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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 4/6] kvm: vmx: Extend VMX's #AC handding for split lock in guest
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On 2/4/2020 5:14 AM, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Mon, Feb 03, 2020 at 11:16:06PM +0800, Xiaoyao Li wrote:
>> There are two types of #AC can be generated in Intel CPUs:
>> 1. legacy alignment check #AC;
>> 2. split lock #AC;
>>
>> Legacy alignment check #AC can be injected to guest if guest has enabled
>> alignemnet check.
>>
>> When host enables split lock detection, i.e., split_lock_detect != off,
>> guest will receive an unexpected #AC when there is a split lock happens
>> since KVM doesn't virtualize this feature to guest hardware value of
>> MSR_TEST_CTRL.SPLIT_LOCK_DETECT bit stays unchanged when vcpu is running.
>>
>> Since old guests lack split_lock #AC handler and may have split lock buges.
>> To make them survive from split lock, applying the similar policy
>> as host's split lock detect configuration:
>> - host split lock detect is sld_warn:
>> warn the split lock happened in guest, and disabling split lock
>> detect during vcpu is running to allow the guest to continue running.
>> - host split lock detect is sld_fatal:
>> forwarding #AC to userspace, somewhat similar as sending SIGBUS.
>>
>> Please note:
>> 1. If sld_warn and SMT is enabled, the split lock in guest's vcpu
>> leads to disable split lock detect on the sibling CPU thread during
>> the vcpu is running.
>>
>> 2. When host is sld_warn, it allows guest to generate split lock which also
>> opens the door for malicious guest to do DoS attack. It is same that in
>> sld_warn mode, userspace application can do DoS attack.
>>
>> 3. If want to prevent DoS attack from guest, host must use sld_fatal mode.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@intel.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h | 3 +++
>> 2 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> index c475fa2aaae0..93e3370c5f84 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
>> @@ -4233,6 +4233,8 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool init_event)
>>
>> vmx->msr_ia32_umwait_control = 0;
>>
>> + vmx->disable_split_lock_detect = false;
>> +
>
> I see no reason to give special treatment to RESET/INIT, i.e. leave the
> flag set. vCPUs are zeroed on allocation.

So when guest reboots, it doesn't need to reset it to false?
I am not clear about difference between RESET and INIT, so I didn't
differentiate them into different case with init_event

>> vcpu->arch.microcode_version = 0x100000000ULL;
>> vmx->vcpu.arch.regs[VCPU_REGS_RDX] = get_rdx_init_val();
>> vmx->hv_deadline_tsc = -1;
>> @@ -4557,6 +4559,12 @@ static int handle_machine_check(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> return 1;
>> }
>>
>> +static inline bool guest_cpu_alignment_check_enabled(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> +{
>> + return vmx_get_cpl(vcpu) == 3 && kvm_read_cr0_bits(vcpu, X86_CR0_AM) &&
>> + (kvm_get_rflags(vcpu) & X86_EFLAGS_AC);
>> +}
>> +
>> static int handle_exception_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> {
>> struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
>> @@ -4622,9 +4630,6 @@ static int handle_exception_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> return handle_rmode_exception(vcpu, ex_no, error_code);
>>
>> switch (ex_no) {
>> - case AC_VECTOR:
>> - kvm_queue_exception_e(vcpu, AC_VECTOR, error_code);
>> - return 1;
>> case DB_VECTOR:
>> dr6 = vmcs_readl(EXIT_QUALIFICATION);
>> if (!(vcpu->guest_debug &
>> @@ -4653,6 +4658,33 @@ static int handle_exception_nmi(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> kvm_run->debug.arch.pc = vmcs_readl(GUEST_CS_BASE) + rip;
>> kvm_run->debug.arch.exception = ex_no;
>> break;
>> + case AC_VECTOR:
>> + /*
>> + * Inject #AC back to guest only when legacy alignment check
>> + * enabled.
>> + * Otherwise, it must be an unexpected split-lock #AC for guest
>> + * since KVM keeps hardware SPLIT_LOCK_DETECT bit unchanged
>> + * when vcpu is running.
>> + * - If sld_state == sld_warn, treat it similar as user space
>> + * process that warn and allow it to continue running.
>> + * In this case, setting vmx->diasble_split_lock_detect to
>> + * true so that it will toggle MSR_TEST.SPLIT_LOCK_DETECT
>> + * bit during every following VM Entry and Exit;
>> + * - If sld_state == sld_fatal, it forwards #AC to userspace,
>> + * similar as sending SIGBUS.
>> + */
>> + if (guest_cpu_alignment_check_enabled(vcpu) ||
>> + WARN_ON(get_split_lock_detect_state() == sld_off)) {
>
> Eh, I'd omit the WARN. And invert the ordering to avoid multiple VMREADs
> when SLD is disabled, which will be the common case.
>
>> + kvm_queue_exception_e(vcpu, AC_VECTOR, error_code);
>> + return 1;
>> + }
>> + if (get_split_lock_detect_state() == sld_warn) {
>> + pr_warn("kvm: split lock #AC happened in %s [%d]\n",
>> + current->comm, current->pid);
>
> Set TIF_SLD and the MSR bit, then __switch_to_xtra() will automatically
> handle writing the MSR when necessary.

Right, we can do this.

However, if using TIF_SLD and __switch_to_xtra() to switch MSR bit. Once
there is a split lock in guest, it set TIF_SLD for the vcpu thread, so
it loses the capability to find and warn the split locks in the user
space thread, e.g., QEMU vcpu thread, and also loses the capability to
find the split lock in KVM.

If it's not a problem, I agree to use TIF_SLD.

> Even better would be to export handle_user_split_lock() and call that
> directly. The EFLAGS.AC logic in handle_user_split_lock() can be moved out
> to do_alignment_check() to avoid that complication; arguably that should be
> done in the initial SLD patch.

the warning message of handle_user_split_lock() contains the RIP of
userspace application. If use it here, what RIP should we use? the guest
RIP of the faulting instruction?

>> + vmx->disable_split_lock_detect = true;
>> + return 1;
>> + }
>> + /* fall through*/
>> default:
>> kvm_run->exit_reason = KVM_EXIT_EXCEPTION;
>> kvm_run->ex.exception = ex_no;
>> @@ -6530,6 +6562,11 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>> */
>> x86_spec_ctrl_set_guest(vmx->spec_ctrl, 0);
>>
>> + if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SPLIT_LOCK_DETECT) &&
>> + unlikely(vmx->disable_split_lock_detect) &&
>> + !test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SLD))
>> + split_lock_detect_set(false);
>> +
>> /* L1D Flush includes CPU buffer clear to mitigate MDS */
>> if (static_branch_unlikely(&vmx_l1d_should_flush))
>> vmx_l1d_flush(vcpu);
>> @@ -6564,6 +6601,11 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>>
>> x86_spec_ctrl_restore_host(vmx->spec_ctrl, 0);
>>
>> + if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SPLIT_LOCK_DETECT) &&
>> + unlikely(vmx->disable_split_lock_detect) &&
>> + !test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_SLD))
>> + split_lock_detect_set(true);
>
> Manually calling split_lock_detect_set() in vmx_vcpu_run() is unnecessary.
> The MSR only needs to be written on the initial #AC, after that KVM can
> rely on the stickiness of TIF_SLD to ensure the MSR is set correctly when
> control transfer to/from this vCPU.
>
>> +
>> /* All fields are clean at this point */
>> if (static_branch_unlikely(&enable_evmcs))
>> current_evmcs->hv_clean_fields |=
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h
>> index 7f42cf3dcd70..912eba66c5d5 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.h
>> @@ -274,6 +274,9 @@ struct vcpu_vmx {
>>
>> bool req_immediate_exit;
>>
>> + /* Disable split-lock detection when running the vCPU */
>> + bool disable_split_lock_detect;
>> +
>> /* Support for PML */
>> #define PML_ENTITY_NUM 512
>> struct page *pml_pg;
>> --
>> 2.23.0
>>

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