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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 0/7] Allow setting caching mode in arch_add_memory() for P2PDMA
On Thu, Feb 27, 2020 at 09:55:04AM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 27, 2020 at 9:43 AM Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca> wrote:
> >
> > On Thu, Feb 27, 2020 at 10:21:50AM -0700, Logan Gunthorpe wrote:
> > >
> > >
> > > On 2020-02-27 10:17 a.m., Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
> > > >> Instead of this, this series proposes a change to arch_add_memory()
> > > >> to take the pgprot required by the mapping which allows us to
> > > >> explicitly set pagetable entries for P2PDMA memory to WC.
> > > >
> > > > Is there a particular reason why WC was selected here? I thought for
> > > > the p2pdma cases there was no kernel user that touched the memory?
> > >
> > > Yes, that's correct. I choose WC here because the existing users are
> > > registering memory blocks without side effects which fit the WC
> > > semantics well.
> >
> > Hm, AFAIK WC memory is not compatible with the spinlocks/mutexs/etc in
> > Linux, so while it is true the memory has no side effects, there would
> > be surprising concurrency risks if anything in the kernel tried to
> > write to it.
> >
> > Not compatible means the locks don't contain stores to WC memory the
> > way you would expect. AFAIK on many CPUs extra barriers are required
> > to keep WC stores ordered, the same way ARM already has extra barriers
> > to keep UC stores ordered with locking..
> >
> > The spinlocks are defined to contain UC stores though.
>
> How are spinlocks and mutexes getting into p2pdma ranges in the first
> instance? Even with UC, the system has bigger problems if it's trying
> to send bus locks targeting PCI, see the flurry of activity of trying
> to trigger faults on split locks [1].

This is not what I was trying to explain.

Consider

static spinlock lock; // CPU DRAM
static idx = 0;
u64 *wc_memory = [..];

spin_lock(&lock);
wc_memory[0] = idx++;
spin_unlock(&lock);

You'd expect that the PCI device will observe stores where idx is
strictly increasing, but this is not guarenteed. idx may decrease, idx
may skip. It just won't duplicate.

Or perhaps

wc_memory[0] = foo;
writel(doorbell)

foo is not guarenteed observable by the device before doorbell reaches
the device.

All of these are things that do not happen with UC or NC memory, and
are surprising violations of our programming model.

Generic kernel code should never touch WC memory unless the code is
specifically designed to handle it.

Jason

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