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    Subject[PATCH 6/7] proc: Use a list of inodes to flush from proc

    Rework the flushing of proc to use a list of directory inodes that
    need to be flushed.

    The list is kept on struct pid not on struct task_struct, as there is
    a fixed connection between proc inodes and pids but at least for the
    case of de_thread the pid of a task_struct changes.

    This removes the dependency on proc_mnt which allows for different
    mounts of proc having different mount options even in the same pid
    namespace and this allows for the removal of proc_mnt which will
    trivially the first mount of proc to honor it's mount options.

    This flushing remains an optimization. The functions
    pid_delete_dentry and pid_revalidate ensure that ordinary dcache
    management will not attempt to use dentries past the point their
    respective task has died. When unused the shrinker will
    eventually be able to remove these dentries.

    There is a case in de_thread where proc_flush_pid can be
    called early for a given pid. Which winds up being
    safe (if suboptimal) as this is just an optiimization.

    Only pid directories are put on the list as the other
    per pid files are children of those directories and
    d_invalidate on the directory will get them as well.

    So that the pid can be used during flushing it's reference count is
    taken in release_task and dropped in proc_flush_pid. Further the call
    of proc_flush_pid is moved after the tasklist_lock is released in
    release_task so that it is certain that the pid has already been
    unhashed when flushing it taking place. This removes a small race
    where a dentry could recreated.

    As struct pid is supposed to be small and I need a per pid lock
    I reuse the only lock that currently exists in struct pid the
    the wait_pidfd.lock.

    The net result is that this adds all of this functionality
    with just a little extra list management overhead and
    a single extra pointer in struct pid.

    Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
    ---
    fs/proc/base.c | 111 +++++++++++++---------------------------
    fs/proc/inode.c | 2 +-
    fs/proc/internal.h | 1 +
    include/linux/pid.h | 1 +
    include/linux/proc_fs.h | 4 +-
    kernel/exit.c | 4 +-
    6 files changed, 44 insertions(+), 79 deletions(-)

    diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
    index c7c64272b0fa..e7efe9d6f3d6 100644
    --- a/fs/proc/base.c
    +++ b/fs/proc/base.c
    @@ -1834,11 +1834,25 @@ void task_dump_owner(struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode,
    *rgid = gid;
    }

    +void proc_pid_evict_inode(struct proc_inode *ei)
    +{
    + struct pid *pid = ei->pid;
    +
    + if (S_ISDIR(ei->vfs_inode.i_mode)) {
    + spin_lock(&pid->wait_pidfd.lock);
    + hlist_del_init_rcu(&ei->sibling_inodes);
    + spin_unlock(&pid->wait_pidfd.lock);
    + }
    +
    + put_pid(pid);
    +}
    +
    struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block * sb,
    struct task_struct *task, umode_t mode)
    {
    struct inode * inode;
    struct proc_inode *ei;
    + struct pid *pid;

    /* We need a new inode */

    @@ -1856,10 +1870,18 @@ struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block * sb,
    /*
    * grab the reference to task.
    */
    - ei->pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
    - if (!ei->pid)
    + pid = get_task_pid(task, PIDTYPE_PID);
    + if (!pid)
    goto out_unlock;

    + /* Let the pid remember us for quick removal */
    + ei->pid = pid;
    + if (S_ISDIR(mode)) {
    + spin_lock(&pid->wait_pidfd.lock);
    + hlist_add_head_rcu(&ei->sibling_inodes, &pid->inodes);
    + spin_unlock(&pid->wait_pidfd.lock);
    + }
    +
    task_dump_owner(task, 0, &inode->i_uid, &inode->i_gid);
    security_task_to_inode(task, inode);

    @@ -3230,90 +3252,29 @@ static const struct inode_operations proc_tgid_base_inode_operations = {
    .permission = proc_pid_permission,
    };

    -static void proc_flush_task_mnt(struct vfsmount *mnt, pid_t pid, pid_t tgid)
    -{
    - struct dentry *dentry, *leader, *dir;
    - char buf[10 + 1];
    - struct qstr name;
    -
    - name.name = buf;
    - name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", pid);
    - /* no ->d_hash() rejects on procfs */
    - dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
    - if (dentry) {
    - d_invalidate(dentry);
    - dput(dentry);
    - }
    -
    - if (pid == tgid)
    - return;
    -
    - name.name = buf;
    - name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", tgid);
    - leader = d_hash_and_lookup(mnt->mnt_root, &name);
    - if (!leader)
    - goto out;
    -
    - name.name = "task";
    - name.len = strlen(name.name);
    - dir = d_hash_and_lookup(leader, &name);
    - if (!dir)
    - goto out_put_leader;
    -
    - name.name = buf;
    - name.len = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%u", pid);
    - dentry = d_hash_and_lookup(dir, &name);
    - if (dentry) {
    - d_invalidate(dentry);
    - dput(dentry);
    - }
    -
    - dput(dir);
    -out_put_leader:
    - dput(leader);
    -out:
    - return;
    -}
    -
    /**
    - * proc_flush_task - Remove dcache entries for @task from the /proc dcache.
    - * @task: task that should be flushed.
    + * proc_flush_pid - Remove dcache entries for @pid from the /proc dcache.
    + * @pid: pid that should be flushed.
    *
    - * When flushing dentries from proc, one needs to flush them from global
    - * proc (proc_mnt) and from all the namespaces' procs this task was seen
    - * in. This call is supposed to do all of this job.
    - *
    - * Looks in the dcache for
    - * /proc/@pid
    - * /proc/@tgid/task/@pid
    - * if either directory is present flushes it and all of it'ts children
    - * from the dcache.
    + * This function walks a list of inodes (that belong to any proc
    + * filesystem) that are attached to the pid and flushes them from
    + * the dentry cache.
    *
    * It is safe and reasonable to cache /proc entries for a task until
    * that task exits. After that they just clog up the dcache with
    * useless entries, possibly causing useful dcache entries to be
    - * flushed instead. This routine is proved to flush those useless
    - * dcache entries at process exit time.
    + * flushed instead. This routine is provided to flush those useless
    + * dcache entries when a process is reaped.
    *
    * NOTE: This routine is just an optimization so it does not guarantee
    - * that no dcache entries will exist at process exit time it
    - * just makes it very unlikely that any will persist.
    + * that no dcache entries will exist after a process is reaped
    + * it just makes it very unlikely that any will persist.
    */

    -void proc_flush_task(struct task_struct *task)
    +void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid)
    {
    - int i;
    - struct pid *pid, *tgid;
    - struct upid *upid;
    -
    - pid = task_pid(task);
    - tgid = task_tgid(task);
    -
    - for (i = 0; i <= pid->level; i++) {
    - upid = &pid->numbers[i];
    - proc_flush_task_mnt(upid->ns->proc_mnt, upid->nr,
    - tgid->numbers[i].nr);
    - }
    + proc_invalidate_siblings_dcache(&pid->inodes, &pid->wait_pidfd.lock);
    + put_pid(pid);
    }

    static struct dentry *proc_pid_instantiate(struct dentry * dentry,
    diff --git a/fs/proc/inode.c b/fs/proc/inode.c
    index 3c9082cd257b..979e867be3e5 100644
    --- a/fs/proc/inode.c
    +++ b/fs/proc/inode.c
    @@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ static void proc_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)

    /* Stop tracking associated processes */
    if (ei->pid) {
    - put_pid(ei->pid);
    + proc_pid_evict_inode(ei);
    ei->pid = NULL;
    }

    diff --git a/fs/proc/internal.h b/fs/proc/internal.h
    index fd470172675f..9e294f0290e5 100644
    --- a/fs/proc/internal.h
    +++ b/fs/proc/internal.h
    @@ -158,6 +158,7 @@ extern int proc_pid_statm(struct seq_file *, struct pid_namespace *,
    extern const struct dentry_operations pid_dentry_operations;
    extern int pid_getattr(const struct path *, struct kstat *, u32, unsigned int);
    extern int proc_setattr(struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
    +extern void proc_pid_evict_inode(struct proc_inode *);
    extern struct inode *proc_pid_make_inode(struct super_block *, struct task_struct *, umode_t);
    extern void pid_update_inode(struct task_struct *, struct inode *);
    extern int pid_delete_dentry(const struct dentry *);
    diff --git a/include/linux/pid.h b/include/linux/pid.h
    index 998ae7d24450..01a0d4e28506 100644
    --- a/include/linux/pid.h
    +++ b/include/linux/pid.h
    @@ -62,6 +62,7 @@ struct pid
    unsigned int level;
    /* lists of tasks that use this pid */
    struct hlist_head tasks[PIDTYPE_MAX];
    + struct hlist_head inodes;
    /* wait queue for pidfd notifications */
    wait_queue_head_t wait_pidfd;
    struct rcu_head rcu;
    diff --git a/include/linux/proc_fs.h b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
    index 3dfa92633af3..40a7982b7285 100644
    --- a/include/linux/proc_fs.h
    +++ b/include/linux/proc_fs.h
    @@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ struct proc_ops {
    typedef int (*proc_write_t)(struct file *, char *, size_t);

    extern void proc_root_init(void);
    -extern void proc_flush_task(struct task_struct *);
    +extern void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *);

    extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_symlink(const char *,
    struct proc_dir_entry *, const char *);
    @@ -105,7 +105,7 @@ static inline void proc_root_init(void)
    {
    }

    -static inline void proc_flush_task(struct task_struct *task)
    +static inline void proc_flush_pid(struct pid *pid)
    {
    }

    diff --git a/kernel/exit.c b/kernel/exit.c
    index 2833ffb0c211..502b4995b688 100644
    --- a/kernel/exit.c
    +++ b/kernel/exit.c
    @@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ void put_task_struct_rcu_user(struct task_struct *task)
    void release_task(struct task_struct *p)
    {
    struct task_struct *leader;
    + struct pid *thread_pid;
    int zap_leader;
    repeat:
    /* don't need to get the RCU readlock here - the process is dead and
    @@ -199,11 +200,11 @@ void release_task(struct task_struct *p)
    atomic_dec(&__task_cred(p)->user->processes);
    rcu_read_unlock();

    - proc_flush_task(p);
    cgroup_release(p);

    write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
    ptrace_release_task(p);
    + thread_pid = get_pid(p->thread_pid);
    __exit_signal(p);

    /*
    @@ -226,6 +227,7 @@ void release_task(struct task_struct *p)
    }

    write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
    + proc_flush_pid(thread_pid);
    release_thread(p);
    put_task_struct_rcu_user(p);

    --
    2.20.1
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      Last update: 2020-02-20 21:54    [W:4.291 / U:0.020 seconds]
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