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Subject[PATCH 5.4 052/309] mm/memory_hotplug: fix remove_memory() lockdep splat
Date
From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

commit f1037ec0cc8ac1a450974ad9754e991f72884f48 upstream.

The daxctl unit test for the dax_kmem driver currently triggers the
(false positive) lockdep splat below. It results from the fact that
remove_memory_block_devices() is invoked under the mem_hotplug_lock()
causing lockdep entanglements with cpu_hotplug_lock() and sysfs (kernfs
active state tracking). It is a false positive because the sysfs
attribute path triggering the memory remove is not the same attribute
path associated with memory-block device.

sysfs_break_active_protection() is not applicable since there is no real
deadlock conflict, instead move memory-block device removal outside the
lock. The mem_hotplug_lock() is not needed to synchronize the
memory-block device removal vs the page online state, that is already
handled by lock_device_hotplug(). Specifically, lock_device_hotplug()
is sufficient to allow try_remove_memory() to check the offline state of
the memblocks and be assured that any in progress online attempts are
flushed / blocked by kernfs_drain() / attribute removal.

The add_memory() path safely creates memblock devices under the
mem_hotplug_lock(). There is no kernfs active state synchronization in
the memblock device_register() path, so nothing to fix there.

This change is only possible thanks to the recent change that refactored
memory block device removal out of arch_remove_memory() (commit
4c4b7f9ba948 "mm/memory_hotplug: remove memory block devices before
arch_remove_memory()"), and David's due diligence tracking down the
guarantees afforded by kernfs_drain(). Not flagged for -stable since
this only impacts ongoing development and lockdep validation, not a
runtime issue.

======================================================
WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
5.5.0-rc3+ #230 Tainted: G OE
------------------------------------------------------
lt-daxctl/6459 is trying to acquire lock:
ffff99c7f0003510 (kn->count#241){++++}, at: kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x41/0x80

but task is already holding lock:
ffffffffa76a5450 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}, at: percpu_down_write+0x20/0xe0

which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

-> #2 (mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
__lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
get_online_mems+0x3e/0xb0
kmem_cache_create_usercopy+0x2e/0x260
kmem_cache_create+0x12/0x20
ptlock_cache_init+0x20/0x28
start_kernel+0x243/0x547
secondary_startup_64+0xb6/0xc0

-> #1 (cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem){++++}:
__lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
cpus_read_lock+0x3e/0xb0
online_pages+0x37/0x300
memory_subsys_online+0x17d/0x1c0
device_online+0x60/0x80
state_store+0x65/0xd0
kernfs_fop_write+0xcf/0x1c0
vfs_write+0xdb/0x1d0
ksys_write+0x65/0xe0
do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

-> #0 (kn->count#241){++++}:
check_prev_add+0x98/0xa40
validate_chain+0x576/0x860
__lock_acquire+0x39c/0x790
lock_acquire+0xa2/0x1b0
__kernfs_remove+0x25f/0x2e0
kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x41/0x80
remove_files.isra.0+0x30/0x70
sysfs_remove_group+0x3d/0x80
sysfs_remove_groups+0x29/0x40
device_remove_attrs+0x39/0x70
device_del+0x16a/0x3f0
device_unregister+0x16/0x60
remove_memory_block_devices+0x82/0xb0
try_remove_memory+0xb5/0x130
remove_memory+0x26/0x40
dev_dax_kmem_remove+0x44/0x6a [kmem]
device_release_driver_internal+0xe4/0x1c0
unbind_store+0xef/0x120
kernfs_fop_write+0xcf/0x1c0
vfs_write+0xdb/0x1d0
ksys_write+0x65/0xe0
do_syscall_64+0x5c/0xa0
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe

other info that might help us debug this:

Chain exists of:
kn->count#241 --> cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem --> mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem

Possible unsafe locking scenario:

CPU0 CPU1
---- ----
lock(mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
lock(cpu_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
lock(mem_hotplug_lock.rw_sem);
lock(kn->count#241);

*** DEADLOCK ***

No fixes tag as this has been a long standing issue that predated the
addition of kernfs lockdep annotations.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/157991441887.2763922.4770790047389427325.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 9 ++++++---
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1738,8 +1738,6 @@ static int __ref try_remove_memory(int n

BUG_ON(check_hotplug_memory_range(start, size));

- mem_hotplug_begin();
-
/*
* All memory blocks must be offlined before removing memory. Check
* whether all memory blocks in question are offline and return error
@@ -1754,9 +1752,14 @@ static int __ref try_remove_memory(int n
memblock_free(start, size);
memblock_remove(start, size);

- /* remove memory block devices before removing memory */
+ /*
+ * Memory block device removal under the device_hotplug_lock is
+ * a barrier against racing online attempts.
+ */
remove_memory_block_devices(start, size);

+ mem_hotplug_begin();
+
arch_remove_memory(nid, start, size, NULL);
__release_memory_resource(start, size);


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