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Subject[PATCH] PCI: hv: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
int stuff;
struct boo array[];

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <>
drivers/pci/controller/pci-hyperv.c | 6 +++---
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-hyperv.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-hyperv.c
index 9977abff92fc..be957268f9d6 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/controller/pci-hyperv.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pci-hyperv.c
@@ -260,7 +260,7 @@ struct pci_packet {
int resp_packet_size);
void *compl_ctxt;

- struct pci_message message[0];
+ struct pci_message message[];

@@ -296,7 +296,7 @@ struct pci_bus_d0_entry {
struct pci_bus_relations {
struct pci_incoming_message incoming;
u32 device_count;
- struct pci_function_description func[0];
+ struct pci_function_description func[];
} __packed;

struct pci_q_res_req_response {
@@ -508,7 +508,7 @@ struct hv_dr_work {
struct hv_dr_state {
struct list_head list_entry;
u32 device_count;
- struct pci_function_description func[0];
+ struct pci_function_description func[];

enum hv_pcichild_state {
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