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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/29] RFC: iov_iter: Switch to using an ops table
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On 21/11/2020 14:13, David Howells wrote:
>
> Hi Pavel, Willy, Jens, Al,
>
> I had a go switching the iov_iter stuff away from using a type bitmask to
> using an ops table to get rid of the if-if-if-if chains that are all over
> the place. After I pushed it, someone pointed me at Pavel's two patches.
>
> I have another iterator class that I want to add - which would lengthen the
> if-if-if-if chains. A lot of the time, there's a conditional clause at the
> beginning of a function that just jumps off to a type-specific handler or
> to reject the operation for that type. An ops table can just point to that
> instead.
>
> As far as I can tell, there's no difference in performance in most cases,
> though doing AFS-based kernel compiles appears to take less time (down from
> 3m20 to 2m50), which might make sense as that uses iterators a lot - but
> there are too many variables in that for that to be a good benchmark (I'm
> dealing with a remote server, for a start).
>
> Can someone recommend a good way to benchmark this properly? The problem
> is that the difference this makes relative to the amount of time taken to
> actually do I/O is tiny.

I find enough of iov overhead running fio/t/io_uring.c with nullblk.
Not sure whether it'll help you but worth a try.

>
> I've tried TCP transfers using the following sink program:
>
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <stdlib.h>
> #include <string.h>
> #include <fcntl.h>
> #include <unistd.h>
> #include <netinet/in.h>
> #define OSERROR(X, Y) do { if ((long)(X) == -1) { perror(Y); exit(1); } } while(0)
> static unsigned char buffer[512 * 1024] __attribute__((aligned(4096)));
> int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> {
> struct sockaddr_in sin = { .sin_family = AF_INET, .sin_port = htons(5555) };
> int sfd, afd;
> sfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
> OSERROR(sfd, "socket");
> OSERROR(bind(sfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)), "bind");
> OSERROR(listen(sfd, 1), "listen");
> for (;;) {
> afd = accept(sfd, NULL, NULL);
> if (afd != -1) {
> while (read(afd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)) > 0) {}
> close(afd);
> }
> }
> }
>
> and send program:
>
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <stdlib.h>
> #include <string.h>
> #include <fcntl.h>
> #include <unistd.h>
> #include <netdb.h>
> #include <netinet/in.h>
> #include <sys/stat.h>
> #include <sys/sendfile.h>
> #define OSERROR(X, Y) do { if ((long)(X) == -1) { perror(Y); exit(1); } } while(0)
> static unsigned char buffer[512*1024] __attribute__((aligned(4096)));
> int main(int argc, char *argv[])
> {
> struct sockaddr_in sin = { .sin_family = AF_INET, .sin_port = htons(5555) };
> struct hostent *h;
> ssize_t size, r, o;
> int cfd;
> if (argc != 3) {
> fprintf(stderr, "tcp-gen <server> <size>\n");
> exit(2);
> }
> size = strtoul(argv[2], NULL, 0);
> if (size <= 0) {
> fprintf(stderr, "Bad size\n");
> exit(2);
> }
> h = gethostbyname(argv[1]);
> if (!h) {
> fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", argv[1], hstrerror(h_errno));
> exit(3);
> }
> if (!h->h_addr_list[0]) {
> fprintf(stderr, "%s: No addresses\n", argv[1]);
> exit(3);
> }
> memcpy(&sin.sin_addr, h->h_addr_list[0], h->h_length);
> cfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
> OSERROR(cfd, "socket");
> OSERROR(connect(cfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)), "connect");
> do {
> r = size > sizeof(buffer) ? sizeof(buffer) : size;
> size -= r;
> o = 0;
> do {
> ssize_t w = write(cfd, buffer + o, r - o);
> OSERROR(w, "write");
> o += w;
> } while (o < r);
> } while (size > 0);
> OSERROR(close(cfd), "close/c");
> return 0;
> }
>
> since the socket interface uses iterators. It seems to show no difference.
> One side note, though: I've been doing 10GiB same-machine transfers, and it
> takes either ~2.5s or ~0.87s and rarely in between, with or without these
> patches, alternating apparently randomly between the two times.
>
> The patches can be found here:
>
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs.git/log/?h=iov-ops
>
> David
> ---
> David Howells (29):
> iov_iter: Switch to using a table of operations
> iov_iter: Split copy_page_to_iter()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_fault_in_readable
> iov_iter: Split the iterate_and_advance() macro
> iov_iter: Split copy_to_iter()
> iov_iter: Split copy_mc_to_iter()
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter()
> iov_iter: Split the iterate_all_kinds() macro
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_full()
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_nocache()
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_flushcache()
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_full_nocache()
> iov_iter: Split copy_page_from_iter()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_zero()
> iov_iter: Split copy_from_user_atomic()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_advance()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_revert()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_single_seg_count()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_alignment()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_gap_alignment()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_get_pages()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_get_pages_alloc()
> iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_from_iter()
> iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_from_iter_full()
> iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_to_iter()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_npages()
> iov_iter: Split dup_iter()
> iov_iter: Split iov_iter_for_each_range()
> iov_iter: Remove iterate_all_kinds() and iterate_and_advance()
>
>
> lib/iov_iter.c | 1440 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> 1 file changed, 934 insertions(+), 506 deletions(-)
>
>

--
Pavel Begunkov

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