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SubjectRe: [PATCH -next] fork: annotate a data race in vm_area_dup()
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On Tue, 2020-02-18 at 15:09 +0100, Marco Elver wrote:
> On Tue, 18 Feb 2020 at 13:40, Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw> wrote:
> >
> >
> >
> > > On Feb 18, 2020, at 5:29 AM, Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> wrote:
> > >
> > > I think I've got this:
> > >
> > > vm_area_dup() blindly copies all fields of orignal VMA to the new one.
> > > This includes coping vm_area_struct::shared.rb which is normally protected
> > > by i_mmap_lock. But this is fine because the read value will be
> > > overwritten on the following __vma_link_file() under proper protectection.
> >
> > Right, multiple processes could share the same file-based address space where those vma have been linked into address_space::i_mmap via vm_area_struct::shared.rb. Thus, the reader could see its shared.rb linkage pointers got updated by other processes.
> >
> > >
> > > So the fix is correct, but justificaiton is lacking.
> > >
> > > Also, I would like to more fine-grained annotation: marking with
> > > data_race() 200 bytes copy may hide other issues.
> >
> > That is the harder part where I don’t think we have anything for that today. Macro, any suggestions? ASSERT_IGNORE_FIELD()?
>
> There is no nice interface I can think of. All options will just cause
> more problems, inconsistencies, or annoyances.
>
> Ideally, to not introduce more types of macros and keep it consistent,
> ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_FIELDS_EXCEPT(var, ...) maybe what you're after:
> "Check no concurrent writers to struct, except ignore the provided
> fields".
>
> This option doesn't quite work, unless you just restrict it to 1 field
> (we can't use ranges, because e.g. vm_area_struct has
> __randomize_layout). The next time around, you'll want 2 fields, and
> it won't work. Also, do we know that 'shared.rb' is the only thing we
> want to ignore?
>
> If you wanted something similar to ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS, it'd have to
> be ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_FIELDS(var, ...), however, this is quite annoying
> for structs with many fields as you'd have to list all of them. It's
> similar to what you can already do currently (but I also don't
> recommend because it's unmaintainable):
>
> ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_start);
> ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_end);
> ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_next);
> ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(orig->vm_prev);
> ... and so on ...
> *new = data_race(*orig);
>
> Also note that vm_area_struct has __randomize_layout, which makes
> using ranges impossible. All in all, I don't see a terribly nice
> option.
>
> If, however, you knew that there are 1 or 2 fields only that you want
> to make sure are not modified concurrently, ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER +
> data_race() would probably work well (or even ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS
> if you want to make sure there are no writers nor _readers_).

I am testing an idea that just do,

lockdep_assert_held_write(&orig->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
*new = data_race(*orig);

The idea is that as long as we have the exclusive mmap_sem held in all paths
(auditing indicated so), no writer should be able to mess up our vm_area_struct
except the "shared.rb" field which has no harm.

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