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Subject[PATCH 8/9] platform/surface: Add Surface Aggregator user-space interface
Date
Add a misc-device providing user-space access to the Surface Aggregator
EC, mainly intended for debugging, testing, and reverse-engineering.
This interface gives user-space applications the ability to send
requests to the EC and receive the corresponding responses.

The device-file is managed by a pseudo platform-device and corresponding
driver to avoid dependence on the dedicated bus, allowing it to be
loaded in a minimal configuration.

Signed-off-by: Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
---

Changes from RFC:
- add copyright lines
- change SPDX identifier to GPL-2.0+ (was GPL-2.0-or-later)
- move from debugfs to proper misc-device
- move interface definitions to uapi header
- remove versioning
- allocate platform device dynamically
- prioritize EFAULT error in IOCTL return
- use ENOTTY error for unknown IOCTLs
- fix IOCTL compatibility for 32-bit user-space on 64-bit kernels
- mark request struct as __attribute__((__packed__))
- address issues when driver is unbound while file still open

---
.../surface_aggregator/clients/cdev.rst | 85 +++++
.../surface_aggregator/clients/index.rst | 12 +-
MAINTAINERS | 2 +
drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig | 17 +
drivers/platform/surface/Makefile | 1 +
.../surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c | 299 ++++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h | 58 ++++
7 files changed, 473 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/cdev.rst
create mode 100644 drivers/platform/surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h

diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/cdev.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/cdev.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..720c9c03aa0e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/cdev.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+
+.. |u8| replace:: :c:type:`u8 <u8>`
+.. |u16| replace:: :c:type:`u16 <u16>`
+.. |ssam_cdev_request| replace:: :c:type:`struct ssam_cdev_request <ssam_cdev_request>`
+.. |ssam_request_flags| replace:: :c:type:`enum ssam_request_flags <ssam_request_flags>`
+
+==============================
+User-Space EC Interface (cdev)
+==============================
+
+The ``surface_aggregator_cdev`` module provides a misc-device for the SSAM
+controller to allow for a (more or less) direct connection from user-space to
+the SAM EC. It is intended to be used for development and debugging, and
+therefore should not be used or relied upon in any other way. Note that this
+module is not loaded automatically, but instead must be loaded manually.
+
+The provided interface is accessible through the ``/dev/surface/aggregator``
+device-file. All functionality of this interface is provided via IOCTLs.
+These IOCTLs and their respective input/output parameter structs are defined in
+``include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h``.
+
+
+Controller IOCTLs
+=================
+
+The following IOCTLs are provided:
+
+.. flat-table:: Controller IOCTLs
+ :widths: 1 1 1 1 4
+ :header-rows: 1
+
+ * - Type
+ - Number
+ - Direction
+ - Name
+ - Description
+
+ * - ``0xA5``
+ - ``1``
+ - ``WR``
+ - ``REQUEST``
+ - Perform synchronous SAM request.
+
+
+``REQUEST``
+-----------
+
+Defined as ``_IOWR(0xA5, 1, struct ssam_cdev_request)``.
+
+Executes a synchronous SAM request. The request specification is passed in
+as argument of type |ssam_cdev_request|, which is then written to/modified
+by the IOCTL to return status and result of the request.
+
+Request payload data must be allocated separately and is passed in via the
+``payload.data`` and ``payload.length`` members. If a response is required,
+the response buffer must be allocated by the caller and passed in via the
+``response.data`` member. The ``response.length`` member must be set to the
+capacity of this buffer, or if no response is required, zero. Upon
+completion of the request, the call will write the response to the response
+buffer (if its capacity allows it) and overwrite the length field with the
+actual size of the response, in bytes.
+
+Additionally, if the request has a response, this should be indicated via
+the request flags, as is done with in-kernel requests. Request flags can be
+set via the ``flags`` member and the values correspond to the values found
+in |ssam_request_flags|.
+
+Finally, the status of the request itself is returned in the ``status``
+member (a negative value indicating failure). Note that failure indication
+of the IOCTL is separated from failure indication of the request: The IOCTL
+returns a negative status code if anything failed during setup of the
+request (``-EFAULT``) or if the provided argument or any of its fields are
+invalid (``-EINVAL``). In this case, the status value of the request
+argument may be set, providing more detail on what went wrong (e.g.
+``-ENOMEM`` for out-of-memory), but this value may also be zero. The IOCTL
+will return with a zero status code in case the request has been set up,
+submitted, and completed (i.e. handed back to user-space) successfully from
+inside the IOCTL, but the request ``status`` member may still be negative in
+case the actual execution of the request failed after it has been submitted.
+
+A full definition of the argument struct is provided below:
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h
+ :functions: ssam_cdev_request
diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/index.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/index.rst
index 31e026d96102..ab260ec82cfb 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/clients/index.rst
@@ -7,4 +7,14 @@ Client Driver Documentation
This is the documentation for client drivers themselves. Refer to
:doc:`../client` for documentation on how to write client drivers.

-.. Place documentation for individual client drivers here.
+.. toctree::
+ :maxdepth: 1
+
+ cdev
+
+.. only:: subproject and html
+
+ Indices
+ =======
+
+ * :ref:`genindex`
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index f0d23c113f3e..c776343a49c6 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -11699,7 +11699,9 @@ W: https://github.com/linux-surface/surface-aggregator-module
C: irc://chat.freenode.net/##linux-surface
F: Documentation/driver-api/surface_aggregator/
F: drivers/platform/surface/aggregator/
+F: drivers/platform/surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c
F: include/linux/surface_aggregator/
+F: include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/

MICROTEK X6 SCANNER
M: Oliver Neukum <oliver@neukum.org>
diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig b/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
index 5af22f5141ff..cecad7a0cb7b 100644
--- a/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
@@ -40,6 +40,23 @@ config SURFACE_3_POWER_OPREGION
This driver provides support for ACPI operation
region of the Surface 3 battery platform driver.

+config SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV
+ tristate "Surface System Aggregator Module User-Space Interface"
+ depends on SURFACE_AGGREGATOR
+ help
+ Provides a misc-device interface to the Surface System Aggregator
+ Module (SSAM) controller.
+
+ This option provides a module (called surface_aggregator_cdev), that,
+ when loaded, will add a client device (and its respective driver) to
+ the SSAM controller. Said client device manages a misc-device
+ interface (/dev/surface/aggregator), which can be used by user-space
+ tools to directly communicate with the SSAM EC by sending requests and
+ receiving the corresponding responses.
+
+ The provided interface is intended for debugging and development only,
+ and should not be used otherwise.
+
config SURFACE_GPE
tristate "Surface GPE/Lid Support Driver"
depends on ACPI
diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile b/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
index 034134fe0264..161f0ad05795 100644
--- a/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
@@ -8,5 +8,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE3_WMI) += surface3-wmi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_3_BUTTON) += surface3_button.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_3_POWER_OPREGION) += surface3_power.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR) += aggregator/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV) += surface_aggregator_cdev.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_GPE) += surface_gpe.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_PRO3_BUTTON) += surfacepro3_button.o
diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c b/drivers/platform/surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f5e81cd67357
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/platform/surface/surface_aggregator_cdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,299 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * Provides user-space access to the SSAM EC via the /dev/surface/aggregator
+ * misc device. Intended for debugging and development.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
+#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+
+#include <linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/surface_aggregator/controller.h>
+
+#define SSAM_CDEV_DEVICE_NAME "surface_aggregator_cdev"
+
+struct ssam_cdev {
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct rw_semaphore lock;
+ struct ssam_controller *ctrl;
+ struct miscdevice mdev;
+};
+
+static void __ssam_cdev_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ kfree(container_of(kref, struct ssam_cdev, kref));
+}
+
+static struct ssam_cdev *ssam_cdev_get(struct ssam_cdev *cdev)
+{
+ if (cdev)
+ kref_get(&cdev->kref);
+
+ return cdev;
+}
+
+static void ssam_cdev_put(struct ssam_cdev *cdev)
+{
+ if (cdev)
+ kref_put(&cdev->kref, __ssam_cdev_release);
+}
+
+static int ssam_cdev_device_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ struct miscdevice *mdev = filp->private_data;
+ struct ssam_cdev *cdev = container_of(mdev, struct ssam_cdev, mdev);
+
+ filp->private_data = ssam_cdev_get(cdev);
+ return stream_open(inode, filp);
+}
+
+static int ssam_cdev_device_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ ssam_cdev_put(filp->private_data);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long ssam_cdev_request(struct ssam_cdev *cdev, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct ssam_cdev_request __user *r;
+ struct ssam_cdev_request rqst;
+ struct ssam_request spec;
+ struct ssam_response rsp;
+ const void __user *plddata;
+ void __user *rspdata;
+ int status = 0, ret = 0, tmp;
+
+ r = (struct ssam_cdev_request __user *)arg;
+ ret = copy_struct_from_user(&rqst, sizeof(rqst), r, sizeof(*r));
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ plddata = u64_to_user_ptr(rqst.payload.data);
+ rspdata = u64_to_user_ptr(rqst.response.data);
+
+ // setup basic request fields
+ spec.target_category = rqst.target_category;
+ spec.target_id = rqst.target_id;
+ spec.command_id = rqst.command_id;
+ spec.instance_id = rqst.instance_id;
+ spec.flags = rqst.flags;
+ spec.length = rqst.payload.length;
+ spec.payload = NULL;
+
+ rsp.capacity = rqst.response.length;
+ rsp.length = 0;
+ rsp.pointer = NULL;
+
+ // get request payload from user-space
+ if (spec.length) {
+ if (!plddata) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ spec.payload = kzalloc(spec.length, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!spec.payload) {
+ status = -ENOMEM;
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (copy_from_user((void *)spec.payload, plddata, spec.length)) {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ // allocate response buffer
+ if (rsp.capacity) {
+ if (!rspdata) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ rsp.pointer = kzalloc(rsp.capacity, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!rsp.pointer) {
+ status = -ENOMEM;
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ // perform request
+ status = ssam_request_sync(cdev->ctrl, &spec, &rsp);
+ if (status)
+ goto out;
+
+ // copy response to user-space
+ if (rsp.length && copy_to_user(rspdata, rsp.pointer, rsp.length))
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+
+out:
+ // always try to set response-length and status
+ tmp = put_user(rsp.length, &r->response.length);
+ if (tmp)
+ ret = tmp;
+
+ tmp = put_user(status, &r->status);
+ if (tmp)
+ ret = tmp;
+
+ // cleanup
+ kfree(spec.payload);
+ kfree(rsp.pointer);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static long __ssam_cdev_device_ioctl(struct ssam_cdev *cdev, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case SSAM_CDEV_REQUEST:
+ return ssam_cdev_request(cdev, arg);
+
+ default:
+ return -ENOTTY;
+ }
+}
+
+static long ssam_cdev_device_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct ssam_cdev *cdev = file->private_data;
+ long status;
+
+ // ensure that controller is valid for as long as we need it
+ if (down_read_killable(&cdev->lock))
+ return -ERESTARTSYS;
+
+ if (!cdev->ctrl) {
+ up_read(&cdev->lock);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+
+ status = __ssam_cdev_device_ioctl(cdev, cmd, arg);
+
+ up_read(&cdev->lock);
+ return status;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations ssam_controller_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = ssam_cdev_device_open,
+ .release = ssam_cdev_device_release,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = ssam_cdev_device_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = ssam_cdev_device_ioctl,
+ .llseek = noop_llseek,
+};
+
+static int ssam_dbg_device_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct ssam_controller *ctrl;
+ struct ssam_cdev *cdev;
+ int status;
+
+ status = ssam_client_bind(&pdev->dev, &ctrl);
+ if (status)
+ return status == -ENXIO ? -EPROBE_DEFER : status;
+
+ cdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*cdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cdev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ kref_init(&cdev->kref);
+ init_rwsem(&cdev->lock);
+ cdev->ctrl = ctrl;
+
+ cdev->mdev.parent = &pdev->dev;
+ cdev->mdev.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
+ cdev->mdev.name = "surface_aggregator";
+ cdev->mdev.nodename = "surface/aggregator";
+ cdev->mdev.fops = &ssam_controller_fops;
+
+ status = misc_register(&cdev->mdev);
+ if (status) {
+ kfree(cdev);
+ return status;
+ }
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, cdev);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ssam_dbg_device_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct ssam_cdev *cdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+
+ misc_deregister(&cdev->mdev);
+
+ /*
+ * The controller is only guaranteed to be valid for as long as the
+ * driver is bound. Remove controller so that any lingering open files
+ * cannot access it any more after we're gone.
+ */
+ down_write(&cdev->lock);
+ cdev->ctrl = NULL;
+ up_write(&cdev->lock);
+
+ ssam_cdev_put(cdev);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_device *ssam_cdev_device;
+
+static struct platform_driver ssam_cdev_driver = {
+ .probe = ssam_dbg_device_probe,
+ .remove = ssam_dbg_device_remove,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = SSAM_CDEV_DEVICE_NAME,
+ .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_ASYNCHRONOUS,
+ },
+};
+
+static int __init ssam_debug_init(void)
+{
+ int status;
+
+ ssam_cdev_device = platform_device_alloc(SSAM_CDEV_DEVICE_NAME,
+ PLATFORM_DEVID_NONE);
+ if (!ssam_cdev_device)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ status = platform_device_add(ssam_cdev_device);
+ if (status)
+ goto err_device;
+
+ status = platform_driver_register(&ssam_cdev_driver);
+ if (status)
+ goto err_driver;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_driver:
+ platform_device_del(ssam_cdev_device);
+err_device:
+ platform_device_put(ssam_cdev_device);
+ return status;
+}
+module_init(ssam_debug_init);
+
+static void __exit ssam_debug_exit(void)
+{
+ platform_driver_unregister(&ssam_cdev_driver);
+ platform_device_unregister(ssam_cdev_device);
+}
+module_exit(ssam_debug_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("User-space interface for Surface System Aggregator Module");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h b/include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1a8bc0249f8e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/surface_aggregator/cdev.h
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * Surface System Aggregator Module (SSAM) user-space EC interface.
+ *
+ * Definitions, structs, and IOCTLs for the /dev/surface/aggregator misc
+ * device. This device provides direct user-space access to the SSAM EC.
+ * Intended for debugging and development.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV_H
+#define _UAPI_LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV_H
+
+#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct ssam_cdev_request - Controller request IOCTL argument.
+ * @target_category: Target category of the SAM request.
+ * @target_id: Target ID of the SAM request.
+ * @command_id: Command ID of the SAM request.
+ * @instance_id: Instance ID of the SAM request.
+ * @flags: SAM Request flags.
+ * @status: Request status (output).
+ * @payload: Request payload (input data).
+ * @payload.data: Pointer to request payload data.
+ * @payload.length: Length of request payload data (in bytes).
+ * @response: Request response (output data).
+ * @response.data: Pointer to response buffer.
+ * @response.length: On input: Capacity of response buffer (in bytes).
+ * On output: Length of request response (number of bytes
+ * in the buffer that are actually used).
+ */
+struct ssam_cdev_request {
+ __u8 target_category;
+ __u8 target_id;
+ __u8 command_id;
+ __u8 instance_id;
+ __u16 flags;
+ __s16 status;
+
+ struct {
+ __u64 data;
+ __u16 length;
+ __u8 __pad[6];
+ } payload;
+
+ struct {
+ __u64 data;
+ __u16 length;
+ __u8 __pad[6];
+ } response;
+} __attribute__((__packed__));
+
+#define SSAM_CDEV_REQUEST _IOWR(0xA5, 1, struct ssam_cdev_request)
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV_H */
--
2.29.2
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