[lkml]   [2020]   [Feb]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH -next] x86/mm/pat: mark an intentional data race
cpa_4k_install could be accessed concurrently as noticed by KCSAN,

read to 0xffffffffaa59a000 of 8 bytes by interrupt on cpu 7:
cpa_inc_4k_install arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:131 [inline]
__change_page_attr+0x10cf/0x1840 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:1514
__change_page_attr_set_clr+0xce/0x490 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:1636
__set_pages_np+0xc4/0xf0 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:2148
__kernel_map_pages+0xb0/0xc8 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:2178
kernel_map_pages include/linux/mm.h:2719 [inline] <snip>

write to 0xffffffffaa59a000 of 8 bytes by task 1 on cpu 6:
cpa_inc_4k_install arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:131 [inline]
__change_page_attr+0x10ea/0x1840 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:1514
__change_page_attr_set_clr+0xce/0x490 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:1636
__set_pages_p+0xc4/0xf0 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:2129
__kernel_map_pages+0x2e/0xc8 arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c:2176
kernel_map_pages include/linux/mm.h:2719 [inline] <snip>

Both accesses are due to the same "cpa_4k_install++" in
cpa_inc_4k_install. A data race here could be potentially undesirable:
depending on compiler optimizations or how x86 executes a non-LOCK'd
increment, it may lose increments, corrupt the counter, etc. Since this
counter only seems to be used for printing some stats, this data race
itself is unlikely to cause harm to the system though. Thus, mark this
intentional data race using the data_race() marco.

Suggested-by: Macro Elver <>
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <>
arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c b/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
index c4aedd00c1ba..ea0b6df950ee 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c
@@ -128,7 +128,7 @@ static inline void cpa_inc_2m_checked(void)

static inline void cpa_inc_4k_install(void)
- cpa_4k_install++;
+ data_race(cpa_4k_install++);

static inline void cpa_inc_lp_sameprot(int level)
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-02-10 15:12    [W:0.045 / U:3.400 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site