lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Feb]   [26]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
From
Date
SubjectRe: Rseq registration: Google tcmalloc vs glibc
On Wed, Feb 26, 2020 at 1:56 PM Mathieu Desnoyers
<mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> wrote:
>
> ----- On Feb 26, 2020, at 12:27 PM, Chris Kennelly ckennelly@google.com wrote:
>
> > On Wed, Feb 26, 2020 at 12:01 PM Mathieu Desnoyers
> > <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> ----- On Feb 25, 2020, at 10:38 PM, Chris Kennelly ckennelly@google.com wrote:
> >>
> >> > On Tue, Feb 25, 2020 at 10:25 PM Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org> wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 11:13 AM Mathieu Desnoyers
> >> >> <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> wrote:
> >> >> >
> >> >> > ----- On Feb 21, 2020, at 10:49 AM, Joel Fernandes, Google
> >> >> > joel@joelfernandes.org wrote:
> >> >> >
> >> >> > [...]
> >> >> > >>
> >> >> > >> 3) Use the __rseq_abi TLS cpu_id field to know whether Rseq has been
> >> >> > >> registered.
> >> >> > >>
> >> >> > >> - Current protocol in the most recent glibc integration patch set.
> >> >> > >> - Not supported yet by Linux kernel rseq selftests,
> >> >> > >> - Not supported yet by tcmalloc,
> >> >> > >>
> >> >> > >> Use the per-thread state to figure out whether each thread need to register
> >> >> > >> Rseq individually.
> >> >> > >>
> >> >> > >> Works for integration between a library which exists for the entire lifetime
> >> >> > >> of the executable (e.g. glibc) and other libraries. However, it does not
> >> >> > >> allow a set of libraries which are dlopen'd/dlclose'd to co-exist without
> >> >> > >> having a library like glibc handling the registration present.
> >> >> > >
> >> >> > > Mathieu, could you share more details about why during dlopen/close
> >> >> > > libraries we cannot use the same __rseq_abi TLS to detect that rseq was
> >> >> > > registered?
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Sure,
> >> >> >
> >> >> > A library which is only loaded and never closed during the execution of the
> >> >> > program can let the kernel implicitly unregister rseq at thread exit. For
> >> >> > the dlopen/dlclose use-case, we need to be able to explicitly unregister
> >> >> > each thread's __rseq_abi which sit in a library which is going to be
> >> >> > dlclose'd.
> >> >>
> >> >> Mathieu, Thanks a lot for the explanation, it makes complete sense. It
> >> >> sounds from Chris's reply that tcmalloc already checks
> >> >> __rseq_abi.cpu_id and is not dlopened/closed. Considering these, it
> >> >> seems to already handle things properly - CMIIW.
> >> >
> >> > I'll make a note about this, since we can probably benefit from some
> >> > more comments about the assumptions/invariants the fastpath uses.
> >>
> >> I suspect the integration with glibc and with dlopen'd/dlclose'd libraries will
> >> not
> >> behave correctly with the current tcmalloc implementation.
> >>
> >> Based on the tcmalloc code-base, InitFastPerCpu is only called from IsFast. As
> >> long
> >> as this is the only expected caller, having IsFast comparing the RseqCpuId
> >> detects
> >> whether glibc (or some other library) has already registered rseq for the
> >> current
> >> thread.
> >>
> >> However, if the application chooses to invoke InitFastPerCpu() directly, things
> >> become
> >> expected, because it invokes:
> >>
> >> absl::base_internal::LowLevelCallOnce(&init_per_cpu_once, InitPerCpu);
> >>
> >> which AFAIU invokes InitPerCpu once after execution of the current program.
> >> Which
> >> does:
> >>
> >> static bool InitThreadPerCpu() {
> >> if (__rseq_refcount++ > 0) {
> >> return true;
> >> }
> >>
> >> auto ret = syscall(__NR_rseq, &__rseq_abi, sizeof(__rseq_abi), 0,
> >> PERCPU_RSEQ_SIGNATURE);
> >> if (ret == 0) {
> >> return true;
> >> } else {
> >> __rseq_refcount--;
> >> }
> >>
> >> return false;
> >> }
> >>
> >> static void InitPerCpu() {
> >> // Based on the results of successfully initializing the first thread, mark
> >> // init_status to initialize all subsequent threads.
> >> if (InitThreadPerCpu()) {
> >> init_status = kFastMode;
> >> }
> >> }
> >>
> >> In a scenario where glibc has already registered Rseq, the __rseq_refcount will
> >> be incremented, the __NR_rseq syscall will fail with -1, errno=EBUSY, so the
> >> refcount
> >> will be immediately decremented and it will return false. Therefore,
> >> "init_status" will
> >> never be set fo kFastMode, leaving it in kSlowMode for the entire lifetime of
> >> this
> >> program. That being said, even though this state can come as a surprise, it
> >> seems to
> >> be entirely bypassed by the fast-paths IsFast() and IsFastNoInit(), so maybe it
> >> won't
> >> have any observable side-effects other than leaving init_status in a state that
> >> does not
> >> match reality.
> >
> > I agree that this could potentially violate inviarants, but
> > InitFastPerCpu is not intended to be called by the application.
>
> OK, explicitly documenting this would be a good thing. In my own projects,
> I prefix those symbols with double-underscores (__) to indicate that those
> are not meant to be called by other means than the static inlines in the API.
>
> There may be use-cases which justify exposing InitFastPerCpu as a public API for
> applications though, especially for those which require some level of
> real-time guarantees from the malloc/free APIs. I've run into this situation
> with liburcu which I maintain.
>
> >
> >> In the other use-case where tcmalloc co-exist with a dlopened/dlclosed library,
> >> but glibc
> >> does not provide Rseq registration, we run into issues as well if the dlopened
> >> library
> >> registers rseq first for a given thread. The IsFastNoInit() expects that if Rseq
> >> has been
> >> observed as registered in the past for a thread, it stays registered. However,
> >> if a
> >> dlclosed library unregisters Rseq, we need to be prepared to re-register it. So
> >> either
> >> tcmalloc needs to express its use of Rseq by incrementing __rseq_refcount even
> >> when Rseq
> >> is registered (this would hurt the fast-path however, and I would hate to have
> >> to do this),
> >> or tcmalloc needs to be able to handle the fact that Rseq may be unregistered by
> >> a dlclosed
> >> library which was the actual owner of the Rseq registration.
> >
> > We have a bit of an opportunity to figure out whether this is the
> > first time--from TCMalloc's perspective--a thread is doing per-CPU and
> > bump the __rseq_count accordingly. I think this could be done off of
> > the fast path.
>
> Is there an explicit tcmalloc API call that each thread need to do before starting
> to use tcmalloc to allocate and free memory ? If not, you'll probably need to add
> at least a load of __rseq_refcount (or some other TLS variable), test and conditional
> branch on the fast-path, which is an additional cost I would ideally prefer to avoid.
> Or do you have something else in mind ?

No explicit call is necessary. This is something that can be done in
the slow path, since we can recognize the transition from slow -> fast
path for that thread

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-02-26 20:13    [W:0.094 / U:1.652 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site