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Subject[PATCH 5.4 227/309] mm/page_alloc.c: fix uninitialized memmaps on a partially populated last section
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From: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>

commit e822969cab48b786b64246aad1a3ba2a774f5d23 upstream.

Patch series "mm: fix max_pfn not falling on section boundary", v2.

Playing with different memory sizes for a x86-64 guest, I discovered that
some memmaps (highest section if max_mem does not fall on the section
boundary) are marked as being valid and online, but contain garbage. We
have to properly initialize these memmaps.

Looking at /proc/kpageflags and friends, I found some more issues,
partially related to this.

This patch (of 3):

If max_pfn is not aligned to a section boundary, we can easily run into
BUGs. This can e.g., be triggered on x86-64 under QEMU by specifying a
memory size that is not a multiple of 128MB (e.g., 4097MB, but also
4160MB). I was told that on real HW, we can easily have this scenario
(esp., one of the main reasons sub-section hotadd of devmem was added).

The issue is, that we have a valid memmap (pfn_valid()) for the whole
section, and the whole section will be marked "online".
pfn_to_online_page() will succeed, but the memmap contains garbage.

E.g., doing a "./page-types -r -a 0x144001" when QEMU was started with "-m
4160M" - (see tools/vm/page-types.c):

[ 200.476376] BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: fffffffffffffffe
[ 200.477500] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
[ 200.478334] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
[ 200.479076] PGD 59614067 P4D 59614067 PUD 59616067 PMD 0
[ 200.479557] Oops: 0000 [#4] SMP NOPTI
[ 200.479875] CPU: 0 PID: 603 Comm: page-types Tainted: G D W 5.5.0-rc1-next-20191209 #93
[ 200.480646] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.12.0-59-gc9ba5276e321-prebuilt.qemu4
[ 200.481648] RIP: 0010:stable_page_flags+0x4d/0x410
[ 200.482061] Code: f3 ff 41 89 c0 48 b8 00 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 45 84 c0 0f 85 cd 02 00 00 48 8b 53 08 48 8b 2b 48f
[ 200.483644] RSP: 0018:ffffb139401cbe60 EFLAGS: 00010202
[ 200.484091] RAX: fffffffffffffffe RBX: fffffbeec5100040 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 200.484697] RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: ffffffff9535c7cd RDI: 0000000000000246
[ 200.485313] RBP: ffffffffffffffff R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
[ 200.485917] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000144001
[ 200.486523] R13: 00007ffd6ba55f48 R14: 00007ffd6ba55f40 R15: ffffb139401cbf08
[ 200.487130] FS: 00007f68df717580(0000) GS:ffff9ec77fa00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 200.487804] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 200.488295] CR2: fffffffffffffffe CR3: 0000000135d48000 CR4: 00000000000006f0
[ 200.488897] Call Trace:
[ 200.489115] kpageflags_read+0xe9/0x140
[ 200.489447] proc_reg_read+0x3c/0x60
[ 200.489755] vfs_read+0xc2/0x170
[ 200.490037] ksys_pread64+0x65/0xa0
[ 200.490352] do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
[ 200.490665] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

But it can be triggered much easier via "cat /proc/kpageflags > /dev/null"
after cold/hot plugging a DIMM to such a system:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /proc/kpageflags > /dev/null
[ 111.517275] BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: fffffffffffffffe
[ 111.517907] #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
[ 111.518333] #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page
[ 111.518771] PGD a240e067 P4D a240e067 PUD a2410067 PMD 0

This patch fixes that by at least zero-ing out that memmap (so e.g.,
page_to_pfn() will not crash). Commit 907ec5fca3dc ("mm: zero remaining
unavailable struct pages") tried to fix a similar issue, but forgot to
consider this special case.

After this patch, there are still problems to solve. E.g., not all of
these pages falling into a memory hole will actually get initialized later
and set PageReserved - they are only zeroed out - but at least the
immediate crashes are gone. A follow-up patch will take care of this.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191211163201.17179-2-david@redhat.com
Fixes: f7f99100d8d9 ("mm: stop zeroing memory during allocation in vmemmap")
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@oracle.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Steven Sistare <steven.sistare@oracle.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com>
Cc: Bob Picco <bob.picco@oracle.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.15+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
mm/page_alloc.c | 14 ++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -6933,7 +6933,8 @@ static u64 zero_pfn_range(unsigned long
* This function also addresses a similar issue where struct pages are left
* uninitialized because the physical address range is not covered by
* memblock.memory or memblock.reserved. That could happen when memblock
- * layout is manually configured via memmap=.
+ * layout is manually configured via memmap=, or when the highest physical
+ * address (max_pfn) does not end on a section boundary.
*/
void __init zero_resv_unavail(void)
{
@@ -6951,7 +6952,16 @@ void __init zero_resv_unavail(void)
pgcnt += zero_pfn_range(PFN_DOWN(next), PFN_UP(start));
next = end;
}
- pgcnt += zero_pfn_range(PFN_DOWN(next), max_pfn);
+
+ /*
+ * Early sections always have a fully populated memmap for the whole
+ * section - see pfn_valid(). If the last section has holes at the
+ * end and that section is marked "online", the memmap will be
+ * considered initialized. Make sure that memmap has a well defined
+ * state.
+ */
+ pgcnt += zero_pfn_range(PFN_DOWN(next),
+ round_up(max_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION));

/*
* Struct pages that do not have backing memory. This could be because

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