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Subject[PATCH v3] mm/hotplug: Only respect mem= parameter during boot stage
In commit 357b4da50a62 ("x86: respect memory size limiting via mem=
parameter") a global varialbe max_mem_size is added to store
the value parsed from 'mem= ', then checked when memory region is
added. This truly stops those DIMMs from being added into system memory
during boot-time.

However, it also limits the later memory hotplug functionality. Any
DIMM can't be hotplugged any more if its region is beyond the
max_mem_size. We will get errors like:

[ 216.387164] acpi PNP0C80:02: add_memory failed
[ 216.389301] acpi PNP0C80:02: acpi_memory_enable_device() error
[ 216.392187] acpi PNP0C80:02: Enumeration failure

This will cause issue in a known use case where 'mem=' is added to
the hypervisor. The memory that lies after 'mem=' boundary will be
assigned to KVM guests. After commit 357b4da50a62 merged, memory
can't be extended dynamically if system memory on hypervisor is not

So fix it by also checking if it's during boot-time restricting to add
memory. Otherwise, skip the restriction.

And also add this use case to document of 'mem=' kernel parameter.

Fixes: 357b4da50a62 ("x86: respect memory size limiting via mem= parameter")
Signed-off-by: Baoquan He <>
In discussion of v1 and v2, People have concern about the use case
related to the code change. So add the use case into patch log and
document of 'mem=' in kernel-parameters.txt.

Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 13 +++++++++++--
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 8 +++++++-
2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index ddc5ccdd4cd1..b809767e5f74 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2533,13 +2533,22 @@
For details see: Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/mds.rst

mem=nn[KMG] [KNL,BOOT] Force usage of a specific amount of memory
- Amount of memory to be used when the kernel is not able
- to see the whole system memory or for test.
+ Amount of memory to be used in cases as follows:
+ 1 for test;
+ 2 when the kernel is not able to see the whole system memory;
+ 3 memory that lies after 'mem=' boundary is excluded from
+ the hypervisor, then assigned to KVM guests.
[X86] Work as limiting max address. Use together
with memmap= to avoid physical address space collisions.
Without memmap= PCI devices could be placed at addresses
belonging to unused RAM.

+ Note that this only takes effects during boot time since
+ in above case 3, memory may need be hot added after boot
+ if system memory of hypervisor is not sufficient.
mem=nopentium [BUGS=X86-32] Disable usage of 4MB pages for kernel

diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 36d80915ddc2..e6c75ceacf9a 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -105,7 +105,13 @@ static struct resource *register_memory_resource(u64 start, u64 size)
char *resource_name = "System RAM";

- if (start + size > max_mem_size)
+ /*
+ * Make sure value parsed from 'mem=' only restricts memory adding
+ * while booting, so that memory hotplug won't be impacted. Please
+ * refer to document of 'mem=' in kernel-parameters.txt for more
+ * details.
+ */
+ if (start + size > max_mem_size && system_state < SYSTEM_RUNNING)
return ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);

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