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Subject[PATCH v2] spi: Add FSI-attached SPI controller driver
Date
There exists a set of SPI controllers on some POWER processors that may
be accessed through the FSI bus. Add a driver to traverse the FSI CFAM
engine that can access and drive the SPI controllers. This driver would
typically be used by a baseboard management controller (BMC).

The SPI controllers operate by means of programming a sequencing engine
which automatically manages the usual SPI protocol buses. The driver
programs each transfer into the sequencer as various operations
specifying the slave chip and shifting data in and out on the lines.

Signed-off-by: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changes since v1:
- Add comments
- Switch to upper/lower_32_bits rather than manually shifting
- Use min rather than manual conditional
- Switch to dev_dbg for reset log
- Add a timeout and abort for multiple resets for the transfer init procedure
- Add MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE
- Misc minor clean up items

MAINTAINERS | 6 +
drivers/spi/Kconfig | 7 +
drivers/spi/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c | 542 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 556 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index d6d838c..fa7a371 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -6862,6 +6862,12 @@ S: Maintained
F: drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-fsi.c
F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/i2c/i2c-fsi.txt

+FSI-ATTACHED SPI DRIVER
+M: Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>
+L: linux-spi@vger.kernel.org
+S: Maintained
+F: drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c
+
FSNOTIFY: FILESYSTEM NOTIFICATION INFRASTRUCTURE
M: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
R: Amir Goldstein <amir73il@gmail.com>
diff --git a/drivers/spi/Kconfig b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
index d6ed0c3..c6fc9f1 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/spi/Kconfig
@@ -264,6 +264,13 @@ config SPI_FALCON
has only been tested with m25p80 type chips. The hardware has no
support for other types of SPI peripherals.

+config SPI_FSI
+ tristate "FSI SPI driver"
+ depends on FSI
+ help
+ This enables support for the driver for FSI bus attached SPI
+ controllers.
+
config SPI_FSL_LPSPI
tristate "Freescale i.MX LPSPI controller"
depends on ARCH_MXC || COMPILE_TEST
diff --git a/drivers/spi/Makefile b/drivers/spi/Makefile
index 9b65ec5..d4ea24e 100644
--- a/drivers/spi/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/spi/Makefile
@@ -40,6 +40,7 @@ spi-dw-midpci-objs := spi-dw-pci.o spi-dw-mid.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_EFM32) += spi-efm32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_EP93XX) += spi-ep93xx.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FALCON) += spi-falcon.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSI) += spi-fsi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSL_CPM) += spi-fsl-cpm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSL_DSPI) += spi-fsl-dspi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SPI_FSL_LIB) += spi-fsl-lib.o
diff --git a/drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c b/drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6bd87e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/spi/spi-fsi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,542 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+// Copyright (C) IBM Corporation 2020
+
+#include <linux/bitfield.h>
+#include <linux/bits.h>
+#include <linux/fsi.h>
+#include <linux/jiffies.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+
+#define FSI_ENGID_SPI 0x23
+#define FSI_MBOX_ROOT_CTRL_8 0x2860
+
+#define FSI2SPI_DATA0 0x00
+#define FSI2SPI_DATA1 0x04
+#define FSI2SPI_CMD 0x08
+#define FSI2SPI_CMD_WRITE BIT(31)
+#define FSI2SPI_RESET 0x18
+#define FSI2SPI_STATUS 0x1c
+#define FSI2SPI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR BIT(31)
+#define FSI2SPI_IRQ 0x20
+
+#define SPI_FSI_BASE 0x70000
+#define SPI_FSI_INIT_TIMEOUT_MS 1000
+#define SPI_FSI_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE 2048
+
+#define SPI_FSI_ERROR 0x0
+#define SPI_FSI_COUNTER_CFG 0x1
+#define SPI_FSI_COUNTER_CFG_LOOPS(x) (((u64)(x) & 0xffULL) << 32)
+#define SPI_FSI_CFG1 0x2
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG 0x3
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_MM_ENABLE BIT_ULL(32)
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_ECC_DISABLE (BIT_ULL(35) | BIT_ULL(33))
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_RESET1 (BIT_ULL(36) | BIT_ULL(38))
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_RESET2 (BIT_ULL(37) | BIT_ULL(39))
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_MODE (BIT_ULL(41) | BIT_ULL(42))
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_RECV_DEL GENMASK_ULL(51, 44)
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_NO_DEL BIT_ULL(51)
+#define SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_DIV GENMASK_ULL(63, 52)
+#define SPI_FSI_MMAP 0x4
+#define SPI_FSI_DATA_TX 0x5
+#define SPI_FSI_DATA_RX 0x6
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE 0x7
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_STOP 0x00
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SEL_SLAVE(x) (0x10 | ((x) & 0xf))
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_OUT(x) (0x30 | ((x) & 0xf))
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_IN(x) (0x40 | ((x) & 0xf))
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_COPY_DATA_TX 0xc0
+#define SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_BRANCH(x) (0xe0 | ((x) & 0xf))
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS 0x8
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_ERROR \
+ (GENMASK_ULL(31, 21) | GENMASK_ULL(15, 12))
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_SEQ_STATE GENMASK_ULL(55, 48)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_SEQ_STATE_IDLE BIT_ULL(48)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_UNDERRUN BIT_ULL(57)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_OVERRUN BIT_ULL(58)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_FULL BIT_ULL(59)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_UNDERRUN BIT_ULL(61)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_OVERRUN BIT_ULL(62)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_FULL BIT_ULL(63)
+#define SPI_FSI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR \
+ (SPI_FSI_STATUS_ERROR | SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_UNDERRUN | \
+ SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_OVERRUN | SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_UNDERRUN | \
+ SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_OVERRUN)
+#define SPI_FSI_PORT_CTRL 0x9
+
+struct fsi_spi {
+ struct device *dev; /* SPI controller device */
+ struct fsi_device *fsi; /* FSI2SPI CFAM engine device */
+ u32 base;
+};
+
+struct fsi_spi_sequence {
+ int bit;
+ u64 data;
+};
+
+static int fsi_spi_check_status(struct fsi_spi *ctx)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u32 sts;
+ __be32 sts_be;
+
+ rc = fsi_device_read(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_STATUS, &sts_be,
+ sizeof(sts_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ sts = be32_to_cpu(sts_be);
+ if (sts & FSI2SPI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR) {
+ dev_err(ctx->dev, "Error with FSI2SPI interface: %08x.\n", sts);
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_read_reg(struct fsi_spi *ctx, u32 offset, u64 *value)
+{
+ int rc;
+ __be32 cmd_be;
+ __be32 data_be;
+
+ *value = 0ULL;
+
+ cmd_be = cpu_to_be32(offset + ctx->base);
+ rc = fsi_device_write(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_CMD, &cmd_be, sizeof(cmd_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_check_status(ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ rc = fsi_device_read(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_DATA0, &data_be,
+ sizeof(data_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ *value |= (u64)be32_to_cpu(data_be) << 32;
+
+ rc = fsi_device_read(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_DATA1, &data_be,
+ sizeof(data_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ *value |= (u64)be32_to_cpu(data_be);
+ dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Read %02x[%016llx].\n", offset, *value);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_write_reg(struct fsi_spi *ctx, u32 offset, u64 value)
+{
+ int rc;
+ __be32 cmd_be;
+ __be32 data_be;
+
+ dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Write %02x[%016llx].\n", offset, value);
+
+ data_be = cpu_to_be32(upper_32_bits(value));
+ rc = fsi_device_write(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_DATA0, &data_be,
+ sizeof(data_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ data_be = cpu_to_be32(lower_32_bits(value));
+ rc = fsi_device_write(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_DATA1, &data_be,
+ sizeof(data_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ cmd_be = cpu_to_be32((offset + ctx->base) | FSI2SPI_CMD_WRITE);
+ rc = fsi_device_write(ctx->fsi, FSI2SPI_CMD, &cmd_be, sizeof(cmd_be));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return fsi_spi_check_status(ctx);
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_data_in(u64 in, u8 *rx, int len)
+{
+ int i;
+ int num_bytes = min(len, 8);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_bytes; ++i)
+ rx[i] = (u8)(in >> (8 * ((num_bytes - 1) - i)));
+
+ return num_bytes;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_data_out(u64 *out, const u8 *tx, int len)
+{
+ int i;
+ int num_bytes = min(len, 8);
+
+ *out = 0ULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_bytes; ++i)
+ *out |= (u64)tx[i] << (8 * (8 - (i + 1)));
+
+ return num_bytes;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_reset(struct fsi_spi *ctx)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Resetting SPI controller.\n");
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG,
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_RESET1);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG,
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_RESET2);
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_sequence_add(struct fsi_spi_sequence *seq, u8 val)
+{
+ seq->data |= (u64)val << seq->bit;
+ seq->bit -= 8;
+
+ return ((64 - seq->bit) / 8) - 2;
+}
+
+static void fsi_spi_sequence_init(struct fsi_spi_sequence *seq)
+{
+ seq->bit = 56;
+ seq->data = 0ULL;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_sequence_transfer(struct fsi_spi *ctx,
+ struct fsi_spi_sequence *seq,
+ struct spi_transfer *transfer)
+{
+ int loops;
+ int idx;
+ int rc;
+ u8 len = min(transfer->len, 8U);
+ u8 rem = transfer->len % len;
+
+ loops = transfer->len / len;
+
+ if (transfer->tx_buf) {
+ idx = fsi_spi_sequence_add(seq,
+ SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_OUT(len));
+ if (rem)
+ rem = SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_OUT(rem);
+ } else if (transfer->rx_buf) {
+ idx = fsi_spi_sequence_add(seq,
+ SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_IN(len));
+ if (rem)
+ rem = SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SHIFT_IN(rem);
+ } else {
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (loops > 1) {
+ fsi_spi_sequence_add(seq, SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_BRANCH(idx));
+
+ if (rem)
+ fsi_spi_sequence_add(seq, rem);
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_COUNTER_CFG,
+ SPI_FSI_COUNTER_CFG_LOOPS(loops - 1));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_transfer_data(struct fsi_spi *ctx,
+ struct spi_transfer *transfer)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+ u64 status = 0ULL;
+
+ if (transfer->tx_buf) {
+ int nb;
+ int sent = 0;
+ u64 out = 0ULL;
+ const u8 *tx = transfer->tx_buf;
+
+ while (transfer->len > sent) {
+ nb = fsi_spi_data_out(&out, &tx[sent],
+ (int)transfer->len - sent);
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_DATA_TX, out);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ do {
+ rc = fsi_spi_read_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_STATUS,
+ &status);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if (status & SPI_FSI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR) {
+ rc = fsi_spi_reset(ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return -EREMOTEIO;
+ }
+ } while (status & SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_FULL);
+
+ sent += nb;
+ }
+ } else if (transfer->rx_buf) {
+ int recv = 0;
+ u64 in = 0ULL;
+ u8 *rx = transfer->rx_buf;
+
+ while (transfer->len > recv) {
+ do {
+ rc = fsi_spi_read_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_STATUS,
+ &status);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if (status & SPI_FSI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR) {
+ rc = fsi_spi_reset(ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return -EREMOTEIO;
+ }
+ } while (!(status & SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_FULL));
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_read_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_DATA_RX, &in);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ recv += fsi_spi_data_in(in, &rx[recv],
+ (int)transfer->len - recv);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_transfer_init(struct fsi_spi *ctx)
+{
+ int rc;
+ bool reset = false;
+ unsigned long end;
+ u64 seq_state;
+ u64 clock_cfg = 0ULL;
+ u64 status = 0ULL;
+ u64 wanted_clock_cfg = SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_ECC_DISABLE |
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_NO_DEL |
+ FIELD_PREP(SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_DIV, 4);
+
+ end = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(SPI_FSI_INIT_TIMEOUT_MS);
+ do {
+ if (time_after(jiffies, end))
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_read_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_STATUS, &status);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if (status & (SPI_FSI_STATUS_ANY_ERROR |
+ SPI_FSI_STATUS_TDR_FULL |
+ SPI_FSI_STATUS_RDR_FULL)) {
+ if (reset)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_reset(ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ reset = true;
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ seq_state = status & SPI_FSI_STATUS_SEQ_STATE;
+ } while (seq_state && (seq_state != SPI_FSI_STATUS_SEQ_STATE_IDLE));
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_read_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG, &clock_cfg);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if ((clock_cfg & (SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_MM_ENABLE |
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_ECC_DISABLE |
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_MODE |
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_RECV_DEL |
+ SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG_SCK_DIV)) != wanted_clock_cfg)
+ rc = fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_CLOCK_CFG,
+ wanted_clock_cfg);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_transfer_one_message(struct spi_controller *ctlr,
+ struct spi_message *mesg)
+{
+ int rc = 0;
+ u8 seq_slave = SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SEL_SLAVE(mesg->spi->chip_select + 1);
+ struct spi_transfer *transfer;
+ struct fsi_spi *ctx = spi_controller_get_devdata(ctlr);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(transfer, &mesg->transfers, transfer_list) {
+ struct fsi_spi_sequence seq;
+ struct spi_transfer *next = NULL;
+
+ /* Sequencer must do shift out (tx) first. */
+ if (!transfer->tx_buf ||
+ transfer->len > SPI_FSI_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE) {
+ rc = -EINVAL;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Start tx of %d bytes.\n", transfer->len);
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_transfer_init(ctx);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ goto error;
+
+ fsi_spi_sequence_init(&seq);
+ fsi_spi_sequence_add(&seq, seq_slave);
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_sequence_transfer(ctx, &seq, transfer);
+ if (rc)
+ goto error;
+
+ if (!list_is_last(&transfer->transfer_list,
+ &mesg->transfers)) {
+ next = list_next_entry(transfer, transfer_list);
+
+ /* Sequencer can only do shift in (rx) after tx. */
+ if (next->rx_buf) {
+ if (next->len > SPI_FSI_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE) {
+ rc = -EINVAL;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(ctx->dev, "Sequence rx of %d bytes.\n",
+ next->len);
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_sequence_transfer(ctx, &seq,
+ next);
+ if (rc)
+ goto error;
+ } else {
+ next = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ fsi_spi_sequence_add(&seq, SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE_SEL_SLAVE(0));
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_write_reg(ctx, SPI_FSI_SEQUENCE, seq.data);
+ if (rc)
+ goto error;
+
+ rc = fsi_spi_transfer_data(ctx, transfer);
+ if (rc)
+ goto error;
+
+ if (next) {
+ rc = fsi_spi_transfer_data(ctx, next);
+ if (rc)
+ goto error;
+
+ transfer = next;
+ }
+ }
+
+error:
+ mesg->status = rc;
+ spi_finalize_current_message(ctlr);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static size_t fsi_spi_max_transfer_size(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ return SPI_FSI_MAX_TRANSFER_SIZE;
+}
+
+static int fsi_spi_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u32 root_ctrl_8;
+ struct device_node *np;
+ int num_controllers_registered = 0;
+ struct fsi_device *fsi = to_fsi_dev(dev);
+
+ /*
+ * Check the SPI mux before attempting to probe. If the mux isn't set
+ * then the SPI controllers can't access their slave devices.
+ */
+ rc = fsi_slave_read(fsi->slave, FSI_MBOX_ROOT_CTRL_8, &root_ctrl_8,
+ sizeof(root_ctrl_8));
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ if (!root_ctrl_8) {
+ dev_dbg(dev, "SPI mux not set, aborting probe.\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ for_each_available_child_of_node(dev->of_node, np) {
+ u32 base;
+ struct fsi_spi *ctx;
+ struct spi_controller *ctlr;
+
+ if (of_property_read_u32(np, "reg", &base))
+ continue;
+
+ ctlr = spi_alloc_master(dev, sizeof(*ctx));
+ if (!ctlr)
+ break;
+
+ ctlr->dev.of_node = np;
+ ctlr->num_chipselect = of_get_available_child_count(np) ?: 1;
+ ctlr->flags = SPI_CONTROLLER_HALF_DUPLEX;
+ ctlr->max_transfer_size = fsi_spi_max_transfer_size;
+ ctlr->transfer_one_message = fsi_spi_transfer_one_message;
+
+ ctx = spi_controller_get_devdata(ctlr);
+ ctx->dev = &ctlr->dev;
+ ctx->fsi = fsi;
+ ctx->base = base + SPI_FSI_BASE;
+
+ rc = devm_spi_register_controller(dev, ctlr);
+ if (rc)
+ spi_controller_put(ctlr);
+ else
+ num_controllers_registered++;
+ }
+
+ if (!num_controllers_registered)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct fsi_device_id fsi_spi_ids[] = {
+ { FSI_ENGID_SPI, FSI_VERSION_ANY },
+ { }
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(fsi, fsi_spi_ids);
+
+static struct fsi_driver fsi_spi_driver = {
+ .id_table = fsi_spi_ids,
+ .drv = {
+ .name = "spi-fsi",
+ .bus = &fsi_bus_type,
+ .probe = fsi_spi_probe,
+ },
+};
+module_fsi_driver(fsi_spi_driver);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Eddie James <eajames@linux.ibm.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("FSI attached SPI controller");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
--
1.8.3.1
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