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Subject[PATCH 4.14 031/237] perf/x86/intel: Fix inaccurate period in context switch for auto-reload
Date
From: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>

commit f861854e1b435b27197417f6f90d87188003cb24 upstream.

Perf doesn't take the left period into account when auto-reload is
enabled with fixed period sampling mode in context switch.

Here is the MSR trace of the perf command as below.
(The MSR trace is simplified from a ftrace log.)

#perf record -e cycles:p -c 2000000 -- ./triad_loop

//The MSR trace of task schedule out
//perf disable all counters, disable PEBS, disable GP counter 0,
//read GP counter 0, and re-enable all counters.
//The counter 0 stops at 0xfffffff82840
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value 0
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE(3f1), value 0
write_msr: MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0(186), value 40003003c
rdpmc: 0, value fffffff82840
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value f000000ff

//The MSR trace of the same task schedule in again
//perf disable all counters, enable and set GP counter 0,
//enable PEBS, and re-enable all counters.
//0xffffffe17b80 (-2000000) is written to GP counter 0.
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value 0
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PMC0(4c1), value ffffffe17b80
write_msr: MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0(186), value 40043003c
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE(3f1), value 1
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value f000000ff

When the same task schedule in again, the counter should starts from
previous left. However, it starts from the fixed period -2000000 again.

A special variant of intel_pmu_save_and_restart() is used for
auto-reload, which doesn't update the hwc->period_left.
When the monitored task schedules in again, perf doesn't know the left
period. The fixed period is used, which is inaccurate.

With auto-reload, the counter always has a negative counter value. So
the left period is -value. Update the period_left in
intel_pmu_save_and_restart_reload().

With the patch:

//The MSR trace of task schedule out
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value 0
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE(3f1), value 0
write_msr: MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0(186), value 40003003c
rdpmc: 0, value ffffffe25cbc
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value f000000ff

//The MSR trace of the same task schedule in again
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value 0
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PMC0(4c1), value ffffffe25cbc
write_msr: MSR_P6_EVNTSEL0(186), value 40043003c
write_msr: MSR_IA32_PEBS_ENABLE(3f1), value 1
write_msr: MSR_CORE_PERF_GLOBAL_CTRL(38f), value f000000ff

Fixes: d31fc13fdcb2 ("perf/x86/intel: Fix event update for auto-reload")
Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200121190125.3389-1-kan.liang@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c | 2 ++
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

--- a/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c
+++ b/arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c
@@ -1368,6 +1368,8 @@ intel_pmu_save_and_restart_reload(struct
old = ((s64)(prev_raw_count << shift) >> shift);
local64_add(new - old + count * period, &event->count);

+ local64_set(&hwc->period_left, -new);
+
perf_event_update_userpage(event);

return 0;

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