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SubjectRe: [PATCH v17 09/12] PCI/AER: Allow clearing Error Status Register in FF mode
On 3/10/2020 2:33 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 10, 2020 at 06:14:20PM +0000, wrote:
>> On 3/9/2020 11:28 PM, Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan wrote:
>>> On 3/9/2020 7:40 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>>> [+cc Austin, tentative Linux patches on this git branch:
>>>> On Tue, Mar 03, 2020 at 06:36:32PM -0800, wrote:
>>>>> From: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <>
>>>>> As per PCI firmware specification r3.2 System Firmware Intermediary
>>>>> (SFI) _OSC and DPC Updates ECR
>>>>> (, sec titled "DPC
>>>>> Event Handling Implementation Note", page 10, Error Disconnect Recover
>>>>> (EDR) support allows OS to handle error recovery and clearing Error
>>>>> Registers even in FF mode. So create new API pci_aer_raw_clear_status()
>>>>> which allows clearing AER registers without FF mode checks.
>>>> I see that this ECR was released as an ECN a few days ago:
>>>> Regrettably the title in the PDF still says "ECR" (the rendered title
>>>> *page* says "ENGINEERING CHANGE NOTIFICATION", but some metadata
>>>> buried in the file says "ECR - SFI _OSC Support and DPC Updates".
>> I'll see if PCI-SIG can update the metadata and repost.
> If that's possible, it would be nice to update the metadata for the
> "Downstream Port Containment related Enhancements" ECN as well. That
> one currently says "ECR - CardBus Header Proposal", which means that's
> what's in the window title bar and icons in the panel.

Sure, I'll check.

>>>> Anyway, I think I see the note you refer to (now on page 12):
>>>> DPC Event Handling
>>>> The flow chart below documents the behavior when firmware maintains
>>>> control of AER and DPC and grants control of PCIe Hot-Plug to the
>>>> operating system.
>>>> ...
>>>> Capture and clear device AER status. OS may choose to offline
>>>> devices3, either via SW (not load driver) or HW (power down device,
>>>> disable Link5,6,7). Otherwise process _HPX, complete device
>>>> enumeration, load drivers
>>>> This clearly suggests that the OS should clear device AER status.
>>>> However, according to the intro text, firmware has retained control of
>>>> AER, so what gives the OS the right to clear AER status?
>>>> The Downstream Port Containment Related Enhancements ECN (sec 4.5.1,
>>>> table 4-6) contains an exception that allows the OS to read/write
>>>> DPC registers during recovery. But
>>>> - that is for *DPC* registers, not for AER registers, and
>>>> - that exception only applies between OS receipt of the EDR
>>>> notification and OS release of DPC by clearing the DPC Trigger
>>>> Status bit.
>>>> The flowchart in the SFI ECN shows the OS releasing DPC before
>>>> clearing AER status:
>>>> - Receive EDR notification
>>>> - Cleanup - Notify and unload child drivers below Port
>>>> - Bring Port out of DPC, clear port error status, assign bus numbers
>>>> to child devices.
>>>> I assume this box includes clearing DPC error status and clearing
>>>> Trigger Status? They seem to be out of order in the box.
>> OS clears the DPC Trigger Status bit which will bring port below it out
>> of containment. Then OS will clear the "port" error status bits (i.e.,
>> the AER and DPC status bits in the root port or downstream port that
>> triggered containment). I don't think it would hurt to do this two steps
>> in reverse order but don't think it is necessary. Note that error status
>> bits for devices below the port in containment are cleared later after
>> f/w has a chance to log them.
> Maybe I'm misreading the DPC enhancements ECN. I think it says the OS
> can read/write DPC registers until it clears the DPC Trigger Status.
> If the OS clears Trigger Status first, my understanding is that we're
> now out of the EDR notification processing window and the OS is not
> permitted to write DPC registers.
> If it's OK for the OS to clear Trigger Status before clearing DPC
> error status, what is the event that determines when the OS may no
> longer read/write the DPC registers?

I think there are a few different registers to consider... DPC Control,
DPC Status, various AER registers, and the RP PIO registers. At this
point in the flow, the firmware has already had a chance to read all of
them and so it really doesn't matter the order the OS does those two
things. The firmware isn't going to get notified again until _OST so by
then both operation will be done and system firmware will have no idea
which order the OS did them in, nor will it care. But since the
existing normative text specifies and order, I would just follow that.

>>>> - Evaluate _OST
>>>> - Capture and clear device AER status.
>>>> This seems suspect to me. Where does it say the OS is
>>>> allowed to write AER status when firmware retains control
>>>> of AER?
>>>> This patch series does things in this order:
>>>> - Receive EDR notification (edr_handle_event(), edr.c)
>>>> - Read, log, and clear DPC error regs (dpc_process_error(),
>>>> dpc.c).
>>>> This also clears AER uncorrectable error status when the
>>>> relevant HEST entries do not have the FIRMWARE_FIRST bit
>>>> set. I think this is incorrect: the test should be based
>>>> the _OSC negotiation for AER ownership, not on the HEST
>>>> entries. But this problem pre-dates this patch series.
>>>> - Clear AER status (pci_aer_raw_clear_status(), aer.c).
>>>> This is at least inside the EDR recovery window, but again,
>>>> I don't see where it says the OS is allowed to write the
>>>> AER status.
>>> Implementation note is the only reference we have regarding
>>> clearing the AER registers.
>>> But since the spec says both DPC and AER needs to be always
>>> controlled together by the either OS or firmware, and when
>>> firmware relinquishes control over DPC registers in EDR
>>> notification window, we can assume that we also have control over
>>> AER registers.
>>> But I agree that is not explicitly spelled out any where outside
>>> the implementation note.
> This is all quite unsatisfying since implementation notes are not
> normative. I would far rather reference actual spec text.

Yes, the change I mention below would be to add normative text.

>>> Austin,
>>> May be ECN (section 4.5.1, table 4-6) needs to be updated to add
>>> this clarification.
>> Sure we can update to section 4.5.1, table 4-6 to indicate when OS
>> can clear the AER status bits. It will just follow what's done in
>> the implementation note so I think it's acceptable to follow
>> implementation guidance for now.
> There are no events after the "clear device AER status" box. That
> seems to mean the OS can write the AER status registers at any time.
> But the whole implementation note assumes firmware maintains control
> of AER.

In this model the OS doesn't own DPC or AER but the model allows OS to
touch both DPC and AER registers at certain times. I would view
ownership in this case as who is the primary owner and not who is the
sole entity allowed to access the registers.

For the normative text describing when OS clears the AER bits following
the informative flow chart, it could say that OS clears AER as soon as
possible after OST returns and before OS processes _HPX and loading
drivers. Open to other suggestions as well.

>>>> - Attempt recovery (pcie_do_recovery(), err.c)
>>>> - Clear DPC Trigger Status (dpc_reset_link(), dpc.c)
>>>> - Evaluate _OST (acpi_send_edr_status(), edr.c)
>>>> What am I missing?

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