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Subject[PATCH v2 1/3] erofs: get rid of magical Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING
Date
Previously, we played around with magical page->mapping for short-lived
temporary pages since we need to identify different types of pages in
the same pcluster but both invalidated and short-lived temporary pages
can have page->mapping == NULL. It was considered as safe because that
temporary pages are all non-LRU / non-movable pages.

This patch tends to use specific page->private to identify short-lived
pages instead so it won't rely on page->mapping anymore. Details are
described in "compress.h" as well.

Signed-off-by: Gao Xiang <hsiangkao@redhat.com>
---
tested with ro_fsstress for a whole night.

The old "[PATCH 4/4] erofs: complete a missing case for inplace I/O" is
temporarily dropped since ro_fsstress failed with such modification,
will look into later.

fs/erofs/compress.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
fs/erofs/decompressor.c | 2 +-
fs/erofs/zdata.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
fs/erofs/zdata.h | 1 +
4 files changed, 65 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/erofs/compress.h b/fs/erofs/compress.h
index 3d452443c545..2bbf47f353ef 100644
--- a/fs/erofs/compress.h
+++ b/fs/erofs/compress.h
@@ -26,30 +26,54 @@ struct z_erofs_decompress_req {
bool inplace_io, partial_decoding;
};

+#define Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE (-1UL << 2)
+
/*
- * - 0x5A110C8D ('sallocated', Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING) -
- * used to mark temporary allocated pages from other
- * file/cached pages and NULL mapping pages.
+ * For all pages in a pcluster, page->private should be one of
+ * Type Last 2bits page->private
+ * short-lived page 00 Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE
+ * cached/managed page 00 pointer to z_erofs_pcluster
+ * online page (file-backed, 01/10/11 sub-index << 2 | count
+ * some pages can be used for inplace I/O)
+ *
+ * page->mapping should be one of
+ * Type page->mapping
+ * short-lived page NULL
+ * cached/managed page non-NULL or NULL (invalidated/truncated page)
+ * online page non-NULL
+ *
+ * For all managed pages, PG_private should be set with 1 extra refcount,
+ * which is used for page reclaim / migration.
*/
-#define Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING ((void *)0x5A110C8D)

-/* check if a page is marked as staging */
-static inline bool z_erofs_page_is_staging(struct page *page)
+/*
+ * short-lived pages are pages directly from buddy system with specific
+ * page->private (no need to set PagePrivate since these are non-LRU /
+ * non-movable pages and bypass reclaim / migration code).
+ */
+static inline bool z_erofs_is_shortlived_page(struct page *page)
{
- return page->mapping == Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING;
+ if (page->private != Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE)
+ return false;
+
+ DBG_BUGON(page->mapping);
+ return true;
}

-static inline bool z_erofs_put_stagingpage(struct list_head *pagepool,
- struct page *page)
+static inline bool z_erofs_put_shortlivedpage(struct list_head *pagepool,
+ struct page *page)
{
- if (!z_erofs_page_is_staging(page))
+ if (!z_erofs_is_shortlived_page(page))
return false;

- /* staging pages should not be used by others at the same time */
- if (page_ref_count(page) > 1)
+ /* short-lived pages should not be used by others at the same time */
+ if (page_ref_count(page) > 1) {
put_page(page);
- else
+ } else {
+ /* follow the pcluster rule above. */
+ set_page_private(page, 0);
list_add(&page->lru, pagepool);
+ }
return true;
}

diff --git a/fs/erofs/decompressor.c b/fs/erofs/decompressor.c
index cbadbf55c6c2..1cb1ffd10569 100644
--- a/fs/erofs/decompressor.c
+++ b/fs/erofs/decompressor.c
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ static int z_erofs_lz4_prepare_destpages(struct z_erofs_decompress_req *rq,
victim = erofs_allocpage(pagepool, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!victim)
return -ENOMEM;
- victim->mapping = Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING;
+ set_page_private(victim, Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE);
}
rq->out[i] = victim;
}
diff --git a/fs/erofs/zdata.c b/fs/erofs/zdata.c
index 86fd3bf62af6..afeadf413c2c 100644
--- a/fs/erofs/zdata.c
+++ b/fs/erofs/zdata.c
@@ -255,6 +255,7 @@ int erofs_try_to_free_cached_page(struct address_space *mapping,
erofs_workgroup_unfreeze(&pcl->obj, 1);

if (ret) {
+ set_page_private(page, 0);
ClearPagePrivate(page);
put_page(page);
}
@@ -648,12 +649,12 @@ static int z_erofs_do_read_page(struct z_erofs_decompress_frontend *fe,

retry:
err = z_erofs_attach_page(clt, page, page_type);
- /* should allocate an additional staging page for pagevec */
+ /* should allocate an additional short-lived page for pagevec */
if (err == -EAGAIN) {
struct page *const newpage =
alloc_page(GFP_NOFS | __GFP_NOFAIL);

- newpage->mapping = Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING;
+ set_page_private(newpage, Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE);
err = z_erofs_attach_page(clt, newpage,
Z_EROFS_PAGE_TYPE_EXCLUSIVE);
if (!err)
@@ -710,6 +711,11 @@ static void z_erofs_decompress_kickoff(struct z_erofs_decompressqueue *io,
queue_work(z_erofs_workqueue, &io->u.work);
}

+static bool z_erofs_page_is_invalidated(struct page *page)
+{
+ return !page->mapping && !z_erofs_is_shortlived_page(page);
+}
+
static void z_erofs_decompressqueue_endio(struct bio *bio)
{
tagptr1_t t = tagptr_init(tagptr1_t, bio->bi_private);
@@ -722,7 +728,7 @@ static void z_erofs_decompressqueue_endio(struct bio *bio)
struct page *page = bvec->bv_page;

DBG_BUGON(PageUptodate(page));
- DBG_BUGON(!page->mapping);
+ DBG_BUGON(z_erofs_page_is_invalidated(page));

if (err)
SetPageError(page);
@@ -795,9 +801,9 @@ static int z_erofs_decompress_pcluster(struct super_block *sb,

/* all pages in pagevec ought to be valid */
DBG_BUGON(!page);
- DBG_BUGON(!page->mapping);
+ DBG_BUGON(z_erofs_page_is_invalidated(page));

- if (z_erofs_put_stagingpage(pagepool, page))
+ if (z_erofs_put_shortlivedpage(pagepool, page))
continue;

if (page_type == Z_EROFS_VLE_PAGE_TYPE_HEAD)
@@ -831,9 +837,9 @@ static int z_erofs_decompress_pcluster(struct super_block *sb,

/* all compressed pages ought to be valid */
DBG_BUGON(!page);
- DBG_BUGON(!page->mapping);
+ DBG_BUGON(z_erofs_page_is_invalidated(page));

- if (!z_erofs_page_is_staging(page)) {
+ if (!z_erofs_is_shortlived_page(page)) {
if (erofs_page_is_managed(sbi, page)) {
if (!PageUptodate(page))
err = -EIO;
@@ -858,7 +864,7 @@ static int z_erofs_decompress_pcluster(struct super_block *sb,
overlapped = true;
}

- /* PG_error needs checking for inplaced and staging pages */
+ /* PG_error needs checking for all non-managed pages */
if (PageError(page)) {
DBG_BUGON(PageUptodate(page));
err = -EIO;
@@ -897,8 +903,8 @@ static int z_erofs_decompress_pcluster(struct super_block *sb,
if (erofs_page_is_managed(sbi, page))
continue;

- /* recycle all individual staging pages */
- (void)z_erofs_put_stagingpage(pagepool, page);
+ /* recycle all individual short-lived pages */
+ (void)z_erofs_put_shortlivedpage(pagepool, page);

WRITE_ONCE(compressed_pages[i], NULL);
}
@@ -908,10 +914,10 @@ static int z_erofs_decompress_pcluster(struct super_block *sb,
if (!page)
continue;

- DBG_BUGON(!page->mapping);
+ DBG_BUGON(z_erofs_page_is_invalidated(page));

- /* recycle all individual staging pages */
- if (z_erofs_put_stagingpage(pagepool, page))
+ /* recycle all individual short-lived pages */
+ if (z_erofs_put_shortlivedpage(pagepool, page))
continue;

if (err < 0)
@@ -1011,13 +1017,17 @@ static struct page *pickup_page_for_submission(struct z_erofs_pcluster *pcl,
mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping);

/*
- * unmanaged (file) pages are all locked solidly,
+ * file-backed online pages in plcuster are all locked steady,
* therefore it is impossible for `mapping' to be NULL.
*/
if (mapping && mapping != mc)
/* ought to be unmanaged pages */
goto out;

+ /* directly return for shortlived page as well */
+ if (z_erofs_is_shortlived_page(page))
+ goto out;
+
lock_page(page);

/* only true if page reclaim goes wrong, should never happen */
@@ -1062,8 +1072,8 @@ static struct page *pickup_page_for_submission(struct z_erofs_pcluster *pcl,
out_allocpage:
page = erofs_allocpage(pagepool, gfp | __GFP_NOFAIL);
if (!tocache || add_to_page_cache_lru(page, mc, index + nr, gfp)) {
- /* non-LRU / non-movable temporary page is needed */
- page->mapping = Z_EROFS_MAPPING_STAGING;
+ /* turn into temporary page if fails */
+ set_page_private(page, Z_EROFS_SHORTLIVED_PAGE);
tocache = false;
}

diff --git a/fs/erofs/zdata.h b/fs/erofs/zdata.h
index 68c9b29fc0ca..b503b353d4ab 100644
--- a/fs/erofs/zdata.h
+++ b/fs/erofs/zdata.h
@@ -173,6 +173,7 @@ static inline void z_erofs_onlinepage_endio(struct page *page)

v = atomic_dec_return(u.o);
if (!(v & Z_EROFS_ONLINEPAGE_COUNT_MASK)) {
+ set_page_private(page, 0);
ClearPagePrivate(page);
if (!PageError(page))
SetPageUptodate(page);
--
2.18.4
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