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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 10/18] dt-bindings: usb: Convert DWC USB3 bindings to DT schema
On Thu, Nov 12, 2020 at 01:29:46PM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> On Wed, Nov 11, 2020 at 02:14:23PM -0600, Rob Herring wrote:
> > On Wed, Nov 11, 2020 at 12:08:45PM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> > > DWC USB3 DT node is supposed to be compliant with the Generic xHCI
> > > Controller schema, but with additional vendor-specific properties, the
> > > controller-specific reference clocks and PHYs. So let's convert the
> > > currently available legacy text-based DWC USB3 bindings to the DT schema
> > > and make sure the DWC USB3 nodes are also validated against the
> > > usb-xhci.yaml schema.
> > >
> > > Note we have to discard the nodename restriction of being prefixed with
> > > "dwc3@" string, since in accordance with the usb-hcd.yaml schema USB nodes
> > > are supposed to be named as "^usb(@.*)".
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin@baikalelectronics.ru>
> > >
> > > ---
> > >
> > > Changelog v2:
> > > - Discard '|' from the descriptions, since we don't need to preserve
> > > the text formatting in any of them.
> > > - Drop quotes from around the string constants.
> > > - Fix the "clock-names" prop description to be referring the enumerated
> > > clock-names instead of the ones from the Databook.
> > >
> > > Changelog v3:
> > > - Apply usb-xhci.yaml# schema only if the controller is supposed to work
> > > as either host or otg.
> > >
> > > Changelog v4:
> > > - Apply usb-drd.yaml schema first. If the controller is configured
> > > to work in a gadget mode only, then apply the usb.yaml schema too,
> > > otherwise apply the usb-xhci.yaml schema.
> > > - Discard the Rob'es Reviewed-by tag. Please review the patch one more
> > > time.
> > > ---
> > > .../devicetree/bindings/usb/dwc3.txt | 125 --------
> > > .../devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml | 303 ++++++++++++++++++
> > > 2 files changed, 303 insertions(+), 125 deletions(-)
> > > delete mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/dwc3.txt
> > > create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml


> > > diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..079617891da6
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,303 @@
> > > +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +%YAML 1.2
> > > +---
> > > +$id: http://devicetree.org/schemas/usb/snps,dwc3.yaml#
> > > +$schema: http://devicetree.org/meta-schemas/core.yaml#
> > > +
> > > +title: Synopsys DesignWare USB3 Controller
> > > +
> > > +maintainers:
> > > + - Felipe Balbi <balbi@kernel.org>
> > > +
> > > +description:
> > > + This is usually a subnode to DWC3 glue to which it is connected, but can also
> > > + be presented as a standalone DT node with an optional vendor-specific
> > > + compatible string.
> > > +
>
> > > +allOf:
> > > + - $ref: usb-drd.yaml#
> > > + - if:
> > > + properties:
> > > + dr_mode:
> > > + const: peripheral

Another thing, this evaluates to true if dr_mode is not present. You
need to add 'required'? If dr_mode is otg, then don't you need to apply
both usb.yaml and usb-xhci.yaml?

> > > + then:
> > > + $ref: usb.yaml#
> >
> > This part could be done in usb-drd.yaml?
>
> Originally I was thinking about that, but then in order to minimize
> the properties validation I've decided to split the properties in
> accordance with the USB controllers functionality:
>
> +----- USB Gadget/Peripheral Controller. There is no
> | specific schema for the gadgets since there is no
> | common gadget properties (at least I failed to find
> | ones). So the pure gadget controllers need to be
> | validated just against usb.yaml schema.
> |
> usb.yaml <--+-- usb-hcd.yaml - Generic USB Host Controller. The schema
> ^ turns out to include the OHCI/UHCI/EHCI
> | properties, which AFAICS are also
> | applicable for the other host controllers.
> | So any USB host controller node needs to
> | be validated against this schema.
> |
> +- usb-xhci.yaml - Generic xHCI Host controller.
>
> usb-drd.yaml -- USB Dual-Role/OTG Controllers. It describes the
> DRD/OTG-specific properties and nothing else. So normally
> it should be applied together with one of the
> schemas described above.
>
> So the use-cases of the suggested schemas is following:
>
> 1) USB Controller is pure gadget? Then:
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb.yaml#
> 2) USB Controller is pure USB host (including OHCI/UHCI/EHCI)?
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb-hcd.yaml#
> Note this prevents us from fixing all the currently available USB DT
> schemas, which already apply the usb-hcd.yaml schema.
> 3) USB Controller is pure xHCI host controller? Then:
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb-xhci.yaml#
> 4) USB Controller is Dual-Role/OTG controller with USB 2.0 host? Then:
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb-drd.yaml#
> + - $ref: usb-hcd.yaml#
> 5) USB Controller is Dual-Role/OTG controller with xHCI host? Then:
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb-drd.yaml#
> + - $ref: usb-xhci.yaml#
> 6) USB Controller is Dual-Role/OTG controller which can only be a
> gadget? Then:
> + allOf:
> + - $ref: usb-drd.yaml#
> + - $ref: usb.yaml#
>
> * Don't know really if controllers like in 6)-th really exist. Most
> * likely they are still internally capable of dual-roling, but due to
> * some conditions can be used as gadgets only.
>
> It looks a bit complicated, but at least by having such design we'd minimize
> the number of properties validation.
>
> Alternatively we could implement a hierarchy like this (as you, Rob,
> suggested in the comment above):
>
> +-- USB Gadget/Peripheral Controller
> |
> +-- usb-drd.yaml - USB Dual-Role/OTG Controllers
> |
> usb.yaml <--+-- usb-dcd.yaml - Generic USB Host Controller
> ^
> |
> +- usb-xhci.yaml - Generic xHCI Host controller
>
> But, for instance, if we got to have an OTG controller with USB 2.0
> host capability, the schema would have needed to be validated as
> described in 4) in the list above. That would have caused the usb.yaml
> schema validation twice.
>
> Of course I could have missed or misunderstood something. So any
> suggestion, any help with making things easier would be very
> appreciated. I asked Greg what he was thinking in this matter in
> the previous patchset thread, but he didn't respond.
>
> >
> > > + else:
> > > + $ref: usb-xhci.yaml#
> >
> > I'd really prefer if all the schema can just be applied unconditionally.
> > Shouldn't someone (like a bootloader) be able to change dr_mode without
> > changing anything else to set the mode? That would imply all the
> > schemas can be applied.
>
> Theoretically it's possible, but I don't really know whether it can be
> practically met. Of course I fully agree with you and it's preferable to
> simplify the schema by getting rid of the condition if it's possible.
>
> My point of using the conditional schema here has been based
> on the driver implementation. According to the driver code if OTG mode is
> enabled by means of the dr_mode property, then the controller can work as
> either host or gadget. If either host or gadget mode is enabled in
> the dr_mode property, the mode updating won't be supported. So any
> properties specific to the unsupported mode will be just ignored.
>
> In addition to that DWC USB3 IP-core can be synthesized with different
> DWC_USB3_MODE parameter value. The controller can be either device
> (gadget), or host, or DRD, or HUB. In that case the dr_mode should be
> set in accordance with that parameter value. It means that the
> DWC USB3 controller will support the features in accordance with the
> selected parameter.
>
> Should we really bother with all of that? Could we just apply the
> schema like: allOf: [$ref: usb-drd.yaml#, $ref: usb-hcd.yaml#] and
> have the things much easier seeing the host-specific properties aren't
> required anyway? That's the main question. I've decided to bother,
> since it give us a better hardware description. If you think it's better
> to keep things easier, I'll be ok with this. It won't be that
> contradicting to the hardware capabilities after all.

Okay, it's probably better to keep things like you have them given
there's so many combinations of USB controllers.

Rob

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