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Subject[RFC PATCH v3 2/7] mm/asi: ASI entry/exit interface
Date
Address Space Isolation (ASI) is entered by calling asi_enter() which
switches the kernel page-table to the ASI page-table. Isolation is then
exited by calling asi_exit() which switches the page-table back to the
original kernel page-table.

The ASI being used and its state is tracked in a per-cpu ASI session
structure (struct asi_session).

Signed-off-by: Alexandre Chartre <alexandre.chartre@oracle.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/asi.h | 4 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/asi_session.h | 17 +++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 19 +++++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 12 +++++
arch/x86/mm/asi.c | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/asi_session.h

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/asi.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/asi.h
index 844a81f..29b745a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/asi.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/asi.h
@@ -44,6 +44,8 @@

#include <linux/export.h>

+#include <asm/asi_session.h>
+
struct asi_type {
int pcid_prefix; /* PCID prefix */
};
@@ -80,6 +82,8 @@ struct asi {
extern struct asi *asi_create(struct asi_type *type);
extern void asi_destroy(struct asi *asi);
extern void asi_set_pagetable(struct asi *asi, pgd_t *pagetable);
+extern int asi_enter(struct asi *asi);
+extern void asi_exit(struct asi *asi);

#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/asi_session.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/asi_session.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9d39c93
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/asi_session.h
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+#ifndef ARCH_X86_MM_ASI_SESSION_H
+#define ARCH_X86_MM_ASI_SESSION_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_SPACE_ISOLATION
+
+struct asi;
+
+struct asi_session {
+ struct asi *asi; /* ASI for this session */
+ unsigned long isolation_cr3; /* cr3 when ASI is active */
+ unsigned long original_cr3; /* cr3 before entering ASI */
+};
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_ADDRESS_SPACE_ISOLATION */
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 5f33924..2d65443 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/mpx.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
+#include <asm/asi.h>

extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id;

@@ -349,8 +350,22 @@ static inline bool arch_vma_access_permitted(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
*/
static inline unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
{
- unsigned long cr3 = build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
- this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid));
+ unsigned long cr3;
+
+ /*
+ * If isolation is active then we need to return the CR3 for the
+ * currently active ASI. This value is stored in the isolation_cr3
+ * field of the ASI session.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ADDRESS_SPACE_ISOLATION) &&
+ this_cpu_read(cpu_asi_session.asi)) {
+ cr3 = this_cpu_read(cpu_asi_session.isolation_cr3);
+ /* CR3 read never returns with the NOFLUSH bit */
+ cr3 &= ~X86_CR3_PCID_NOFLUSH;
+ } else {
+ cr3 = build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
+ this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid));
+ }

/* For now, be very restrictive about when this can be called. */
VM_WARN_ON(in_nmi() || preemptible());
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index 6f66d84..241058f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <asm/invpcid.h>
#include <asm/pti.h>
#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
+#include <asm/asi.h>

/*
* The x86 feature is called PCID (Process Context IDentifier). It is similar
@@ -239,9 +240,20 @@ struct tlb_state {
* context 0.
*/
struct tlb_context ctxs[TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS];
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_SPACE_ISOLATION
+ /*
+ * The ASI session tracks the ASI being used and its state.
+ */
+ struct asi_session asi_session;
+#endif
};
DECLARE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct tlb_state, cpu_tlbstate);

+#ifdef CONFIG_ADDRESS_SPACE_ISOLATION
+#define cpu_asi_session (cpu_tlbstate.asi_session)
+#endif
+
/*
* Blindly accessing user memory from NMI context can be dangerous
* if we're in the middle of switching the current user task or
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/asi.c b/arch/x86/mm/asi.c
index 0a0ac9d..9fbc921 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/asi.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/asi.c
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@

#include <asm/asi.h>
#include <asm/bug.h>
+#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

struct asi *asi_create(struct asi_type *type)
{
@@ -58,3 +60,91 @@ void asi_set_pagetable(struct asi *asi, pgd_t *pagetable)

}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(asi_set_pagetable);
+
+static void asi_switch_to_asi_cr3(struct asi *asi)
+{
+ unsigned long original_cr3, asi_cr3;
+ struct asi_session *asi_session;
+ u16 pcid;
+
+ WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+
+ original_cr3 = __get_current_cr3_fast();
+
+ /* build the ASI cr3 value */
+ asi_cr3 = asi->base_cr3;
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID)) {
+ pcid = original_cr3 & ASI_KERNEL_PCID_MASK;
+ asi_cr3 |= pcid;
+ }
+
+ /* get the ASI session ready for entering ASI */
+ asi_session = &get_cpu_var(cpu_asi_session);
+ asi_session->asi = asi;
+ asi_session->original_cr3 = original_cr3;
+ asi_session->isolation_cr3 = asi_cr3;
+
+ /* Update CR3 to immediately enter ASI */
+ native_write_cr3(asi_cr3);
+}
+
+static void asi_switch_to_kernel_cr3(struct asi *asi)
+{
+ struct asi_session *asi_session;
+ unsigned long original_cr3;
+
+ WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+
+ original_cr3 = this_cpu_read(cpu_asi_session.original_cr3);
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID))
+ original_cr3 |= X86_CR3_PCID_NOFLUSH;
+ native_write_cr3(original_cr3);
+
+ asi_session = &get_cpu_var(cpu_asi_session);
+ asi_session->asi = NULL;
+}
+
+int asi_enter(struct asi *asi)
+{
+ struct asi *current_asi;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /*
+ * We can re-enter isolation, but only with the same ASI (we don't
+ * support nesting isolation).
+ */
+ current_asi = this_cpu_read(cpu_asi_session.asi);
+ if (current_asi) {
+ if (current_asi != asi) {
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ asi_switch_to_asi_cr3(asi);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(asi_enter);
+
+void asi_exit(struct asi *asi)
+{
+ struct asi *current_asi;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ current_asi = this_cpu_read(cpu_asi_session.asi);
+ if (!current_asi) {
+ /* already exited */
+ return;
+ }
+
+ WARN_ON(current_asi != asi);
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ asi_switch_to_kernel_cr3(asi);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(asi_exit);
--
1.7.1
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