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SubjectRe: [PATCH 16/61] KVM: x86: Encapsulate CPUID entries and metadata in struct
Date
Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> writes:

> Add a struct to hold the array of CPUID entries and its associated
> metadata when handling KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID. Lookup and provide
> the correct entry in do_host_cpuid(), which eliminates the majority of
> array indexing shenanigans, e.g. entries[i -1], and generally makes the
> code more readable. The last array indexing holdout is kvm_get_cpuid(),
> which can't really be avoided without throwing the baby out with the
> bathwater.
>
> No functional change intended.
>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 138 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
> 1 file changed, 76 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> index d75d539da759..f9cfc69199f0 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
> @@ -287,13 +287,21 @@ static __always_inline void cpuid_mask(u32 *word, int wordnum)
> *word &= boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[wordnum];
> }
>
> -static struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *do_host_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry,
> - int *nent, int maxnent,
> +struct kvm_cpuid_array {
> + struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entries;
> + const int maxnent;
> + int nent;
> +};
> +
> +static struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *do_host_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid_array *array,
> u32 function, u32 index)
> {
> - if (*nent >= maxnent)
> + struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry;
> +
> + if (array->nent >= array->maxnent)
> return NULL;
> - ++*nent;
> +
> + entry = &array->entries[array->nent++];
>
> entry->function = function;
> entry->index = index;
> @@ -325,9 +333,10 @@ static struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *do_host_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry,
> return entry;
> }
>
> -static int __do_cpuid_func_emulated(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry,
> - u32 func, int *nent, int maxnent)
> +static int __do_cpuid_func_emulated(struct kvm_cpuid_array *array, u32 func)
> {
> + struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry = &array->entries[array->nent];
> +
> entry->function = func;
> entry->index = 0;
> entry->flags = 0;
> @@ -335,17 +344,17 @@ static int __do_cpuid_func_emulated(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry,
> switch (func) {
> case 0:
> entry->eax = 7;
> - ++*nent;
> + ++array->nent;
> break;
> case 1:
> entry->ecx = F(MOVBE);
> - ++*nent;
> + ++array->nent;
> break;
> case 7:
> entry->flags |= KVM_CPUID_FLAG_SIGNIFCANT_INDEX;
> entry->eax = 0;
> entry->ecx = F(RDPID);
> - ++*nent;
> + ++array->nent;
> default:
> break;
> }
> @@ -436,9 +445,9 @@ static inline void do_cpuid_7_mask(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry)
> }
> }
>
> -static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> - int *nent, int maxnent)
> +static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_array *array, u32 function)
> {
> + struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry;
> int r, i, max_idx;
> unsigned f_nx = is_efer_nx() ? F(NX) : 0;
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> @@ -514,7 +523,8 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
>
> r = -E2BIG;
>
> - if (WARN_ON(!do_host_cpuid(entry, nent, maxnent, function, 0)))
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, 0);
> + if (WARN_ON(!entry))
> goto out;
>
> switch (function) {
> @@ -539,7 +549,8 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> entry->flags |= KVM_CPUID_FLAG_STATE_READ_NEXT;
>
> for (i = 1, max_idx = entry->eax & 0xff; i < max_idx; ++i) {
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, 0))
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, 2, 0);

I'd change this to
entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, 0);

to match other call sites.

> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
> }
> break;
> @@ -550,8 +561,9 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> * Read entries until the cache type in the previous entry is
> * zero, i.e. indicates an invalid entry.
> */
> - for (i = 1; entry[i - 1].eax & 0x1f; ++i) {
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, i))
> + for (i = 1; entry->eax & 0x1f; ++i) {
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, i);
> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
> }
> break;
> @@ -566,10 +578,11 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> do_cpuid_7_mask(entry);
>
> for (i = 1, max_idx = entry->eax; i <= max_idx; i++) {
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, i))
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, i);
> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
>
> - do_cpuid_7_mask(&entry[i]);
> + do_cpuid_7_mask(entry);
> }
> break;
> case 9:
> @@ -610,15 +623,13 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> case 0x1f:
> case 0xb:
> /*
> - * We filled in entry[0] for CPUID(EAX=<function>,
> - * ECX=00H) above. If its level type (ECX[15:8]) is
> - * zero, then the leaf is unimplemented, and we're
> - * done. Otherwise, continue to populate entries
> - * until the level type (ECX[15:8]) of the previously
> - * added entry is zero.
> + * Populate entries until the level type (ECX[15:8]) of the
> + * previous entry is zero. Note, CPUID EAX.{0x1f,0xb}.0 is
> + * the starting entry, filled by the primary do_host_cpuid().
> */
> - for (i = 1; entry[i - 1].ecx & 0xff00; ++i) {
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, i))
> + for (i = 1; entry->ecx & 0xff00; ++i) {
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, i);
> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
> }
> break;
> @@ -633,24 +644,26 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> if (!supported)
> break;
>
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[1], nent, maxnent, function, 1))
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, 1);
> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
>
> - entry[1].eax &= kvm_cpuid_D_1_eax_x86_features;
> - cpuid_mask(&entry[1].eax, CPUID_D_1_EAX);
> - if (entry[1].eax & (F(XSAVES)|F(XSAVEC)))
> - entry[1].ebx = xstate_required_size(supported, true);
> + entry->eax &= kvm_cpuid_D_1_eax_x86_features;
> + cpuid_mask(&entry->eax, CPUID_D_1_EAX);
> + if (entry->eax & (F(XSAVES)|F(XSAVEC)))
> + entry->ebx = xstate_required_size(supported, true);
> else
> - entry[1].ebx = 0;
> + entry->ebx = 0;
> /* Saving XSS controlled state via XSAVES isn't supported. */
> - entry[1].ecx = 0;
> - entry[1].edx = 0;
> + entry->ecx = 0;
> + entry->edx = 0;
>
> - for (idx = 2, i = 2; idx < 64; ++idx) {
> + for (idx = 2; idx < 64; ++idx) {
> if (!(supported & BIT_ULL(idx)))
> continue;
>
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, idx))
> + entry = do_host_cpuid(array, function, idx);
> + if (!entry)
> goto out;
>
> /*
> @@ -660,14 +673,13 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> * reach this point, and they should have a non-zero
> * save state size.
> */
> - if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!entry[i].eax || (entry[i].ecx & 1))) {
> - --*nent;
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!entry->eax || (entry->ecx & 1))) {
> + --array->nent;
> continue;
> }
>
> - entry[i].ecx = 0;
> - entry[i].edx = 0;
> - ++i;
> + entry->ecx = 0;
> + entry->edx = 0;
> }
> break;
> }
> @@ -677,7 +689,7 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> break;
>
> for (i = 1, max_idx = entry->eax; i <= max_idx; ++i) {
> - if (!do_host_cpuid(&entry[i], nent, maxnent, function, i))
> + if (!do_host_cpuid(array, function, i))
> goto out;
> }
> break;
> @@ -802,22 +814,22 @@ static inline int __do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 function,
> return r;
> }
>
> -static int do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entry, u32 func,
> - int *nent, int maxnent, unsigned int type)
> +static int do_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_array *array, u32 func,
> + unsigned int type)
> {
> - if (*nent >= maxnent)
> + if (array->nent >= array->maxnent)
> return -E2BIG;
>
> if (type == KVM_GET_EMULATED_CPUID)
> - return __do_cpuid_func_emulated(entry, func, nent, maxnent);
> + return __do_cpuid_func_emulated(array, func);

Would it make sense to move 'if (array->nent >= array->maxnent)' check
to __do_cpuid_func_emulated() to match do_host_cpuid()?

>
> - return __do_cpuid_func(entry, func, nent, maxnent);
> + return __do_cpuid_func(array, func);
> }
>
> #define CENTAUR_CPUID_SIGNATURE 0xC0000000
>
> -static int get_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entries, u32 func,
> - int *nent, int maxnent, unsigned int type)
> +static int get_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_array *array, u32 func,
> + unsigned int type)
> {
> u32 limit;
> int r;
> @@ -826,16 +838,16 @@ static int get_cpuid_func(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *entries, u32 func,
> boot_cpu_data.x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR)
> return 0;
>
> - r = do_cpuid_func(&entries[*nent], func, nent, maxnent, type);
> + r = do_cpuid_func(array, func, type);
> if (r)
> return r;
>
> - limit = entries[*nent - 1].eax;
> + limit = array->entries[array->nent - 1].eax;
> for (func = func + 1; func <= limit; ++func) {
> - if (*nent >= maxnent)
> + if (array->nent >= array->maxnent)
> return -E2BIG;
>
> - r = do_cpuid_func(&entries[*nent], func, nent, maxnent, type);
> + r = do_cpuid_func(array, func, type);


do_cpuid_func() above is already doing 'if (array->nent >=
array->maxnent)' check and returns -E2BIG when it fails, maybe the same
check here in get_cpuid_func() is not needed?

> if (r)
> break;
> }
> @@ -878,8 +890,11 @@ int kvm_dev_ioctl_get_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid,
> 0, 0x80000000, CENTAUR_CPUID_SIGNATURE, KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE,
> };
>
> - struct kvm_cpuid_entry2 *cpuid_entries;
> - int nent = 0, r, i;
> + struct kvm_cpuid_array array = {
> + .nent = 0,
> + .maxnent = cpuid->nent,
> + };
> + int r, i;
>
> if (cpuid->nent < 1)
> return -E2BIG;
> @@ -889,25 +904,24 @@ int kvm_dev_ioctl_get_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid,
> if (sanity_check_entries(entries, cpuid->nent, type))
> return -EINVAL;
>
> - cpuid_entries = vzalloc(array_size(sizeof(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2),
> + array.entries = vzalloc(array_size(sizeof(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2),
> cpuid->nent));
> - if (!cpuid_entries)
> + if (!array.entries)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(funcs); i++) {
> - r = get_cpuid_func(cpuid_entries, funcs[i], &nent, cpuid->nent,
> - type);
> + r = get_cpuid_func(&array, funcs[i], type);
> if (r)
> goto out_free;
> }
> - cpuid->nent = nent;
> + cpuid->nent = array.nent;
>
> - if (copy_to_user(entries, cpuid_entries,
> - nent * sizeof(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2)))
> + if (copy_to_user(entries, array.entries,
> + array.nent * sizeof(struct kvm_cpuid_entry2)))
> r = -EFAULT;
>
> out_free:
> - vfree(cpuid_entries);
> + vfree(array.entries);
> return r;
> }

Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>

--
Vitaly

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