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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.19 117/252] dmaengine: Store module owner in dma_device struct
From: Logan Gunthorpe <>

[ Upstream commit dae7a589c18a4d979d5f14b09374e871b995ceb1 ]

dma_chan_to_owner() dereferences the driver from the struct device to
obtain the owner and call module_[get|put](). However, if the backing
device is unbound before the dma_device is unregistered, the driver
will be cleared and this will cause a NULL pointer dereference.

Instead, store a pointer to the owner module in the dma_device struct
so the module reference can be properly put when the channel is put, even
if the backing device was destroyed first.

This change helps to support a safer unbind of DMA engines.
If the dma_device is unregistered in the driver's remove function,
there's no guarantee that there are no existing clients and a users
action may trigger the WARN_ONCE in dma_async_device_unregister()
which is unlikely to leave the system in a consistent state.
Instead, a better approach is to allow the backing driver to go away
and fail any subsequent requests to it.

Signed-off-by: Logan Gunthorpe <>
Signed-off-by: Vinod Koul <>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <>
drivers/dma/dmaengine.c | 4 +++-
include/linux/dmaengine.h | 2 ++
2 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dma/dmaengine.c b/drivers/dma/dmaengine.c
index f1a441ab395d7..8a52a5efee4f5 100644
--- a/drivers/dma/dmaengine.c
+++ b/drivers/dma/dmaengine.c
@@ -190,7 +190,7 @@ __dma_device_satisfies_mask(struct dma_device *device,

static struct module *dma_chan_to_owner(struct dma_chan *chan)
- return chan->device->dev->driver->owner;
+ return chan->device->owner;

@@ -923,6 +923,8 @@ int dma_async_device_register(struct dma_device *device)
return -EIO;

+ device->owner = device->dev->driver->owner;
if (dma_has_cap(DMA_MEMCPY, device->cap_mask) && !device->device_prep_dma_memcpy) {
"Device claims capability %s, but op is not defined\n",
diff --git a/include/linux/dmaengine.h b/include/linux/dmaengine.h
index 0647f436f88c2..50128c36f0b48 100644
--- a/include/linux/dmaengine.h
+++ b/include/linux/dmaengine.h
@@ -686,6 +686,7 @@ struct dma_filter {
* @fill_align: alignment shift for memset operations
* @dev_id: unique device ID
* @dev: struct device reference for dma mapping api
+ * @owner: owner module (automatically set based on the provided dev)
* @src_addr_widths: bit mask of src addr widths the device supports
* Width is specified in bytes, e.g. for a device supporting
* a width of 4 the mask should have BIT(4) set.
@@ -749,6 +750,7 @@ struct dma_device {

int dev_id;
struct device *dev;
+ struct module *owner;

u32 src_addr_widths;
u32 dst_addr_widths;
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