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SubjectRE: [PATCH v13 05/15] iommu/smmuv3: Get prepared for nested stage support
Date
Hi Eric,

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Eric Auger [mailto:eric.auger@redhat.com]
> Sent: 18 November 2020 11:22
> To: eric.auger.pro@gmail.com; eric.auger@redhat.com;
> iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> kvm@vger.kernel.org; kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu; will@kernel.org;
> joro@8bytes.org; maz@kernel.org; robin.murphy@arm.com;
> alex.williamson@redhat.com
> Cc: jean-philippe@linaro.org; zhangfei.gao@linaro.org;
> zhangfei.gao@gmail.com; vivek.gautam@arm.com; Shameerali Kolothum
> Thodi <shameerali.kolothum.thodi@huawei.com>;
> jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com; yi.l.liu@intel.com; tn@semihalf.com;
> nicoleotsuka@gmail.com; yuzenghui <yuzenghui@huawei.com>
> Subject: [PATCH v13 05/15] iommu/smmuv3: Get prepared for nested stage
> support
>
> When nested stage translation is setup, both s1_cfg and
> s2_cfg are set.
>
> We introduce a new smmu domain abort field that will be set
> upon guest stage1 configuration passing.
>
> arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent() is modified to write both stage
> fields in the STE and deal with the abort field.
>
> In nested mode, only stage 2 is "finalized" as the host does
> not own/configure the stage 1 context descriptor; guest does.
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
>
> ---
> v10 -> v11:
> - Fix an issue reported by Shameer when switching from with vSMMU
> to without vSMMU. Despite the spec does not seem to mention it
> seems to be needed to reset the 2 high 64b when switching from
> S1+S2 cfg to S1 only. Especially dst[3] needs to be reset (S2TTB).
> On some implementations, if the S2TTB is not reset, this causes
> a C_BAD_STE error
> ---
> drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c | 64
> +++++++++++++++++----
> drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.h | 2 +
> 2 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 18ac5af1b284..412ea1bafa50 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -1181,8 +1181,10 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> * three cases at the moment:
> *
> * 1. Invalid (all zero) -> bypass/fault (init)
> - * 2. Bypass/fault -> translation/bypass (attach)
> - * 3. Translation/bypass -> bypass/fault (detach)
> + * 2. Bypass/fault -> single stage translation/bypass (attach)
> + * 3. Single or nested stage Translation/bypass -> bypass/fault (detach)
> + * 4. S2 -> S1 + S2 (attach_pasid_table)
> + * 5. S1 + S2 -> S2 (detach_pasid_table)
> *
> * Given that we can't update the STE atomically and the SMMU
> * doesn't read the thing in a defined order, that leaves us
> @@ -1193,7 +1195,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> * 3. Update Config, sync
> */
> u64 val = le64_to_cpu(dst[0]);
> - bool ste_live = false;
> + bool s1_live = false, s2_live = false, ste_live;
> + bool abort, nested = false, translate = false;
> struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = NULL;
> struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg *s1_cfg;
> struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg *s2_cfg;
> @@ -1233,6 +1236,8 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> default:
> break;
> }
> + nested = s1_cfg->set && s2_cfg->set;

This is a problem when the Guest is booted with iommu.passthrough = 1 as we
set s1_cfg.set = false for IOMMU_PASID_CONFIG_BYPASS.

Results in BUG_ON(ste_live && !nested).

Can we instead have nested = true set a bit above in the code, where we set
s2_cfg->set = true for the ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_NESTED case?

Please take a look.

Thanks,
Shameer

> + translate = s1_cfg->set || s2_cfg->set;
> }
>
> if (val & STRTAB_STE_0_V) {
> @@ -1240,23 +1245,36 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> case STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_BYPASS:
> break;
> case STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS:
> + s1_live = true;
> + break;
> case STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S2_TRANS:
> - ste_live = true;
> + s2_live = true;
> + break;
> + case STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_NESTED:
> + s1_live = true;
> + s2_live = true;
> break;
> case STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_ABORT:
> - BUG_ON(!disable_bypass);
> break;
> default:
> BUG(); /* STE corruption */
> }
> }
>
> + ste_live = s1_live || s2_live;
> +
> /* Nuke the existing STE_0 value, as we're going to rewrite it */
> val = STRTAB_STE_0_V;
>
> /* Bypass/fault */
> - if (!smmu_domain || !(s1_cfg->set || s2_cfg->set)) {
> - if (!smmu_domain && disable_bypass)
> +
> + if (!smmu_domain)
> + abort = disable_bypass;
> + else
> + abort = smmu_domain->abort;
> +
> + if (abort || !translate) {
> + if (abort)
> val |= FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG,
> STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_ABORT);
> else
> val |= FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG,
> STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_BYPASS);
> @@ -1274,8 +1292,16 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> return;
> }
>
> + BUG_ON(ste_live && !nested);
> +
> + if (ste_live) {
> + /* First invalidate the live STE */
> + dst[0] = cpu_to_le64(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_ABORT);
> + arm_smmu_sync_ste_for_sid(smmu, sid);
> + }
> +
> if (s1_cfg->set) {
> - BUG_ON(ste_live);
> + BUG_ON(s1_live);
> dst[1] = cpu_to_le64(
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS,
> STRTAB_STE_1_S1DSS_SSID0) |
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_1_S1CIR,
> STRTAB_STE_1_S1C_CACHE_WBRA) |
> @@ -1294,7 +1320,14 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> }
>
> if (s2_cfg->set) {
> - BUG_ON(ste_live);
> + u64 vttbr = s2_cfg->vttbr & STRTAB_STE_3_S2TTB_MASK;
> +
> + if (s2_live) {
> + u64 s2ttb = le64_to_cpu(dst[3] & STRTAB_STE_3_S2TTB_MASK);
> +
> + BUG_ON(s2ttb != vttbr);
> + }
> +
> dst[2] = cpu_to_le64(
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_2_S2VMID, s2_cfg->vmid) |
> FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_2_VTCR, s2_cfg->vtcr) |
> @@ -1304,9 +1337,12 @@ static void arm_smmu_write_strtab_ent(struct
> arm_smmu_master *master, u32 sid,
> STRTAB_STE_2_S2PTW | STRTAB_STE_2_S2AA64 |
> STRTAB_STE_2_S2R);
>
> - dst[3] = cpu_to_le64(s2_cfg->vttbr & STRTAB_STE_3_S2TTB_MASK);
> + dst[3] = cpu_to_le64(vttbr);
>
> val |= FIELD_PREP(STRTAB_STE_0_CFG,
> STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S2_TRANS);
> + } else {
> + dst[2] = 0;
> + dst[3] = 0;
> }
>
> if (master->ats_enabled)
> @@ -1982,6 +2018,14 @@ static int arm_smmu_domain_finalise(struct
> iommu_domain *domain,
> return 0;
> }
>
> + if (smmu_domain->stage == ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_NESTED &&
> + (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_TRANS_S1) ||
> + !(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_TRANS_S2))) {
> + dev_info(smmu_domain->smmu->dev,
> + "does not implement two stages\n");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> /* Restrict the stage to what we can actually support */
> if (!(smmu->features & ARM_SMMU_FEAT_TRANS_S1))
> smmu_domain->stage = ARM_SMMU_DOMAIN_S2;
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.h
> b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.h
> index 07f59252dd21..269779dee8d1 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.h
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.h
> @@ -206,6 +206,7 @@
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_BYPASS 4
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S1_TRANS 5
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_S2_TRANS 6
> +#define STRTAB_STE_0_CFG_NESTED 7
>
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT GENMASK_ULL(5, 4)
> #define STRTAB_STE_0_S1FMT_LINEAR 0
> @@ -682,6 +683,7 @@ struct arm_smmu_domain {
> enum arm_smmu_domain_stage stage;
> struct arm_smmu_s1_cfg s1_cfg;
> struct arm_smmu_s2_cfg s2_cfg;
> + bool abort;
>
> struct iommu_domain domain;
>
> --
> 2.21.3

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