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SubjectRe: [PATCH V3 2/2] PCI: dwc: Add support to configure for ECRC
On Tue, Nov 03, 2020 at 08:57:01AM +0530, Vidya Sagar wrote:
> On 11/3/2020 4:32 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Thu, Oct 29, 2020 at 11:09:59AM +0530, Vidya Sagar wrote:
> > > DesignWare core has a TLP digest (TD) override bit in one of the control
> > > registers of ATU. This bit also needs to be programmed for proper ECRC
> > > functionality. This is currently identified as an issue with DesignWare
> > > IP version 4.90a. This patch does the required programming in ATU upon
> > > querying the system policy for ECRC.
> >
> > I guess this is a hardware defect, right?
> Yes. This is common across all DWC implementations (version 4.90 precisely)
>
> > How much of a problem would it be if we instead added a "no_ecrc"
> > quirk for this hardware so we never enabled ECRC?
> Well, on Tegra for some of the high fidelity use cases, ECRC is required to
> be turned on and if it can be done safely with these patches, why shouldn't
> we not enable ECRC at all?
>
> > IIUC, the current Linux support of ECRC is a single choice at
> > boot-time: by default ECRC is not enabled, but if you boot with
> > "pci=ecrc=on", we turn on ECRC for every device.
> >
> > That seems like the minimal support, but I think the spec allows ECRC
> > to be enabled selectively, on individual devices. I can imagine a
> > sysfs knob that would allow us to enable/disable ECRC per-device at
> > run-time.
> >
> > If we had such a sysfs knob, it would be pretty ugly and maybe
> > impractical to work around this hardware issue. So I'm a little bit
> > hesitant to add functionality that might have to be removed in the
> > future.
>
> Agree with this. But since it is a boot-time choice at this point, I think
> we can still go ahead with this approach to have a working ECRC mechanism
> right? I don't see any sysfs knob for AER controlling at this point.

I don't want to do anything that will prevent us from adding
per-device ECRC control in the future.

My concern is that if we add a run-time sysfs knob in the future, the
user experience on this hardware will be poor because there's no
convenient path to twiddle the PCIE_ATU_TD bit when the generic code
changes the AER Control bit.

What is the failure mode in these scenarios:

- User boots with defaults, ECRC is disabled.
- User enables ECRC via sysfs.
- What happens here? ECRC is enabled via AER Control but not via
DWC TD bit. I assume ECRC doesn't work. Does it cause PCIe
errors (malformed TLP, etc)?

Or this one:

- User boots with "pci=ecrc=on", ECRC is enabled.
- ECRC works fine.
- User disables ECRC via sysfs.
- What happens here? ECRC is disabled via AER Control, but DWC TD
bit thinks it's still enabled.

If you enabled ECRC unconditionally on DWC and the sysfs knob had no
effect, I'd be OK with that. I'm more worried about what happens when
the AER bit and the DWC TD bit are set so they don't match. What is
the failure mode there?

> > > Signed-off-by: Vidya Sagar <vidyas@nvidia.com>
> > > Reviewed-by: Jingoo Han <jingoohan1@gmail.com>
> > > ---
> > > V3:
> > > * Added 'Reviewed-by: Jingoo Han <jingoohan1@gmail.com>'
> > >
> > > V2:
> > > * Addressed Jingoo's review comment
> > > * Removed saving 'td' bit information in 'dw_pcie' structure
> > >
> > > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.c | 8 ++++++--
> > > drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.h | 1 +
> > > 2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.c b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.c
> > > index b5e438b70cd5..cbd651b219d2 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.c
> > > @@ -246,6 +246,8 @@ static void dw_pcie_prog_outbound_atu_unroll(struct dw_pcie *pci, u8 func_no,
> > > dw_pcie_writel_ob_unroll(pci, index, PCIE_ATU_UNR_UPPER_TARGET,
> > > upper_32_bits(pci_addr));
> > > val = type | PCIE_ATU_FUNC_NUM(func_no);
> > > + if (pci->version == 0x490A)
> > > + val = val | pcie_is_ecrc_enabled() << PCIE_ATU_TD_SHIFT;
> > > val = upper_32_bits(size - 1) ?
> > > val | PCIE_ATU_INCREASE_REGION_SIZE : val;
> > > dw_pcie_writel_ob_unroll(pci, index, PCIE_ATU_UNR_REGION_CTRL1, val);
> > > @@ -294,8 +296,10 @@ static void __dw_pcie_prog_outbound_atu(struct dw_pcie *pci, u8 func_no,
> > > lower_32_bits(pci_addr));
> > > dw_pcie_writel_dbi(pci, PCIE_ATU_UPPER_TARGET,
> > > upper_32_bits(pci_addr));
> > > - dw_pcie_writel_dbi(pci, PCIE_ATU_CR1, type |
> > > - PCIE_ATU_FUNC_NUM(func_no));
> > > + val = type | PCIE_ATU_FUNC_NUM(func_no);
> > > + if (pci->version == 0x490A)
> > > + val = val | pcie_is_ecrc_enabled() << PCIE_ATU_TD_SHIFT;
> > > + dw_pcie_writel_dbi(pci, PCIE_ATU_CR1, val);
> > > dw_pcie_writel_dbi(pci, PCIE_ATU_CR2, PCIE_ATU_ENABLE);
> > >
> > > /*
> > > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.h b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.h
> > > index e7f441441db2..b01ef407fd52 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.h
> > > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/dwc/pcie-designware.h
> > > @@ -89,6 +89,7 @@
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_TYPE_IO 0x2
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_TYPE_CFG0 0x4
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_TYPE_CFG1 0x5
> > > +#define PCIE_ATU_TD_SHIFT 8
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_FUNC_NUM(pf) ((pf) << 20)
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_CR2 0x908
> > > #define PCIE_ATU_ENABLE BIT(31)
> > > --
> > > 2.17.1
> > >

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