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Subject[PATCH] list: Prevent compiler reloads inside 'safe' list iteration
Date
Instruct the compiler to read the next element in the list iteration
once, and that it is not allowed to reload the value from the stale
element later. This is important as during the course of the safe
iteration, the stale element may be poisoned (unbeknownst to the
compiler).

This helps prevent kcsan warnings over 'unsafe' conduct in releasing the
list elements during list_for_each_entry_safe() and friends.

Signed-off-by: Chris Wilson <chris@chris-wilson.co.uk>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
---
include/linux/list.h | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
1 file changed, 36 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/list.h b/include/linux/list.h
index 884216db3246..c4d215d02259 100644
--- a/include/linux/list.h
+++ b/include/linux/list.h
@@ -536,6 +536,17 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
#define list_next_entry(pos, member) \
list_entry((pos)->member.next, typeof(*(pos)), member)

+/**
+ * list_next_entry_safe - get the next element in list [once]
+ * @pos: the type * to cursor
+ * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct.
+ *
+ * Like list_next_entry() but prevents the compiler from reloading the
+ * next element.
+ */
+#define list_next_entry_safe(pos, member) \
+ list_entry(READ_ONCE((pos)->member.next), typeof(*(pos)), member)
+
/**
* list_prev_entry - get the prev element in list
* @pos: the type * to cursor
@@ -544,6 +555,17 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
#define list_prev_entry(pos, member) \
list_entry((pos)->member.prev, typeof(*(pos)), member)

+/**
+ * list_prev_entry_safe - get the prev element in list [once]
+ * @pos: the type * to cursor
+ * @member: the name of the list_head within the struct.
+ *
+ * Like list_prev_entry() but prevents the compiler from reloading the
+ * previous element.
+ */
+#define list_prev_entry_safe(pos, member) \
+ list_entry(READ_ONCE((pos)->member.prev), typeof(*(pos)), member)
+
/**
* list_for_each - iterate over a list
* @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.
@@ -686,9 +708,9 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
*/
#define list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member) \
for (pos = list_first_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \
- n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \
+ n = list_next_entry_safe(pos, member); \
&pos->member != (head); \
- pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member))
+ pos = n, n = list_next_entry_safe(n, member))

/**
* list_for_each_entry_safe_continue - continue list iteration safe against removal
@@ -700,11 +722,11 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
* Iterate over list of given type, continuing after current point,
* safe against removal of list entry.
*/
-#define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member) \
- for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member), \
- n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \
- &pos->member != (head); \
- pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member))
+#define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member) \
+ for (pos = list_next_entry(pos, member), \
+ n = list_next_entry_safe(pos, member); \
+ &pos->member != (head); \
+ pos = n, n = list_next_entry_safe(n, member))

/**
* list_for_each_entry_safe_from - iterate over list from current point safe against removal
@@ -716,10 +738,10 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
* Iterate over list of given type from current point, safe against
* removal of list entry.
*/
-#define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member) \
- for (n = list_next_entry(pos, member); \
- &pos->member != (head); \
- pos = n, n = list_next_entry(n, member))
+#define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member) \
+ for (n = list_next_entry_safe(pos, member); \
+ &pos->member != (head); \
+ pos = n, n = list_next_entry_safe(n, member))

/**
* list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse - iterate backwards over list safe against removal
@@ -733,9 +755,9 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
*/
#define list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pos, n, head, member) \
for (pos = list_last_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member), \
- n = list_prev_entry(pos, member); \
+ n = list_prev_entry_safe(pos, member); \
&pos->member != (head); \
- pos = n, n = list_prev_entry(n, member))
+ pos = n, n = list_prev_entry_safe(n, member))

/**
* list_safe_reset_next - reset a stale list_for_each_entry_safe loop
@@ -750,7 +772,7 @@ static inline void list_splice_tail_init(struct list_head *list,
* completing the current iteration of the loop body.
*/
#define list_safe_reset_next(pos, n, member) \
- n = list_next_entry(pos, member)
+ n = list_next_entry_safe(pos, member)

/*
* Double linked lists with a single pointer list head.
--
2.20.1
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