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Subject[PATCH 00/29] RFC: iov_iter: Switch to using an ops table
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Hi Pavel, Willy, Jens, Al,

I had a go switching the iov_iter stuff away from using a type bitmask to
using an ops table to get rid of the if-if-if-if chains that are all over
the place. After I pushed it, someone pointed me at Pavel's two patches.

I have another iterator class that I want to add - which would lengthen the
if-if-if-if chains. A lot of the time, there's a conditional clause at the
beginning of a function that just jumps off to a type-specific handler or
to reject the operation for that type. An ops table can just point to that
instead.

As far as I can tell, there's no difference in performance in most cases,
though doing AFS-based kernel compiles appears to take less time (down from
3m20 to 2m50), which might make sense as that uses iterators a lot - but
there are too many variables in that for that to be a good benchmark (I'm
dealing with a remote server, for a start).

Can someone recommend a good way to benchmark this properly? The problem
is that the difference this makes relative to the amount of time taken to
actually do I/O is tiny.

I've tried TCP transfers using the following sink program:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#define OSERROR(X, Y) do { if ((long)(X) == -1) { perror(Y); exit(1); } } while(0)
static unsigned char buffer[512 * 1024] __attribute__((aligned(4096)));
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
struct sockaddr_in sin = { .sin_family = AF_INET, .sin_port = htons(5555) };
int sfd, afd;
sfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
OSERROR(sfd, "socket");
OSERROR(bind(sfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)), "bind");
OSERROR(listen(sfd, 1), "listen");
for (;;) {
afd = accept(sfd, NULL, NULL);
if (afd != -1) {
while (read(afd, buffer, sizeof(buffer)) > 0) {}
close(afd);
}
}
}

and send program:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/sendfile.h>
#define OSERROR(X, Y) do { if ((long)(X) == -1) { perror(Y); exit(1); } } while(0)
static unsigned char buffer[512*1024] __attribute__((aligned(4096)));
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
struct sockaddr_in sin = { .sin_family = AF_INET, .sin_port = htons(5555) };
struct hostent *h;
ssize_t size, r, o;
int cfd;
if (argc != 3) {
fprintf(stderr, "tcp-gen <server> <size>\n");
exit(2);
}
size = strtoul(argv[2], NULL, 0);
if (size <= 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Bad size\n");
exit(2);
}
h = gethostbyname(argv[1]);
if (!h) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", argv[1], hstrerror(h_errno));
exit(3);
}
if (!h->h_addr_list[0]) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: No addresses\n", argv[1]);
exit(3);
}
memcpy(&sin.sin_addr, h->h_addr_list[0], h->h_length);
cfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
OSERROR(cfd, "socket");
OSERROR(connect(cfd, (struct sockaddr *)&sin, sizeof(sin)), "connect");
do {
r = size > sizeof(buffer) ? sizeof(buffer) : size;
size -= r;
o = 0;
do {
ssize_t w = write(cfd, buffer + o, r - o);
OSERROR(w, "write");
o += w;
} while (o < r);
} while (size > 0);
OSERROR(close(cfd), "close/c");
return 0;
}

since the socket interface uses iterators. It seems to show no difference.
One side note, though: I've been doing 10GiB same-machine transfers, and it
takes either ~2.5s or ~0.87s and rarely in between, with or without these
patches, alternating apparently randomly between the two times.

The patches can be found here:

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/dhowells/linux-fs.git/log/?h=iov-ops

David
---
David Howells (29):
iov_iter: Switch to using a table of operations
iov_iter: Split copy_page_to_iter()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_fault_in_readable
iov_iter: Split the iterate_and_advance() macro
iov_iter: Split copy_to_iter()
iov_iter: Split copy_mc_to_iter()
iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter()
iov_iter: Split the iterate_all_kinds() macro
iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_full()
iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_nocache()
iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_flushcache()
iov_iter: Split copy_from_iter_full_nocache()
iov_iter: Split copy_page_from_iter()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_zero()
iov_iter: Split copy_from_user_atomic()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_advance()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_revert()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_single_seg_count()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_alignment()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_gap_alignment()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_get_pages()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_get_pages_alloc()
iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_from_iter()
iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_from_iter_full()
iov_iter: Split csum_and_copy_to_iter()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_npages()
iov_iter: Split dup_iter()
iov_iter: Split iov_iter_for_each_range()
iov_iter: Remove iterate_all_kinds() and iterate_and_advance()


lib/iov_iter.c | 1440 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
1 file changed, 934 insertions(+), 506 deletions(-)


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