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SubjectRe: [virtio-dev] Re: [PATCH v2 4/5] virtio-mmio: add MSI interrupt feature support

On 2020/2/11 下午8:08, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 11, 2020 at 08:04:24PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> On 2020/2/11 下午7:58, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
>>> On Tue, Feb 11, 2020 at 03:40:23PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>>>> On 2020/2/11 下午2:02, Liu, Jing2 wrote:
>>>>> On 2/11/2020 12:02 PM, Jason Wang wrote:
>>>>>> On 2020/2/11 上午11:35, Liu, Jing2 wrote:
>>>>>>> On 2/11/2020 11:17 AM, Jason Wang wrote:
>>>>>>>> On 2020/2/10 下午5:05, Zha Bin wrote:
>>>>>>>>> From: Liu Jiang<>
>>>>>>>>> Userspace VMMs (e.g. Qemu microvm, Firecracker) take
>>>>>>>>> advantage of using
>>>>>>>>> virtio over mmio devices as a lightweight machine model for modern
>>>>>>>>> cloud. The standard virtio over MMIO transport layer
>>>>>>>>> only supports one
>>>>>>>>> legacy interrupt, which is much heavier than virtio over
>>>>>>>>> PCI transport
>>>>>>>>> layer using MSI. Legacy interrupt has long work path and
>>>>>>>>> causes specific
>>>>>>>>> VMExits in following cases, which would considerably slow down the
>>>>>>>>> performance:
>>>>>>>>> 1) read interrupt status register
>>>>>>>>> 2) update interrupt status register
>>>>>>>>> 3) write IOAPIC EOI register
>>>>>>>>> We proposed to add MSI support for virtio over MMIO via new feature
>>>>>>>>> bit VIRTIO_F_MMIO_MSI[1] which increases the interrupt performance.
>>>>>>>>> With the VIRTIO_F_MMIO_MSI feature bit supported, the virtio-mmio MSI
>>>>>>>>> uses msi_sharing[1] to indicate the event and vector mapping.
>>>>>>>>> Bit 1 is 0: device uses non-sharing and fixed vector per
>>>>>>>>> event mapping.
>>>>>>>>> Bit 1 is 1: device uses sharing mode and dynamic mapping.
>>>>>>>> I believe dynamic mapping should cover the case of fixed vector?
>>>>>>> Actually this bit*aims* for msi sharing or msi non-sharing.
>>>>>>> It means, when msi sharing bit is 1, device doesn't want vector
>>>>>>> per queue
>>>>>>> (it wants msi vector sharing as name) and doesn't want a high
>>>>>>> interrupt rate.
>>>>>>> So driver turns to !per_vq_vectors and has to do dynamical mapping.
>>>>>>> So they are opposite not superset.
>>>>>>> Thanks!
>>>>>>> Jing
>>>>>> I think you need add more comments on the command.
>>>>>> E.g if I want to map vector 0 to queue 1, how do I need to do?
>>>>>> write(1, queue_sel);
>>>>>> write(0, vector_sel);
>>>>> That's true. Besides, two commands are used for msi sharing mode,
>>>>> "To set up the event and vector mapping for MSI sharing mode, driver
>>>>> SHOULD write a valid MsiVecSel followed by
>>>>> map the configuration change/selected queue events respectively.  " (See
>>>>> spec patch 5/5)
>>>>> So if driver detects the msi sharing mode, when it does setup vq, writes
>>>>> the queue_sel (this already exists in setup vq), vector sel and then
>>>>> MAP_QUEUE command to do the queue event mapping.
>>>> So actually the per vq msix could be done through this. I don't get why you
>>>> need to introduce MSI_SHARING_MASK which is the charge of driver instead of
>>>> device. The interrupt rate should have no direct relationship with whether
>>>> it has been shared or not.
>>>> Btw, you introduce mask/unmask without pending, how to deal with the lost
>>>> interrupt during the masking then?
>>> pending can be an internal device register. as long as device
>>> does not lose interrupts while masked, all's well.
>> You meant raise the interrupt during unmask automatically?
> yes - that's also what pci does.
> the guest visible pending bit is partially implemented in qemu
> as per pci spec but it's unused.


>>> There's value is being able to say "this queue sends no
>>> interrupts do not bother checking used notification area".
>>> so we need way to say that. So I guess an enable interrupts
>>> register might have some value...
>>> But besides that, it's enough to have mask/unmask/address/data
>>> per vq.
>> Just to check, do you mean "per vector" here?
>> Thanks
> No, per VQ. An indirection VQ -> vector -> address/data isn't
> necessary for PCI either, but that ship has sailed.

Yes, it can work but it may bring extra effort when you want to mask a
vector which is was shared by a lot of queues.



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