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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/1] mm: compaction: avoid fast_isolate_around() to set pageblock_skip on reserved pages
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On 25.11.20 15:13, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 25, 2020 at 02:32:02PM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> On 25.11.20 13:08, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
>>> On 11/25/20 6:34 AM, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
>>>> Hello,
>>>>
>>>> On Mon, Nov 23, 2020 at 02:01:16PM +0100, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
>>>>> On 11/21/20 8:45 PM, Andrea Arcangeli wrote:
>>>>>> A corollary issue was fixed in
>>>>>> 39639000-39814fff : Unknown E820 type
>>>>>>
>>>>>> pfn 0x7a200 -> 0x7a200000 min_pfn hit non-RAM:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> 7a17b000-7a216fff : Unknown E820 type
>>>>>
>>>>> It would be nice to also provide a /proc/zoneinfo and how exactly the
>>>>> "zone_spans_pfn" was violated. I assume we end up below zone's
>>>>> start_pfn, but is it true?
>>>>
>>>> Agreed, I was about to grab that info along with all page struct
>>>> around the pfn 0x7a200 and phys address 0x7a216fff.
>>>>
>>>> # grep -A1 E820 /proc/iomem
>>>> 7a17b000-7a216fff : Unknown E820 type
>>>> 7a217000-7bffffff : System RAM
>>>>
>>>> DMA zone_start_pfn 1 zone_end_pfn() 4096 contiguous 1
>>>> DMA32 zone_start_pfn 4096 zone_end_pfn() 1048576 contiguous 0
>>>> Normal zone_start_pfn 1048576 zone_end_pfn() 4715392 contiguous 1
>>>> Movable zone_start_pfn 0 zone_end_pfn() 0 contiguous 0
>>>
>>> So the above means that around the "Unknown E820 type" we have:
>>>
>>> pfn 499712 - start of pageblock in ZONE_DMA32
>>> pfn 500091 - start of the "Unknown E820 type" range
>>> pfn 500224 - start of another pageblock
>>> pfn 500246 - end of "Unknown E820 type"
>>>
>>> So this is indeed not a zone boundary issue, but basically a hole not
>>> aligned to pageblock boundary and really unexpected.
>>> We have CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE (that x86 doesn't set) for architectures
>>> that do this, and even that config only affects pfn_valid_within(). But
>>> here pfn_valid() is true, but the zone/node linkage is unexpected.
>>>
>>>> However the real bug seems that reserved pages have a zero zone_id in
>>>> the page->flags when it should have the real zone id/nid. The patch I
>>>> sent earlier to validate highest would only be needed to deal with
>>>> pfn_valid.
>>>>
>>>> Something must have changed more recently than v5.1 that caused the
>>>> zoneid of reserved pages to be wrong, a possible candidate for the
>>>> real would be this change below:
>>>>
>>>> + __init_single_page(pfn_to_page(pfn), pfn, 0, 0);
>>>>
>>>> Even if it may not be it, at the light of how the reserved page
>>>> zoneid/nid initialized went wrong, the above line like it's too flakey
>>>> to stay.
>>>>
>>>> It'd be preferable if the pfn_valid fails and the
>>>> pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) returns an invalid section for the intermediate
>>>> step. Even better memset 0xff over the whole page struct until the
>>>> second stage comes around.
>>>>
>>>> Whenever pfn_valid is true, it's better that the zoneid/nid is correct
>>>> all times, otherwise if the second stage fails we end up in a bug with
>>>> weird side effects.
>>>
>>> Yeah I guess it would be simpler if zoneid/nid was correct for
>>> pfn_valid() pfns within a zone's range, even if they are reserved due
>>> not not being really usable memory.
>>>
>>> I don't think we want to introduce CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE to x86. If the
>>> chosen solution is to make this to a real hole, the hole should be
>>> extended to MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES aligned boundaries.
>>
>> As we don't punch out pages of the memmap on x86-64, pfn_valid() keeps
>> working as expected. There is a memmap that can be accessed and that was
>> initialized.
>
> I suspect that memmap for the reserved pages is not properly initialized
> after recent changes in free_area_init(). They are cleared at
> init_unavailable_mem() to have zone=0 and node=0, but they seem to be
> never re-initialized with proper zone and node links which was not the
> case before commit 73a6e474cb37 ("mm: memmap_init: iterate over memblock
> regions rather that check each PFN").
>
> Back then, memmap_init_zone() looped from zone_start_pfn till
> zone_end_pfn and struct page for reserved pages with pfns inside the
> zone would be initialized.
>
> Now the loop is for interesection of [zone_start_pfn, zone_end_pfn] with
> memblock.memory and for x86 reserved ranges are not in memblock.memory,
> so the memmap for them remains semi-initialized.

As far as I understood Mel, rounding these ranges up/down to cover full
MAX_ORDER blocks/pageblocks might work.

--
Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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