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Subject[PATCH] PCI: Add sysfs attribute for PCI device power state
Date
While most PCI power-states can be queried from user-space via lspci,
this has some limits. Specifically, lspci fails to provide an accurate
value when the device is in D3cold as it has to resume the device before
it can access its power state via the configuration space, leading to it
reporting D0 or another on-state. Thus lspci can, for example, not be
used to diagnose power-consumption issues for devices that can enter
D3cold or to ensure that devices properly enter D3cold at all.

To alleviate this issue, introduce a new sysfs device attribute for the
PCI power state, showing the current power state as seen by the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci | 9 +++++++++
drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c | 12 ++++++++++++
2 files changed, 21 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci
index 450296cc7948..881040af2611 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci
@@ -360,3 +360,12 @@ Contact: Heiner Kallweit <hkallweit1@gmail.com>
Description: If ASPM is supported for an endpoint, these files can be
used to disable or enable the individual power management
states. Write y/1/on to enable, n/0/off to disable.
+
+What: /sys/bus/pci/devices/.../power_state
+Date: November 2020
+Contact: Linux PCI developers <linux-pci@vger.kernel.org>
+Description:
+ This file contains the current PCI power state of the device.
+ The value comes from the PCI kernel device state and can be one
+ of: "unknown", "error", "D0", D1", "D2", "D3hot", "D3cold".
+ The file is read only.
diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
index d15c881e2e7e..b15f754e6346 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
@@ -124,6 +124,17 @@ static ssize_t cpulistaffinity_show(struct device *dev,
}
static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(cpulistaffinity);

+/* PCI power state */
+static ssize_t power_state_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pci_dev = to_pci_dev(dev);
+ pci_power_t state = READ_ONCE(pci_dev->current_state);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", pci_power_name(state));
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(power_state);
+
/* show resources */
static ssize_t resource_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
char *buf)
@@ -581,6 +592,7 @@ static ssize_t driver_override_show(struct device *dev,
static DEVICE_ATTR_RW(driver_override);

static struct attribute *pci_dev_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_power_state.attr,
&dev_attr_resource.attr,
&dev_attr_vendor.attr,
&dev_attr_device.attr,
--
2.29.2
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