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Subject[PATCH v40 00/24] Intel SGX foundations

Intel(R) SGX is new hardware functionality that can be used by
applications to populate protected regions of user code and data called
enclaves. Once activated, the new hardware protects enclave code and
data from outside access and modification.

SGX implementations have existed on desktop processors for several
years. The upcoming 3rd Generation Intel Xeon Scalable Platform,
code-named “Ice Lake” will also support SGX[1].

Use Cases

Enclaves provide a place to store secrets and process data with those
secrets. SGX has been used, for example, to decrypt video without
exposing the decryption keys to nosy debuggers that might be used to
subvert DRM. Software has generally been rewritten specifically to run
in enclaves, but there are also projects that try to run limited
unmodified software in enclaves[2].

SGX hardware is available in public clouds today. But, anyone wishing
to use it must use a modified distribution or side-load SGX support[3].

Hardware Implementation

New memory controller hardware encrypts data transparently before
leaving the processor package. The randomly-generated encryption key
has a lifetime of exactly one power cycle. This mitigates attacks
originating outside the processor, like snooping DIMM traffic.

Important Kernel Touch Points

Although statically carved out of normal DRAM, enclave memory can not be
accessed or managed directly by the kernel and is marked by the firmware
as “Reserved”. As a result, SGX support contains simple but analogous
functionality to the core mm such as a page allocator and reclaim.

Entering and exiting enclaves is tricky business. Enclaves are
restricted from making system calls or taking interrupts directly. The
enclave will exit out to userspace before things like this can happen.
A new vDSO exception mechanism is introduced to help smooth over some of
the architectural rough edges and make the job of userspace easier.

This implementation is picky and will decline to work on hardware which
is locked to Intel’s root of trust.


v40 (2020-10-20):
* Change copyright years to 2016-2020 in the all files added.
* Remove dual licensing and use GPL 2.0 unconditionally.
* Remove platform capabilities checks from sgx_validate_secs(), as they are
validated together with the SIGSTRUCT capabilities in
* During the migration from radix_tree to xarray, the locks went missing
from sgx_encl_may_map(). Fix this by iterating with the enclave lock and
xarray lock held.
* Verify in the #PF handler that the faulted page has equal or higher build
time permissions than the VMA permissions (i.e. the subset of {VM_READ,
VM_WRITE, VM_EXECUTE} in vma->vm_flags). Trigger a bus error, if this not
the case. By doing this, mmap() and mprotect() can be allowed to map an
address range, which has unpopulated pages, because the required
invariant will be checked before new pages are inserted to the process
address space.
* In the vDSO, do not save RBX before validating the reserved area of the
struct sgx_enclave_run.
* Increase the reserved area to 256 bytes in struct sgx_enclave_run as
there needs to be some space for expansion given the evolution of
microarchitectures, the fact that there can be only one vDSO and possible
future extensions.
* Change Copyright comments from '//' to '/* ... */'.
* Fix the error fallback path in the SGX vDSO. RAX was not popped in the
error path.
* Move mm list management, backing storage and refcounting code to
“x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer”, as they are only needed by the page
reclaimer. Finally, change the patch position to be the very last after
the kselftest, so that the whole patch set can be tested easily with and
without the reclaimer.
* Move sgx_xsave_size_tbl code from “x86/sgx: Add SGX enclave driver” to
“x86/sgx: Add SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_CREATE”. Comment the code and use
XFEATURE_YMM and XFEATURE_MAX as limits for the features.
* Fix bug sgx_sanitize_section() that pages left dirty were not returned
back, which could lead to a memory leak. Rename unsanitized_page_list as
more intuitive and shorter laundry_list and document the function itself
and the call site.
* Use vmalloc() to allocate an array of struct sgx_epc_page’s for struct
sgx_epc_section, in effect removing the need to store addresses inside
the page structures. This removes the artificial limit of 8 sections. The
section array is still statically allocated but now it is trivial to
increase its size later on.
* Rest of the changes are documented in patch change logs as this is
preferred way for the x86 tree.

v39 (2020-10-03):
* A new GIT tree location.
* Do not initialize 'encl_size' in sgx_encl_create before
sgx_validate_secs() is called.
* Revert 'count' back to struct sgx_enclave_add_pages, move the check of
-EIO to sgx_ioc_enclave_pages() instead of being buried in subfunctions.
* Fix documentation for the 'encl' parameter in sgx_ioc_enclave_create(),
sgx_ioc_enclave_init() and sgx_ioc_enclave_provision().
* Refine sgx_ioc_enclave_create() kdoc to better describe the meaning and
purpose of SECS validation done by sgx_validate_secs().
* Improve documentation sgx_ioc_enclave_add_pages() on IO failures.
* Fix a bug in __sgx_encl_add_page(). When get_user_pages() fails, we must
return -EFAULT instead of mistakenly returning the page count.
Reported by Haitao Huang.
* Rewrite the commit message for vm_ops->mprotect() (courtesy of Dave Hansen)
* Fix ptrace support coding style issues.
* Fix the documentation.
* Always write MSRs for the public key before EINIT.
* Categorically disabled enclaves from noexec partitions.
* Properly document the EWB flow, i.e. why there is three trials for EWB.
* Add kdoc about batch processing to sgx_reclaim_pages().
* Documentation fixes.
* SGX vDSO clean ups.
* Add the commit message from "x86/vdso: Add support for exception fixup in vDSO functions" to Documentation/x86/sgx.rst
* Update correct attributes variable when allowing provisioning.
* Remove sgx_exception and put its fields to sgx_exception.
* Remove 'exit_reason' and put EEXIT to 'self' field of sgx_enclave_run.
* Refine clarity of the field names in struct sgx_enclave_run and vsgx.S, and rewrite kdoc.
* Fix memory validation in vsgx.S. The reserved areas was not zero validated,
which causes unnecessary risk for memory corruption bugs. In effect, 'flags'
field can be removed from struct sgx_enclave_run.
* Reduce the size of sgx_enclave_run from 256 bytes to 64 bytes, i.e. size of
a cache line. This leave 24 bytes of free space to waste in future.
* Verify atttributes, miscsselect and xfrm also in EINIT against SIGSTRUCT set
* Use plain lfence instead of retpoline in the vDSO because retpoline has
the potential to cause forward compatibility issues with the future
microarchitecture features. One such in already sight is CET-SS.

* Fast iteration because I had email server issues with v37. Using
temporary SMTP for this (
* Return -EINTR when no data is processed, just like read().
* Remove cruft from SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGES and fix the return value.

* Remove MODULE_*().
* Fix mmap() type check.
* Fix ioctl-number.txt.
* Fix SPDX identifier in arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h
* Consistently document "@encl: an enclave pointer".
cleaned up associated code. Also fixed issues of code introduced too
early that were caused by the split. Now it should be more streamlined.
* Fixed signed integer shift overflow: d27ca6071b2b28e2e789d265eda796dd9fc65a64
* Fixed off-by-one error in a size calculation:
* Rework vDSO API with a context structure for IO data.
* Refined commentary about retry-loop with ENCLS[EINIT] based on Sean's response.
* Return positive number from SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGES indicating the
number of pages processed and set a fixed 1MB limit for length. In addition,
on interrupt, return 0 and number of processed pages instead of -EINTR.

* Make a self-contained mprotect() handler.
* Move from radix_tree to xarray, which is more modern and robust data
structure for managing large sparse arrays. Rename encl->page_tree as

* Add missing SGX_ENCL_DEAD check to sgx_ioctl().

* Remove SGX_ENCL_DEAD checks from ioctl.c, as the file is open while
executing an ioctl.
* Split driver patch into base patch and one patch for each ioctl.
* Move encl->flags check to the beginning of each ioctl. Return
consistently -EINVAL if they don't match the expected values. Before,
sometimes -EFAULT was returned instead of -EINVAL.
* Rename vm_ops->may_mprotect as vm_ops->mprotect() and move the call
right before call to mprotect_fixup().

* Rebased to v5.8-rc1. Given the core changes (mmap_lock and #DB
handling), it made sense to update the series.
* Refined documentation about how remote attestation is done in SGX.

* v31 contained not fully cleaned up main.c after merger of main.c and
reclaim.c. Fixed in this version.
* Rebased to v5.7. Forgot to do this for v31.

* Unset SGX_ENCL_IOCTL in the error path of checking encl->flags in order
to prevent leaving it set and thus block any further ioctl calls.
* Added missing cleanup_srcu_struct() call to sgx_encl_release().
* Take encl->lock in sgx_encl_add_page() in order to prevent races with
the page reclaimer.
* Fix a use-after-free bug from the page reclaimer. Call kref_put() for
encl->refcount only after putting enclave page back to the active page
list because it could be the last ref to the enclave.
* Filter any CPU disallowed values from sigstruct->vendor
* Use bits 0-7 of page descriptor for the EPC section index. This
should be enough for long term needs.
* Refined naming for functions that allocate and free EPC pages to
be more sound and consistent.
* Merge main.c and reclaim.c into one.

Bunch of tags added. No actual code changes.

* The selftest has been moved to selftests/sgx. Because SGX is an execution
environment of its own, it really isn't a great fit with more "standard"
x86 tests.

The RSA key is now generated on fly and the whole signing process has
been made as part of the enclave loader instead of signing the enclave
during the compilation time.

Finally, the enclave loader loads now the test enclave directly from its
ELF file, which means that ELF file does not need to be coverted as raw
binary during the build process.
* Version the mm_list instead of using on synchronize_mm() when adding new
entries. We hold the write lock for the mm_struct, and dup_mm() can thus
deadlock with the page reclaimer, which could hold the lock for the old
* Disallow mmap(PROT_NONE) from /dev/sgx. Any mapping (e.g. anonymous) can
be used to reserve the address range. Now /dev/sgx supports only opaque
mappings to the (initialized) enclave data.
* Make the vDSO callable directly from C by preserving RBX and taking leaf
from RCX.

* Documented to Documentation/x86/sgx.rst how the kernel manages the
enclave ownership.
* Removed non-LC flow from sgx_einit().
* Removed struct sgx_einittoken since only the size of the corresponding
microarchitectural structure is used in the series ATM.

* Disallow RIE processes to use enclaves as there could a permission
conflict between VMA and enclave permissions.
* In the documentation, replace "grep /proc/cpuinfo" with
"grep sgx /proc/cpuinfo".

* Fixed the commit author in "x86/sgx: Linux Enclave Driver", which was
changed in v25 by mistake.
* Addressed a bunch of grammar mistakes in sgx.rst (thanks Randy once
again for such a detailed feedback).
* Added back the MAINTAINERS update commit, which was mistakenly removed
in v25.
* EREMOVE's for SECS cannot be done while sanitizing an EPC section. The
CPU does not allow to remove a SECS page before all of its children have
been removed, and a child page can be in some other section than the one
currently being processed. Thus, removed special SECS processing from
sgx_sanitize_page() and instead put sections through it twice. In the
2nd round the lists should only contain SECS pages.

* Fix a double-free issue when SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGES
fails on executing ENCLS[EADD]. The rollback path executed
radix_tree_delete() on the same address twice when this happened.
a signal is pending.
* As requested by Borislav, move the CPUID 0x12 features to their own word
in cpufeatures.
* Sean fixed a bug from sgx_reclaimer_write() where sgx_encl_put_backing()
was called with an uninitialized pointer when sgx_encl_get_backing()
* Migrated /dev/sgx/* to misc. This is future-proof as struct miscdevice
has 'groups' for setting up sysfs attributes for the device.
* Use device_initcall instead of subsys_initcall so that misc_class is
initialized before SGX is initialized.
* Return -EACCES in SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_INIT when caller tries to select
enclave attributes that we the kernel does not allow it to set instead
* Unless SGX public key MSRs are writable always deny the feature from
Linux. Previously this was only denied from driver. How VMs should be
supported is not really part of initial patch set, which makes this
an obvious choice.
* Cleaned up and refined documentation to be more approachable.

* Reclaim unmeasured and TCS pages (regression in v23).
* Replace usages of GFP_HIGHUSER with GFP_KERNEL.
* Return -EIO on when EADD or EEXTEND fails in %SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGES
and use the same rollback (destroy enclave). This can happen when host
suspends itself unknowingly to a VM running enclaves. From -EIO the user
space can deduce what happened.
* Have a separate @count in struct sgx_enclave_add_pages to output number
of bytes processed instead of overwriting the input parameters for
clarity and more importantly that the API provides means for partial
processing (@count could be less than @length in success case).

* Replace SGX_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGE with SGX_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGES. Replace @mrmask
with %SGX_PAGE_MEASURE flag.
* Return -EIO instead of -ECANCELED when ptrace() fails to read a TCS page.
* In the reclaimer, pin page before ENCLS[EBLOCK] because pinning can fail
(because of OOM) even in legit behaviour and after EBLOCK the reclaiming
flow can be only reverted by killing the whole enclave.
* Fixed SGX_ATTR_RESERVED_MASK. Bit 7 was marked as reserved while in fact
it should have been bit 6 (Table 37-3 in the SDM).
* Return -EPERM from SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_INIT when ENCLS[EINIT] returns an SGX
error code.

* Refined bunch commit messages and added associated SDM references as
many of them were too exhausting and some outdated.
* Alignment checks have been removed from mmap() because it does not define
the ELRANGE. VMAs only act as windows to the enclave. The semantics
compare somewhat how mmap() works with regular files.
* We now require user space addresses given to SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGE to be
page aligned so that we can pass the page directly to EADD and do not have
to do an extra copy. This was made effectively possible by removing the
worker thread for adding pages.
* The selftest build files have been refined throughout of various glitches
and work properly in a cross compilation environment such as BuildRoot.
In addition, libcalls fail the build with an assertion in the linker
script, if they end up to the enclave binary.
* CONFIG_INTEL_SGX_DRIVER has been removed because you cannot use SGX core
for anything without having the driver. This could change when KVM support
is added.
* We require zero permissions in SECINFO for TCS pages because the CPU
overwrites SECINFO flags with zero permissions and measures the page
only after that. Allowing to pass TCS with non-zero permissions would
cause mismatching measurement between the one provided in SIGSTRUCT and
the one computed by the CPU.
* Obviously lots of small fixes and clean ups (does make sense to
document them all).

* Check on mmap() that the VMA does cover an area that does not have
enclave pages. Only mapping with PROT_NONE can do that to reserve
initial address space for an enclave.
* Check om mmap() and mprotect() that the VMA permissions do not
surpass the enclave permissions.
* Remove two refcounts from vma_close(): mm_list and encl->refcount.
Enclave refcount is only need for swapper/enclave sync and we can
remove mm_list refcount by destroying mm_struct when the process
is closed. By not having vm_close() the Linux MM can merge VMAs.
* Do not naturally align MAP_FIXED address.
* Numerous small fixes and clean ups.
* Use SRCU for synchronizing the list of mm_struct's.
* Move to stack based call convention in the vDSO.

* Fine-tune Kconfig messages and spacing and remove MMU_NOTIFIER
dependency as MMU notifiers are no longer used in the driver.
* Use mm_users instead of mm_count as refcount for mm_struct as mm_count
only protects from deleting mm_struct, not removing its contents.
* Sanitize EPC when the reclaimer thread starts by doing EREMOVE for all
of them. They could be in initialized state when the kernel starts
because it might be spawned by kexec().
* Documentation overhaul.
* Use a device /dev/sgx/provision for delivering the provision token
instead of securityfs.
* Create a reference to the enclave when already when opening
/dev/sgx/enclave. The file is then associated with this enclave only.
mmap() can be done at free at any point and always get a reference to
the enclave. To summarize the file now represents the enclave.

* Took 3-4 months but in some sense this was more like a rewrite of most
of the corners of the source code. If I've forgotten to deal with some
feedback, please don't shout me. Make a remark and I will fix it for
the next version. Hopefully there won't be this big turnovers anymore.
* Validate SECS attributes properly against CPUID given attributes and
against allowed attributes. SECS attributes are the ones that are
enforced whereas SIGSTRUCT attributes tell what is required to run
the enclave.
* Add KSS (Key Sharing Support) to the enclave attributes.
* Deny MAP_PRIVATE as an enclave is always a shared memory entity.
* Revert back to shmem backing storage so that it can be easily shared
by multiple processes.
* Split the recognization of an ENCLS leaf failure by using three
functions to detect it: encsl_faulted(), encls_returned_code() and
sgx_failed(). encls_failed() is only caused by a spurious expections that
should never happen. Thus, it is not defined as an inline function in
order to easily insert a kprobe to it.
* Move low-level enclave management routines, page fault handler and page
reclaiming routines from driver to the core. These cannot be separated
from each other as they are heavily interdependent. The rationale is that
the core does not call any code from the driver.
* Allow the driver to be compiled as a module now that it no code is using
its routines and it only uses exported symbols. Now the driver is
essentially just a thin ioctl layer.
* Reworked the driver to maintain a list of mm_struct's. The VMA callbacks
add new entries to this list as the process is forked. Each entry has
its own refcount because they have a different life-cycle as the enclave
does. In effect @tgid and @mm have been removed from struct sgx_encl
and we allow forking by removing VM_DONTCOPY from vm flags.
* Generate a cpu mask in the reclaimer from the cpu mask's of all
mm_struct's. This will kick out the hardware threads out of the enclave
from multiple processes. It is not a local variable because it would
eat too much of the stack space but instead a field in struct
* Allow forking i.e. remove VM_DONTCOPY. I did not change the API
because the old API scaled to the workload that Andy described. The
codebase is now mostly API independent i.e. changing the API is a
small task. For me the proper trigger to chanage it is a as concrete
as possible workload that cannot be fulfilled. I hope you understand
my thinking here. I don't want to change anything w/o proper basis
but I'm ready to change anything if there is a proper basis. I do
not have any kind of attachment to any particular type of API.
* Add Sean's vDSO ENCLS(EENTER) patches and update selftest to use the
new vDSO.

* Update the ioctl-number.txt.
* Move the driver under arch/x86.
* Add SGX features (SGX, SGX1, SGX2) to the disabled-features.h.
* Rename the selftest as test_sgx (previously sgx-selftest).
* In order to enable process accounting, swap EPC pages and PCMD's to a VMA
instead of shmem.
* Allow only to initialize and run enclaves with a subset of
* Add SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_SET_ATTRIBUTE to allow an enclave to have privileged
attributes e.g. PROVISIONKEY.

* Add a simple selftest.
* Fix a null pointer dereference to section->pages when its
allocation fails.
* Add Sean's description of the exception handling to the documentation.

* Fixed SOB's in the commits that were a bit corrupted in v15.
* Implemented exceptio handling properly to detect_sgx().
* Updated the documentation to use rst definition lists.
* Added the missing Documentation/x86/index.rst, which has a link to
intel_sgx.rst. Now the SGX and uapi documentation is properly generated
with 'make htmldocs'.
* While enumerating EPC sections, if an undefined section is found, fail
the driver initialization instead of continuing the initialization.
* Issue a warning if there are more than %SGX_MAX_EPC_SECTIONS.
* Remove copyright notice from arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h.
* Migrated from ioremap_cache() to memremap().

* Split into more digestable size patches.
* Lots of small fixes and clean ups.
* Signal a "plain" SIGSEGV on an EPCM violation.

* Change the comment about X86_FEATURE_SGX_LC from “SGX launch
configuration” to “SGX launch control”.
* Move the SGX-related CPU feature flags as part of the Linux defined
virtual leaf 8.
* Add SGX_ prefix to the constants defining the ENCLS leaf functions.
* Use GENMASK*() and BIT*() in sgx_arch.h instead of raw hex numbers.
* Refine the long description for CONFIG_INTEL_SGX_CORE.
* Do not use pr_*_ratelimited() in the driver. The use of the rate limited
versions is legacy cruft from the prototyping phase.
* Detect sleep with SGX_INVALID_EINIT_TOKEN instead of counting power
* Manually prefix with “sgx:” in the core SGX code instead of redefining
* Report if IA32_SGXLEPUBKEYHASHx MSRs are not writable in the driver
instead of core because it is a driver requirement.
* Change prompt to bool in the entry for CONFIG_INTEL_SGX_CORE because the
default is ‘n’.
* Rename struct sgx_epc_bank as struct sgx_epc_section in order to match
the SDM.
* Allocate struct sgx_epc_page instances one at a time.
* Use “__iomem void *” pointers for the mapped EPC memory consistently.
* Retry once on SGX_INVALID_TOKEN in sgx_einit() instead of counting power
* Call enclave swapping operations directly from the driver instead of
calling them .indirectly through struct sgx_epc_page_ops because indirect
calls are not required yet as the patch set does not contain the KVM
* Added special signal SEGV_SGXERR to notify about SGX EPCM violation

* Always use SGX_CPUID constant instead of a hardcoded value.
* Simplified and documented the macros and functions for ENCLS leaves.
* Enable sgx_free_page() to free active enclave pages on demand
in order to allow sgx_invalidate() to delete enclave pages.
It no longer performs EREMOVE if a page is in the process of
being reclaimed.
* Use PM notifier per enclave so that we don't have to traverse
the global list of active EPC pages to find enclaves.
* Removed unused SGX_LE_ROLLBACK constant from uapi/asm/sgx.h
* Always use ioremap() to map EPC banks as we only support 64-bit kernel.
* Invalidate IA32_SGXLEPUBKEYHASH cache used by sgx_einit() when going
to sleep.

* Split to more narrow scoped commits in order to ease the review process and
use co-developed-by tag for co-authors of commits instead of listing them in
the source files.
* Removed cruft EXPORT_SYMBOL() declarations and converted to static variables.
* Removed in-kernel LE i.e. this version of the SGX software stack only
supports unlocked IA32_SGXLEPUBKEYHASHx MSRs.
* Refined documentation on launching enclaves, swapping and enclave
* Refined sgx_arch.h to include alignment information for every struct that
requires it and removed structs that are not needed without an LE.
* Got rid of SGX_CPUID.
* SGX detection now prints log messages about firmware configuration issues.

* Polished ENCLS wrappers with refined exception handling.
* ksgxswapd was not stopped (regression in v5) in
sgx_page_cache_teardown(), which causes a leaked kthread after driver
* Shutdown sgx_le_proxy when going to suspend because its EPC pages will be
invalidated when resuming, which will cause it not function properly
* Set EINITTOKEN.VALID to zero for a token that is passed when
SGXLEPUBKEYHASH matches MRSIGNER as alloc_page() does not give a zero
* Fixed the check in sgx_edbgrd() for a TCS page. Allowed to read offsets
around the flags field, which causes a #GP. Only flags read is readable.
* On read access memcpy() call inside sgx_vma_access() had src and dest
parameters in wrong order.
* The build issue with CONFIG_KASAN is now fixed. Added undefined symbols
to LE even if “KASAN_SANITIZE := false” was set in the makefile.
* Fixed a regression in the #PF handler. If a page has
SGX_ENCL_PAGE_RESERVED flag the #PF handler should unconditionally fail.
It did not, which caused weird races when trying to change other parts of
swapping code.
* EPC management has been refactored to a flat LRU cache and moved to
arch/x86. The swapper thread reads a cluster of EPC pages and swaps all
of them. It can now swap from multiple enclaves in the same round.
* For the sake of consistency with SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_ADD_PAGE, return -EINVAL
when an enclave is already initialized or dead instead of zero.

* Cleaned up anon inode based IPC between the ring-0 and ring-3 parts
of the driver.
* Unset the reserved flag from an enclave page if EDBGRD/WR fails
(regression in v6).
* Close the anon inode when LE is stopped (regression in v9).
* Update the documentation with a more detailed description of SGX.

* Replaced kernel-LE IPC based on pipes with an anonymous inode.
The driver does not require anymore new exports.

* Check that public key MSRs match the LE public key hash in the
driver initialization when the MSRs are read-only.
* Fix the race in VA slot allocation by checking the fullness
immediately after succeesful allocation.
* Fix the race in hash mrsigner calculation between the launch
enclave and user enclaves by having a separate lock for hash

* Fixed offset calculation in sgx_edbgr/wr(). Address was masked with PAGE_MASK
when it should have been masked with ~PAGE_MASK.
* Fixed a memory leak in sgx_ioc_enclave_create().
* Simplified swapping code by using a pointer array for a cluster
instead of a linked list.
* Squeezed struct sgx_encl_page to 32 bytes.
* Fixed deferencing of an RSA key on OpenSSL 1.1.0.
* Modified TC's CMAC to use kernel AES-NI. Restructured the code
a bit in order to better align with kernel conventions.

* Fixed semaphore underrun when accessing /dev/sgx from the launch enclave.
* In sgx_encl_create() s/IS_ERR(secs)/IS_ERR(encl)/.
* Removed virtualization chapter from the documentation.
* Changed the default filename for the signing key as signing_key.pem.
* Reworked EPC management in a way that instead of a linked list of
struct sgx_epc_page instances there is an array of integers that
encodes address and bank of an EPC page (the same data as 'pa' field
earlier). The locking has been moved to the EPC bank level instead
of a global lock.
* Relaxed locking requirements for EPC management. EPC pages can be
released back to the EPC bank concurrently.
* Cleaned up ptrace() code.
* Refined commit messages for new architectural constants.
* Sorted includes in every source file.
* Sorted local variable declarations according to the line length in
every function.
* Style fixes based on Darren's comments to sgx_le.c.

* Described IPC between the Launch Enclave and kernel in the commit messages.
* Fixed all relevant issues that I have forgot fix in earlier
versions except those that exist in the imported TinyCrypt code.
* Fixed spelling mistakes in the documentation.
* Forgot to check the return value of sgx_drv_subsys_init().
* Encapsulated properly page cache init and teardown.
* Collect epc pages to a temp list in sgx_add_epc_bank
* Removed SGX_ENCLAVE_INIT_ARCH constant.

* Tied life-cycle of the sgx_le_proxy process to /dev/sgx.
* Removed __exit annotation from sgx_drv_subsys_exit().
* Fixed a leak of a backing page in sgx_process_add_page_req() in the
case when vm_insert_pfn() fails.
* Removed unused symbol exports for sgx_page_cache.c.
* Updated sgx_alloc_page() to require encl parameter and documented the
behavior (Sean Christopherson).
* Refactored a more lean API for sgx_encl_find() and documented the behavior.
* Moved #PF handler to sgx_fault.c.
* Replaced subsys_system_register() with plain bus_register().
* Retry EINIT 2nd time only if MSRs are not locked.

* Return -ERESTARTSYS in __sgx_encl_add_page() when sgx_alloc_page() fails.
* Use unused bits in epc_page->pa to store the bank number.
* Removed #ifdef for WQ_NONREENTRANT.
* If mmu_notifier_register() fails with -EINTR, return -ERESTARTSYS.
* Added to objcopy flags in order to prevent a
dummy .got.plt, which will cause an inconsistent size for the LE.
* Documented sgx_encl_* functions.
* Added remark about AES implementation used inside the LE.
* Removed redundant sgx_sys_exit() from le/main.c.
* Fixed struct sgx_secinfo alignment from 128 to 64 bytes.
* Validate miscselect in sgx_encl_create().
* Fixed SSA frame size calculation to take the misc region into account.
* Implemented consistent exception handling to __encls() and __encls_ret().
* Implemented a proper device model in order to allow sysfs attributes
and in-kernel API.
* Cleaned up various "find enclave" implementations to the unified
* Validate that vm_pgoff is zero.
* Discard backing pages with shmem_truncate_range() after EADD.
* Added missing EEXTEND operations to LE signing and launch.
* Fixed SSA size for GPRS region from 168 to 184 bytes.
* Fixed the checks for TCS flags. Now DBGOPTIN is allowed.
* Check that TCS addresses are in ELRANGE and not just page aligned.
* Require kernel to be compiled with X64_64 and CPU_SUP_INTEL.
* Fixed an incorrect value for SGX_ATTR_DEBUG from 0x01 to 0x02.

* get_rand_uint32() changed the value of the pointer instead of value
where it is pointing at.
* Launch enclave incorrectly used sigstruct attributes-field instead of
enclave attributes-field.
* Removed unused struct sgx_add_page_req from sgx_ioctl.c
* Removed unused sgx_has_sgx2.
* Updated arch/x86/include/asm/sgx.h so that it provides stub
implementations when sgx in not enabled.
* Removed cruft rdmsr-calls from sgx_set_pubkeyhash_msrs().
* return -ENOMEM in sgx_alloc_page() when VA pages consume too much space
* removed unused global sgx_nr_pids
* moved sgx_encl_release to sgx_encl.c
* return -ERESTARTSYS instead of -EINTR in sgx_encl_init()

Jarkko Sakkinen (14):
x86/sgx: Add SGX architectural data structures
x86/sgx: Add wrappers for ENCLS functions
x86/cpu/intel: Add nosgx kernel parameter
x86/sgx: Add SGX page allocator functions
x86/sgx: Add SGX misc driver interface
selftests/x86: Add a selftest for SGX
x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer
x86/sgx: Add ptrace() support for the SGX driver
docs: x86/sgx: Document SGX kernel architecture
x86/sgx: Update MAINTAINERS

Sean Christopherson (10):
x86/sgx: Initialize metadata for Enclave Page Cache (EPC) sections
x86/cpufeatures: x86/msr: Add Intel SGX hardware bits
x86/cpufeatures: x86/msr: Add Intel SGX Launch Control hardware bits
x86/mm: x86/sgx: Signal SIGSEGV with PF_SGX
x86/cpu/intel: Detect SGX support
mm: Add 'mprotect' hook to struct vm_operations_struct
x86/vdso: Add support for exception fixup in vDSO functions
x86/fault: Add helper function to sanitize error code
x86/traps: Attempt to fixup exceptions in vDSO before signaling
x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call

.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 2 +
.../userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst | 1 +
Documentation/x86/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/x86/sgx.rst | 211 +++++
arch/x86/Kconfig | 17 +
arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 8 +-
arch/x86/entry/vdso/extable.c | 46 ++
arch/x86/entry/vdso/extable.h | 28 +
arch/x86/entry/vdso/ | 9 +-
arch/x86/entry/vdso/ | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso2c.h | 50 +-
arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S | 151 ++++
arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 2 +
arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 8 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/enclu.h | 9 +
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 8 +
arch/x86/include/asm/trap_pf.h | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/vdso.h | 5 +
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h | 168 ++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/Makefile | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/feat_ctl.c | 38 +-
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile | 5 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/arch.h | 338 ++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c | 194 +++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.h | 29 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c | 782 ++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h | 107 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h | 231 ++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c | 716 ++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c | 728 ++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h | 77 ++
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 10 +
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 45 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 3 +
mm/mprotect.c | 5 +-
tools/testing/selftests/Makefile | 1 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/.gitignore | 2 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/Makefile | 53 ++
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/call.S | 44 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/defines.h | 21 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/load.c | 277 +++++++
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/main.c | 243 ++++++
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/main.h | 38 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/sigstruct.c | 391 +++++++++
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/test_encl.c | 20 +
tools/testing/selftests/sgx/ | 40 +
.../selftests/sgx/test_encl_bootstrap.S | 89 ++
48 files changed, 5247 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/sgx.rst
create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/extable.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/extable.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx.S
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/enclu.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/Makefile
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/arch.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encls.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/main.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/sgx.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/.gitignore
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/Makefile
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/call.S
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/defines.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/load.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/main.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/main.h
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/sigstruct.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/test_encl.c
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/
create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sgx/test_encl_bootstrap.S


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