller exactly when it happens.
> >>
> >> Kernel fixups the exception information to RDI, RSI and RDX. The SGX call
> >> vDSO handler fills this information to the user provided buffer or
> >> alternatively trigger user provided callback at the time of the exception.
> >>
> >> The calling convention is custom and does not follow System V x86-64 ABI.
> >>
> >> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
> >> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> >> Co-developed-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
> >> Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
> >> ---
> >> arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 2 +
> >> arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S | 1 +
> >> arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S | 187 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h | 37 +++++
> >> 4 files changed, 227 insertions(+)
> >> create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
> >>
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
> >> index 657e01d34d02..fa50c76a17a8 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
> >> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ VDSO32-$(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) := y
> >>
> >> # files to link into the vdso
> >> vobjs-y := vdso-note.o vclock_gettime.o vgetcpu.o
> >> +vobjs-$(VDSO64-y) += vsgx_enter_enclave.o
> >>
> >> # files to link into kernel
> >> obj-y += vma.o extable.o
> >> @@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ $(vobjs): KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS) $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS
> >> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vclock_gettime.o = -pg
> >> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vdso32/vclock_gettime.o = -pg
> >> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vgetcpu.o = -pg
> >> +CFLAGS_REMOVE_vsgx_enter_enclave.o = -pg
> >>
> >> #
> >> # X32 processes use x32 vDSO to access 64bit kernel data.
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
> >> index 36b644e16272..4bf48462fca7 100644
> >> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
> >> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ VERSION {
> >> __vdso_time;
> >> clock_getres;
> >> __vdso_clock_getres;
> >> + __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave;
> >> local: *;
> >> };
> >> }
> >> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
> >> new file mode 100644
> >> index 000000000000..94a8e5f99961
> >> --- /dev/null
> >> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
> >> @@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
> >> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> >> +
> >> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
> >> +#include <asm/export.h>
> >> +#include <asm/errno.h>
> >> +
> >> +#include "extable.h"
> >> +
> >> +#define EX_LEAF 0*8
> >> +#define EX_TRAPNR 0*8+4
> >> +#define EX_ERROR_CODE 0*8+6
> >> +#define EX_ADDRESS 1*8
> >> +
> >> +.code64
> >> +.section .text, "ax"
> >> +
> >> +/**
> >> + * __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() - Enter an SGX enclave
> >> + * @leaf: ENCLU leaf, must be EENTER or ERESUME
> >> + * @tcs: TCS, must be non-NULL
> >> + * @e: Optional struct sgx_enclave_exception instance
> >> + * @handler: Optional enclave exit handler
> >> + *
> >> + * **Important!** __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() is **NOT** compliant with the
> >> + * x86-64 ABI, i.e. cannot be called from standard C code.
> >> + *
> >> + * Input ABI:
> >> + * @leaf %eax
> >> + * @tcs 8(%rsp)
> >> + * @e 0x10(%rsp)
> >> + * @handler 0x18(%rsp)
> >> + *
> >> + * Output ABI:
> >> + * @ret %eax
> >> + *
> >> + * All general purpose registers except RAX, RBX and RCX are passed as-is to
> >> + * the enclave. RAX, RBX and RCX are consumed by EENTER and ERESUME and are
> >> + * loaded with @leaf, asynchronous exit pointer, and @tcs respectively.
> >> + *
> >> + * RBP and the stack are used to anchor __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() to the
> >> + * pre-enclave state, e.g. to retrieve @e and @handler after an enclave exit.
> >> + * All other registers are available for use by the enclave and its runtime,
> >> + * e.g. an enclave can push additional data onto the stack (and modify RSP) to
> >> + * pass information to the optional exit handler (see below).
> >> + *
> >> + * Most exceptions reported on ENCLU, including those that occur within the
> >> + * enclave, are fixed up and reported synchronously instead of being delivered
> >> + * via a standard signal. Debug Exceptions (#DB) and Breakpoints (#BP) are
> >> + * never fixed up and are always delivered via standard signals. On synchrously
> >> + * reported exceptions, -EFAULT is returned and details about the exception are
> >> + * recorded in @e, the optional sgx_enclave_exception struct.
> >> +
> >> + * If an exit handler is provided, the handler will be invoked on synchronous
> >> + * exits from the enclave and for all synchronously reported exceptions. In
> >> + * latter case, @e is filled prior to invoking the handler.
> >> + *
> >> + * The exit handler's return value is interpreted as follows:
> >> + * >0: continue, restart __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() with @ret as @leaf
> >> + * 0: success, return @ret to the caller
> >> + * <0: error, return @ret to the caller
> >> + *
> >> + * The userspace exit handler is responsible for unwinding the stack, e.g. to
> >> + * pop @e, u_rsp and @tcs, prior to returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
> >> + * The exit handler may also transfer control, e.g. via longjmp() or a C++
> >> + * exception, without returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
> >> + *
> >> + * Return:
> >> + * 0 on success,
> >> + * -EINVAL if ENCLU leaf is not allowed,
> >> + * -EFAULT if an exception occurs on ENCLU or within the enclave
> >> + * -errno for all other negative values returned by the userspace exit handler
> >> + */
> >> +#ifdef SGX_KERNEL_DOC
> >> +/* C-style function prototype to coerce kernel-doc into parsing the comment. */
> >> +int __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave(int leaf, void *tcs,
> >> + struct sgx_enclave_exception *e,
> >> + sgx_enclave_exit_handler_t handler);
> >> +#endif
> >> +SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
> >
> > Currently, the selftest has a wrapper around
> > __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() which preserves all x86-64 ABI callee-saved
> > registers (CSRs), though it uses none of them. Then it calls this
> > function which uses %rbx but preserves none of the CSRs. Then it jumps
> > into an enclave which zeroes all these registers before returning.
> > Thus:
> >
> > 1. wrapper saves all CSRs
> > 2. wrapper repositions stack arguments
> > 3. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() modifies, but does not save %rbx
> > 4. selftest zeros all CSRs
> > 5. wrapper loads all CSRs
> >
> > I'd like to propose instead that the enclave be responsible for saving
> > and restoring CSRs. So instead of the above we have:
> > 1. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() saves %rbx
> > 2. enclave saves CSRs
> > 3. enclave loads CSRs
> > 4. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() loads %rbx
> >
> > I know that lots of other stuff happens during enclave transitions,
> > but at the very least we could reduce the number of instructions
> > through this critical path.
>
> The current calling convention for __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave has been carefully designed to mimic just calling ENCLU[EENTER] as closely as possible.

That seems like a reasonable contract. Thanks!

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