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Subject[PATCH v5 5/7] pwm: pca9685: Support staggered output ON times
Date
The PCA9685 supports staggered LED output ON times to minimize current
surges and reduce EMI.
When this new option is enabled, the ON times of each channel are
delayed by channel number x counter range / 16, which avoids asserting
all enabled outputs at the same counter value while still maintaining
the configured duty cycle of each output.

Signed-off-by: Clemens Gruber <clemens.gruber@pqgruber.com>
---
drivers/pwm/pwm-pca9685.c | 62 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
1 file changed, 50 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-pca9685.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-pca9685.c
index 38aadaf50996..ff916980de49 100644
--- a/drivers/pwm/pwm-pca9685.c
+++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-pca9685.c
@@ -79,6 +79,7 @@
struct pca9685 {
struct pwm_chip chip;
struct regmap *regmap;
+ bool staggered_outputs;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GPIOLIB)
struct mutex lock;
struct gpio_chip gpio;
@@ -93,45 +94,79 @@ static inline struct pca9685 *to_pca(struct pwm_chip *chip)

static void pca9685_pwm_set_duty(struct pca9685 *pca, int channel, unsigned int duty)
{
+ unsigned int on, off;
+
if (duty == 0) {
/* Set the full OFF bit, which has the highest precedence */
regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_H(channel), LED_FULL);
+ return;
} else if (duty >= PCA9685_COUNTER_RANGE) {
/* Set the full ON bit and clear the full OFF bit */
regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_ON_H(channel), LED_FULL);
regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_H(channel), 0);
- } else {
- /* Set OFF time (clears the full OFF bit) */
- regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_L(channel), duty & 0xff);
- regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_H(channel), (duty >> 8) & 0xf);
- /* Clear the full ON bit */
- regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_ON_H(channel), 0);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (pca->staggered_outputs) {
+ if (channel < PCA9685_MAXCHAN) {
+ /*
+ * To reduce EMI, the ON times of each channel are
+ * spread out evenly within the counter range, while
+ * still maintaining the configured duty cycle
+ */
+ on = channel * PCA9685_COUNTER_RANGE / PCA9685_MAXCHAN;
+ off = (on + duty) % PCA9685_COUNTER_RANGE;
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_ON_L(channel), on & 0xff);
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_ON_H(channel), (on >> 8) & 0xf);
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_L(channel), off & 0xff);
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_H(channel), (off >> 8) & 0xf);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* No staggering possible if "all LEDs" channel is used */
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, PCA9685_ALL_LED_ON_L, 0);
}
+ /* Set OFF time (clears the full OFF bit) */
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_L(channel), duty & 0xff);
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_OFF_H(channel), (duty >> 8) & 0xf);
+ /* Clear the full ON bit */
+ regmap_write(pca->regmap, REG_ON_H(channel), 0);
}

static unsigned int pca9685_pwm_get_duty(struct pca9685 *pca, int channel)
{
- unsigned int off_h, val;
+ unsigned int off, on, val;

if (WARN_ON(channel >= PCA9685_MAXCHAN)) {
/* Hardware readout not supported for "all LEDs" channel */
return 0;
}

- regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_OFF_H(channel), &off_h);
- if (off_h & LED_FULL) {
+ regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_OFF_H(channel), &off);
+ if (off & LED_FULL) {
/* Full OFF bit is set */
return 0;
}

- regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_ON_H(channel), &val);
- if (val & LED_FULL) {
+ regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_ON_H(channel), &on);
+ if (on & LED_FULL) {
/* Full ON bit is set */
return PCA9685_COUNTER_RANGE;
}

regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_OFF_L(channel), &val);
- return ((off_h & 0xf) << 8) | (val & 0xff);
+ off = ((off & 0xf) << 8) | (val & 0xff);
+
+ if (pca->staggered_outputs) {
+ regmap_read(pca->regmap, LED_N_ON_L(channel), &val);
+ on = ((on & 0xf) << 8) | (val & 0xff);
+
+ if (off >= on)
+ return off - on;
+ else
+ return off + PCA9685_COUNTER_RANGE - on;
+ }
+
+ return off;
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_GPIOLIB)
@@ -442,6 +477,9 @@ static int pca9685_pwm_probe(struct i2c_client *client,

regmap_write(pca->regmap, PCA9685_MODE2, reg);

+ pca->staggered_outputs = device_property_read_bool(
+ &client->dev, "nxp,staggered-outputs");
+
/* Disable all LED ALLCALL and SUBx addresses to avoid bus collisions */
regmap_read(pca->regmap, PCA9685_MODE1, &reg);
reg &= ~(MODE1_ALLCALL | MODE1_SUB1 | MODE1_SUB2 | MODE1_SUB3);
--
2.29.2
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