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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/1] sched/uclamp: add SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET flag to reset uclamp
Hi Patrick,

On Fri, Nov 06, 2020 at 11:36:48AM +0100, Patrick Bellasi wrote:
>
> Hi Yun,
> thanks for keep improving this.
>
> I'm replying here but still considering all other reviewers comments.
>
> Best,
> Patrick
>
> On Tue, Nov 03, 2020 at 03:37:56 +0100, Yun Hsiang <hsiang023167@gmail.com> wrote...
>
> > If the user wants to stop controlling uclamp and let the task inherit
> > the value from the group, we need a method to reset.
> >
> > Add SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET flag to allow the user to reset uclamp via
> > sched_setattr syscall.
> >
> > The policy is
> > _CLAMP_RESET => reset both min and max
> > _CLAMP_RESET | _CLAMP_MIN => reset min value
> > _CLAMP_RESET | _CLAMP_MAX => reset max value
> > _CLAMP_RESET | _CLAMP_MIN | _CLAMP_MAX => reset both min and max
>
> This documentation should be added to the uapi header and, most
> importantly, in:
> include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
> where the documentation for struct sched_attr is provided.
>
>
> > Signed-off-by: Yun Hsiang <hsiang023167@gmail.com>
> > Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
> > ---
> > include/uapi/linux/sched.h | 7 +++--
> > kernel/sched/core.c | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> > 2 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/sched.h b/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
> > index 3bac0a8ceab2..6c823ddb1a1e 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
> > @@ -132,17 +132,20 @@ struct clone_args {
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_PARAMS 0x10
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN 0x20
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX 0x40
> > +#define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET 0x80
> >
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_ALL (SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_POLICY | \
> > SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_PARAMS)
> >
>
> (Related to the following discussion point)
> What about adding in a comment here to call out that the following
> definitions are "internal only"?
> Moreover, we could probably wrap the following two define within an
> #ifdef __KERNEL__/#endif block
>
>
> Something like:
>
> + /*
> + * The following definitions are internal only, do not use them to set
> + * set_{set,get}attr() params. Use instead a valid combination of the
> + * flags defined above.
> + */
> + #ifdef __KERNEL__
>
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP (SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN | \
> > - SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX)
> > + SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX | \
> > + SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET)
>
> We need the _RESET flag only here (not below), since this is a UCLAMP
> feature and it's worth/useful to have a single "all uclamp flags"
> definition...
>
> > #define SCHED_FLAG_ALL (SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK | \
> > SCHED_FLAG_RECLAIM | \
> > SCHED_FLAG_DL_OVERRUN | \
> > SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_ALL | \
> > - SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP)
> > + SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP | \
> > + SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET)
>
> ... i.e., you can drop the chunk above.

Yes, this chunk is redundant.

>
> + #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
>
> Regarding Qais comment, I had the same Dietmar's thought: I doubt there
> are apps using _FLAGS_ALL from userspace. For DL tasks, since they
> cannot fork, it makes no sense to specify, for example
> _RESET_ON_FORK|_RECLAIM. For CFS/RT tasks, where UCLAMP is supported, it
> makes no sense to specify DL flags.
>
> It's true however that having this def here when it's supposed to be
> used only internally, can be kind of "confusing", but it's also useful
> to keep the definition aligned with the flags defined above.
> The ifdef wrapping proposed above should make this even more explicit.
>
> Perhaps we can also better call this out also with an additional note
> right after:
>
> https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/v5.9.6/source/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h#L43
>
> In that file, I believe the "Task Utilization Attributes" section can
> also be improved by adding a description of the _UCLAMP flags semantics.

I think SCHED_FLAG_ALL is for internal kernel use. So I agree with not
exporting it to user.

For the "Task Utilization Attributes" section, should I send a patch to
add some descriptions for _UCLAMP_{MIN/MAX} first?

>
>
> > #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SCHED_H */
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > index 8160ab5263f8..6ae463b64834 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> > @@ -1004,7 +1004,7 @@ unsigned int uclamp_rq_max_value(struct rq *rq, enum uclamp_id clamp_id,
> > return uclamp_idle_value(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);
> > }
> >
> > -static void __uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(struct task_struct *p)
> > +static inline void __uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(struct task_struct *p)
> > {
>
> Again, IMO, this is _not_ an unrelated change at all. Actually, I still
> would like to do one step more and inline this function in the _only
> place_ where it's used. Qais arguments for not doing that where [1]:
>
> Updating the default rt value is done from different contexts. Hence
> it is important to document the rules under which this update must
> happen and ensure the update happens through a common path.
>
> I don't see why these arguments are not satisfied when we inline, e.g.
>
> ---8<---
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index d2003a7d5ab5..369074154e1d 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -1004,25 +1004,9 @@ unsigned int uclamp_rq_max_value(struct rq *rq, enum uclamp_id clamp_id,
> return uclamp_idle_value(rq, clamp_id, clamp_value);
> }
>
> -static void __uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(struct task_struct *p)
> -{
> - unsigned int default_util_min;
> - struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> -
> - lockdep_assert_held(&p->pi_lock);
> -
> - uc_se = &p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN];
> -
> - /* Only sync if user didn't override the default */
> - if (uc_se->user_defined)
> - return;
> -
> - default_util_min = sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_min_rt_default;
> - uclamp_se_set(uc_se, default_util_min, false);
> -}
> -
> static void uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(struct task_struct *p)
> {
> + struct uclamp_se *uc_se = &p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN];
> struct rq_flags rf;
> struct rq *rq;
>
> @@ -1031,7 +1015,11 @@ static void uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(struct task_struct *p)
>
> /* Protect updates to p->uclamp_* */
> rq = task_rq_lock(p, &rf);
> - __uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(p);
> +
> + /* Only sync if user didn't override the default */
> + if (!uc_se->user_defined)
> + uclamp_se_set(uc_se, sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_min_rt_default, false);
> +
> task_rq_unlock(rq, p, &rf);
> }
> ---8<---
>
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201028182946.6qfmt7q35ewrjjua@e107158-lin/

I can split this modification to a different patch.

>
> > unsigned int default_util_min;
> > struct uclamp_se *uc_se;
> > @@ -1413,8 +1413,14 @@ int sysctl_sched_uclamp_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> > static int uclamp_validate(struct task_struct *p,
> > const struct sched_attr *attr)
> > {
> > - unsigned int lower_bound = p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].value;
> > - unsigned int upper_bound = p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].value;
> > + unsigned int lower_bound, upper_bound;
> > +
> > + /* Do not check uclamp attributes values in reset case. */
> > + if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + lower_bound = p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN].value;
> > + upper_bound = p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX].value;
> >
> > if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN)
> > lower_bound = attr->sched_util_min;
> > @@ -1438,20 +1444,43 @@ static int uclamp_validate(struct task_struct *p,
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > +static int uclamp_reset(enum uclamp_id clamp_id, unsigned long flags)
> > +{
> > + /* No _UCLAMP_RESET flag set: do not reset */
>
> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> Maybe better using the full flag name for all these?
>

Got it!

> > + if (!(flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET))
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + /* Only _UCLAMP_RESET flag set: reset both clamps */
> > + if (!(flags & (SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN | SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX)))
> > + return true;
> > +
> > + /* Both _UCLAMP_RESET and _UCLAMP_MIN flags are set: reset only min */
> > + if ((flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN) && clamp_id == UCLAMP_MIN)
> > + return true;
> > +
> > + /* Both _UCLAMP_RESET and _UCLAMP_MAX flags are set: reset only max */
> > + if ((flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX) && clamp_id == UCLAMP_MAX)
> > + return true;
> > +
> > + return false;
>
> I was suggesting maybe we need READ_ONCE() in the if above but did not
> addressed previous Dietmar's question [2] on why.
>
> The function above has a correct semantics only when the ordering of the
> if statement is strictly observed.
>
> Now, since we don't have any data dependency on the multiple if cases,
> are we sure an overzealous compiler will never come up with some
> "optimized reordering" of the checks required?
>
> IOW, if the compiler could scramble the checks on an optimization, we
> would get a wrong semantics which is also very difficult do debug.
> Hence the idea to use READ_ONCE, to both tell the compiler to not
> even attempt reordering those checks and also to better document the
> code about the importance of the ordering on those checks.
>
> Is now more clear? Does that makes sense?

I can undertand what your worries. But I'm not sure is it really needed.
If there is no other concern I can add it.

>
> [2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/c59f7c85-59a2-488b-ce51-b3abee506dac@arm.com/
>
> > +}
> > +
> > static void __setscheduler_uclamp(struct task_struct *p,
> > const struct sched_attr *attr)
> > {
> > enum uclamp_id clamp_id;
> >
> > /*
> > - * On scheduling class change, reset to default clamps for tasks
> > - * without a task-specific value.
> > + * Reset to default clamps on forced _UCLAMP_RESET (always) and
> > + * for tasks without a task-specific value (on scheduling class change).
> > */
> > for_each_clamp_id(clamp_id) {
> > + unsigned int clamp_value;
> > struct uclamp_se *uc_se = &p->uclamp_req[clamp_id];
> >
> > /* Keep using defined clamps across class changes */
> > - if (uc_se->user_defined)
> > + if (!uclamp_reset(clamp_id, attr->sched_flags) &&
> > + uc_se->user_defined)
> > continue;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -1459,24 +1488,24 @@ static void __setscheduler_uclamp(struct task_struct *p,
> > * at runtime.
> > */
> > if (unlikely(rt_task(p) && clamp_id == UCLAMP_MIN))
> > - __uclamp_update_util_min_rt_default(p);
> > + clamp_value = sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_min_rt_default;
> > else
> > - uclamp_se_set(uc_se, uclamp_none(clamp_id), false);
> > + clamp_value = uclamp_none(clamp_id);
> >
> > + uclamp_se_set(uc_se, clamp_value, false);
> > }
> >
> > - if (likely(!(attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP)))
> > + if (likely(!(attr->sched_flags && SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP)) ||
> > + attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_RESET)
> > return;
>
> Parenthesis required for multi-line is statements.

Sorry for wrong coding style. I'll fix it.

>
> Following chucks not required.

I'll drop these chunks.

>
> > - if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN) {
> > + if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN)
> > uclamp_se_set(&p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MIN],
> > - attr->sched_util_min, true);
> > - }
> > + attr->sched_util_min, true);
> >
> > - if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX) {
> > + if (attr->sched_flags & SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX)
> > uclamp_se_set(&p->uclamp_req[UCLAMP_MAX],
> > - attr->sched_util_max, true);
> > - }
> > + attr->sched_util_max, true);
> > }
> >
> > static void uclamp_fork(struct task_struct *p)
>

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