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Subject[PATCH v5] dynamic_debug: allow to work if debugfs is disabled
With the realization that having debugfs enabled on "production" systems
is generally not a good idea, debugfs is being disabled from more and
more platforms over time. However, the functionality of dynamic
debugging still is needed at times, and since it relies on debugfs for
its user api, having debugfs disabled also forces dynamic debug to be

To get around this, also create the "control" file for dynamic_debug in
procfs. This allows people turn on debugging as needed at runtime for
individual driverfs and subsystems.

Reported-by: many different companies
Cc: Jason Baron <>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
v5: as many people asked for it, now enable the control file in both
debugfs and procfs at the same time.
v4: tweaks to the .rst text thanks to Randy's review
v3: rename init function as it is now no longer just for debugfs, thanks
to Jason for the review.
Fix build warning for debugfs_initialized call.
v2: Fix up octal permissions and add procfs reference to the Kconfig
entry, thanks to Will for the review.

.../admin-guide/dynamic-debug-howto.rst | 3 +++
lib/Kconfig.debug | 7 ++++---
lib/dynamic_debug.c | 20 ++++++++++++++-----
3 files changed, 22 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/dynamic-debug-howto.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/dynamic-debug-howto.rst
index 252e5ef324e5..585451d12608 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/dynamic-debug-howto.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/dynamic-debug-howto.rst
@@ -54,6 +54,9 @@ If you make a mistake with the syntax, the write will fail thus::
-bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument

+Note, for systems without 'debugfs' enabled, the control file can also
+be found in ``/proc/dynamic_debug/control``.
Viewing Dynamic Debug Behaviour

diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 69def4a9df00..a15dde66dc4c 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -98,7 +98,7 @@ config DYNAMIC_DEBUG
bool "Enable dynamic printk() support"
default n
depends on PRINTK
- depends on DEBUG_FS
+ depends on (DEBUG_FS || PROC_FS)

Compiles debug level messages into the kernel, which would not
@@ -116,8 +116,9 @@ config DYNAMIC_DEBUG

Dynamic debugging is controlled via the 'dynamic_debug/control' file,
- which is contained in the 'debugfs' filesystem. Thus, the debugfs
- filesystem must first be mounted before making use of this feature.
+ which is contained in the 'debugfs' filesystem or procfs if
+ debugfs is not present. Thus, the debugfs or procfs filesystem
+ must first be mounted before making use of this feature.
We refer the control file as: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control. This
file contains a list of the debug statements that can be enabled. The
format for each line of the file is:
diff --git a/lib/dynamic_debug.c b/lib/dynamic_debug.c
index c60409138e13..c220c1891729 100644
--- a/lib/dynamic_debug.c
+++ b/lib/dynamic_debug.c
@@ -991,15 +991,25 @@ static void ddebug_remove_all_tables(void)

static __initdata int ddebug_init_success;

-static int __init dynamic_debug_init_debugfs(void)
+static int __init dynamic_debug_init_control(void)
- struct dentry *dir;
+ struct proc_dir_entry *procfs_dir;
+ struct dentry *debugfs_dir;

if (!ddebug_init_success)
return -ENODEV;

- dir = debugfs_create_dir("dynamic_debug", NULL);
- debugfs_create_file("control", 0644, dir, NULL, &ddebug_proc_fops);
+ /* Create the control file in debugfs if it is enabled */
+ if (debugfs_initialized()) {
+ debugfs_dir = debugfs_create_dir("dynamic_debug", NULL);
+ debugfs_create_file("control", 0644, debugfs_dir, NULL,
+ &ddebug_proc_fops);
+ }
+ /* Also create the control file in procfs */
+ procfs_dir = proc_mkdir("dynamic_debug", NULL);
+ if (procfs_dir)
+ proc_create("control", 0644, procfs_dir, &ddebug_proc_fops);

return 0;
@@ -1077,4 +1087,4 @@ static int __init dynamic_debug_init(void)

/* Debugfs setup must be done later */
 \ /
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