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Subject[PATCH 2/5] perf expr: Move expr lexer to flex
Date
Adding expr flex code instead of the manual parser
code. So it's easily extensible in upcoming changes.

The new flex code is in flex.l object and gets compiled
like all the other flexers we use. It's defined as flex
reentrant parser.

It's used by both expr__parse and expr__find_other
interfaces by separating the starting point.

There's no intended change of functionality ;-) the
test expr is passing.

Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
---
tools/perf/util/Build | 10 ++-
tools/perf/util/expr.c | 93 ++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/expr.h | 2 -
tools/perf/util/expr.l | 87 +++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/expr.y | 192 ++++++++++++-----------------------------
5 files changed, 243 insertions(+), 141 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/expr.l

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/Build b/tools/perf/util/Build
index 6fdf073093a6..c0cf8dff694e 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/Build
+++ b/tools/perf/util/Build
@@ -121,6 +121,7 @@ perf-y += mem-events.o
perf-y += vsprintf.o
perf-y += units.o
perf-y += time-utils.o
+perf-y += expr-flex.o
perf-y += expr-bison.o
perf-y += expr.o
perf-y += branch.o
@@ -190,9 +191,13 @@ $(OUTPUT)util/parse-events-bison.c: util/parse-events.y
$(call rule_mkdir)
$(Q)$(call echo-cmd,bison)$(BISON) -v util/parse-events.y -d $(PARSER_DEBUG_BISON) -o $@ -p parse_events_

+$(OUTPUT)util/expr-flex.c: util/expr.l $(OUTPUT)util/expr-bison.c
+ $(call rule_mkdir)
+ $(Q)$(call echo-cmd,flex)$(FLEX) -o $@ --header-file=$(OUTPUT)util/expr-flex.h $(PARSER_DEBUG_FLEX) util/expr.l
+
$(OUTPUT)util/expr-bison.c: util/expr.y
$(call rule_mkdir)
- $(Q)$(call echo-cmd,bison)$(BISON) -v util/expr.y -d $(PARSER_DEBUG_BISON) -o $@ -p expr__
+ $(Q)$(call echo-cmd,bison)$(BISON) -v util/expr.y -d $(PARSER_DEBUG_BISON) -o $@ -p expr_

$(OUTPUT)util/pmu-flex.c: util/pmu.l $(OUTPUT)util/pmu-bison.c
$(call rule_mkdir)
@@ -204,12 +209,14 @@ $(OUTPUT)util/pmu-bison.c: util/pmu.y

CFLAGS_parse-events-flex.o += -w
CFLAGS_pmu-flex.o += -w
+CFLAGS_expr-flex.o += -w
CFLAGS_parse-events-bison.o += -DYYENABLE_NLS=0 -w
CFLAGS_pmu-bison.o += -DYYENABLE_NLS=0 -DYYLTYPE_IS_TRIVIAL=0 -w
CFLAGS_expr-bison.o += -DYYENABLE_NLS=0 -DYYLTYPE_IS_TRIVIAL=0 -w

$(OUTPUT)util/parse-events.o: $(OUTPUT)util/parse-events-flex.c $(OUTPUT)util/parse-events-bison.c
$(OUTPUT)util/pmu.o: $(OUTPUT)util/pmu-flex.c $(OUTPUT)util/pmu-bison.c
+$(OUTPUT)util/expr.o: $(OUTPUT)util/expr-flex.c $(OUTPUT)util/expr-bison.c

CFLAGS_bitmap.o += -Wno-unused-parameter -DETC_PERFCONFIG="BUILD_STR($(ETC_PERFCONFIG_SQ))"
CFLAGS_find_bit.o += -Wno-unused-parameter -DETC_PERFCONFIG="BUILD_STR($(ETC_PERFCONFIG_SQ))"
@@ -217,6 +224,7 @@ CFLAGS_rbtree.o += -Wno-unused-parameter -DETC_PERFCONFIG="BUILD_STR($(ET
CFLAGS_libstring.o += -Wno-unused-parameter -DETC_PERFCONFIG="BUILD_STR($(ETC_PERFCONFIG_SQ))"
CFLAGS_hweight.o += -Wno-unused-parameter -DETC_PERFCONFIG="BUILD_STR($(ETC_PERFCONFIG_SQ))"
CFLAGS_parse-events.o += -Wno-redundant-decls
+CFLAGS_expr.o += -Wno-redundant-decls
CFLAGS_header.o += -include $(OUTPUT)PERF-VERSION-FILE

$(OUTPUT)util/kallsyms.o: ../lib/symbol/kallsyms.c FORCE
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/expr.c b/tools/perf/util/expr.c
index 816b23b2068a..b39fd39f10ec 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/expr.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/expr.c
@@ -1,6 +1,14 @@
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#include <stdbool.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include "expr.h"
+#include "expr-bison.h"
+#define YY_EXTRA_TYPE int
+#include "expr-flex.h"
+
+#ifdef PARSER_DEBUG
+extern int expr_debug;
+#endif

/* Caller must make sure id is allocated */
void expr__add_id(struct parse_ctx *ctx, const char *name, double val)
@@ -17,3 +25,88 @@ void expr__ctx_init(struct parse_ctx *ctx)
{
ctx->num_ids = 0;
}
+
+static int
+__expr__parse(double *val, struct parse_ctx *ctx, const char *expr,
+ int start)
+{
+ YY_BUFFER_STATE buffer;
+ void *scanner;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = expr_lex_init_extra(start, &scanner);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ buffer = expr__scan_string(expr, scanner);
+
+#ifdef PARSER_DEBUG
+ expr_debug = 1;
+#endif
+
+ ret = expr_parse(val, ctx, scanner);
+
+ expr__flush_buffer(buffer, scanner);
+ expr__delete_buffer(buffer, scanner);
+ expr_lex_destroy(scanner);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int expr__parse(double *final_val, struct parse_ctx *ctx, const char **pp)
+{
+ return __expr__parse(final_val, ctx, *pp, EXPR_PARSE);
+}
+
+static bool
+already_seen(const char *val, const char *one, const char **other,
+ int num_other)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ if (one && !strcasecmp(one, val))
+ return true;
+ for (i = 0; i < num_other; i++)
+ if (!strcasecmp(other[i], val))
+ return true;
+ return false;
+}
+
+int expr__find_other(const char *p, const char *one, const char ***other,
+ int *num_other)
+{
+ int err, i = 0, j = 0;
+ struct parse_ctx ctx;
+
+ expr__ctx_init(&ctx);
+ err = __expr__parse(NULL, &ctx, p, EXPR_OTHER);
+ if (err)
+ return -1;
+
+ *other = malloc((ctx.num_ids + 1) * sizeof(char *));
+ if (!*other)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0, j = 0; i < ctx.num_ids; i++) {
+ const char *str = ctx.ids[i].name;
+
+ if (already_seen(str, one, *other, j))
+ continue;
+
+ str = strdup(str);
+ if (!str)
+ goto out;
+ (*other)[j++] = str;
+ }
+ (*other)[j] = NULL;
+
+out:
+ if (i != ctx.num_ids) {
+ while (--j)
+ free((char *) (*other)[i]);
+ free(*other);
+ err = -1;
+ }
+
+ *num_other = j;
+ return err;
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/expr.h b/tools/perf/util/expr.h
index 046160831f90..9332796e6649 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/expr.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/expr.h
@@ -17,9 +17,7 @@ struct parse_ctx {

void expr__ctx_init(struct parse_ctx *ctx);
void expr__add_id(struct parse_ctx *ctx, const char *id, double val);
-#ifndef IN_EXPR_Y
int expr__parse(double *final_val, struct parse_ctx *ctx, const char **pp);
-#endif
int expr__find_other(const char *p, const char *one, const char ***other,
int *num_other);

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/expr.l b/tools/perf/util/expr.l
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ebaa80736536
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/expr.l
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+%option prefix="expr_"
+%option reentrant
+%option bison-bridge
+
+%{
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include "expr.h"
+#include "expr-bison.h"
+
+char *expr_get_text(yyscan_t yyscanner);
+YYSTYPE *expr_get_lval(yyscan_t yyscanner);
+
+static int __value(YYSTYPE *yylval, char *str, int base, int token)
+{
+ u64 num;
+
+ errno = 0;
+ num = strtoull(str, NULL, base);
+ if (errno)
+ return EXPR_ERROR;
+
+ yylval->num = num;
+ return token;
+}
+
+static int value(yyscan_t scanner, int base)
+{
+ YYSTYPE *yylval = expr_get_lval(scanner);
+ char *text = expr_get_text(scanner);
+
+ return __value(yylval, text, base, NUMBER);
+}
+
+static int str(yyscan_t scanner, int token)
+{
+ YYSTYPE *yylval = expr_get_lval(scanner);
+ char *text = expr_get_text(scanner);
+
+ yylval->str = strdup(text);
+ return token;
+}
+%}
+
+number [0-9]+
+
+sch [-,=]
+spec \\{sch}
+sym [0-9a-zA-Z_\.:@]+
+symbol {spec}*{sym}*{spec}*{sym}*
+
+%%
+ {
+ int start_token;
+
+ start_token = parse_events_get_extra(yyscanner);
+
+ if (start_token) {
+ parse_events_set_extra(NULL, yyscanner);
+ return start_token;
+ }
+ }
+
+max { return MAX; }
+min { return MIN; }
+if { return IF; }
+else { return ELSE; }
+#smt_on { return SMT_ON; }
+{number} { return value(yyscanner, 10); }
+{symbol} { return str(yyscanner, ID); }
+"|" { return '|'; }
+"^" { return '^'; }
+"&" { return '&'; }
+"-" { return '-'; }
+"+" { return '+'; }
+"*" { return '*'; }
+"/" { return '/'; }
+"%" { return '%'; }
+"(" { return '('; }
+")" { return ')'; }
+"," { return ','; }
+. { }
+%%
+
+int expr_wrap(void *scanner __maybe_unused)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/expr.y b/tools/perf/util/expr.y
index 7cea8b7c3a5c..9a87024bce5b 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/expr.y
+++ b/tools/perf/util/expr.y
@@ -1,5 +1,7 @@
/* Simple expression parser */
%{
+#define YYDEBUG 1
+#include <stdio.h>
#include "util.h"
#include "util/debug.h"
#include <stdlib.h> // strtod()
@@ -8,23 +10,23 @@
#include "smt.h"
#include <string.h>

-#define MAXIDLEN 256
%}

%define api.pure full

%parse-param { double *final_val }
%parse-param { struct parse_ctx *ctx }
-%parse-param { const char **pp }
-%lex-param { const char **pp }
+%parse-param {void *scanner}
+%lex-param {void* scanner}

%union {
- double num;
- char id[MAXIDLEN+1];
+ double num;
+ char *str;
}

+%token EXPR_PARSE EXPR_OTHER EXPR_ERROR
%token <num> NUMBER
-%token <id> ID
+%token <str> ID
%token MIN MAX IF ELSE SMT_ON
%left MIN MAX IF
%left '|'
@@ -36,11 +38,9 @@
%type <num> expr if_expr

%{
-static int expr__lex(YYSTYPE *res, const char **pp);
-
-static void expr__error(double *final_val __maybe_unused,
+static void expr_error(double *final_val __maybe_unused,
struct parse_ctx *ctx __maybe_unused,
- const char **pp __maybe_unused,
+ void *scanner,
const char *s)
{
pr_debug("%s\n", s);
@@ -59,9 +59,53 @@ static int lookup_id(struct parse_ctx *ctx, char *id, double *val)
return -1;
}

+/*
+ * Allow @ instead of / to be able to specify pmu/event/ without
+ * conflicts with normal division.
+ */
+static char *normalize(char *str)
+{
+ char *ret = str;
+ char *dst = str;
+
+ while (*str) {
+ if (*str == '@')
+ *dst++ = '/';
+ else if (*str == '\\')
+ *dst++ = *++str;
+ else
+ *dst++ = *str;
+ str++;
+ }
+
+ *dst = 0x0;
+ return ret;
+}
+
%}
%%

+start:
+EXPR_PARSE all_expr
+|
+EXPR_OTHER all_other
+
+all_other: all_other other
+|
+
+other: ID
+{
+ if (ctx->num_ids + 1 >= EXPR_MAX_OTHER) {
+ pr_err("failed: way too many variables");
+ YYABORT;
+ }
+
+ ctx->ids[ctx->num_ids++].name = normalize($1);
+}
+|
+MIN | MAX | IF | ELSE | SMT_ON | NUMBER | '|' | '^' | '&' | '-' | '+' | '*' | '/' | '%' | '(' | ')'
+
+
all_expr: if_expr { *final_val = $1; }
;

@@ -92,131 +136,3 @@ expr: NUMBER
;

%%
-
-static int expr__symbol(YYSTYPE *res, const char *p, const char **pp)
-{
- char *dst = res->id;
- const char *s = p;
-
- if (*p == '#')
- *dst++ = *p++;
-
- while (isalnum(*p) || *p == '_' || *p == '.' || *p == ':' || *p == '@' || *p == '\\') {
- if (p - s >= MAXIDLEN)
- return -1;
- /*
- * Allow @ instead of / to be able to specify pmu/event/ without
- * conflicts with normal division.
- */
- if (*p == '@')
- *dst++ = '/';
- else if (*p == '\\')
- *dst++ = *++p;
- else
- *dst++ = *p;
- p++;
- }
- *dst = 0;
- *pp = p;
- dst = res->id;
- switch (dst[0]) {
- case 'm':
- if (!strcmp(dst, "min"))
- return MIN;
- if (!strcmp(dst, "max"))
- return MAX;
- break;
- case 'i':
- if (!strcmp(dst, "if"))
- return IF;
- break;
- case 'e':
- if (!strcmp(dst, "else"))
- return ELSE;
- break;
- case '#':
- if (!strcasecmp(dst, "#smt_on"))
- return SMT_ON;
- break;
- }
- return ID;
-}
-
-static int expr__lex(YYSTYPE *res, const char **pp)
-{
- int tok;
- const char *s;
- const char *p = *pp;
-
- while (isspace(*p))
- p++;
- s = p;
- switch (*p++) {
- case '#':
- case 'a' ... 'z':
- case 'A' ... 'Z':
- return expr__symbol(res, p - 1, pp);
- case '0' ... '9': case '.':
- res->num = strtod(s, (char **)&p);
- tok = NUMBER;
- break;
- default:
- tok = *s;
- break;
- }
- *pp = p;
- return tok;
-}
-
-static bool already_seen(const char *val, const char *one, const char **other,
- int num_other)
-{
- int i;
-
- if (one && !strcasecmp(one, val))
- return true;
- for (i = 0; i < num_other; i++)
- if (!strcasecmp(other[i], val))
- return true;
- return false;
-}
-
-int expr__find_other(const char *p, const char *one, const char ***other,
- int *num_otherp)
-{
- const char *orig = p;
- int err = -1;
- int num_other;
-
- *other = malloc((EXPR_MAX_OTHER + 1) * sizeof(char *));
- if (!*other)
- return -1;
-
- num_other = 0;
- for (;;) {
- YYSTYPE val;
- int tok = expr__lex(&val, &p);
- if (tok == 0) {
- err = 0;
- break;
- }
- if (tok == ID && !already_seen(val.id, one, *other, num_other)) {
- if (num_other >= EXPR_MAX_OTHER - 1) {
- pr_debug("Too many extra events in %s\n", orig);
- break;
- }
- (*other)[num_other] = strdup(val.id);
- if (!(*other)[num_other])
- return -1;
- num_other++;
- }
- }
- (*other)[num_other] = NULL;
- *num_otherp = num_other;
- if (err) {
- *num_otherp = 0;
- free(*other);
- *other = NULL;
- }
- return err;
-}
--
2.24.1
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