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Subject[PATCH-tip 2/3] locking/lockdep: Extract CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING code out to lockdep_prove.c
Date
About half of the lockdep code in lockdep.c are surrounded by the
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING conditional compilation macro. There are several
of those conditional compilation blocks making it hard to figure it
out if a certain function is only used for CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING or not.
That leads to all sort of build problems when modifying the lockdep code.

To make life easier for future update, most of the relevant
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING code are now extracted out to the lockdep_prove.c
file making it clear which function is for CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING and
which is not. There are still a number of small CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
blocks left in lockdep.c, but they are easy to be identified.

This is just a code relocation patch. There is no functional change.

Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
kernel/locking/lockdep.c | 3216 ++------------------------------
kernel/locking/lockdep_prove.c | 2820 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 3025 insertions(+), 3011 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 kernel/locking/lockdep_prove.c

diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index 3dad36e2187b..417c0616d791 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -449,104 +449,6 @@ static void print_lockdep_off(const char *bug_msg)

unsigned long nr_stack_trace_entries;

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-/**
- * struct lock_trace - single stack backtrace
- * @hash_entry: Entry in a stack_trace_hash[] list.
- * @hash: jhash() of @entries.
- * @nr_entries: Number of entries in @entries.
- * @entries: Actual stack backtrace.
- */
-struct lock_trace {
- struct hlist_node hash_entry;
- u32 hash;
- u32 nr_entries;
- unsigned long entries[0] __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));
-};
-#define LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS \
- (sizeof(struct lock_trace) / sizeof(unsigned long))
-/*
- * Stack-trace: sequence of lock_trace structures. Protected by the graph_lock.
- */
-static unsigned long stack_trace[MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES];
-static struct hlist_head stack_trace_hash[STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE];
-
-static bool traces_identical(struct lock_trace *t1, struct lock_trace *t2)
-{
- return t1->hash == t2->hash && t1->nr_entries == t2->nr_entries &&
- memcmp(t1->entries, t2->entries,
- t1->nr_entries * sizeof(t1->entries[0])) == 0;
-}
-
-static struct lock_trace *save_trace(void)
-{
- struct lock_trace *trace, *t2;
- struct hlist_head *hash_head;
- u32 hash;
- int max_entries;
-
- BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE);
- BUILD_BUG_ON(LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS >= MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES);
-
- trace = (struct lock_trace *)(stack_trace + nr_stack_trace_entries);
- max_entries = MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES - nr_stack_trace_entries -
- LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS;
-
- if (max_entries <= 0) {
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return NULL;
-
- print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES too low!");
- dump_stack();
-
- return NULL;
- }
- trace->nr_entries = stack_trace_save(trace->entries, max_entries, 3);
-
- hash = jhash(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries *
- sizeof(trace->entries[0]), 0);
- trace->hash = hash;
- hash_head = stack_trace_hash + (hash & (STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE - 1));
- hlist_for_each_entry(t2, hash_head, hash_entry) {
- if (traces_identical(trace, t2))
- return t2;
- }
- nr_stack_trace_entries += LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS + trace->nr_entries;
- hlist_add_head(&trace->hash_entry, hash_head);
-
- return trace;
-}
-
-/* Return the number of stack traces in the stack_trace[] array. */
-u64 lockdep_stack_trace_count(void)
-{
- struct lock_trace *trace;
- u64 c = 0;
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(stack_trace_hash); i++) {
- hlist_for_each_entry(trace, &stack_trace_hash[i], hash_entry) {
- c++;
- }
- }
-
- return c;
-}
-
-/* Return the number of stack hash chains that have at least one stack trace. */
-u64 lockdep_stack_hash_count(void)
-{
- u64 c = 0;
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(stack_trace_hash); i++)
- if (!hlist_empty(&stack_trace_hash[i]))
- c++;
-
- return c;
-}
-#endif
-
unsigned int nr_hardirq_chains;
unsigned int nr_softirq_chains;
unsigned int nr_process_chains;
@@ -559,26 +461,6 @@ unsigned int max_lockdep_depth;
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lockdep_stats, lockdep_stats);
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-/*
- * Locking printouts:
- */
-
-#define __USAGE(__STATE) \
- [LOCK_USED_IN_##__STATE] = "IN-"__stringify(__STATE)"-W", \
- [LOCK_ENABLED_##__STATE] = __stringify(__STATE)"-ON-W", \
- [LOCK_USED_IN_##__STATE##_READ] = "IN-"__stringify(__STATE)"-R",\
- [LOCK_ENABLED_##__STATE##_READ] = __stringify(__STATE)"-ON-R",
-
-static const char *usage_str[] =
-{
-#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) __USAGE(__STATE)
-#include "lockdep_states.h"
-#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
- [LOCK_USED] = "INITIAL USE",
-};
-#endif
-
const char *__get_key_name(const struct lockdep_subclass_key *key, char *str)
{
return kallsyms_lookup((unsigned long)key, NULL, NULL, NULL, str);
@@ -885,8 +767,49 @@ static bool assign_lock_key(struct lockdep_map *lock)
return true;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
+#include "lockdep_prove.c"
+#else
+
+static inline int
+mark_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock, int check)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int task_irq_context(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int separate_irq_context(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int validate_chain(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ int chain_head, u64 chain_key)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static inline void init_chain_block_buckets(void) { }
+static inline void check_flags(unsigned long flags) { }
+static inline void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct pending_free *pf,
+ struct lock_class *class) { }
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP

+#ifndef check_lock_chain_key
+static inline bool check_lock_chain_key(struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ return true;
+}
+#endif
+
/* Check whether element @e occurs in list @h */
static bool in_list(struct list_head *e, struct list_head *h)
{
@@ -937,33 +860,6 @@ static bool class_lock_list_valid(struct lock_class *c, struct list_head *h)
return true;
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-static u16 chain_hlocks[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS];
-#endif
-
-static bool check_lock_chain_key(struct lock_chain *chain)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
- u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
- int i;
-
- for (i = chain->base; i < chain->base + chain->depth; i++)
- chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, chain_hlocks[i]);
- /*
- * The 'unsigned long long' casts avoid that a compiler warning
- * is reported when building tools/lib/lockdep.
- */
- if (chain->chain_key != chain_key) {
- printk(KERN_INFO "chain %lld: key %#llx <> %#llx\n",
- (unsigned long long)(chain - lock_chains),
- (unsigned long long)chain->chain_key,
- (unsigned long long)chain_key);
- return false;
- }
-#endif
- return true;
-}
-
static bool in_any_zapped_class_list(struct lock_class *class)
{
struct pending_free *pf;
@@ -1127,2817 +1023,208 @@ void lockdep_register_key(struct lock_class_key *key)
raw_local_irq_save(flags);
if (!graph_lock())
goto restore_irqs;
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(k, hash_head, hash_entry) {
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(k == key))
- goto out_unlock;
- }
- hlist_add_head_rcu(&key->hash_entry, hash_head);
-out_unlock:
- graph_unlock();
-restore_irqs:
- raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_register_key);
-
-/* Check whether a key has been registered as a dynamic key. */
-static bool is_dynamic_key(const struct lock_class_key *key)
-{
- struct hlist_head *hash_head;
- struct lock_class_key *k;
- bool found = false;
-
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(static_obj(key)))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * If lock debugging is disabled lock_keys_hash[] may contain
- * pointers to memory that has already been freed. Avoid triggering
- * a use-after-free in that case by returning early.
- */
- if (!debug_locks)
- return true;
-
- hash_head = keyhashentry(key);
-
- rcu_read_lock();
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(k, hash_head, hash_entry) {
- if (k == key) {
- found = true;
- break;
- }
- }
- rcu_read_unlock();
-
- return found;
-}
-
-/*
- * Register a lock's class in the hash-table, if the class is not present
- * yet. Otherwise we look it up. We cache the result in the lock object
- * itself, so actual lookup of the hash should be once per lock object.
- */
-static struct lock_class *
-register_lock_class(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned int subclass, int force)
-{
- struct lockdep_subclass_key *key;
- struct hlist_head *hash_head;
- struct lock_class *class;
-
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
-
- class = look_up_lock_class(lock, subclass);
- if (likely(class))
- goto out_set_class_cache;
-
- if (!lock->key) {
- if (!assign_lock_key(lock))
- return NULL;
- } else if (!static_obj(lock->key) && !is_dynamic_key(lock->key)) {
- return NULL;
- }
-
- key = lock->key->subkeys + subclass;
- hash_head = classhashentry(key);
-
- if (!graph_lock()) {
- return NULL;
- }
- /*
- * We have to do the hash-walk again, to avoid races
- * with another CPU:
- */
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(class, hash_head, hash_entry) {
- if (class->key == key)
- goto out_unlock_set;
- }
-
- init_data_structures_once();
-
- /* Allocate a new lock class and add it to the hash. */
- class = list_first_entry_or_null(&free_lock_classes, typeof(*class),
- lock_entry);
- if (!class) {
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock()) {
- return NULL;
- }
-
- print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS too low!");
- dump_stack();
- return NULL;
- }
- nr_lock_classes++;
- __set_bit(class - lock_classes, lock_classes_in_use);
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_unused_locks);
- class->key = key;
- class->name = lock->name;
- class->subclass = subclass;
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_before));
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_after));
- class->name_version = count_matching_names(class);
- /*
- * We use RCU's safe list-add method to make
- * parallel walking of the hash-list safe:
- */
- hlist_add_head_rcu(&class->hash_entry, hash_head);
- /*
- * Remove the class from the free list and add it to the global list
- * of classes.
- */
- list_move_tail(&class->lock_entry, &all_lock_classes);
-
- if (verbose(class)) {
- graph_unlock();
-
- printk("\nnew class %px: %s", class->key, class->name);
- if (class->name_version > 1)
- printk(KERN_CONT "#%d", class->name_version);
- printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
- dump_stack();
-
- if (!graph_lock()) {
- return NULL;
- }
- }
-out_unlock_set:
- graph_unlock();
-
-out_set_class_cache:
- if (!subclass || force)
- lock->class_cache[0] = class;
- else if (subclass < NR_LOCKDEP_CACHING_CLASSES)
- lock->class_cache[subclass] = class;
-
- /*
- * Hash collision, did we smoke some? We found a class with a matching
- * hash but the subclass -- which is hashed in -- didn't match.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(class->subclass != subclass))
- return NULL;
-
- return class;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-/*
- * Allocate a lockdep entry. (assumes the graph_lock held, returns
- * with NULL on failure)
- */
-static struct lock_list *alloc_list_entry(void)
-{
- int idx = find_first_zero_bit(list_entries_in_use,
- ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries));
-
- if (idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)) {
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return NULL;
-
- print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES too low!");
- dump_stack();
- return NULL;
- }
- nr_list_entries++;
- __set_bit(idx, list_entries_in_use);
- return list_entries + idx;
-}
-
-/*
- * Add a new dependency to the head of the list:
- */
-static int add_lock_to_list(struct lock_class *this,
- struct lock_class *links_to, struct list_head *head,
- unsigned long ip, int distance,
- const struct lock_trace *trace)
-{
- struct lock_list *entry;
- /*
- * Lock not present yet - get a new dependency struct and
- * add it to the list:
- */
- entry = alloc_list_entry();
- if (!entry)
- return 0;
-
- entry->class = this;
- entry->links_to = links_to;
- entry->distance = distance;
- entry->trace = trace;
- /*
- * Both allocation and removal are done under the graph lock; but
- * iteration is under RCU-sched; see look_up_lock_class() and
- * lockdep_free_key_range().
- */
- list_add_tail_rcu(&entry->entry, head);
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * For good efficiency of modular, we use power of 2
- */
-#define MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE 4096UL
-#define CQ_MASK (MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE-1)
-
-/*
- * The circular_queue and helpers are used to implement graph
- * breadth-first search (BFS) algorithm, by which we can determine
- * whether there is a path from a lock to another. In deadlock checks,
- * a path from the next lock to be acquired to a previous held lock
- * indicates that adding the <prev> -> <next> lock dependency will
- * produce a circle in the graph. Breadth-first search instead of
- * depth-first search is used in order to find the shortest (circular)
- * path.
- */
-struct circular_queue {
- struct lock_list *element[MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE];
- unsigned int front, rear;
-};
-
-static struct circular_queue lock_cq;
-
-unsigned int max_bfs_queue_depth;
-
-static unsigned int lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
-
-static inline void __cq_init(struct circular_queue *cq)
-{
- cq->front = cq->rear = 0;
- lockdep_dependency_gen_id++;
-}
-
-static inline int __cq_empty(struct circular_queue *cq)
-{
- return (cq->front == cq->rear);
-}
-
-static inline int __cq_full(struct circular_queue *cq)
-{
- return ((cq->rear + 1) & CQ_MASK) == cq->front;
-}
-
-static inline int __cq_enqueue(struct circular_queue *cq, struct lock_list *elem)
-{
- if (__cq_full(cq))
- return -1;
-
- cq->element[cq->rear] = elem;
- cq->rear = (cq->rear + 1) & CQ_MASK;
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Dequeue an element from the circular_queue, return a lock_list if
- * the queue is not empty, or NULL if otherwise.
- */
-static inline struct lock_list * __cq_dequeue(struct circular_queue *cq)
-{
- struct lock_list * lock;
-
- if (__cq_empty(cq))
- return NULL;
-
- lock = cq->element[cq->front];
- cq->front = (cq->front + 1) & CQ_MASK;
-
- return lock;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned int __cq_get_elem_count(struct circular_queue *cq)
-{
- return (cq->rear - cq->front) & CQ_MASK;
-}
-
-static inline void mark_lock_accessed(struct lock_list *lock,
- struct lock_list *parent)
-{
- unsigned long nr;
-
- nr = lock - list_entries;
- WARN_ON(nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)); /* Out-of-bounds, input fail */
- lock->parent = parent;
- lock->class->dep_gen_id = lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned long lock_accessed(struct lock_list *lock)
-{
- unsigned long nr;
-
- nr = lock - list_entries;
- WARN_ON(nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)); /* Out-of-bounds, input fail */
- return lock->class->dep_gen_id == lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
-}
-
-static inline struct lock_list *get_lock_parent(struct lock_list *child)
-{
- return child->parent;
-}
-
-static inline int get_lock_depth(struct lock_list *child)
-{
- int depth = 0;
- struct lock_list *parent;
-
- while ((parent = get_lock_parent(child))) {
- child = parent;
- depth++;
- }
- return depth;
-}
-
-/*
- * Return the forward or backward dependency list.
- *
- * @lock: the lock_list to get its class's dependency list
- * @offset: the offset to struct lock_class to determine whether it is
- * locks_after or locks_before
- */
-static inline struct list_head *get_dep_list(struct lock_list *lock, int offset)
-{
- void *lock_class = lock->class;
-
- return lock_class + offset;
-}
-
-/*
- * Forward- or backward-dependency search, used for both circular dependency
- * checking and hardirq-unsafe/softirq-unsafe checking.
- */
-static int __bfs(struct lock_list *source_entry,
- void *data,
- int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
- struct lock_list **target_entry,
- int offset)
-{
- struct lock_list *entry;
- struct lock_list *lock;
- struct list_head *head;
- struct circular_queue *cq = &lock_cq;
- int ret = 1;
-
- if (match(source_entry, data)) {
- *target_entry = source_entry;
- ret = 0;
- goto exit;
- }
-
- head = get_dep_list(source_entry, offset);
- if (list_empty(head))
- goto exit;
-
- __cq_init(cq);
- __cq_enqueue(cq, source_entry);
-
- while ((lock = __cq_dequeue(cq))) {
-
- if (!lock->class) {
- ret = -2;
- goto exit;
- }
-
- head = get_dep_list(lock, offset);
-
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
-
- list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, head, entry) {
- if (!lock_accessed(entry)) {
- unsigned int cq_depth;
- mark_lock_accessed(entry, lock);
- if (match(entry, data)) {
- *target_entry = entry;
- ret = 0;
- goto exit;
- }
-
- if (__cq_enqueue(cq, entry)) {
- ret = -1;
- goto exit;
- }
- cq_depth = __cq_get_elem_count(cq);
- if (max_bfs_queue_depth < cq_depth)
- max_bfs_queue_depth = cq_depth;
- }
- }
- }
-exit:
- return ret;
-}
-
-static inline int __bfs_forwards(struct lock_list *src_entry,
- void *data,
- int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
- struct lock_list **target_entry)
-{
- return __bfs(src_entry, data, match, target_entry,
- offsetof(struct lock_class, locks_after));
-
-}
-
-static inline int __bfs_backwards(struct lock_list *src_entry,
- void *data,
- int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
- struct lock_list **target_entry)
-{
- return __bfs(src_entry, data, match, target_entry,
- offsetof(struct lock_class, locks_before));
-
-}
-
-static void print_lock_trace(const struct lock_trace *trace,
- unsigned int spaces)
-{
- stack_trace_print(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries, spaces);
-}
-
-/*
- * Print a dependency chain entry (this is only done when a deadlock
- * has been detected):
- */
-static noinline void
-print_circular_bug_entry(struct lock_list *target, int depth)
-{
- if (debug_locks_silent)
- return;
- printk("\n-> #%u", depth);
- print_lock_name(target->class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ":\n");
- print_lock_trace(target->trace, 6);
-}
-
-static void
-print_circular_lock_scenario(struct held_lock *src,
- struct held_lock *tgt,
- struct lock_list *prt)
-{
- struct lock_class *source = hlock_class(src);
- struct lock_class *target = hlock_class(tgt);
- struct lock_class *parent = prt->class;
-
- /*
- * A direct locking problem where unsafe_class lock is taken
- * directly by safe_class lock, then all we need to show
- * is the deadlock scenario, as it is obvious that the
- * unsafe lock is taken under the safe lock.
- *
- * But if there is a chain instead, where the safe lock takes
- * an intermediate lock (middle_class) where this lock is
- * not the same as the safe lock, then the lock chain is
- * used to describe the problem. Otherwise we would need
- * to show a different CPU case for each link in the chain
- * from the safe_class lock to the unsafe_class lock.
- */
- if (parent != source) {
- printk("Chain exists of:\n ");
- __print_lock_name(source);
- printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
- __print_lock_name(parent);
- printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
- __print_lock_name(target);
- printk(KERN_CONT "\n\n");
- }
-
- printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
- printk(" CPU0 CPU1\n");
- printk(" ---- ----\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(target);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(parent);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(target);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(source);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
-}
-
-/*
- * When a circular dependency is detected, print the
- * header first:
- */
-static noinline void
-print_circular_bug_header(struct lock_list *entry, unsigned int depth,
- struct held_lock *check_src,
- struct held_lock *check_tgt)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
-
- if (debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("======================================================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected\n");
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("------------------------------------------------------\n");
- pr_warn("%s/%d is trying to acquire lock:\n",
- curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
- print_lock(check_src);
-
- pr_warn("\nbut task is already holding lock:\n");
-
- print_lock(check_tgt);
- pr_warn("\nwhich lock already depends on the new lock.\n\n");
- pr_warn("\nthe existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:\n");
-
- print_circular_bug_entry(entry, depth);
-}
-
-static inline int class_equal(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
-{
- return entry->class == data;
-}
-
-static noinline void print_circular_bug(struct lock_list *this,
- struct lock_list *target,
- struct held_lock *check_src,
- struct held_lock *check_tgt)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
- struct lock_list *parent;
- struct lock_list *first_parent;
- int depth;
-
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- this->trace = save_trace();
- if (!this->trace)
- return;
-
- depth = get_lock_depth(target);
-
- print_circular_bug_header(target, depth, check_src, check_tgt);
-
- parent = get_lock_parent(target);
- first_parent = parent;
-
- while (parent) {
- print_circular_bug_entry(parent, --depth);
- parent = get_lock_parent(parent);
- }
-
- printk("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
- print_circular_lock_scenario(check_src, check_tgt,
- first_parent);
-
- lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
-
- printk("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-
-static noinline void print_bfs_bug(int ret)
-{
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return;
-
- /*
- * Breadth-first-search failed, graph got corrupted?
- */
- WARN(1, "lockdep bfs error:%d\n", ret);
-}
-
-static int noop_count(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
-{
- (*(unsigned long *)data)++;
- return 0;
-}
-
-static unsigned long __lockdep_count_forward_deps(struct lock_list *this)
-{
- unsigned long count = 0;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
-
- __bfs_forwards(this, (void *)&count, noop_count, &target_entry);
-
- return count;
-}
-unsigned long lockdep_count_forward_deps(struct lock_class *class)
-{
- unsigned long ret, flags;
- struct lock_list this;
-
- this.parent = NULL;
- this.class = class;
-
- raw_local_irq_save(flags);
- arch_spin_lock(&lockdep_lock);
- ret = __lockdep_count_forward_deps(&this);
- arch_spin_unlock(&lockdep_lock);
- raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
-
- return ret;
-}
-
-static unsigned long __lockdep_count_backward_deps(struct lock_list *this)
-{
- unsigned long count = 0;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
-
- __bfs_backwards(this, (void *)&count, noop_count, &target_entry);
-
- return count;
-}
-
-unsigned long lockdep_count_backward_deps(struct lock_class *class)
-{
- unsigned long ret, flags;
- struct lock_list this;
-
- this.parent = NULL;
- this.class = class;
-
- raw_local_irq_save(flags);
- arch_spin_lock(&lockdep_lock);
- ret = __lockdep_count_backward_deps(&this);
- arch_spin_unlock(&lockdep_lock);
- raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
-
- return ret;
-}
-
-/*
- * Check that the dependency graph starting at <src> can lead to
- * <target> or not. Print an error and return 0 if it does.
- */
-static noinline int
-check_path(struct lock_class *target, struct lock_list *src_entry,
- struct lock_list **target_entry)
-{
- int ret;
-
- ret = __bfs_forwards(src_entry, (void *)target, class_equal,
- target_entry);
-
- if (unlikely(ret < 0))
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
-
- return ret;
-}
-
-/*
- * Prove that the dependency graph starting at <src> can not
- * lead to <target>. If it can, there is a circle when adding
- * <target> -> <src> dependency.
- *
- * Print an error and return 0 if it does.
- */
-static noinline int
-check_noncircular(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target,
- struct lock_trace **const trace)
-{
- int ret;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
- struct lock_list src_entry = {
- .class = hlock_class(src),
- .parent = NULL,
- };
-
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_cyclic_checks);
-
- ret = check_path(hlock_class(target), &src_entry, &target_entry);
-
- if (unlikely(!ret)) {
- if (!*trace) {
- /*
- * If save_trace fails here, the printing might
- * trigger a WARN but because of the !nr_entries it
- * should not do bad things.
- */
- *trace = save_trace();
- }
-
- print_circular_bug(&src_entry, target_entry, src, target);
- }
-
- return ret;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_SMALL
-/*
- * Check that the dependency graph starting at <src> can lead to
- * <target> or not. If it can, <src> -> <target> dependency is already
- * in the graph.
- *
- * Print an error and return 2 if it does or 1 if it does not.
- */
-static noinline int
-check_redundant(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target)
-{
- int ret;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
- struct lock_list src_entry = {
- .class = hlock_class(src),
- .parent = NULL,
- };
-
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_redundant_checks);
-
- ret = check_path(hlock_class(target), &src_entry, &target_entry);
-
- if (!ret) {
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_redundant);
- ret = 2;
- } else if (ret < 0)
- ret = 0;
-
- return ret;
-}
-#endif
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
-
-static inline int usage_accumulate(struct lock_list *entry, void *mask)
-{
- *(unsigned long *)mask |= entry->class->usage_mask;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Forwards and backwards subgraph searching, for the purposes of
- * proving that two subgraphs can be connected by a new dependency
- * without creating any illegal irq-safe -> irq-unsafe lock dependency.
- */
-
-static inline int usage_match(struct lock_list *entry, void *mask)
-{
- return entry->class->usage_mask & *(unsigned long *)mask;
-}
-
-/*
- * Find a node in the forwards-direction dependency sub-graph starting
- * at @root->class that matches @bit.
- *
- * Return 0 if such a node exists in the subgraph, and put that node
- * into *@target_entry.
- *
- * Return 1 otherwise and keep *@target_entry unchanged.
- * Return <0 on error.
- */
-static int
-find_usage_forwards(struct lock_list *root, unsigned long usage_mask,
- struct lock_list **target_entry)
-{
- int result;
-
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_find_usage_forwards_checks);
-
- result = __bfs_forwards(root, &usage_mask, usage_match, target_entry);
-
- return result;
-}
-
-/*
- * Find a node in the backwards-direction dependency sub-graph starting
- * at @root->class that matches @bit.
- *
- * Return 0 if such a node exists in the subgraph, and put that node
- * into *@target_entry.
- *
- * Return 1 otherwise and keep *@target_entry unchanged.
- * Return <0 on error.
- */
-static int
-find_usage_backwards(struct lock_list *root, unsigned long usage_mask,
- struct lock_list **target_entry)
-{
- int result;
-
- debug_atomic_inc(nr_find_usage_backwards_checks);
-
- result = __bfs_backwards(root, &usage_mask, usage_match, target_entry);
-
- return result;
-}
-
-static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)
-{
- int bit;
-
- printk("%*s->", depth, "");
- print_lock_name(class);
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
- printk(KERN_CONT " ops: %lu", debug_class_ops_read(class));
-#endif
- printk(KERN_CONT " {\n");
-
- for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
- if (class->usage_mask & (1 << bit)) {
- int len = depth;
-
- len += printk("%*s %s", depth, "", usage_str[bit]);
- len += printk(KERN_CONT " at:\n");
- print_lock_trace(class->usage_traces[bit], len);
- }
- }
- printk("%*s }\n", depth, "");
-
- printk("%*s ... key at: [<%px>] %pS\n",
- depth, "", class->key, class->key);
-}
-
-/*
- * printk the shortest lock dependencies from @start to @end in reverse order:
- */
-static void __used
-print_shortest_lock_dependencies(struct lock_list *leaf,
- struct lock_list *root)
-{
- struct lock_list *entry = leaf;
- int depth;
-
- /*compute depth from generated tree by BFS*/
- depth = get_lock_depth(leaf);
-
- do {
- print_lock_class_header(entry->class, depth);
- printk("%*s ... acquired at:\n", depth, "");
- print_lock_trace(entry->trace, 2);
- printk("\n");
-
- if (depth == 0 && (entry != root)) {
- printk("lockdep:%s bad path found in chain graph\n", __func__);
- break;
- }
-
- entry = get_lock_parent(entry);
- depth--;
- } while (entry && (depth >= 0));
-}
-
-static void
-print_irq_lock_scenario(struct lock_list *safe_entry,
- struct lock_list *unsafe_entry,
- struct lock_class *prev_class,
- struct lock_class *next_class)
-{
- struct lock_class *safe_class = safe_entry->class;
- struct lock_class *unsafe_class = unsafe_entry->class;
- struct lock_class *middle_class = prev_class;
-
- if (middle_class == safe_class)
- middle_class = next_class;
-
- /*
- * A direct locking problem where unsafe_class lock is taken
- * directly by safe_class lock, then all we need to show
- * is the deadlock scenario, as it is obvious that the
- * unsafe lock is taken under the safe lock.
- *
- * But if there is a chain instead, where the safe lock takes
- * an intermediate lock (middle_class) where this lock is
- * not the same as the safe lock, then the lock chain is
- * used to describe the problem. Otherwise we would need
- * to show a different CPU case for each link in the chain
- * from the safe_class lock to the unsafe_class lock.
- */
- if (middle_class != unsafe_class) {
- printk("Chain exists of:\n ");
- __print_lock_name(safe_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
- __print_lock_name(middle_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
- __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT "\n\n");
- }
-
- printk(" Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
- printk(" CPU0 CPU1\n");
- printk(" ---- ----\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" local_irq_disable();\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(safe_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(middle_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" <Interrupt>\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(safe_class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
-}
-
-static void
-print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct lock_list *prev_root,
- struct lock_list *next_root,
- struct lock_list *backwards_entry,
- struct lock_list *forwards_entry,
- struct held_lock *prev,
- struct held_lock *next,
- enum lock_usage_bit bit1,
- enum lock_usage_bit bit2,
- const char *irqclass)
-{
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("=====================================================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: %s-safe -> %s-unsafe lock order detected\n",
- irqclass, irqclass);
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("-----------------------------------------------------\n");
- pr_warn("%s/%d [HC%u[%lu]:SC%u[%lu]:HE%u:SE%u] is trying to acquire:\n",
- curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr),
- curr->hardirq_context, hardirq_count() >> HARDIRQ_SHIFT,
- curr->softirq_context, softirq_count() >> SOFTIRQ_SHIFT,
- curr->hardirqs_enabled,
- curr->softirqs_enabled);
- print_lock(next);
-
- pr_warn("\nand this task is already holding:\n");
- print_lock(prev);
- pr_warn("which would create a new lock dependency:\n");
- print_lock_name(hlock_class(prev));
- pr_cont(" ->");
- print_lock_name(hlock_class(next));
- pr_cont("\n");
-
- pr_warn("\nbut this new dependency connects a %s-irq-safe lock:\n",
- irqclass);
- print_lock_name(backwards_entry->class);
- pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-safe at:\n", irqclass);
-
- print_lock_trace(backwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit1], 1);
-
- pr_warn("\nto a %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
- print_lock_name(forwards_entry->class);
- pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-unsafe at:\n", irqclass);
- pr_warn("...");
-
- print_lock_trace(forwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit2], 1);
-
- pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
- print_irq_lock_scenario(backwards_entry, forwards_entry,
- hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next));
-
- lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
-
- pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between %s-irq-safe lock and the holding lock:\n", irqclass);
- prev_root->trace = save_trace();
- if (!prev_root->trace)
- return;
- print_shortest_lock_dependencies(backwards_entry, prev_root);
-
- pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between the lock to be acquired");
- pr_warn(" and %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
- next_root->trace = save_trace();
- if (!next_root->trace)
- return;
- print_shortest_lock_dependencies(forwards_entry, next_root);
-
- pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-
-static const char *state_names[] = {
-#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
- __stringify(__STATE),
-#include "lockdep_states.h"
-#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
-};
-
-static const char *state_rnames[] = {
-#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
- __stringify(__STATE)"-READ",
-#include "lockdep_states.h"
-#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
-};
-
-static inline const char *state_name(enum lock_usage_bit bit)
-{
- if (bit & LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)
- return state_rnames[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK];
- else
- return state_names[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK];
-}
-
-/*
- * The bit number is encoded like:
- *
- * bit0: 0 exclusive, 1 read lock
- * bit1: 0 used in irq, 1 irq enabled
- * bit2-n: state
- */
-static int exclusive_bit(int new_bit)
-{
- int state = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_STATE_MASK;
- int dir = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
-
- /*
- * keep state, bit flip the direction and strip read.
- */
- return state | (dir ^ LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK);
-}
-
-/*
- * Observe that when given a bitmask where each bitnr is encoded as above, a
- * right shift of the mask transforms the individual bitnrs as -1 and
- * conversely, a left shift transforms into +1 for the individual bitnrs.
- *
- * So for all bits whose number have LOCK_ENABLED_* set (bitnr1 == 1), we can
- * create the mask with those bit numbers using LOCK_USED_IN_* (bitnr1 == 0)
- * instead by subtracting the bit number by 2, or shifting the mask right by 2.
- *
- * Similarly, bitnr1 == 0 becomes bitnr1 == 1 by adding 2, or shifting left 2.
- *
- * So split the mask (note that LOCKF_ENABLED_IRQ_ALL|LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL is
- * all bits set) and recompose with bitnr1 flipped.
- */
-static unsigned long invert_dir_mask(unsigned long mask)
-{
- unsigned long excl = 0;
-
- /* Invert dir */
- excl |= (mask & LOCKF_ENABLED_IRQ_ALL) >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
- excl |= (mask & LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL) << LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
-
- return excl;
-}
-
-/*
- * As above, we clear bitnr0 (LOCK_*_READ off) with bitmask ops. First, for all
- * bits with bitnr0 set (LOCK_*_READ), add those with bitnr0 cleared (LOCK_*).
- * And then mask out all bitnr0.
- */
-static unsigned long exclusive_mask(unsigned long mask)
-{
- unsigned long excl = invert_dir_mask(mask);
-
- /* Strip read */
- excl |= (excl & LOCKF_IRQ_READ) >> LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
- excl &= ~LOCKF_IRQ_READ;
-
- return excl;
-}
-
-/*
- * Retrieve the _possible_ original mask to which @mask is
- * exclusive. Ie: this is the opposite of exclusive_mask().
- * Note that 2 possible original bits can match an exclusive
- * bit: one has LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK set, the other has it
- * cleared. So both are returned for each exclusive bit.
- */
-static unsigned long original_mask(unsigned long mask)
-{
- unsigned long excl = invert_dir_mask(mask);
-
- /* Include read in existing usages */
- excl |= (excl & LOCKF_IRQ) << LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
-
- return excl;
-}
-
-/*
- * Find the first pair of bit match between an original
- * usage mask and an exclusive usage mask.
- */
-static int find_exclusive_match(unsigned long mask,
- unsigned long excl_mask,
- enum lock_usage_bit *bitp,
- enum lock_usage_bit *excl_bitp)
-{
- int bit, excl;
-
- for_each_set_bit(bit, &mask, LOCK_USED) {
- excl = exclusive_bit(bit);
- if (excl_mask & lock_flag(excl)) {
- *bitp = bit;
- *excl_bitp = excl;
- return 0;
- }
- }
- return -1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Prove that the new dependency does not connect a hardirq-safe(-read)
- * lock with a hardirq-unsafe lock - to achieve this we search
- * the backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>, and the
- * forwards-subgraph starting at <next>:
- */
-static int check_irq_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
- struct held_lock *next)
-{
- unsigned long usage_mask = 0, forward_mask, backward_mask;
- enum lock_usage_bit forward_bit = 0, backward_bit = 0;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry1);
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
- struct lock_list this, that;
- int ret;
-
- /*
- * Step 1: gather all hard/soft IRQs usages backward in an
- * accumulated usage mask.
- */
- this.parent = NULL;
- this.class = hlock_class(prev);
-
- ret = __bfs_backwards(&this, &usage_mask, usage_accumulate, NULL);
- if (ret < 0) {
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
- return 0;
- }
-
- usage_mask &= LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL;
- if (!usage_mask)
- return 1;
-
- /*
- * Step 2: find exclusive uses forward that match the previous
- * backward accumulated mask.
- */
- forward_mask = exclusive_mask(usage_mask);
-
- that.parent = NULL;
- that.class = hlock_class(next);
-
- ret = find_usage_forwards(&that, forward_mask, &target_entry1);
- if (ret < 0) {
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
- return 0;
- }
- if (ret == 1)
- return ret;
-
- /*
- * Step 3: we found a bad match! Now retrieve a lock from the backward
- * list whose usage mask matches the exclusive usage mask from the
- * lock found on the forward list.
- */
- backward_mask = original_mask(target_entry1->class->usage_mask);
-
- ret = find_usage_backwards(&this, backward_mask, &target_entry);
- if (ret < 0) {
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
- return 0;
- }
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(ret == 1))
- return 1;
-
- /*
- * Step 4: narrow down to a pair of incompatible usage bits
- * and report it.
- */
- ret = find_exclusive_match(target_entry->class->usage_mask,
- target_entry1->class->usage_mask,
- &backward_bit, &forward_bit);
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(ret == -1))
- return 1;
-
- print_bad_irq_dependency(curr, &this, &that,
- target_entry, target_entry1,
- prev, next,
- backward_bit, forward_bit,
- state_name(backward_bit));
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-#else
-
-static inline int check_irq_usage(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *prev, struct held_lock *next)
-{
- return 1;
-}
-#endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */
-
-static void inc_chains(int irq_context)
-{
- if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT)
- nr_hardirq_chains++;
- else if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT)
- nr_softirq_chains++;
- else
- nr_process_chains++;
-}
-
-static void dec_chains(int irq_context)
-{
- if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT)
- nr_hardirq_chains--;
- else if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT)
- nr_softirq_chains--;
- else
- nr_process_chains--;
-}
-
-static void
-print_deadlock_scenario(struct held_lock *nxt, struct held_lock *prv)
-{
- struct lock_class *next = hlock_class(nxt);
- struct lock_class *prev = hlock_class(prv);
-
- printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
- printk(" CPU0\n");
- printk(" ----\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(prev);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(next);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
- printk(" May be due to missing lock nesting notation\n\n");
-}
-
-static void
-print_deadlock_bug(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
- struct held_lock *next)
-{
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("============================================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: possible recursive locking detected\n");
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("--------------------------------------------\n");
- pr_warn("%s/%d is trying to acquire lock:\n",
- curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
- print_lock(next);
- pr_warn("\nbut task is already holding lock:\n");
- print_lock(prev);
-
- pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
- print_deadlock_scenario(next, prev);
- lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
-
- pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-
-/*
- * Check whether we are holding such a class already.
- *
- * (Note that this has to be done separately, because the graph cannot
- * detect such classes of deadlocks.)
- *
- * Returns: 0 on deadlock detected, 1 on OK, 2 on recursive read
- */
-static int
-check_deadlock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
-{
- struct held_lock *prev;
- struct held_lock *nest = NULL;
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
- prev = curr->held_locks + i;
-
- if (prev->instance == next->nest_lock)
- nest = prev;
-
- if (hlock_class(prev) != hlock_class(next))
- continue;
-
- /*
- * Allow read-after-read recursion of the same
- * lock class (i.e. read_lock(lock)+read_lock(lock)):
- */
- if ((next->read == 2) && prev->read)
- return 2;
-
- /*
- * We're holding the nest_lock, which serializes this lock's
- * nesting behaviour.
- */
- if (nest)
- return 2;
-
- print_deadlock_bug(curr, prev, next);
- return 0;
- }
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * There was a chain-cache miss, and we are about to add a new dependency
- * to a previous lock. We validate the following rules:
- *
- * - would the adding of the <prev> -> <next> dependency create a
- * circular dependency in the graph? [== circular deadlock]
- *
- * - does the new prev->next dependency connect any hardirq-safe lock
- * (in the full backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>) with any
- * hardirq-unsafe lock (in the full forwards-subgraph starting at
- * <next>)? [== illegal lock inversion with hardirq contexts]
- *
- * - does the new prev->next dependency connect any softirq-safe lock
- * (in the full backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>) with any
- * softirq-unsafe lock (in the full forwards-subgraph starting at
- * <next>)? [== illegal lock inversion with softirq contexts]
- *
- * any of these scenarios could lead to a deadlock.
- *
- * Then if all the validations pass, we add the forwards and backwards
- * dependency.
- */
-static int
-check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
- struct held_lock *next, int distance,
- struct lock_trace **const trace)
-{
- struct lock_list *entry;
- int ret;
-
- if (!hlock_class(prev)->key || !hlock_class(next)->key) {
- /*
- * The warning statements below may trigger a use-after-free
- * of the class name. It is better to trigger a use-after free
- * and to have the class name most of the time instead of not
- * having the class name available.
- */
- WARN_ONCE(!debug_locks_silent && !hlock_class(prev)->key,
- "Detected use-after-free of lock class %px/%s\n",
- hlock_class(prev),
- hlock_class(prev)->name);
- WARN_ONCE(!debug_locks_silent && !hlock_class(next)->key,
- "Detected use-after-free of lock class %px/%s\n",
- hlock_class(next),
- hlock_class(next)->name);
- return 2;
- }
-
- /*
- * Prove that the new <prev> -> <next> dependency would not
- * create a circular dependency in the graph. (We do this by
- * a breadth-first search into the graph starting at <next>,
- * and check whether we can reach <prev>.)
- *
- * The search is limited by the size of the circular queue (i.e.,
- * MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE) which keeps track of a breadth of nodes
- * in the graph whose neighbours are to be checked.
- */
- ret = check_noncircular(next, prev, trace);
- if (unlikely(ret <= 0))
- return 0;
-
- if (!check_irq_usage(curr, prev, next))
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * For recursive read-locks we do all the dependency checks,
- * but we dont store read-triggered dependencies (only
- * write-triggered dependencies). This ensures that only the
- * write-side dependencies matter, and that if for example a
- * write-lock never takes any other locks, then the reads are
- * equivalent to a NOP.
- */
- if (next->read == 2 || prev->read == 2)
- return 1;
- /*
- * Is the <prev> -> <next> dependency already present?
- *
- * (this may occur even though this is a new chain: consider
- * e.g. the L1 -> L2 -> L3 -> L4 and the L5 -> L1 -> L2 -> L3
- * chains - the second one will be new, but L1 already has
- * L2 added to its dependency list, due to the first chain.)
- */
- list_for_each_entry(entry, &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after, entry) {
- if (entry->class == hlock_class(next)) {
- if (distance == 1)
- entry->distance = 1;
- return 1;
- }
- }
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_SMALL
- /*
- * Is the <prev> -> <next> link redundant?
- */
- ret = check_redundant(prev, next);
- if (ret != 1)
- return ret;
-#endif
-
- if (!*trace) {
- *trace = save_trace();
- if (!*trace)
- return 0;
- }
-
- /*
- * Ok, all validations passed, add the new lock
- * to the previous lock's dependency list:
- */
- ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(next), hlock_class(prev),
- &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after,
- next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);
-
- if (!ret)
- return 0;
-
- ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next),
- &hlock_class(next)->locks_before,
- next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);
- if (!ret)
- return 0;
-
- return 2;
-}
-
-/*
- * Add the dependency to all directly-previous locks that are 'relevant'.
- * The ones that are relevant are (in increasing distance from curr):
- * all consecutive trylock entries and the final non-trylock entry - or
- * the end of this context's lock-chain - whichever comes first.
- */
-static int
-check_prevs_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
-{
- struct lock_trace *trace = NULL;
- int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
- struct held_lock *hlock;
-
- /*
- * Debugging checks.
- *
- * Depth must not be zero for a non-head lock:
- */
- if (!depth)
- goto out_bug;
- /*
- * At least two relevant locks must exist for this
- * to be a head:
- */
- if (curr->held_locks[depth].irq_context !=
- curr->held_locks[depth-1].irq_context)
- goto out_bug;
-
- for (;;) {
- int distance = curr->lockdep_depth - depth + 1;
- hlock = curr->held_locks + depth - 1;
-
- /*
- * Only non-recursive-read entries get new dependencies
- * added:
- */
- if (hlock->read != 2 && hlock->check) {
- int ret = check_prev_add(curr, hlock, next, distance,
- &trace);
- if (!ret)
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * Stop after the first non-trylock entry,
- * as non-trylock entries have added their
- * own direct dependencies already, so this
- * lock is connected to them indirectly:
- */
- if (!hlock->trylock)
- break;
- }
-
- depth--;
- /*
- * End of lock-stack?
- */
- if (!depth)
- break;
- /*
- * Stop the search if we cross into another context:
- */
- if (curr->held_locks[depth].irq_context !=
- curr->held_locks[depth-1].irq_context)
- break;
- }
- return 1;
-out_bug:
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * Clearly we all shouldn't be here, but since we made it we
- * can reliable say we messed up our state. See the above two
- * gotos for reasons why we could possibly end up here.
- */
- WARN_ON(1);
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-struct lock_chain lock_chains[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS];
-static DECLARE_BITMAP(lock_chains_in_use, MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS);
-static u16 chain_hlocks[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS];
-unsigned long nr_zapped_lock_chains;
-unsigned int nr_free_chain_hlocks; /* Free chain_hlocks in buckets */
-unsigned int nr_lost_chain_hlocks; /* Lost chain_hlocks */
-unsigned int nr_large_chain_blocks; /* size > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS */
-
-/*
- * The first 2 chain_hlocks entries in the chain block in the bucket
- * list contains the following meta data:
- *
- * entry[0]:
- * Bit 15 - always set to 1 (it is not a class index)
- * Bits 0-14 - upper 15 bits of the next block index
- * entry[1] - lower 16 bits of next block index
- *
- * A next block index of all 1 bits means it is the end of the list.
- *
- * On the unsized bucket (bucket-0), the 3rd and 4th entries contain
- * the chain block size:
- *
- * entry[2] - upper 16 bits of the chain block size
- * entry[3] - lower 16 bits of the chain block size
- */
-#define MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS 16
-#define CHAIN_BLK_FLAG (1U << 15)
-#define CHAIN_BLK_LIST_END 0xFFFFU
-
-static int chain_block_buckets[MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS];
-
-static inline int size_to_bucket(int size)
-{
- if (size > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS)
- return 0;
-
- return size - 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Iterate all the chain blocks in a bucket.
- */
-#define for_each_chain_block(bucket, prev, curr) \
- for ((prev) = -1, (curr) = chain_block_buckets[bucket]; \
- (curr) >= 0; \
- (prev) = (curr), (curr) = chain_block_next(curr))
-
-/*
- * next block or -1
- */
-static inline int chain_block_next(int offset)
-{
- int next = chain_hlocks[offset];
-
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!(next & CHAIN_BLK_FLAG));
-
- if (next == CHAIN_BLK_LIST_END)
- return -1;
-
- next &= ~CHAIN_BLK_FLAG;
- next <<= 16;
- next |= chain_hlocks[offset + 1];
-
- return next;
-}
-
-/*
- * bucket-0 only
- */
-static inline int chain_block_size(int offset)
-{
- return (chain_hlocks[offset + 2] << 16) | chain_hlocks[offset + 3];
-}
-
-static inline void init_chain_block(int offset, int next, int bucket, int size)
-{
- chain_hlocks[offset] = (next >> 16) | CHAIN_BLK_FLAG;
- chain_hlocks[offset + 1] = (u16)next;
-
- if (size && !bucket) {
- chain_hlocks[offset + 2] = size >> 16;
- chain_hlocks[offset + 3] = (u16)size;
- }
-}
-
-static inline void add_chain_block(int offset, int size)
-{
- int bucket = size_to_bucket(size);
- int next = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
- int prev, curr;
-
- if (unlikely(size < 2)) {
- /*
- * We can't store single entries on the freelist. Leak them.
- *
- * One possible way out would be to uniquely mark them, other
- * than with CHAIN_BLK_FLAG, such that we can recover them when
- * the block before it is re-added.
- */
- if (size)
- nr_lost_chain_hlocks++;
- return;
- }
-
- nr_free_chain_hlocks += size;
- if (!bucket) {
- nr_large_chain_blocks++;
-
- /*
- * Variable sized, sort large to small.
- */
- for_each_chain_block(0, prev, curr) {
- if (size >= chain_block_size(curr))
- break;
- }
- init_chain_block(offset, curr, 0, size);
- if (prev < 0)
- chain_block_buckets[0] = offset;
- else
- init_chain_block(prev, offset, 0, 0);
- return;
- }
- /*
- * Fixed size, add to head.
- */
- init_chain_block(offset, next, bucket, size);
- chain_block_buckets[bucket] = offset;
-}
-
-/*
- * Only the first block in the list can be deleted.
- *
- * For the variable size bucket[0], the first block (the largest one) is
- * returned, broken up and put back into the pool. So if a chain block of
- * length > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS is ever used and zapped, it will just be
- * queued up after the primordial chain block and never be used until the
- * hlock entries in the primordial chain block is almost used up. That
- * causes fragmentation and reduce allocation efficiency. That can be
- * monitored by looking at the "large chain blocks" number in lockdep_stats.
- */
-static inline void del_chain_block(int bucket, int size, int next)
-{
- nr_free_chain_hlocks -= size;
- chain_block_buckets[bucket] = next;
-
- if (!bucket)
- nr_large_chain_blocks--;
-}
-
-static void init_chain_block_buckets(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS; i++)
- chain_block_buckets[i] = -1;
-
- add_chain_block(0, ARRAY_SIZE(chain_hlocks));
-}
-
-/*
- * Return offset of a chain block of the right size or -1 if not found.
- *
- * Fairly simple worst-fit allocator with the addition of a number of size
- * specific free lists.
- */
-static int alloc_chain_hlocks(int req)
-{
- int bucket, curr, size;
-
- /*
- * We rely on the MSB to act as an escape bit to denote freelist
- * pointers. Make sure this bit isn't set in 'normal' class_idx usage.
- */
- BUILD_BUG_ON((MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS-1) & CHAIN_BLK_FLAG);
-
- init_data_structures_once();
-
- if (nr_free_chain_hlocks < req)
- return -1;
-
- /*
- * We require a minimum of 2 (u16) entries to encode a freelist
- * 'pointer'.
- */
- req = max(req, 2);
- bucket = size_to_bucket(req);
- curr = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
-
- if (bucket) {
- if (curr >= 0) {
- del_chain_block(bucket, req, chain_block_next(curr));
- return curr;
- }
- /* Try bucket 0 */
- curr = chain_block_buckets[0];
- }
-
- /*
- * The variable sized freelist is sorted by size; the first entry is
- * the largest. Use it if it fits.
- */
- if (curr >= 0) {
- size = chain_block_size(curr);
- if (likely(size >= req)) {
- del_chain_block(0, size, chain_block_next(curr));
- add_chain_block(curr + req, size - req);
- return curr;
- }
- }
-
- /*
- * Last resort, split a block in a larger sized bucket.
- */
- for (size = MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS; size > req; size--) {
- bucket = size_to_bucket(size);
- curr = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
- if (curr < 0)
- continue;
-
- del_chain_block(bucket, size, chain_block_next(curr));
- add_chain_block(curr + req, size - req);
- return curr;
- }
-
- return -1;
-}
-
-static inline void free_chain_hlocks(int base, int size)
-{
- add_chain_block(base, max(size, 2));
-}
-
-struct lock_class *lock_chain_get_class(struct lock_chain *chain, int i)
-{
- return lock_classes + chain_hlocks[chain->base + i];
-}
-
-/*
- * Returns the index of the first held_lock of the current chain
- */
-static inline int get_first_held_lock(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock)
-{
- int i;
- struct held_lock *hlock_curr;
-
- for (i = curr->lockdep_depth - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
- hlock_curr = curr->held_locks + i;
- if (hlock_curr->irq_context != hlock->irq_context)
- break;
-
- }
-
- return ++i;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
-/*
- * Returns the next chain_key iteration
- */
-static u64 print_chain_key_iteration(int class_idx, u64 chain_key)
-{
- u64 new_chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, class_idx);
-
- printk(" class_idx:%d -> chain_key:%016Lx",
- class_idx,
- (unsigned long long)new_chain_key);
- return new_chain_key;
-}
-
-static void
-print_chain_keys_held_locks(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock_next)
-{
- struct held_lock *hlock;
- u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
- int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
- int i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock_next);
-
- printk("depth: %u (irq_context %u)\n", depth - i + 1,
- hlock_next->irq_context);
- for (; i < depth; i++) {
- hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
- chain_key = print_chain_key_iteration(hlock->class_idx, chain_key);
-
- print_lock(hlock);
- }
-
- print_chain_key_iteration(hlock_next->class_idx, chain_key);
- print_lock(hlock_next);
-}
-
-static void print_chain_keys_chain(struct lock_chain *chain)
-{
- int i;
- u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
- int class_id;
-
- printk("depth: %u\n", chain->depth);
- for (i = 0; i < chain->depth; i++) {
- class_id = chain_hlocks[chain->base + i];
- chain_key = print_chain_key_iteration(class_id, chain_key);
-
- print_lock_name(lock_classes + class_id);
- printk("\n");
- }
-}
-
-static void print_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock_next,
- struct lock_chain *chain)
-{
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("============================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: chain_key collision\n");
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("----------------------------\n");
- pr_warn("%s/%d: ", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
- pr_warn("Hash chain already cached but the contents don't match!\n");
-
- pr_warn("Held locks:");
- print_chain_keys_held_locks(curr, hlock_next);
-
- pr_warn("Locks in cached chain:");
- print_chain_keys_chain(chain);
-
- pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * Checks whether the chain and the current held locks are consistent
- * in depth and also in content. If they are not it most likely means
- * that there was a collision during the calculation of the chain_key.
- * Returns: 0 not passed, 1 passed
- */
-static int check_no_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock,
- struct lock_chain *chain)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
- int i, j, id;
-
- i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock);
-
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(chain->depth != curr->lockdep_depth - (i - 1))) {
- print_collision(curr, hlock, chain);
- return 0;
- }
-
- for (j = 0; j < chain->depth - 1; j++, i++) {
- id = curr->held_locks[i].class_idx;
-
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] != id)) {
- print_collision(curr, hlock, chain);
- return 0;
- }
- }
-#endif
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Given an index that is >= -1, return the index of the next lock chain.
- * Return -2 if there is no next lock chain.
- */
-long lockdep_next_lockchain(long i)
-{
- i = find_next_bit(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains), i + 1);
- return i < ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains) ? i : -2;
-}
-
-unsigned long lock_chain_count(void)
-{
- return bitmap_weight(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
-}
-
-/* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
-static struct lock_chain *alloc_lock_chain(void)
-{
- int idx = find_first_zero_bit(lock_chains_in_use,
- ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
-
- if (unlikely(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains)))
- return NULL;
- __set_bit(idx, lock_chains_in_use);
- return lock_chains + idx;
-}
-
-/*
- * Adds a dependency chain into chain hashtable. And must be called with
- * graph_lock held.
- *
- * Return 0 if fail, and graph_lock is released.
- * Return 1 if succeed, with graph_lock held.
- */
-static inline int add_chain_cache(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock,
- u64 chain_key)
-{
- struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(hlock);
- struct hlist_head *hash_head = chainhashentry(chain_key);
- struct lock_chain *chain;
- int i, j;
-
- /*
- * The caller must hold the graph lock, ensure we've got IRQs
- * disabled to make this an IRQ-safe lock.. for recursion reasons
- * lockdep won't complain about its own locking errors.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
- return 0;
-
- chain = alloc_lock_chain();
- if (!chain) {
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return 0;
-
- print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS too low!");
- dump_stack();
- return 0;
- }
- chain->chain_key = chain_key;
- chain->irq_context = hlock->irq_context;
- i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock);
- chain->depth = curr->lockdep_depth + 1 - i;
-
- BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 24) <= ARRAY_SIZE(chain_hlocks));
- BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 6) <= ARRAY_SIZE(curr->held_locks));
- BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 8*sizeof(chain_hlocks[0])) <= ARRAY_SIZE(lock_classes));
-
- j = alloc_chain_hlocks(chain->depth);
- if (j < 0) {
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
- return 0;
-
- print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS too low!");
- dump_stack();
- return 0;
- }
-
- chain->base = j;
- for (j = 0; j < chain->depth - 1; j++, i++) {
- int lock_id = curr->held_locks[i].class_idx;
-
- chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = lock_id;
- }
- chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = class - lock_classes;
- hlist_add_head_rcu(&chain->entry, hash_head);
- debug_atomic_inc(chain_lookup_misses);
- inc_chains(chain->irq_context);
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Look up a dependency chain. Must be called with either the graph lock or
- * the RCU read lock held.
- */
-static inline struct lock_chain *lookup_chain_cache(u64 chain_key)
-{
- struct hlist_head *hash_head = chainhashentry(chain_key);
- struct lock_chain *chain;
-
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(chain, hash_head, entry) {
- if (READ_ONCE(chain->chain_key) == chain_key) {
- debug_atomic_inc(chain_lookup_hits);
- return chain;
- }
- }
- return NULL;
-}
-
-/*
- * If the key is not present yet in dependency chain cache then
- * add it and return 1 - in this case the new dependency chain is
- * validated. If the key is already hashed, return 0.
- * (On return with 1 graph_lock is held.)
- */
-static inline int lookup_chain_cache_add(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock,
- u64 chain_key)
-{
- struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(hlock);
- struct lock_chain *chain = lookup_chain_cache(chain_key);
-
- if (chain) {
-cache_hit:
- if (!check_no_collision(curr, hlock, chain))
- return 0;
-
- if (very_verbose(class)) {
- printk("\nhash chain already cached, key: "
- "%016Lx tail class: [%px] %s\n",
- (unsigned long long)chain_key,
- class->key, class->name);
- }
-
- return 0;
- }
-
- if (very_verbose(class)) {
- printk("\nnew hash chain, key: %016Lx tail class: [%px] %s\n",
- (unsigned long long)chain_key, class->key, class->name);
- }
-
- if (!graph_lock())
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * We have to walk the chain again locked - to avoid duplicates:
- */
- chain = lookup_chain_cache(chain_key);
- if (chain) {
- graph_unlock();
- goto cache_hit;
- }
-
- if (!add_chain_cache(curr, hlock, chain_key))
- return 0;
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-static int validate_chain(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock,
- int chain_head, u64 chain_key)
-{
- /*
- * Trylock needs to maintain the stack of held locks, but it
- * does not add new dependencies, because trylock can be done
- * in any order.
- *
- * We look up the chain_key and do the O(N^2) check and update of
- * the dependencies only if this is a new dependency chain.
- * (If lookup_chain_cache_add() return with 1 it acquires
- * graph_lock for us)
- */
- if (!hlock->trylock && hlock->check &&
- lookup_chain_cache_add(curr, hlock, chain_key)) {
- /*
- * Check whether last held lock:
- *
- * - is irq-safe, if this lock is irq-unsafe
- * - is softirq-safe, if this lock is hardirq-unsafe
- *
- * And check whether the new lock's dependency graph
- * could lead back to the previous lock:
- *
- * - within the current held-lock stack
- * - across our accumulated lock dependency records
- *
- * any of these scenarios could lead to a deadlock.
- */
- /*
- * The simple case: does the current hold the same lock
- * already?
- */
- int ret = check_deadlock(curr, hlock);
-
- if (!ret)
- return 0;
- /*
- * Mark recursive read, as we jump over it when
- * building dependencies (just like we jump over
- * trylock entries):
- */
- if (ret == 2)
- hlock->read = 2;
- /*
- * Add dependency only if this lock is not the head
- * of the chain, and if it's not a secondary read-lock:
- */
- if (!chain_head && ret != 2) {
- if (!check_prevs_add(curr, hlock))
- return 0;
- }
-
- graph_unlock();
- } else {
- /* after lookup_chain_cache_add(): */
- if (unlikely(!debug_locks))
- return 0;
- }
-
- return 1;
-}
-#else
-static inline int validate_chain(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock,
- int chain_head, u64 chain_key)
-{
- return 1;
-}
-
-static void init_chain_block_buckets(void) { }
-#endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
-
-/*
- * We are building curr_chain_key incrementally, so double-check
- * it from scratch, to make sure that it's done correctly:
- */
-static void check_chain_key(struct task_struct *curr)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
- struct held_lock *hlock, *prev_hlock = NULL;
- unsigned int i;
- u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
-
- for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
- hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
- if (chain_key != hlock->prev_chain_key) {
- debug_locks_off();
- /*
- * We got mighty confused, our chain keys don't match
- * with what we expect, someone trample on our task state?
- */
- WARN(1, "hm#1, depth: %u [%u], %016Lx != %016Lx\n",
- curr->lockdep_depth, i,
- (unsigned long long)chain_key,
- (unsigned long long)hlock->prev_chain_key);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * hlock->class_idx can't go beyond MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS, but is
- * it registered lock class index?
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!test_bit(hlock->class_idx, lock_classes_in_use)))
- return;
-
- if (prev_hlock && (prev_hlock->irq_context !=
- hlock->irq_context))
- chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
- chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, hlock->class_idx);
- prev_hlock = hlock;
- }
- if (chain_key != curr->curr_chain_key) {
- debug_locks_off();
- /*
- * More smoking hash instead of calculating it, damn see these
- * numbers float.. I bet that a pink elephant stepped on my memory.
- */
- WARN(1, "hm#2, depth: %u [%u], %016Lx != %016Lx\n",
- curr->lockdep_depth, i,
- (unsigned long long)chain_key,
- (unsigned long long)curr->curr_chain_key);
- }
-#endif
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit new_bit);
-
-static void print_usage_bug_scenario(struct held_lock *lock)
-{
- struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(lock);
-
- printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
- printk(" CPU0\n");
- printk(" ----\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk(" <Interrupt>\n");
- printk(" lock(");
- __print_lock_name(class);
- printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
- printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
-}
-
-static void
-print_usage_bug(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit prev_bit, enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
-{
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("================================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: inconsistent lock state\n");
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("--------------------------------\n");
-
- pr_warn("inconsistent {%s} -> {%s} usage.\n",
- usage_str[prev_bit], usage_str[new_bit]);
-
- pr_warn("%s/%d [HC%u[%lu]:SC%u[%lu]:HE%u:SE%u] takes:\n",
- curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr),
- trace_hardirq_context(curr), hardirq_count() >> HARDIRQ_SHIFT,
- trace_softirq_context(curr), softirq_count() >> SOFTIRQ_SHIFT,
- trace_hardirqs_enabled(curr),
- trace_softirqs_enabled(curr));
- print_lock(this);
-
- pr_warn("{%s} state was registered at:\n", usage_str[prev_bit]);
- print_lock_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[prev_bit], 1);
-
- print_irqtrace_events(curr);
- pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
- print_usage_bug_scenario(this);
-
- lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
-
- pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-
-/*
- * Print out an error if an invalid bit is set:
- */
-static inline int
-valid_state(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit new_bit, enum lock_usage_bit bad_bit)
-{
- if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & (1 << bad_bit))) {
- print_usage_bug(curr, this, bad_bit, new_bit);
- return 0;
- }
- return 1;
-}
-
-
-/*
- * print irq inversion bug:
- */
-static void
-print_irq_inversion_bug(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct lock_list *root, struct lock_list *other,
- struct held_lock *this, int forwards,
- const char *irqclass)
-{
- struct lock_list *entry = other;
- struct lock_list *middle = NULL;
- int depth;
-
- if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
- return;
-
- pr_warn("\n");
- pr_warn("========================================================\n");
- pr_warn("WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected\n");
- print_kernel_ident();
- pr_warn("--------------------------------------------------------\n");
- pr_warn("%s/%d just changed the state of lock:\n",
- curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
- print_lock(this);
- if (forwards)
- pr_warn("but this lock took another, %s-unsafe lock in the past:\n", irqclass);
- else
- pr_warn("but this lock was taken by another, %s-safe lock in the past:\n", irqclass);
- print_lock_name(other->class);
- pr_warn("\n\nand interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.\n\n");
-
- pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
-
- /* Find a middle lock (if one exists) */
- depth = get_lock_depth(other);
- do {
- if (depth == 0 && (entry != root)) {
- pr_warn("lockdep:%s bad path found in chain graph\n", __func__);
- break;
- }
- middle = entry;
- entry = get_lock_parent(entry);
- depth--;
- } while (entry && entry != root && (depth >= 0));
- if (forwards)
- print_irq_lock_scenario(root, other,
- middle ? middle->class : root->class, other->class);
- else
- print_irq_lock_scenario(other, root,
- middle ? middle->class : other->class, root->class);
-
- lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
-
- pr_warn("\nthe shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:\n");
- root->trace = save_trace();
- if (!root->trace)
- return;
- print_shortest_lock_dependencies(other, root);
-
- pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
- dump_stack();
-}
-
-/*
- * Prove that in the forwards-direction subgraph starting at <this>
- * there is no lock matching <mask>:
- */
-static int
-check_usage_forwards(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *irqclass)
-{
- int ret;
- struct lock_list root;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
-
- root.parent = NULL;
- root.class = hlock_class(this);
- ret = find_usage_forwards(&root, lock_flag(bit), &target_entry);
- if (ret < 0) {
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
- return 0;
- }
- if (ret == 1)
- return ret;
-
- print_irq_inversion_bug(curr, &root, target_entry,
- this, 1, irqclass);
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Prove that in the backwards-direction subgraph starting at <this>
- * there is no lock matching <mask>:
- */
-static int
-check_usage_backwards(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *irqclass)
-{
- int ret;
- struct lock_list root;
- struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
-
- root.parent = NULL;
- root.class = hlock_class(this);
- ret = find_usage_backwards(&root, lock_flag(bit), &target_entry);
- if (ret < 0) {
- print_bfs_bug(ret);
- return 0;
- }
- if (ret == 1)
- return ret;
-
- print_irq_inversion_bug(curr, &root, target_entry,
- this, 0, irqclass);
- return 0;
-}
-
-void print_irqtrace_events(struct task_struct *curr)
-{
- printk("irq event stamp: %u\n", curr->irq_events);
- printk("hardirqs last enabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
- curr->hardirq_enable_event, (void *)curr->hardirq_enable_ip,
- (void *)curr->hardirq_enable_ip);
- printk("hardirqs last disabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
- curr->hardirq_disable_event, (void *)curr->hardirq_disable_ip,
- (void *)curr->hardirq_disable_ip);
- printk("softirqs last enabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
- curr->softirq_enable_event, (void *)curr->softirq_enable_ip,
- (void *)curr->softirq_enable_ip);
- printk("softirqs last disabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
- curr->softirq_disable_event, (void *)curr->softirq_disable_ip,
- (void *)curr->softirq_disable_ip);
-}
-
-static int HARDIRQ_verbose(struct lock_class *class)
-{
-#if HARDIRQ_VERBOSE
- return class_filter(class);
-#endif
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int SOFTIRQ_verbose(struct lock_class *class)
-{
-#if SOFTIRQ_VERBOSE
- return class_filter(class);
-#endif
- return 0;
-}
-
-#define STRICT_READ_CHECKS 1
-
-static int (*state_verbose_f[])(struct lock_class *class) = {
-#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
- __STATE##_verbose,
-#include "lockdep_states.h"
-#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
-};
-
-static inline int state_verbose(enum lock_usage_bit bit,
- struct lock_class *class)
-{
- return state_verbose_f[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK](class);
-}
-
-typedef int (*check_usage_f)(struct task_struct *, struct held_lock *,
- enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *name);
-
-static int
-mark_lock_irq(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
-{
- int excl_bit = exclusive_bit(new_bit);
- int read = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
- int dir = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
-
- /*
- * mark USED_IN has to look forwards -- to ensure no dependency
- * has ENABLED state, which would allow recursion deadlocks.
- *
- * mark ENABLED has to look backwards -- to ensure no dependee
- * has USED_IN state, which, again, would allow recursion deadlocks.
- */
- check_usage_f usage = dir ?
- check_usage_backwards : check_usage_forwards;
-
- /*
- * Validate that this particular lock does not have conflicting
- * usage states.
- */
- if (!valid_state(curr, this, new_bit, excl_bit))
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * Validate that the lock dependencies don't have conflicting usage
- * states.
- */
- if ((!read || STRICT_READ_CHECKS) &&
- !usage(curr, this, excl_bit, state_name(new_bit & ~LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)))
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * Check for read in write conflicts
- */
- if (!read) {
- if (!valid_state(curr, this, new_bit, excl_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK))
- return 0;
-
- if (STRICT_READ_CHECKS &&
- !usage(curr, this, excl_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK,
- state_name(new_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)))
- return 0;
- }
-
- if (state_verbose(new_bit, hlock_class(this)))
- return 2;
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Mark all held locks with a usage bit:
- */
-static int
-mark_held_locks(struct task_struct *curr, enum lock_usage_bit base_bit)
-{
- struct held_lock *hlock;
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
- enum lock_usage_bit hlock_bit = base_bit;
- hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
-
- if (hlock->read)
- hlock_bit += LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
-
- BUG_ON(hlock_bit >= LOCK_USAGE_STATES);
-
- if (!hlock->check)
- continue;
-
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, hlock_bit))
- return 0;
- }
-
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Hardirqs will be enabled:
- */
-static void __trace_hardirqs_on_caller(unsigned long ip)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
-
- /* we'll do an OFF -> ON transition: */
- curr->hardirqs_enabled = 1;
-
- /*
- * We are going to turn hardirqs on, so set the
- * usage bit for all held locks:
- */
- if (!mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ))
- return;
- /*
- * If we have softirqs enabled, then set the usage
- * bit for all held locks. (disabled hardirqs prevented
- * this bit from being set before)
- */
- if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
- if (!mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ))
- return;
-
- curr->hardirq_enable_ip = ip;
- curr->hardirq_enable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
- debug_atomic_inc(hardirqs_on_events);
-}
-
-void lockdep_hardirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
-{
- if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
- return;
-
- if (unlikely(current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
- /*
- * Neither irq nor preemption are disabled here
- * so this is racy by nature but losing one hit
- * in a stat is not a big deal.
- */
- __debug_atomic_inc(redundant_hardirqs_on);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * We're enabling irqs and according to our state above irqs weren't
- * already enabled, yet we find the hardware thinks they are in fact
- * enabled.. someone messed up their IRQ state tracing.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
- return;
-
- /*
- * See the fine text that goes along with this variable definition.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(early_boot_irqs_disabled))
- return;
-
- /*
- * Can't allow enabling interrupts while in an interrupt handler,
- * that's general bad form and such. Recursion, limited stack etc..
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context))
- return;
-
- current->lockdep_recursion = 1;
- __trace_hardirqs_on_caller(ip);
- current->lockdep_recursion = 0;
-}
-NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(lockdep_hardirqs_on);
-
-/*
- * Hardirqs were disabled:
- */
-void lockdep_hardirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
-
- if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
- return;
-
- /*
- * So we're supposed to get called after you mask local IRQs, but for
- * some reason the hardware doesn't quite think you did a proper job.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
- return;
-
- if (curr->hardirqs_enabled) {
- /*
- * We have done an ON -> OFF transition:
- */
- curr->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
- curr->hardirq_disable_ip = ip;
- curr->hardirq_disable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
- debug_atomic_inc(hardirqs_off_events);
- } else
- debug_atomic_inc(redundant_hardirqs_off);
-}
-NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(lockdep_hardirqs_off);
-
-/*
- * Softirqs will be enabled:
- */
-void trace_softirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
-
- if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
- return;
-
- /*
- * We fancy IRQs being disabled here, see softirq.c, avoids
- * funny state and nesting things.
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
- return;
-
- if (curr->softirqs_enabled) {
- debug_atomic_inc(redundant_softirqs_on);
- return;
- }
-
- current->lockdep_recursion = 1;
- /*
- * We'll do an OFF -> ON transition:
- */
- curr->softirqs_enabled = 1;
- curr->softirq_enable_ip = ip;
- curr->softirq_enable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
- debug_atomic_inc(softirqs_on_events);
- /*
- * We are going to turn softirqs on, so set the
- * usage bit for all held locks, if hardirqs are
- * enabled too:
- */
- if (curr->hardirqs_enabled)
- mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ);
- current->lockdep_recursion = 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Softirqs were disabled:
- */
-void trace_softirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
-{
- struct task_struct *curr = current;
-
- if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
- return;
-
- /*
- * We fancy IRQs being disabled here, see softirq.c
- */
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
- return;
-
- if (curr->softirqs_enabled) {
- /*
- * We have done an ON -> OFF transition:
- */
- curr->softirqs_enabled = 0;
- curr->softirq_disable_ip = ip;
- curr->softirq_disable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
- debug_atomic_inc(softirqs_off_events);
- /*
- * Whoops, we wanted softirqs off, so why aren't they?
- */
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!softirq_count());
- } else
- debug_atomic_inc(redundant_softirqs_off);
-}
-
-static int
-mark_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock, int check)
-{
- if (!check)
- goto lock_used;
-
- /*
- * If non-trylock use in a hardirq or softirq context, then
- * mark the lock as used in these contexts:
- */
- if (!hlock->trylock) {
- if (hlock->read) {
- if (curr->hardirq_context)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ_READ))
- return 0;
- if (curr->softirq_context)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ_READ))
- return 0;
- } else {
- if (curr->hardirq_context)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ))
- return 0;
- if (curr->softirq_context)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ))
- return 0;
- }
- }
- if (!hlock->hardirqs_off) {
- if (hlock->read) {
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ_READ))
- return 0;
- if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ_READ))
- return 0;
- } else {
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ))
- return 0;
- if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
- LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ))
- return 0;
- }
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(k, hash_head, hash_entry) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(k == key))
+ goto out_unlock;
}
-
-lock_used:
- /* mark it as used: */
- if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED))
- return 0;
-
- return 1;
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&key->hash_entry, hash_head);
+out_unlock:
+ graph_unlock();
+restore_irqs:
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_register_key);

-static inline unsigned int task_irq_context(struct task_struct *task)
+/* Check whether a key has been registered as a dynamic key. */
+static bool is_dynamic_key(const struct lock_class_key *key)
{
- return LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT * !!task->hardirq_context +
- LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT * !!task->softirq_context;
-}
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head;
+ struct lock_class_key *k;
+ bool found = false;

-static int separate_irq_context(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock)
-{
- unsigned int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(static_obj(key)))
+ return false;

/*
- * Keep track of points where we cross into an interrupt context:
+ * If lock debugging is disabled lock_keys_hash[] may contain
+ * pointers to memory that has already been freed. Avoid triggering
+ * a use-after-free in that case by returning early.
*/
- if (depth) {
- struct held_lock *prev_hlock;
+ if (!debug_locks)
+ return true;

- prev_hlock = curr->held_locks + depth-1;
- /*
- * If we cross into another context, reset the
- * hash key (this also prevents the checking and the
- * adding of the dependency to 'prev'):
- */
- if (prev_hlock->irq_context != hlock->irq_context)
- return 1;
+ hash_head = keyhashentry(key);
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(k, hash_head, hash_entry) {
+ if (k == key) {
+ found = true;
+ break;
+ }
}
- return 0;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ return found;
}

/*
- * Mark a lock with a usage bit, and validate the state transition:
+ * Register a lock's class in the hash-table, if the class is not present
+ * yet. Otherwise we look it up. We cache the result in the lock object
+ * itself, so actual lookup of the hash should be once per lock object.
*/
-static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
- enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
+static struct lock_class *
+register_lock_class(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned int subclass, int force)
{
- unsigned int new_mask = 1 << new_bit, ret = 1;
+ struct lockdep_subclass_key *key;
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head;
+ struct lock_class *class;

- if (new_bit >= LOCK_USAGE_STATES) {
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(1);
- return 0;
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+
+ class = look_up_lock_class(lock, subclass);
+ if (likely(class))
+ goto out_set_class_cache;
+
+ if (!lock->key) {
+ if (!assign_lock_key(lock))
+ return NULL;
+ } else if (!static_obj(lock->key) && !is_dynamic_key(lock->key)) {
+ return NULL;
}

- /*
- * If already set then do not dirty the cacheline,
- * nor do any checks:
- */
- if (likely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask))
- return 1;
+ key = lock->key->subkeys + subclass;
+ hash_head = classhashentry(key);

- if (!graph_lock())
- return 0;
+ if (!graph_lock()) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
/*
- * Make sure we didn't race:
+ * We have to do the hash-walk again, to avoid races
+ * with another CPU:
*/
- if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask)) {
- graph_unlock();
- return 1;
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(class, hash_head, hash_entry) {
+ if (class->key == key)
+ goto out_unlock_set;
}

- hlock_class(this)->usage_mask |= new_mask;
+ init_data_structures_once();

- if (!(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[new_bit] = save_trace()))
- return 0;
+ /* Allocate a new lock class and add it to the hash. */
+ class = list_first_entry_or_null(&free_lock_classes, typeof(*class),
+ lock_entry);
+ if (!class) {
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock()) {
+ return NULL;
+ }

- switch (new_bit) {
- case LOCK_USED:
- debug_atomic_dec(nr_unused_locks);
- break;
- default:
- ret = mark_lock_irq(curr, this, new_bit);
- if (!ret)
- return 0;
+ print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS too low!");
+ dump_stack();
+ return NULL;
}
-
- graph_unlock();
-
+ nr_lock_classes++;
+ __set_bit(class - lock_classes, lock_classes_in_use);
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_unused_locks);
+ class->key = key;
+ class->name = lock->name;
+ class->subclass = subclass;
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_before));
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_after));
+ class->name_version = count_matching_names(class);
+ /*
+ * We use RCU's safe list-add method to make
+ * parallel walking of the hash-list safe:
+ */
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&class->hash_entry, hash_head);
/*
- * We must printk outside of the graph_lock:
+ * Remove the class from the free list and add it to the global list
+ * of classes.
*/
- if (ret == 2) {
- printk("\nmarked lock as {%s}:\n", usage_str[new_bit]);
- print_lock(this);
- print_irqtrace_events(curr);
+ list_move_tail(&class->lock_entry, &all_lock_classes);
+
+ if (verbose(class)) {
+ graph_unlock();
+
+ printk("\nnew class %px: %s", class->key, class->name);
+ if (class->name_version > 1)
+ printk(KERN_CONT "#%d", class->name_version);
+ printk(KERN_CONT "\n");
dump_stack();
+
+ if (!graph_lock()) {
+ return NULL;
+ }
}
+out_unlock_set:
+ graph_unlock();

- return ret;
-}
+out_set_class_cache:
+ if (!subclass || force)
+ lock->class_cache[0] = class;
+ else if (subclass < NR_LOCKDEP_CACHING_CLASSES)
+ lock->class_cache[subclass] = class;

-#else /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
+ /*
+ * Hash collision, did we smoke some? We found a class with a matching
+ * hash but the subclass -- which is hashed in -- didn't match.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(class->subclass != subclass))
+ return NULL;

-static inline int
-mark_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock, int check)
-{
- return 1;
+ return class;
}

-static inline unsigned int task_irq_context(struct task_struct *task)
+/*
+ * We are building curr_chain_key incrementally, so double-check
+ * it from scratch, to make sure that it's done correctly:
+ */
+static void check_chain_key(struct task_struct *curr)
{
- return 0;
-}
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
+ struct held_lock *hlock, *prev_hlock = NULL;
+ unsigned int i;
+ u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;

-static inline int separate_irq_context(struct task_struct *curr,
- struct held_lock *hlock)
-{
- return 0;
-}
+ for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
+ hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
+ if (chain_key != hlock->prev_chain_key) {
+ debug_locks_off();
+ /*
+ * We got mighty confused, our chain keys don't match
+ * with what we expect, someone trample on our task state?
+ */
+ WARN(1, "hm#1, depth: %u [%u], %016Lx != %016Lx\n",
+ curr->lockdep_depth, i,
+ (unsigned long long)chain_key,
+ (unsigned long long)hlock->prev_chain_key);
+ return;
+ }

-#endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */
+ /*
+ * hlock->class_idx can't go beyond MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS, but is
+ * it registered lock class index?
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!test_bit(hlock->class_idx, lock_classes_in_use)))
+ return;
+
+ if (prev_hlock && (prev_hlock->irq_context !=
+ hlock->irq_context))
+ chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
+ chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, hlock->class_idx);
+ prev_hlock = hlock;
+ }
+ if (chain_key != curr->curr_chain_key) {
+ debug_locks_off();
+ /*
+ * More smoking hash instead of calculating it, damn see these
+ * numbers float.. I bet that a pink elephant stepped on my memory.
+ */
+ WARN(1, "hm#2, depth: %u [%u], %016Lx != %016Lx\n",
+ curr->lockdep_depth, i,
+ (unsigned long long)chain_key,
+ (unsigned long long)curr->curr_chain_key);
+ }
+#endif
+}

/*
* Initialize a lock instance's lock-class mapping info:
@@ -4624,45 +1911,6 @@ static void __lock_unpin_lock(struct lockdep_map *lock, struct pin_cookie cookie
WARN(1, "unpinning an unheld lock\n");
}

-/*
- * Check whether we follow the irq-flags state precisely:
- */
-static void check_flags(unsigned long flags)
-{
-#if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING) && defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP)
- if (!debug_locks)
- return;
-
- if (irqs_disabled_flags(flags)) {
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
- printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-off.\n");
- }
- } else {
- if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
- printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-on.\n");
- }
- }
-
- /*
- * We dont accurately track softirq state in e.g.
- * hardirq contexts (such as on 4KSTACKS), so only
- * check if not in hardirq contexts:
- */
- if (!hardirq_count()) {
- if (softirq_count()) {
- /* like the above, but with softirqs */
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->softirqs_enabled);
- } else {
- /* lick the above, does it taste good? */
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->softirqs_enabled);
- }
- }
-
- if (!debug_locks)
- print_irqtrace_events(current);
-#endif
-}
-
void lock_set_class(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
struct lock_class_key *key, unsigned int subclass,
unsigned long ip)
@@ -4998,60 +2246,6 @@ void lockdep_reset(void)
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
-/* Remove a class from a lock chain. Must be called with the graph lock held. */
-static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct pending_free *pf,
- struct lock_chain *chain,
- struct lock_class *class)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = chain->base; i < chain->base + chain->depth; i++) {
- if (chain_hlocks[i] != class - lock_classes)
- continue;
- /*
- * Each lock class occurs at most once in a lock chain so once
- * we found a match we can break out of this loop.
- */
- goto free_lock_chain;
- }
- /* Since the chain has not been modified, return. */
- return;
-
-free_lock_chain:
- free_chain_hlocks(chain->base, chain->depth);
- /* Overwrite the chain key for concurrent RCU readers. */
- WRITE_ONCE(chain->chain_key, INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY);
- dec_chains(chain->irq_context);
-
- /*
- * Note: calling hlist_del_rcu() from inside a
- * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() loop is safe.
- */
- hlist_del_rcu(&chain->entry);
- __set_bit(chain - lock_chains, pf->lock_chains_being_freed);
- nr_zapped_lock_chains++;
-}
-#endif
-
-/* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
-static void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct pending_free *pf,
- struct lock_class *class)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING
- struct lock_chain *chain;
- struct hlist_head *head;
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(chainhash_table); i++) {
- head = chainhash_table + i;
- hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(chain, head, entry) {
- remove_class_from_lock_chain(pf, chain, class);
- }
- }
-#endif
-}
-
/*
* Remove all references to a lock class. The caller must hold the graph lock.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep_prove.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep_prove.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e3709489f6ee
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep_prove.c
@@ -0,0 +1,2820 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * This file is included in lockdep.c when CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING is on.
+ * It contains all the functions and data structures that are needed to
+ * implement the CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING functionality.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * struct lock_trace - single stack backtrace
+ * @hash_entry: Entry in a stack_trace_hash[] list.
+ * @hash: jhash() of @entries.
+ * @nr_entries: Number of entries in @entries.
+ * @entries: Actual stack backtrace.
+ */
+struct lock_trace {
+ struct hlist_node hash_entry;
+ u32 hash;
+ u32 nr_entries;
+ unsigned long entries[0] __aligned(sizeof(unsigned long));
+};
+#define LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS \
+ (sizeof(struct lock_trace) / sizeof(unsigned long))
+/*
+ * Stack-trace: sequence of lock_trace structures. Protected by the graph_lock.
+ */
+static unsigned long stack_trace[MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES];
+static struct hlist_head stack_trace_hash[STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE];
+
+struct lock_chain lock_chains[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS];
+static DECLARE_BITMAP(lock_chains_in_use, MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS);
+static u16 chain_hlocks[MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS];
+unsigned long nr_zapped_lock_chains;
+unsigned int nr_free_chain_hlocks; /* Free chain_hlocks in buckets */
+unsigned int nr_lost_chain_hlocks; /* Lost chain_hlocks */
+unsigned int nr_large_chain_blocks; /* size > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS */
+
+/*
+ * Forward references
+ */
+static void init_data_structures_once(void);
+static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit new_bit);
+
+/*
+ * Locking printouts:
+ */
+
+#define __USAGE(__STATE) \
+ [LOCK_USED_IN_##__STATE] = "IN-"__stringify(__STATE)"-W", \
+ [LOCK_ENABLED_##__STATE] = __stringify(__STATE)"-ON-W", \
+ [LOCK_USED_IN_##__STATE##_READ] = "IN-"__stringify(__STATE)"-R",\
+ [LOCK_ENABLED_##__STATE##_READ] = __stringify(__STATE)"-ON-R",
+
+static const char *usage_str[] =
+{
+#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) __USAGE(__STATE)
+#include "lockdep_states.h"
+#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
+ [LOCK_USED] = "INITIAL USE",
+};
+
+static bool traces_identical(struct lock_trace *t1, struct lock_trace *t2)
+{
+ return t1->hash == t2->hash && t1->nr_entries == t2->nr_entries &&
+ memcmp(t1->entries, t2->entries,
+ t1->nr_entries * sizeof(t1->entries[0])) == 0;
+}
+
+static struct lock_trace *save_trace(void)
+{
+ struct lock_trace *trace, *t2;
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head;
+ u32 hash;
+ int max_entries;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON_NOT_POWER_OF_2(STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS >= MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES);
+
+ trace = (struct lock_trace *)(stack_trace + nr_stack_trace_entries);
+ max_entries = MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES - nr_stack_trace_entries -
+ LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS;
+
+ if (max_entries <= 0) {
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return NULL;
+
+ print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_STACK_TRACE_ENTRIES too low!");
+ dump_stack();
+
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ trace->nr_entries = stack_trace_save(trace->entries, max_entries, 3);
+
+ hash = jhash(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries *
+ sizeof(trace->entries[0]), 0);
+ trace->hash = hash;
+ hash_head = stack_trace_hash + (hash & (STACK_TRACE_HASH_SIZE - 1));
+ hlist_for_each_entry(t2, hash_head, hash_entry) {
+ if (traces_identical(trace, t2))
+ return t2;
+ }
+ nr_stack_trace_entries += LOCK_TRACE_SIZE_IN_LONGS + trace->nr_entries;
+ hlist_add_head(&trace->hash_entry, hash_head);
+
+ return trace;
+}
+
+/* Return the number of stack traces in the stack_trace[] array. */
+u64 lockdep_stack_trace_count(void)
+{
+ struct lock_trace *trace;
+ u64 c = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(stack_trace_hash); i++) {
+ hlist_for_each_entry(trace, &stack_trace_hash[i], hash_entry) {
+ c++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return c;
+}
+
+/* Return the number of stack hash chains that have at least one stack trace. */
+u64 lockdep_stack_hash_count(void)
+{
+ u64 c = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(stack_trace_hash); i++)
+ if (!hlist_empty(&stack_trace_hash[i]))
+ c++;
+
+ return c;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allocate a lockdep entry. (assumes the graph_lock held, returns
+ * with NULL on failure)
+ */
+static struct lock_list *alloc_list_entry(void)
+{
+ int idx = find_first_zero_bit(list_entries_in_use,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries));
+
+ if (idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)) {
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return NULL;
+
+ print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_ENTRIES too low!");
+ dump_stack();
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ nr_list_entries++;
+ __set_bit(idx, list_entries_in_use);
+ return list_entries + idx;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add a new dependency to the head of the list:
+ */
+static int add_lock_to_list(struct lock_class *this,
+ struct lock_class *links_to, struct list_head *head,
+ unsigned long ip, int distance,
+ const struct lock_trace *trace)
+{
+ struct lock_list *entry;
+ /*
+ * Lock not present yet - get a new dependency struct and
+ * add it to the list:
+ */
+ entry = alloc_list_entry();
+ if (!entry)
+ return 0;
+
+ entry->class = this;
+ entry->links_to = links_to;
+ entry->distance = distance;
+ entry->trace = trace;
+ /*
+ * Both allocation and removal are done under the graph lock; but
+ * iteration is under RCU-sched; see look_up_lock_class() and
+ * lockdep_free_key_range().
+ */
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&entry->entry, head);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For good efficiency of modular, we use power of 2
+ */
+#define MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE 4096UL
+#define CQ_MASK (MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE-1)
+
+/*
+ * The circular_queue and helpers are used to implement graph
+ * breadth-first search (BFS) algorithm, by which we can determine
+ * whether there is a path from a lock to another. In deadlock checks,
+ * a path from the next lock to be acquired to a previous held lock
+ * indicates that adding the <prev> -> <next> lock dependency will
+ * produce a circle in the graph. Breadth-first search instead of
+ * depth-first search is used in order to find the shortest (circular)
+ * path.
+ */
+struct circular_queue {
+ struct lock_list *element[MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE];
+ unsigned int front, rear;
+};
+
+static struct circular_queue lock_cq;
+
+unsigned int max_bfs_queue_depth;
+
+static unsigned int lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
+
+static inline void __cq_init(struct circular_queue *cq)
+{
+ cq->front = cq->rear = 0;
+ lockdep_dependency_gen_id++;
+}
+
+static inline int __cq_empty(struct circular_queue *cq)
+{
+ return (cq->front == cq->rear);
+}
+
+static inline int __cq_full(struct circular_queue *cq)
+{
+ return ((cq->rear + 1) & CQ_MASK) == cq->front;
+}
+
+static inline int __cq_enqueue(struct circular_queue *cq, struct lock_list *elem)
+{
+ if (__cq_full(cq))
+ return -1;
+
+ cq->element[cq->rear] = elem;
+ cq->rear = (cq->rear + 1) & CQ_MASK;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Dequeue an element from the circular_queue, return a lock_list if
+ * the queue is not empty, or NULL if otherwise.
+ */
+static inline struct lock_list * __cq_dequeue(struct circular_queue *cq)
+{
+ struct lock_list * lock;
+
+ if (__cq_empty(cq))
+ return NULL;
+
+ lock = cq->element[cq->front];
+ cq->front = (cq->front + 1) & CQ_MASK;
+
+ return lock;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int __cq_get_elem_count(struct circular_queue *cq)
+{
+ return (cq->rear - cq->front) & CQ_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline void mark_lock_accessed(struct lock_list *lock,
+ struct lock_list *parent)
+{
+ unsigned long nr;
+
+ nr = lock - list_entries;
+ WARN_ON(nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)); /* Out-of-bounds, input fail */
+ lock->parent = parent;
+ lock->class->dep_gen_id = lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned long lock_accessed(struct lock_list *lock)
+{
+ unsigned long nr;
+
+ nr = lock - list_entries;
+ WARN_ON(nr >= ARRAY_SIZE(list_entries)); /* Out-of-bounds, input fail */
+ return lock->class->dep_gen_id == lockdep_dependency_gen_id;
+}
+
+static inline struct lock_list *get_lock_parent(struct lock_list *child)
+{
+ return child->parent;
+}
+
+static inline int get_lock_depth(struct lock_list *child)
+{
+ int depth = 0;
+ struct lock_list *parent;
+
+ while ((parent = get_lock_parent(child))) {
+ child = parent;
+ depth++;
+ }
+ return depth;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return the forward or backward dependency list.
+ *
+ * @lock: the lock_list to get its class's dependency list
+ * @offset: the offset to struct lock_class to determine whether it is
+ * locks_after or locks_before
+ */
+static inline struct list_head *get_dep_list(struct lock_list *lock, int offset)
+{
+ void *lock_class = lock->class;
+
+ return lock_class + offset;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Forward- or backward-dependency search, used for both circular dependency
+ * checking and hardirq-unsafe/softirq-unsafe checking.
+ */
+static int __bfs(struct lock_list *source_entry,
+ void *data,
+ int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
+ struct lock_list **target_entry,
+ int offset)
+{
+ struct lock_list *entry;
+ struct lock_list *lock;
+ struct list_head *head;
+ struct circular_queue *cq = &lock_cq;
+ int ret = 1;
+
+ if (match(source_entry, data)) {
+ *target_entry = source_entry;
+ ret = 0;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+
+ head = get_dep_list(source_entry, offset);
+ if (list_empty(head))
+ goto exit;
+
+ __cq_init(cq);
+ __cq_enqueue(cq, source_entry);
+
+ while ((lock = __cq_dequeue(cq))) {
+
+ if (!lock->class) {
+ ret = -2;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+
+ head = get_dep_list(lock, offset);
+
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled());
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, head, entry) {
+ if (!lock_accessed(entry)) {
+ unsigned int cq_depth;
+ mark_lock_accessed(entry, lock);
+ if (match(entry, data)) {
+ *target_entry = entry;
+ ret = 0;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+
+ if (__cq_enqueue(cq, entry)) {
+ ret = -1;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+ cq_depth = __cq_get_elem_count(cq);
+ if (max_bfs_queue_depth < cq_depth)
+ max_bfs_queue_depth = cq_depth;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+exit:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static inline int __bfs_forwards(struct lock_list *src_entry,
+ void *data,
+ int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
+ struct lock_list **target_entry)
+{
+ return __bfs(src_entry, data, match, target_entry,
+ offsetof(struct lock_class, locks_after));
+
+}
+
+static inline int __bfs_backwards(struct lock_list *src_entry,
+ void *data,
+ int (*match)(struct lock_list *entry, void *data),
+ struct lock_list **target_entry)
+{
+ return __bfs(src_entry, data, match, target_entry,
+ offsetof(struct lock_class, locks_before));
+
+}
+
+static void print_lock_trace(const struct lock_trace *trace,
+ unsigned int spaces)
+{
+ stack_trace_print(trace->entries, trace->nr_entries, spaces);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print a dependency chain entry (this is only done when a deadlock
+ * has been detected):
+ */
+static noinline void
+print_circular_bug_entry(struct lock_list *target, int depth)
+{
+ if (debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+ printk("\n-> #%u", depth);
+ print_lock_name(target->class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ":\n");
+ print_lock_trace(target->trace, 6);
+}
+
+static void
+print_circular_lock_scenario(struct held_lock *src,
+ struct held_lock *tgt,
+ struct lock_list *prt)
+{
+ struct lock_class *source = hlock_class(src);
+ struct lock_class *target = hlock_class(tgt);
+ struct lock_class *parent = prt->class;
+
+ /*
+ * A direct locking problem where unsafe_class lock is taken
+ * directly by safe_class lock, then all we need to show
+ * is the deadlock scenario, as it is obvious that the
+ * unsafe lock is taken under the safe lock.
+ *
+ * But if there is a chain instead, where the safe lock takes
+ * an intermediate lock (middle_class) where this lock is
+ * not the same as the safe lock, then the lock chain is
+ * used to describe the problem. Otherwise we would need
+ * to show a different CPU case for each link in the chain
+ * from the safe_class lock to the unsafe_class lock.
+ */
+ if (parent != source) {
+ printk("Chain exists of:\n ");
+ __print_lock_name(source);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
+ __print_lock_name(parent);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
+ __print_lock_name(target);
+ printk(KERN_CONT "\n\n");
+ }
+
+ printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
+ printk(" CPU0 CPU1\n");
+ printk(" ---- ----\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(target);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(parent);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(target);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(source);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
+}
+
+/*
+ * When a circular dependency is detected, print the
+ * header first:
+ */
+static noinline void
+print_circular_bug_header(struct lock_list *entry, unsigned int depth,
+ struct held_lock *check_src,
+ struct held_lock *check_tgt)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+
+ if (debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("======================================================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("------------------------------------------------------\n");
+ pr_warn("%s/%d is trying to acquire lock:\n",
+ curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
+ print_lock(check_src);
+
+ pr_warn("\nbut task is already holding lock:\n");
+
+ print_lock(check_tgt);
+ pr_warn("\nwhich lock already depends on the new lock.\n\n");
+ pr_warn("\nthe existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:\n");
+
+ print_circular_bug_entry(entry, depth);
+}
+
+static inline int class_equal(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
+{
+ return entry->class == data;
+}
+
+static noinline void print_circular_bug(struct lock_list *this,
+ struct lock_list *target,
+ struct held_lock *check_src,
+ struct held_lock *check_tgt)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+ struct lock_list *parent;
+ struct lock_list *first_parent;
+ int depth;
+
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ this->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!this->trace)
+ return;
+
+ depth = get_lock_depth(target);
+
+ print_circular_bug_header(target, depth, check_src, check_tgt);
+
+ parent = get_lock_parent(target);
+ first_parent = parent;
+
+ while (parent) {
+ print_circular_bug_entry(parent, --depth);
+ parent = get_lock_parent(parent);
+ }
+
+ printk("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
+ print_circular_lock_scenario(check_src, check_tgt,
+ first_parent);
+
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ printk("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+static noinline void print_bfs_bug(int ret)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Breadth-first-search failed, graph got corrupted?
+ */
+ WARN(1, "lockdep bfs error:%d\n", ret);
+}
+
+static int noop_count(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
+{
+ (*(unsigned long *)data)++;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static unsigned long __lockdep_count_forward_deps(struct lock_list *this)
+{
+ unsigned long count = 0;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+
+ __bfs_forwards(this, (void *)&count, noop_count, &target_entry);
+
+ return count;
+}
+unsigned long lockdep_count_forward_deps(struct lock_class *class)
+{
+ unsigned long ret, flags;
+ struct lock_list this;
+
+ this.parent = NULL;
+ this.class = class;
+
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ arch_spin_lock(&lockdep_lock);
+ ret = __lockdep_count_forward_deps(&this);
+ arch_spin_unlock(&lockdep_lock);
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static unsigned long __lockdep_count_backward_deps(struct lock_list *this)
+{
+ unsigned long count = 0;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+
+ __bfs_backwards(this, (void *)&count, noop_count, &target_entry);
+
+ return count;
+}
+
+unsigned long lockdep_count_backward_deps(struct lock_class *class)
+{
+ unsigned long ret, flags;
+ struct lock_list this;
+
+ this.parent = NULL;
+ this.class = class;
+
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ arch_spin_lock(&lockdep_lock);
+ ret = __lockdep_count_backward_deps(&this);
+ arch_spin_unlock(&lockdep_lock);
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check that the dependency graph starting at <src> can lead to
+ * <target> or not. Print an error and return 0 if it does.
+ */
+static noinline int
+check_path(struct lock_class *target, struct lock_list *src_entry,
+ struct lock_list **target_entry)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = __bfs_forwards(src_entry, (void *)target, class_equal,
+ target_entry);
+
+ if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prove that the dependency graph starting at <src> can not
+ * lead to <target>. If it can, there is a circle when adding
+ * <target> -> <src> dependency.
+ *
+ * Print an error and return 0 if it does.
+ */
+static noinline int
+check_noncircular(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target,
+ struct lock_trace **const trace)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+ struct lock_list src_entry = {
+ .class = hlock_class(src),
+ .parent = NULL,
+ };
+
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_cyclic_checks);
+
+ ret = check_path(hlock_class(target), &src_entry, &target_entry);
+
+ if (unlikely(!ret)) {
+ if (!*trace) {
+ /*
+ * If save_trace fails here, the printing might
+ * trigger a WARN but because of the !nr_entries it
+ * should not do bad things.
+ */
+ *trace = save_trace();
+ }
+
+ print_circular_bug(&src_entry, target_entry, src, target);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_SMALL
+/*
+ * Check that the dependency graph starting at <src> can lead to
+ * <target> or not. If it can, <src> -> <target> dependency is already
+ * in the graph.
+ *
+ * Print an error and return 2 if it does or 1 if it does not.
+ */
+static noinline int
+check_redundant(struct held_lock *src, struct held_lock *target)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+ struct lock_list src_entry = {
+ .class = hlock_class(src),
+ .parent = NULL,
+ };
+
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_redundant_checks);
+
+ ret = check_path(hlock_class(target), &src_entry, &target_entry);
+
+ if (!ret) {
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_redundant);
+ ret = 2;
+ } else if (ret < 0)
+ ret = 0;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
+
+static inline int usage_accumulate(struct lock_list *entry, void *mask)
+{
+ *(unsigned long *)mask |= entry->class->usage_mask;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Forwards and backwards subgraph searching, for the purposes of
+ * proving that two subgraphs can be connected by a new dependency
+ * without creating any illegal irq-safe -> irq-unsafe lock dependency.
+ */
+
+static inline int usage_match(struct lock_list *entry, void *mask)
+{
+ return entry->class->usage_mask & *(unsigned long *)mask;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find a node in the forwards-direction dependency sub-graph starting
+ * at @root->class that matches @bit.
+ *
+ * Return 0 if such a node exists in the subgraph, and put that node
+ * into *@target_entry.
+ *
+ * Return 1 otherwise and keep *@target_entry unchanged.
+ * Return <0 on error.
+ */
+static int
+find_usage_forwards(struct lock_list *root, unsigned long usage_mask,
+ struct lock_list **target_entry)
+{
+ int result;
+
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_find_usage_forwards_checks);
+
+ result = __bfs_forwards(root, &usage_mask, usage_match, target_entry);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find a node in the backwards-direction dependency sub-graph starting
+ * at @root->class that matches @bit.
+ *
+ * Return 0 if such a node exists in the subgraph, and put that node
+ * into *@target_entry.
+ *
+ * Return 1 otherwise and keep *@target_entry unchanged.
+ * Return <0 on error.
+ */
+static int
+find_usage_backwards(struct lock_list *root, unsigned long usage_mask,
+ struct lock_list **target_entry)
+{
+ int result;
+
+ debug_atomic_inc(nr_find_usage_backwards_checks);
+
+ result = __bfs_backwards(root, &usage_mask, usage_match, target_entry);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)
+{
+ int bit;
+
+ printk("%*s->", depth, "");
+ print_lock_name(class);
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
+ printk(KERN_CONT " ops: %lu", debug_class_ops_read(class));
+#endif
+ printk(KERN_CONT " {\n");
+
+ for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
+ if (class->usage_mask & (1 << bit)) {
+ int len = depth;
+
+ len += printk("%*s %s", depth, "", usage_str[bit]);
+ len += printk(KERN_CONT " at:\n");
+ print_lock_trace(class->usage_traces[bit], len);
+ }
+ }
+ printk("%*s }\n", depth, "");
+
+ printk("%*s ... key at: [<%px>] %pS\n",
+ depth, "", class->key, class->key);
+}
+
+/*
+ * printk the shortest lock dependencies from @start to @end in reverse order:
+ */
+static void __used
+print_shortest_lock_dependencies(struct lock_list *leaf,
+ struct lock_list *root)
+{
+ struct lock_list *entry = leaf;
+ int depth;
+
+ /*compute depth from generated tree by BFS*/
+ depth = get_lock_depth(leaf);
+
+ do {
+ print_lock_class_header(entry->class, depth);
+ printk("%*s ... acquired at:\n", depth, "");
+ print_lock_trace(entry->trace, 2);
+ printk("\n");
+
+ if (depth == 0 && (entry != root)) {
+ printk("lockdep:%s bad path found in chain graph\n", __func__);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ entry = get_lock_parent(entry);
+ depth--;
+ } while (entry && (depth >= 0));
+}
+
+static void
+print_irq_lock_scenario(struct lock_list *safe_entry,
+ struct lock_list *unsafe_entry,
+ struct lock_class *prev_class,
+ struct lock_class *next_class)
+{
+ struct lock_class *safe_class = safe_entry->class;
+ struct lock_class *unsafe_class = unsafe_entry->class;
+ struct lock_class *middle_class = prev_class;
+
+ if (middle_class == safe_class)
+ middle_class = next_class;
+
+ /*
+ * A direct locking problem where unsafe_class lock is taken
+ * directly by safe_class lock, then all we need to show
+ * is the deadlock scenario, as it is obvious that the
+ * unsafe lock is taken under the safe lock.
+ *
+ * But if there is a chain instead, where the safe lock takes
+ * an intermediate lock (middle_class) where this lock is
+ * not the same as the safe lock, then the lock chain is
+ * used to describe the problem. Otherwise we would need
+ * to show a different CPU case for each link in the chain
+ * from the safe_class lock to the unsafe_class lock.
+ */
+ if (middle_class != unsafe_class) {
+ printk("Chain exists of:\n ");
+ __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
+ __print_lock_name(middle_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT " --> ");
+ __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT "\n\n");
+ }
+
+ printk(" Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
+ printk(" CPU0 CPU1\n");
+ printk(" ---- ----\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(unsafe_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" local_irq_disable();\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(middle_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" <Interrupt>\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(safe_class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
+}
+
+static void
+print_bad_irq_dependency(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct lock_list *prev_root,
+ struct lock_list *next_root,
+ struct lock_list *backwards_entry,
+ struct lock_list *forwards_entry,
+ struct held_lock *prev,
+ struct held_lock *next,
+ enum lock_usage_bit bit1,
+ enum lock_usage_bit bit2,
+ const char *irqclass)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("=====================================================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: %s-safe -> %s-unsafe lock order detected\n",
+ irqclass, irqclass);
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("-----------------------------------------------------\n");
+ pr_warn("%s/%d [HC%u[%lu]:SC%u[%lu]:HE%u:SE%u] is trying to acquire:\n",
+ curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr),
+ curr->hardirq_context, hardirq_count() >> HARDIRQ_SHIFT,
+ curr->softirq_context, softirq_count() >> SOFTIRQ_SHIFT,
+ curr->hardirqs_enabled,
+ curr->softirqs_enabled);
+ print_lock(next);
+
+ pr_warn("\nand this task is already holding:\n");
+ print_lock(prev);
+ pr_warn("which would create a new lock dependency:\n");
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(prev));
+ pr_cont(" ->");
+ print_lock_name(hlock_class(next));
+ pr_cont("\n");
+
+ pr_warn("\nbut this new dependency connects a %s-irq-safe lock:\n",
+ irqclass);
+ print_lock_name(backwards_entry->class);
+ pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-safe at:\n", irqclass);
+
+ print_lock_trace(backwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit1], 1);
+
+ pr_warn("\nto a %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
+ print_lock_name(forwards_entry->class);
+ pr_warn("\n... which became %s-irq-unsafe at:\n", irqclass);
+ pr_warn("...");
+
+ print_lock_trace(forwards_entry->class->usage_traces[bit2], 1);
+
+ pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n\n");
+ print_irq_lock_scenario(backwards_entry, forwards_entry,
+ hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next));
+
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between %s-irq-safe lock and the holding lock:\n", irqclass);
+ prev_root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!prev_root->trace)
+ return;
+ print_shortest_lock_dependencies(backwards_entry, prev_root);
+
+ pr_warn("\nthe dependencies between the lock to be acquired");
+ pr_warn(" and %s-irq-unsafe lock:\n", irqclass);
+ next_root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!next_root->trace)
+ return;
+ print_shortest_lock_dependencies(forwards_entry, next_root);
+
+ pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+static const char *state_names[] = {
+#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
+ __stringify(__STATE),
+#include "lockdep_states.h"
+#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
+};
+
+static const char *state_rnames[] = {
+#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
+ __stringify(__STATE)"-READ",
+#include "lockdep_states.h"
+#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
+};
+
+static inline const char *state_name(enum lock_usage_bit bit)
+{
+ if (bit & LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)
+ return state_rnames[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK];
+ else
+ return state_names[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK];
+}
+
+/*
+ * The bit number is encoded like:
+ *
+ * bit0: 0 exclusive, 1 read lock
+ * bit1: 0 used in irq, 1 irq enabled
+ * bit2-n: state
+ */
+static int exclusive_bit(int new_bit)
+{
+ int state = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_STATE_MASK;
+ int dir = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
+
+ /*
+ * keep state, bit flip the direction and strip read.
+ */
+ return state | (dir ^ LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Observe that when given a bitmask where each bitnr is encoded as above, a
+ * right shift of the mask transforms the individual bitnrs as -1 and
+ * conversely, a left shift transforms into +1 for the individual bitnrs.
+ *
+ * So for all bits whose number have LOCK_ENABLED_* set (bitnr1 == 1), we can
+ * create the mask with those bit numbers using LOCK_USED_IN_* (bitnr1 == 0)
+ * instead by subtracting the bit number by 2, or shifting the mask right by 2.
+ *
+ * Similarly, bitnr1 == 0 becomes bitnr1 == 1 by adding 2, or shifting left 2.
+ *
+ * So split the mask (note that LOCKF_ENABLED_IRQ_ALL|LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL is
+ * all bits set) and recompose with bitnr1 flipped.
+ */
+static unsigned long invert_dir_mask(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ unsigned long excl = 0;
+
+ /* Invert dir */
+ excl |= (mask & LOCKF_ENABLED_IRQ_ALL) >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
+ excl |= (mask & LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL) << LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
+
+ return excl;
+}
+
+/*
+ * As above, we clear bitnr0 (LOCK_*_READ off) with bitmask ops. First, for all
+ * bits with bitnr0 set (LOCK_*_READ), add those with bitnr0 cleared (LOCK_*).
+ * And then mask out all bitnr0.
+ */
+static unsigned long exclusive_mask(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ unsigned long excl = invert_dir_mask(mask);
+
+ /* Strip read */
+ excl |= (excl & LOCKF_IRQ_READ) >> LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
+ excl &= ~LOCKF_IRQ_READ;
+
+ return excl;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Retrieve the _possible_ original mask to which @mask is
+ * exclusive. Ie: this is the opposite of exclusive_mask().
+ * Note that 2 possible original bits can match an exclusive
+ * bit: one has LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK set, the other has it
+ * cleared. So both are returned for each exclusive bit.
+ */
+static unsigned long original_mask(unsigned long mask)
+{
+ unsigned long excl = invert_dir_mask(mask);
+
+ /* Include read in existing usages */
+ excl |= (excl & LOCKF_IRQ) << LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
+
+ return excl;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Find the first pair of bit match between an original
+ * usage mask and an exclusive usage mask.
+ */
+static int find_exclusive_match(unsigned long mask,
+ unsigned long excl_mask,
+ enum lock_usage_bit *bitp,
+ enum lock_usage_bit *excl_bitp)
+{
+ int bit, excl;
+
+ for_each_set_bit(bit, &mask, LOCK_USED) {
+ excl = exclusive_bit(bit);
+ if (excl_mask & lock_flag(excl)) {
+ *bitp = bit;
+ *excl_bitp = excl;
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prove that the new dependency does not connect a hardirq-safe(-read)
+ * lock with a hardirq-unsafe lock - to achieve this we search
+ * the backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>, and the
+ * forwards-subgraph starting at <next>:
+ */
+static int check_irq_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
+ struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ unsigned long usage_mask = 0, forward_mask, backward_mask;
+ enum lock_usage_bit forward_bit = 0, backward_bit = 0;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry1);
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+ struct lock_list this, that;
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Step 1: gather all hard/soft IRQs usages backward in an
+ * accumulated usage mask.
+ */
+ this.parent = NULL;
+ this.class = hlock_class(prev);
+
+ ret = __bfs_backwards(&this, &usage_mask, usage_accumulate, NULL);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ usage_mask &= LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_ALL;
+ if (!usage_mask)
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Step 2: find exclusive uses forward that match the previous
+ * backward accumulated mask.
+ */
+ forward_mask = exclusive_mask(usage_mask);
+
+ that.parent = NULL;
+ that.class = hlock_class(next);
+
+ ret = find_usage_forwards(&that, forward_mask, &target_entry1);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (ret == 1)
+ return ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Step 3: we found a bad match! Now retrieve a lock from the backward
+ * list whose usage mask matches the exclusive usage mask from the
+ * lock found on the forward list.
+ */
+ backward_mask = original_mask(target_entry1->class->usage_mask);
+
+ ret = find_usage_backwards(&this, backward_mask, &target_entry);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(ret == 1))
+ return 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Step 4: narrow down to a pair of incompatible usage bits
+ * and report it.
+ */
+ ret = find_exclusive_match(target_entry->class->usage_mask,
+ target_entry1->class->usage_mask,
+ &backward_bit, &forward_bit);
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(ret == -1))
+ return 1;
+
+ print_bad_irq_dependency(curr, &this, &that,
+ target_entry, target_entry1,
+ prev, next,
+ backward_bit, forward_bit,
+ state_name(backward_bit));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static inline int check_irq_usage(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *prev, struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */
+
+static void inc_chains(int irq_context)
+{
+ if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT)
+ nr_hardirq_chains++;
+ else if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT)
+ nr_softirq_chains++;
+ else
+ nr_process_chains++;
+}
+
+static void dec_chains(int irq_context)
+{
+ if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT)
+ nr_hardirq_chains--;
+ else if (irq_context & LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT)
+ nr_softirq_chains--;
+ else
+ nr_process_chains--;
+}
+
+static void
+print_deadlock_scenario(struct held_lock *nxt, struct held_lock *prv)
+{
+ struct lock_class *next = hlock_class(nxt);
+ struct lock_class *prev = hlock_class(prv);
+
+ printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
+ printk(" CPU0\n");
+ printk(" ----\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(prev);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(next);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
+ printk(" May be due to missing lock nesting notation\n\n");
+}
+
+static void
+print_deadlock_bug(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
+ struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("============================================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: possible recursive locking detected\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("--------------------------------------------\n");
+ pr_warn("%s/%d is trying to acquire lock:\n",
+ curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
+ print_lock(next);
+ pr_warn("\nbut task is already holding lock:\n");
+ print_lock(prev);
+
+ pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
+ print_deadlock_scenario(next, prev);
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether we are holding such a class already.
+ *
+ * (Note that this has to be done separately, because the graph cannot
+ * detect such classes of deadlocks.)
+ *
+ * Returns: 0 on deadlock detected, 1 on OK, 2 on recursive read
+ */
+static int
+check_deadlock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ struct held_lock *prev;
+ struct held_lock *nest = NULL;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
+ prev = curr->held_locks + i;
+
+ if (prev->instance == next->nest_lock)
+ nest = prev;
+
+ if (hlock_class(prev) != hlock_class(next))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * Allow read-after-read recursion of the same
+ * lock class (i.e. read_lock(lock)+read_lock(lock)):
+ */
+ if ((next->read == 2) && prev->read)
+ return 2;
+
+ /*
+ * We're holding the nest_lock, which serializes this lock's
+ * nesting behaviour.
+ */
+ if (nest)
+ return 2;
+
+ print_deadlock_bug(curr, prev, next);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * There was a chain-cache miss, and we are about to add a new dependency
+ * to a previous lock. We validate the following rules:
+ *
+ * - would the adding of the <prev> -> <next> dependency create a
+ * circular dependency in the graph? [== circular deadlock]
+ *
+ * - does the new prev->next dependency connect any hardirq-safe lock
+ * (in the full backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>) with any
+ * hardirq-unsafe lock (in the full forwards-subgraph starting at
+ * <next>)? [== illegal lock inversion with hardirq contexts]
+ *
+ * - does the new prev->next dependency connect any softirq-safe lock
+ * (in the full backwards-subgraph starting at <prev>) with any
+ * softirq-unsafe lock (in the full forwards-subgraph starting at
+ * <next>)? [== illegal lock inversion with softirq contexts]
+ *
+ * any of these scenarios could lead to a deadlock.
+ *
+ * Then if all the validations pass, we add the forwards and backwards
+ * dependency.
+ */
+static int
+check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
+ struct held_lock *next, int distance,
+ struct lock_trace **const trace)
+{
+ struct lock_list *entry;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!hlock_class(prev)->key || !hlock_class(next)->key) {
+ /*
+ * The warning statements below may trigger a use-after-free
+ * of the class name. It is better to trigger a use-after free
+ * and to have the class name most of the time instead of not
+ * having the class name available.
+ */
+ WARN_ONCE(!debug_locks_silent && !hlock_class(prev)->key,
+ "Detected use-after-free of lock class %px/%s\n",
+ hlock_class(prev),
+ hlock_class(prev)->name);
+ WARN_ONCE(!debug_locks_silent && !hlock_class(next)->key,
+ "Detected use-after-free of lock class %px/%s\n",
+ hlock_class(next),
+ hlock_class(next)->name);
+ return 2;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Prove that the new <prev> -> <next> dependency would not
+ * create a circular dependency in the graph. (We do this by
+ * a breadth-first search into the graph starting at <next>,
+ * and check whether we can reach <prev>.)
+ *
+ * The search is limited by the size of the circular queue (i.e.,
+ * MAX_CIRCULAR_QUEUE_SIZE) which keeps track of a breadth of nodes
+ * in the graph whose neighbours are to be checked.
+ */
+ ret = check_noncircular(next, prev, trace);
+ if (unlikely(ret <= 0))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!check_irq_usage(curr, prev, next))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * For recursive read-locks we do all the dependency checks,
+ * but we dont store read-triggered dependencies (only
+ * write-triggered dependencies). This ensures that only the
+ * write-side dependencies matter, and that if for example a
+ * write-lock never takes any other locks, then the reads are
+ * equivalent to a NOP.
+ */
+ if (next->read == 2 || prev->read == 2)
+ return 1;
+ /*
+ * Is the <prev> -> <next> dependency already present?
+ *
+ * (this may occur even though this is a new chain: consider
+ * e.g. the L1 -> L2 -> L3 -> L4 and the L5 -> L1 -> L2 -> L3
+ * chains - the second one will be new, but L1 already has
+ * L2 added to its dependency list, due to the first chain.)
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(entry, &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after, entry) {
+ if (entry->class == hlock_class(next)) {
+ if (distance == 1)
+ entry->distance = 1;
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP_SMALL
+ /*
+ * Is the <prev> -> <next> link redundant?
+ */
+ ret = check_redundant(prev, next);
+ if (ret != 1)
+ return ret;
+#endif
+
+ if (!*trace) {
+ *trace = save_trace();
+ if (!*trace)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Ok, all validations passed, add the new lock
+ * to the previous lock's dependency list:
+ */
+ ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(next), hlock_class(prev),
+ &hlock_class(prev)->locks_after,
+ next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = add_lock_to_list(hlock_class(prev), hlock_class(next),
+ &hlock_class(next)->locks_before,
+ next->acquire_ip, distance, *trace);
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+
+ return 2;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add the dependency to all directly-previous locks that are 'relevant'.
+ * The ones that are relevant are (in increasing distance from curr):
+ * all consecutive trylock entries and the final non-trylock entry - or
+ * the end of this context's lock-chain - whichever comes first.
+ */
+static int
+check_prevs_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ struct lock_trace *trace = NULL;
+ int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
+ struct held_lock *hlock;
+
+ /*
+ * Debugging checks.
+ *
+ * Depth must not be zero for a non-head lock:
+ */
+ if (!depth)
+ goto out_bug;
+ /*
+ * At least two relevant locks must exist for this
+ * to be a head:
+ */
+ if (curr->held_locks[depth].irq_context !=
+ curr->held_locks[depth-1].irq_context)
+ goto out_bug;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ int distance = curr->lockdep_depth - depth + 1;
+ hlock = curr->held_locks + depth - 1;
+
+ /*
+ * Only non-recursive-read entries get new dependencies
+ * added:
+ */
+ if (hlock->read != 2 && hlock->check) {
+ int ret = check_prev_add(curr, hlock, next, distance,
+ &trace);
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Stop after the first non-trylock entry,
+ * as non-trylock entries have added their
+ * own direct dependencies already, so this
+ * lock is connected to them indirectly:
+ */
+ if (!hlock->trylock)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ depth--;
+ /*
+ * End of lock-stack?
+ */
+ if (!depth)
+ break;
+ /*
+ * Stop the search if we cross into another context:
+ */
+ if (curr->held_locks[depth].irq_context !=
+ curr->held_locks[depth-1].irq_context)
+ break;
+ }
+ return 1;
+out_bug:
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Clearly we all shouldn't be here, but since we made it we
+ * can reliable say we messed up our state. See the above two
+ * gotos for reasons why we could possibly end up here.
+ */
+ WARN_ON(1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The first 2 chain_hlocks entries in the chain block in the bucket
+ * list contains the following meta data:
+ *
+ * entry[0]:
+ * Bit 15 - always set to 1 (it is not a class index)
+ * Bits 0-14 - upper 15 bits of the next block index
+ * entry[1] - lower 16 bits of next block index
+ *
+ * A next block index of all 1 bits means it is the end of the list.
+ *
+ * On the unsized bucket (bucket-0), the 3rd and 4th entries contain
+ * the chain block size:
+ *
+ * entry[2] - upper 16 bits of the chain block size
+ * entry[3] - lower 16 bits of the chain block size
+ */
+#define MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS 16
+#define CHAIN_BLK_FLAG (1U << 15)
+#define CHAIN_BLK_LIST_END 0xFFFFU
+
+static int chain_block_buckets[MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS];
+
+static inline int size_to_bucket(int size)
+{
+ if (size > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS)
+ return 0;
+
+ return size - 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Iterate all the chain blocks in a bucket.
+ */
+#define for_each_chain_block(bucket, prev, curr) \
+ for ((prev) = -1, (curr) = chain_block_buckets[bucket]; \
+ (curr) >= 0; \
+ (prev) = (curr), (curr) = chain_block_next(curr))
+
+/*
+ * next block or -1
+ */
+static inline int chain_block_next(int offset)
+{
+ int next = chain_hlocks[offset];
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(next & CHAIN_BLK_FLAG));
+
+ if (next == CHAIN_BLK_LIST_END)
+ return -1;
+
+ next &= ~CHAIN_BLK_FLAG;
+ next <<= 16;
+ next |= chain_hlocks[offset + 1];
+
+ return next;
+}
+
+/*
+ * bucket-0 only
+ */
+static inline int chain_block_size(int offset)
+{
+ return (chain_hlocks[offset + 2] << 16) | chain_hlocks[offset + 3];
+}
+
+static inline void init_chain_block(int offset, int next, int bucket, int size)
+{
+ chain_hlocks[offset] = (next >> 16) | CHAIN_BLK_FLAG;
+ chain_hlocks[offset + 1] = (u16)next;
+
+ if (size && !bucket) {
+ chain_hlocks[offset + 2] = size >> 16;
+ chain_hlocks[offset + 3] = (u16)size;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void add_chain_block(int offset, int size)
+{
+ int bucket = size_to_bucket(size);
+ int next = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
+ int prev, curr;
+
+ if (unlikely(size < 2)) {
+ /*
+ * We can't store single entries on the freelist. Leak them.
+ *
+ * One possible way out would be to uniquely mark them, other
+ * than with CHAIN_BLK_FLAG, such that we can recover them when
+ * the block before it is re-added.
+ */
+ if (size)
+ nr_lost_chain_hlocks++;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ nr_free_chain_hlocks += size;
+ if (!bucket) {
+ nr_large_chain_blocks++;
+
+ /*
+ * Variable sized, sort large to small.
+ */
+ for_each_chain_block(0, prev, curr) {
+ if (size >= chain_block_size(curr))
+ break;
+ }
+ init_chain_block(offset, curr, 0, size);
+ if (prev < 0)
+ chain_block_buckets[0] = offset;
+ else
+ init_chain_block(prev, offset, 0, 0);
+ return;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Fixed size, add to head.
+ */
+ init_chain_block(offset, next, bucket, size);
+ chain_block_buckets[bucket] = offset;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Only the first block in the list can be deleted.
+ *
+ * For the variable size bucket[0], the first block (the largest one) is
+ * returned, broken up and put back into the pool. So if a chain block of
+ * length > MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS is ever used and zapped, it will just be
+ * queued up after the primordial chain block and never be used until the
+ * hlock entries in the primordial chain block is almost used up. That
+ * causes fragmentation and reduce allocation efficiency. That can be
+ * monitored by looking at the "large chain blocks" number in lockdep_stats.
+ */
+static inline void del_chain_block(int bucket, int size, int next)
+{
+ nr_free_chain_hlocks -= size;
+ chain_block_buckets[bucket] = next;
+
+ if (!bucket)
+ nr_large_chain_blocks--;
+}
+
+static void init_chain_block_buckets(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS; i++)
+ chain_block_buckets[i] = -1;
+
+ add_chain_block(0, ARRAY_SIZE(chain_hlocks));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return offset of a chain block of the right size or -1 if not found.
+ *
+ * Fairly simple worst-fit allocator with the addition of a number of size
+ * specific free lists.
+ */
+static int alloc_chain_hlocks(int req)
+{
+ int bucket, curr, size;
+
+ /*
+ * We rely on the MSB to act as an escape bit to denote freelist
+ * pointers. Make sure this bit isn't set in 'normal' class_idx usage.
+ */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS-1) & CHAIN_BLK_FLAG);
+
+ init_data_structures_once();
+
+ if (nr_free_chain_hlocks < req)
+ return -1;
+
+ /*
+ * We require a minimum of 2 (u16) entries to encode a freelist
+ * 'pointer'.
+ */
+ req = max(req, 2);
+ bucket = size_to_bucket(req);
+ curr = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
+
+ if (bucket) {
+ if (curr >= 0) {
+ del_chain_block(bucket, req, chain_block_next(curr));
+ return curr;
+ }
+ /* Try bucket 0 */
+ curr = chain_block_buckets[0];
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * The variable sized freelist is sorted by size; the first entry is
+ * the largest. Use it if it fits.
+ */
+ if (curr >= 0) {
+ size = chain_block_size(curr);
+ if (likely(size >= req)) {
+ del_chain_block(0, size, chain_block_next(curr));
+ add_chain_block(curr + req, size - req);
+ return curr;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Last resort, split a block in a larger sized bucket.
+ */
+ for (size = MAX_CHAIN_BUCKETS; size > req; size--) {
+ bucket = size_to_bucket(size);
+ curr = chain_block_buckets[bucket];
+ if (curr < 0)
+ continue;
+
+ del_chain_block(bucket, size, chain_block_next(curr));
+ add_chain_block(curr + req, size - req);
+ return curr;
+ }
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static inline void free_chain_hlocks(int base, int size)
+{
+ add_chain_block(base, max(size, 2));
+}
+
+struct lock_class *lock_chain_get_class(struct lock_chain *chain, int i)
+{
+ return lock_classes + chain_hlocks[chain->base + i];
+}
+
+/*
+ * Returns the index of the first held_lock of the current chain
+ */
+static inline int get_first_held_lock(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct held_lock *hlock_curr;
+
+ for (i = curr->lockdep_depth - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+ hlock_curr = curr->held_locks + i;
+ if (hlock_curr->irq_context != hlock->irq_context)
+ break;
+
+ }
+
+ return ++i;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP
+/*
+ * Returns the next chain_key iteration
+ */
+static u64 print_chain_key_iteration(int class_idx, u64 chain_key)
+{
+ u64 new_chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, class_idx);
+
+ printk(" class_idx:%d -> chain_key:%016Lx",
+ class_idx,
+ (unsigned long long)new_chain_key);
+ return new_chain_key;
+}
+
+static void
+print_chain_keys_held_locks(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock_next)
+{
+ struct held_lock *hlock;
+ u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
+ int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
+ int i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock_next);
+
+ printk("depth: %u (irq_context %u)\n", depth - i + 1,
+ hlock_next->irq_context);
+ for (; i < depth; i++) {
+ hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
+ chain_key = print_chain_key_iteration(hlock->class_idx, chain_key);
+
+ print_lock(hlock);
+ }
+
+ print_chain_key_iteration(hlock_next->class_idx, chain_key);
+ print_lock(hlock_next);
+}
+
+static void print_chain_keys_chain(struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ int i;
+ u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
+ int class_id;
+
+ printk("depth: %u\n", chain->depth);
+ for (i = 0; i < chain->depth; i++) {
+ class_id = chain_hlocks[chain->base + i];
+ chain_key = print_chain_key_iteration(class_id, chain_key);
+
+ print_lock_name(lock_classes + class_id);
+ printk("\n");
+ }
+}
+
+static void print_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock_next,
+ struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("============================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: chain_key collision\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("----------------------------\n");
+ pr_warn("%s/%d: ", current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
+ pr_warn("Hash chain already cached but the contents don't match!\n");
+
+ pr_warn("Held locks:");
+ print_chain_keys_held_locks(curr, hlock_next);
+
+ pr_warn("Locks in cached chain:");
+ print_chain_keys_chain(chain);
+
+ pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Checks whether the chain and the current held locks are consistent
+ * in depth and also in content. If they are not it most likely means
+ * that there was a collision during the calculation of the chain_key.
+ * Returns: 0 not passed, 1 passed
+ */
+static int check_no_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ int i, j, id;
+
+ i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock);
+
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(chain->depth != curr->lockdep_depth - (i - 1))) {
+ print_collision(curr, hlock, chain);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ for (j = 0; j < chain->depth - 1; j++, i++) {
+ id = curr->held_locks[i].class_idx;
+
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] != id)) {
+ print_collision(curr, hlock, chain);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether we follow the irq-flags state precisely:
+ */
+static void check_flags(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks)
+ return;
+
+ if (irqs_disabled_flags(flags)) {
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
+ printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-off.\n");
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
+ printk("possible reason: unannotated irqs-on.\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We dont accurately track softirq state in e.g.
+ * hardirq contexts (such as on 4KSTACKS), so only
+ * check if not in hardirq contexts:
+ */
+ if (!hardirq_count()) {
+ if (softirq_count()) {
+ /* like the above, but with softirqs */
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->softirqs_enabled);
+ } else {
+ /* lick the above, does it taste good? */
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!current->softirqs_enabled);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!debug_locks)
+ print_irqtrace_events(current);
+}
+
+#define check_lock_chain_key check_lock_chain_key
+static bool check_lock_chain_key(struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ u64 chain_key = INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = chain->base; i < chain->base + chain->depth; i++)
+ chain_key = iterate_chain_key(chain_key, chain_hlocks[i]);
+ /*
+ * The 'unsigned long long' casts avoid that a compiler warning
+ * is reported when building tools/lib/lockdep.
+ */
+ if (chain->chain_key != chain_key) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "chain %lld: key %#llx <> %#llx\n",
+ (unsigned long long)(chain - lock_chains),
+ (unsigned long long)chain->chain_key,
+ (unsigned long long)chain_key);
+ return false;
+ }
+ return true;
+}
+
+#else
+static int check_no_collision(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ struct lock_chain *chain)
+{
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static void check_flags(unsigned long flags) { }
+#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKDEP */
+
+/*
+ * Given an index that is >= -1, return the index of the next lock chain.
+ * Return -2 if there is no next lock chain.
+ */
+long lockdep_next_lockchain(long i)
+{
+ i = find_next_bit(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains), i + 1);
+ return i < ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains) ? i : -2;
+}
+
+unsigned long lock_chain_count(void)
+{
+ return bitmap_weight(lock_chains_in_use, ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+}
+
+/* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
+static struct lock_chain *alloc_lock_chain(void)
+{
+ int idx = find_first_zero_bit(lock_chains_in_use,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains));
+
+ if (unlikely(idx >= ARRAY_SIZE(lock_chains)))
+ return NULL;
+ __set_bit(idx, lock_chains_in_use);
+ return lock_chains + idx;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Adds a dependency chain into chain hashtable. And must be called with
+ * graph_lock held.
+ *
+ * Return 0 if fail, and graph_lock is released.
+ * Return 1 if succeed, with graph_lock held.
+ */
+static inline int add_chain_cache(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ u64 chain_key)
+{
+ struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(hlock);
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head = chainhashentry(chain_key);
+ struct lock_chain *chain;
+ int i, j;
+
+ /*
+ * The caller must hold the graph lock, ensure we've got IRQs
+ * disabled to make this an IRQ-safe lock.. for recursion reasons
+ * lockdep won't complain about its own locking errors.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
+ return 0;
+
+ chain = alloc_lock_chain();
+ if (!chain) {
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return 0;
+
+ print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAINS too low!");
+ dump_stack();
+ return 0;
+ }
+ chain->chain_key = chain_key;
+ chain->irq_context = hlock->irq_context;
+ i = get_first_held_lock(curr, hlock);
+ chain->depth = curr->lockdep_depth + 1 - i;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 24) <= ARRAY_SIZE(chain_hlocks));
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 6) <= ARRAY_SIZE(curr->held_locks));
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((1UL << 8*sizeof(chain_hlocks[0])) <= ARRAY_SIZE(lock_classes));
+
+ j = alloc_chain_hlocks(chain->depth);
+ if (j < 0) {
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock())
+ return 0;
+
+ print_lockdep_off("BUG: MAX_LOCKDEP_CHAIN_HLOCKS too low!");
+ dump_stack();
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ chain->base = j;
+ for (j = 0; j < chain->depth - 1; j++, i++) {
+ int lock_id = curr->held_locks[i].class_idx;
+
+ chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = lock_id;
+ }
+ chain_hlocks[chain->base + j] = class - lock_classes;
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&chain->entry, hash_head);
+ debug_atomic_inc(chain_lookup_misses);
+ inc_chains(chain->irq_context);
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Look up a dependency chain. Must be called with either the graph lock or
+ * the RCU read lock held.
+ */
+static inline struct lock_chain *lookup_chain_cache(u64 chain_key)
+{
+ struct hlist_head *hash_head = chainhashentry(chain_key);
+ struct lock_chain *chain;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(chain, hash_head, entry) {
+ if (READ_ONCE(chain->chain_key) == chain_key) {
+ debug_atomic_inc(chain_lookup_hits);
+ return chain;
+ }
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If the key is not present yet in dependency chain cache then
+ * add it and return 1 - in this case the new dependency chain is
+ * validated. If the key is already hashed, return 0.
+ * (On return with 1 graph_lock is held.)
+ */
+static inline int lookup_chain_cache_add(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ u64 chain_key)
+{
+ struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(hlock);
+ struct lock_chain *chain = lookup_chain_cache(chain_key);
+
+ if (chain) {
+cache_hit:
+ if (!check_no_collision(curr, hlock, chain))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (very_verbose(class)) {
+ printk("\nhash chain already cached, key: "
+ "%016Lx tail class: [%px] %s\n",
+ (unsigned long long)chain_key,
+ class->key, class->name);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (very_verbose(class)) {
+ printk("\nnew hash chain, key: %016Lx tail class: [%px] %s\n",
+ (unsigned long long)chain_key, class->key, class->name);
+ }
+
+ if (!graph_lock())
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * We have to walk the chain again locked - to avoid duplicates:
+ */
+ chain = lookup_chain_cache(chain_key);
+ if (chain) {
+ graph_unlock();
+ goto cache_hit;
+ }
+
+ if (!add_chain_cache(curr, hlock, chain_key))
+ return 0;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int validate_chain(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock,
+ int chain_head, u64 chain_key)
+{
+ /*
+ * Trylock needs to maintain the stack of held locks, but it
+ * does not add new dependencies, because trylock can be done
+ * in any order.
+ *
+ * We look up the chain_key and do the O(N^2) check and update of
+ * the dependencies only if this is a new dependency chain.
+ * (If lookup_chain_cache_add() return with 1 it acquires
+ * graph_lock for us)
+ */
+ if (!hlock->trylock && hlock->check &&
+ lookup_chain_cache_add(curr, hlock, chain_key)) {
+ /*
+ * Check whether last held lock:
+ *
+ * - is irq-safe, if this lock is irq-unsafe
+ * - is softirq-safe, if this lock is hardirq-unsafe
+ *
+ * And check whether the new lock's dependency graph
+ * could lead back to the previous lock:
+ *
+ * - within the current held-lock stack
+ * - across our accumulated lock dependency records
+ *
+ * any of these scenarios could lead to a deadlock.
+ */
+ /*
+ * The simple case: does the current hold the same lock
+ * already?
+ */
+ int ret = check_deadlock(curr, hlock);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+ /*
+ * Mark recursive read, as we jump over it when
+ * building dependencies (just like we jump over
+ * trylock entries):
+ */
+ if (ret == 2)
+ hlock->read = 2;
+ /*
+ * Add dependency only if this lock is not the head
+ * of the chain, and if it's not a secondary read-lock:
+ */
+ if (!chain_head && ret != 2) {
+ if (!check_prevs_add(curr, hlock))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ graph_unlock();
+ } else {
+ /* after lookup_chain_cache_add(): */
+ if (unlikely(!debug_locks))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit new_bit);
+
+static void print_usage_bug_scenario(struct held_lock *lock)
+{
+ struct lock_class *class = hlock_class(lock);
+
+ printk(" Possible unsafe locking scenario:\n\n");
+ printk(" CPU0\n");
+ printk(" ----\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk(" <Interrupt>\n");
+ printk(" lock(");
+ __print_lock_name(class);
+ printk(KERN_CONT ");\n");
+ printk("\n *** DEADLOCK ***\n\n");
+}
+
+static void
+print_usage_bug(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit prev_bit, enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("================================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: inconsistent lock state\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("--------------------------------\n");
+
+ pr_warn("inconsistent {%s} -> {%s} usage.\n",
+ usage_str[prev_bit], usage_str[new_bit]);
+
+ pr_warn("%s/%d [HC%u[%lu]:SC%u[%lu]:HE%u:SE%u] takes:\n",
+ curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr),
+ trace_hardirq_context(curr), hardirq_count() >> HARDIRQ_SHIFT,
+ trace_softirq_context(curr), softirq_count() >> SOFTIRQ_SHIFT,
+ trace_hardirqs_enabled(curr),
+ trace_softirqs_enabled(curr));
+ print_lock(this);
+
+ pr_warn("{%s} state was registered at:\n", usage_str[prev_bit]);
+ print_lock_trace(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[prev_bit], 1);
+
+ print_irqtrace_events(curr);
+ pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
+ print_usage_bug_scenario(this);
+
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print out an error if an invalid bit is set:
+ */
+static inline int
+valid_state(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit new_bit, enum lock_usage_bit bad_bit)
+{
+ if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & (1 << bad_bit))) {
+ print_usage_bug(curr, this, bad_bit, new_bit);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * print irq inversion bug:
+ */
+static void
+print_irq_inversion_bug(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct lock_list *root, struct lock_list *other,
+ struct held_lock *this, int forwards,
+ const char *irqclass)
+{
+ struct lock_list *entry = other;
+ struct lock_list *middle = NULL;
+ int depth;
+
+ if (!debug_locks_off_graph_unlock() || debug_locks_silent)
+ return;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("========================================================\n");
+ pr_warn("WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("--------------------------------------------------------\n");
+ pr_warn("%s/%d just changed the state of lock:\n",
+ curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
+ print_lock(this);
+ if (forwards)
+ pr_warn("but this lock took another, %s-unsafe lock in the past:\n", irqclass);
+ else
+ pr_warn("but this lock was taken by another, %s-safe lock in the past:\n", irqclass);
+ print_lock_name(other->class);
+ pr_warn("\n\nand interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.\n\n");
+
+ pr_warn("\nother info that might help us debug this:\n");
+
+ /* Find a middle lock (if one exists) */
+ depth = get_lock_depth(other);
+ do {
+ if (depth == 0 && (entry != root)) {
+ pr_warn("lockdep:%s bad path found in chain graph\n", __func__);
+ break;
+ }
+ middle = entry;
+ entry = get_lock_parent(entry);
+ depth--;
+ } while (entry && entry != root && (depth >= 0));
+ if (forwards)
+ print_irq_lock_scenario(root, other,
+ middle ? middle->class : root->class, other->class);
+ else
+ print_irq_lock_scenario(other, root,
+ middle ? middle->class : other->class, root->class);
+
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ pr_warn("\nthe shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:\n");
+ root->trace = save_trace();
+ if (!root->trace)
+ return;
+ print_shortest_lock_dependencies(other, root);
+
+ pr_warn("\nstack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prove that in the forwards-direction subgraph starting at <this>
+ * there is no lock matching <mask>:
+ */
+static int
+check_usage_forwards(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *irqclass)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct lock_list root;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+
+ root.parent = NULL;
+ root.class = hlock_class(this);
+ ret = find_usage_forwards(&root, lock_flag(bit), &target_entry);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (ret == 1)
+ return ret;
+
+ print_irq_inversion_bug(curr, &root, target_entry,
+ this, 1, irqclass);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Prove that in the backwards-direction subgraph starting at <this>
+ * there is no lock matching <mask>:
+ */
+static int
+check_usage_backwards(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *irqclass)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct lock_list root;
+ struct lock_list *uninitialized_var(target_entry);
+
+ root.parent = NULL;
+ root.class = hlock_class(this);
+ ret = find_usage_backwards(&root, lock_flag(bit), &target_entry);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ print_bfs_bug(ret);
+ return 0;
+ }
+ if (ret == 1)
+ return ret;
+
+ print_irq_inversion_bug(curr, &root, target_entry,
+ this, 0, irqclass);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void print_irqtrace_events(struct task_struct *curr)
+{
+ printk("irq event stamp: %u\n", curr->irq_events);
+ printk("hardirqs last enabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
+ curr->hardirq_enable_event, (void *)curr->hardirq_enable_ip,
+ (void *)curr->hardirq_enable_ip);
+ printk("hardirqs last disabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
+ curr->hardirq_disable_event, (void *)curr->hardirq_disable_ip,
+ (void *)curr->hardirq_disable_ip);
+ printk("softirqs last enabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
+ curr->softirq_enable_event, (void *)curr->softirq_enable_ip,
+ (void *)curr->softirq_enable_ip);
+ printk("softirqs last disabled at (%u): [<%px>] %pS\n",
+ curr->softirq_disable_event, (void *)curr->softirq_disable_ip,
+ (void *)curr->softirq_disable_ip);
+}
+
+static int HARDIRQ_verbose(struct lock_class *class)
+{
+#if HARDIRQ_VERBOSE
+ return class_filter(class);
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int SOFTIRQ_verbose(struct lock_class *class)
+{
+#if SOFTIRQ_VERBOSE
+ return class_filter(class);
+#endif
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#define STRICT_READ_CHECKS 1
+
+static int (*state_verbose_f[])(struct lock_class *class) = {
+#define LOCKDEP_STATE(__STATE) \
+ __STATE##_verbose,
+#include "lockdep_states.h"
+#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
+};
+
+static inline int state_verbose(enum lock_usage_bit bit,
+ struct lock_class *class)
+{
+ return state_verbose_f[bit >> LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK](class);
+}
+
+typedef int (*check_usage_f)(struct task_struct *, struct held_lock *,
+ enum lock_usage_bit bit, const char *name);
+
+static int
+mark_lock_irq(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
+{
+ int excl_bit = exclusive_bit(new_bit);
+ int read = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
+ int dir = new_bit & LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK;
+
+ /*
+ * mark USED_IN has to look forwards -- to ensure no dependency
+ * has ENABLED state, which would allow recursion deadlocks.
+ *
+ * mark ENABLED has to look backwards -- to ensure no dependee
+ * has USED_IN state, which, again, would allow recursion deadlocks.
+ */
+ check_usage_f usage = dir ?
+ check_usage_backwards : check_usage_forwards;
+
+ /*
+ * Validate that this particular lock does not have conflicting
+ * usage states.
+ */
+ if (!valid_state(curr, this, new_bit, excl_bit))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Validate that the lock dependencies don't have conflicting usage
+ * states.
+ */
+ if ((!read || STRICT_READ_CHECKS) &&
+ !usage(curr, this, excl_bit, state_name(new_bit & ~LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)))
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Check for read in write conflicts
+ */
+ if (!read) {
+ if (!valid_state(curr, this, new_bit, excl_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (STRICT_READ_CHECKS &&
+ !usage(curr, this, excl_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK,
+ state_name(new_bit + LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK)))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (state_verbose(new_bit, hlock_class(this)))
+ return 2;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Mark all held locks with a usage bit:
+ */
+static int
+mark_held_locks(struct task_struct *curr, enum lock_usage_bit base_bit)
+{
+ struct held_lock *hlock;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < curr->lockdep_depth; i++) {
+ enum lock_usage_bit hlock_bit = base_bit;
+ hlock = curr->held_locks + i;
+
+ if (hlock->read)
+ hlock_bit += LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK;
+
+ BUG_ON(hlock_bit >= LOCK_USAGE_STATES);
+
+ if (!hlock->check)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, hlock_bit))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Hardirqs will be enabled:
+ */
+static void __trace_hardirqs_on_caller(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+
+ /* we'll do an OFF -> ON transition: */
+ curr->hardirqs_enabled = 1;
+
+ /*
+ * We are going to turn hardirqs on, so set the
+ * usage bit for all held locks:
+ */
+ if (!mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ))
+ return;
+ /*
+ * If we have softirqs enabled, then set the usage
+ * bit for all held locks. (disabled hardirqs prevented
+ * this bit from being set before)
+ */
+ if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
+ if (!mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ))
+ return;
+
+ curr->hardirq_enable_ip = ip;
+ curr->hardirq_enable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
+ debug_atomic_inc(hardirqs_on_events);
+}
+
+void lockdep_hardirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
+ return;
+
+ if (unlikely(current->hardirqs_enabled)) {
+ /*
+ * Neither irq nor preemption are disabled here
+ * so this is racy by nature but losing one hit
+ * in a stat is not a big deal.
+ */
+ __debug_atomic_inc(redundant_hardirqs_on);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We're enabling irqs and according to our state above irqs weren't
+ * already enabled, yet we find the hardware thinks they are in fact
+ * enabled.. someone messed up their IRQ state tracing.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * See the fine text that goes along with this variable definition.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(early_boot_irqs_disabled))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Can't allow enabling interrupts while in an interrupt handler,
+ * that's general bad form and such. Recursion, limited stack etc..
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->hardirq_context))
+ return;
+
+ current->lockdep_recursion = 1;
+ __trace_hardirqs_on_caller(ip);
+ current->lockdep_recursion = 0;
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(lockdep_hardirqs_on);
+
+/*
+ * Hardirqs were disabled:
+ */
+void lockdep_hardirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+
+ if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * So we're supposed to get called after you mask local IRQs, but for
+ * some reason the hardware doesn't quite think you did a proper job.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
+ return;
+
+ if (curr->hardirqs_enabled) {
+ /*
+ * We have done an ON -> OFF transition:
+ */
+ curr->hardirqs_enabled = 0;
+ curr->hardirq_disable_ip = ip;
+ curr->hardirq_disable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
+ debug_atomic_inc(hardirqs_off_events);
+ } else
+ debug_atomic_inc(redundant_hardirqs_off);
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(lockdep_hardirqs_off);
+
+/*
+ * Softirqs will be enabled:
+ */
+void trace_softirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+
+ if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * We fancy IRQs being disabled here, see softirq.c, avoids
+ * funny state and nesting things.
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
+ return;
+
+ if (curr->softirqs_enabled) {
+ debug_atomic_inc(redundant_softirqs_on);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ current->lockdep_recursion = 1;
+ /*
+ * We'll do an OFF -> ON transition:
+ */
+ curr->softirqs_enabled = 1;
+ curr->softirq_enable_ip = ip;
+ curr->softirq_enable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
+ debug_atomic_inc(softirqs_on_events);
+ /*
+ * We are going to turn softirqs on, so set the
+ * usage bit for all held locks, if hardirqs are
+ * enabled too:
+ */
+ if (curr->hardirqs_enabled)
+ mark_held_locks(curr, LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ);
+ current->lockdep_recursion = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Softirqs were disabled:
+ */
+void trace_softirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr = current;
+
+ if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * We fancy IRQs being disabled here, see softirq.c
+ */
+ if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!irqs_disabled()))
+ return;
+
+ if (curr->softirqs_enabled) {
+ /*
+ * We have done an ON -> OFF transition:
+ */
+ curr->softirqs_enabled = 0;
+ curr->softirq_disable_ip = ip;
+ curr->softirq_disable_event = ++curr->irq_events;
+ debug_atomic_inc(softirqs_off_events);
+ /*
+ * Whoops, we wanted softirqs off, so why aren't they?
+ */
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!softirq_count());
+ } else
+ debug_atomic_inc(redundant_softirqs_off);
+}
+
+static int
+mark_usage(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *hlock, int check)
+{
+ if (!check)
+ goto lock_used;
+
+ /*
+ * If non-trylock use in a hardirq or softirq context, then
+ * mark the lock as used in these contexts:
+ */
+ if (!hlock->trylock) {
+ if (hlock->read) {
+ if (curr->hardirq_context)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ_READ))
+ return 0;
+ if (curr->softirq_context)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ_READ))
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ if (curr->hardirq_context)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED_IN_HARDIRQ))
+ return 0;
+ if (curr->softirq_context)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED_IN_SOFTIRQ))
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!hlock->hardirqs_off) {
+ if (hlock->read) {
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ_READ))
+ return 0;
+ if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ_READ))
+ return 0;
+ } else {
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_ENABLED_HARDIRQ))
+ return 0;
+ if (curr->softirqs_enabled)
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock,
+ LOCK_ENABLED_SOFTIRQ))
+ return 0;
+ }
+ }
+
+lock_used:
+ /* mark it as used: */
+ if (!mark_lock(curr, hlock, LOCK_USED))
+ return 0;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int task_irq_context(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return LOCK_CHAIN_HARDIRQ_CONTEXT * !!task->hardirq_context +
+ LOCK_CHAIN_SOFTIRQ_CONTEXT * !!task->softirq_context;
+}
+
+static int separate_irq_context(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock)
+{
+ unsigned int depth = curr->lockdep_depth;
+
+ /*
+ * Keep track of points where we cross into an interrupt context:
+ */
+ if (depth) {
+ struct held_lock *prev_hlock;
+
+ prev_hlock = curr->held_locks + depth-1;
+ /*
+ * If we cross into another context, reset the
+ * hash key (this also prevents the checking and the
+ * adding of the dependency to 'prev'):
+ */
+ if (prev_hlock->irq_context != hlock->irq_context)
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Mark a lock with a usage bit, and validate the state transition:
+ */
+static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
+ enum lock_usage_bit new_bit)
+{
+ unsigned int new_mask = 1 << new_bit, ret = 1;
+
+ if (new_bit >= LOCK_USAGE_STATES) {
+ DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If already set then do not dirty the cacheline,
+ * nor do any checks:
+ */
+ if (likely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask))
+ return 1;
+
+ if (!graph_lock())
+ return 0;
+ /*
+ * Make sure we didn't race:
+ */
+ if (unlikely(hlock_class(this)->usage_mask & new_mask)) {
+ graph_unlock();
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ hlock_class(this)->usage_mask |= new_mask;
+
+ if (!(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[new_bit] = save_trace()))
+ return 0;
+
+ switch (new_bit) {
+ case LOCK_USED:
+ debug_atomic_dec(nr_unused_locks);
+ break;
+ default:
+ ret = mark_lock_irq(curr, this, new_bit);
+ if (!ret)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ graph_unlock();
+
+ /*
+ * We must printk outside of the graph_lock:
+ */
+ if (ret == 2) {
+ printk("\nmarked lock as {%s}:\n", usage_str[new_bit]);
+ print_lock(this);
+ print_irqtrace_events(curr);
+ dump_stack();
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Remove a class from a lock chain. Must be called with the graph lock held. */
+static void remove_class_from_lock_chain(struct pending_free *pf,
+ struct lock_chain *chain,
+ struct lock_class *class)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = chain->base; i < chain->base + chain->depth; i++) {
+ if (chain_hlocks[i] != class - lock_classes)
+ continue;
+ /*
+ * Each lock class occurs at most once in a lock chain so once
+ * we found a match we can break out of this loop.
+ */
+ goto free_lock_chain;
+ }
+ /* Since the chain has not been modified, return. */
+ return;
+
+free_lock_chain:
+ free_chain_hlocks(chain->base, chain->depth);
+ /* Overwrite the chain key for concurrent RCU readers. */
+ WRITE_ONCE(chain->chain_key, INITIAL_CHAIN_KEY);
+ dec_chains(chain->irq_context);
+
+ /*
+ * Note: calling hlist_del_rcu() from inside a
+ * hlist_for_each_entry_rcu() loop is safe.
+ */
+ hlist_del_rcu(&chain->entry);
+ __set_bit(chain - lock_chains, pf->lock_chains_being_freed);
+ nr_zapped_lock_chains++;
+}
+
+/* Must be called with the graph lock held. */
+static void remove_class_from_lock_chains(struct pending_free *pf,
+ struct lock_class *class)
+{
+ struct lock_chain *chain;
+ struct hlist_head *head;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(chainhash_table); i++) {
+ head = chainhash_table + i;
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(chain, head, entry) {
+ remove_class_from_lock_chain(pf, chain, class);
+ }
+ }
+}
--
2.18.1
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  Last update: 2020-02-12 16:40    [W:0.225 / U:4.192 seconds]
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