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Subject[tip: locking/urgent] futex: Handle transient "ownerless" rtmutex state correctly
The following commit has been merged into the locking/urgent branch of tip:

Commit-ID: 9f5d1c336a10c0d24e83e40b4c1b9539f7dba627
Author: Mike Galbraith <>
AuthorDate: Wed, 04 Nov 2020 16:12:44 +01:00
Committer: Thomas Gleixner <>
CommitterDate: Sat, 07 Nov 2020 22:07:04 +01:00

futex: Handle transient "ownerless" rtmutex state correctly

Gratian managed to trigger the BUG_ON(!newowner) in fixup_pi_state_owner().
This is one possible chain of events leading to this:

Task Prio Operation
T1 120 lock(F)
T2 120 lock(F) -> blocks (top waiter)
T3 50 (RT) lock(F) -> boosts T1 and blocks (new top waiter)
XX timeout/ -> wakes T2
T1 50 unlock(F) -> wakes T3 (rtmutex->owner == NULL, waiter bit is set)
T2 120 cleanup -> try_to_take_mutex() fails because T3 is the top waiter
and the lower priority T2 cannot steal the lock.
-> fixup_pi_state_owner() sees newowner == NULL -> BUG_ON()

The comment states that this is invalid and rt_mutex_real_owner() must
return a non NULL owner when the trylock failed, but in case of a queued
and woken up waiter rt_mutex_real_owner() == NULL is a valid transient
state. The higher priority waiter has simply not yet managed to take over
the rtmutex.

The BUG_ON() is therefore wrong and this is just another retry condition in

Drop the locks, so that T3 can make progress, and then try the fixup again.

Gratian provided a great analysis, traces and a reproducer. The analysis is
to the point, but it confused the hell out of that tglx dude who had to
page in all the futex horrors again. Condensed version is above.

[ tglx: Wrote comment and changelog ]

Fixes: c1e2f0eaf015 ("futex: Avoid violating the 10th rule of futex")
Reported-by: Gratian Crisan <>
Signed-off-by: Mike Galbraith <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
kernel/futex.c | 16 ++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index f8614ef..ac32887 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -2380,10 +2380,22 @@ retry:

- * Since we just failed the trylock; there must be an owner.
+ * The trylock just failed, so either there is an owner or
+ * there is a higher priority waiter than this one.
newowner = rt_mutex_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
- BUG_ON(!newowner);
+ /*
+ * If the higher priority waiter has not yet taken over the
+ * rtmutex then newowner is NULL. We can't return here with
+ * that state because it's inconsistent vs. the user space
+ * state. So drop the locks and try again. It's a valid
+ * situation and not any different from the other retry
+ * conditions.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!newowner)) {
+ err = -EAGAIN;
+ goto handle_err;
+ }
} else {
WARN_ON_ONCE(argowner != current);
if (oldowner == current) {
 \ /
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