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SubjectRe: lockdep: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected (trig->leddev_list_lock)
Hi Andrea,

On Sun, Nov 01, 2020 at 10:26:14AM +0100, Andrea Righi wrote:
> I'm getting the following lockdep splat (see below).
>
> Apparently this warning starts to be reported after applying:
>
> e918188611f0 ("locking: More accurate annotations for read_lock()")
>
> It looks like a false positive to me, but it made me think a bit and
> IIUC there can be still a potential deadlock, even if the deadlock
> scenario is a bit different than what lockdep is showing.
>
> In the assumption that read-locks are recursive only in_interrupt()
> context (as stated in e918188611f0), the following scenario can still
> happen:
>
> CPU0 CPU1
> ---- ----
> read_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> write_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> <soft-irq>
> kbd_bh()
> -> read_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
>
> *** DEADLOCK ***
>
> The write-lock is waiting on CPU1 and the second read_lock() on CPU0
> would be blocked by the write-lock *waiter* on CPU1 => deadlock.
>

No, this is not a deadlock, as a write-lock waiter only blocks
*non-recursive* readers, so since the read_lock() in kbd_bh() is called
in soft-irq (which in_interrupt() returns true), so it's a recursive
reader and won't get blocked by the write-lock waiter.

> In that case we could prevent this deadlock condition using a workqueue
> to call kbd_propagate_led_state() instead of calling it directly from
> kbd_bh() (even if lockdep would still report the false positive).
>

The deadlock senario reported by the following splat is:


CPU 0: CPU 1: CPU 2:
----- ----- -----
led_trigger_event():
read_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
<work queue processing>
ata_hsm_qs_complete():
spin_lock_irqsave(&host->lock);
write_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
ata_port_freeze():
ata_do_link_abort():
ata_qc_complete():
ledtrig_disk_activity():
led_trigger_blink_oneshot():
read_lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
// ^ not in in_interrupt() context, so could get blocked by CPU 2
<interrupt>
ata_bmdma_interrupt():
spin_lock_irqsave(&host->lock);

, where CPU 0 is blocked by CPU 1 because of the spin_lock_irqsave() in
ata_bmdma_interrupt() and CPU 1 is blocked by CPU 2 because of the
read_lock() in led_trigger_blink_oneshot() and CPU 2 is blocked by CPU 0
because of an arbitrary writer on &trig->leddev_list_lock.

So I don't think it's false positive, but I might miss something
obvious, because I don't know what the code here actually does ;-)

Regards,
Boqun

> Can you help me to understand if this assumption is correct or if I'm
> missing something?
>
> Thanks,
> -Andrea
>
> Lockdep trace:
>
> [ 1.087260] WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected
> [ 1.087267] 5.10.0-rc1+ #18 Not tainted
> [ 1.088829] softirqs last enabled at (0): [<ffffffff8108ea17>] copy_process+0x6c7/0x1c70
> [ 1.089662] --------------------------------------------------------
> [ 1.090284] softirqs last disabled at (0): [<0000000000000000>] 0x0
> [ 1.092766] swapper/3/0 just changed the state of lock:
> [ 1.093325] ffff888006394c18 (&host->lock){-...}-{2:2}, at: ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x27/0x200
> [ 1.094190] but this lock took another, HARDIRQ-READ-unsafe lock in the past:
> [ 1.094944] (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2}
> [ 1.094946]
> [ 1.094946]
> [ 1.094946] and interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.
> [ 1.094946]
> [ 1.096600]
> [ 1.096600] other info that might help us debug this:
> [ 1.097250] Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:
> [ 1.097250]
> [ 1.097940] CPU0 CPU1
> [ 1.098401] ---- ----
> [ 1.098873] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> [ 1.099315] local_irq_disable();
> [ 1.099932] lock(&host->lock);
> [ 1.100527] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> [ 1.101219] <Interrupt>
> [ 1.101490] lock(&host->lock);
> [ 1.101844]
> [ 1.101844] *** DEADLOCK ***
> [ 1.101844]
> [ 1.102447] no locks held by swapper/3/0.
> [ 1.102858]
> [ 1.102858] the shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:
> [ 1.103646] -> (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2} ops: 46 {
> [ 1.104248] HARDIRQ-ON-R at:
> [ 1.104600] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.105120] _raw_read_lock+0x42/0x90
> [ 1.105839] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0x70
> [ 1.106348] rfkill_global_led_trigger_worker+0x94/0xb0
> [ 1.106970] process_one_work+0x240/0x560
> [ 1.107498] worker_thread+0x58/0x3d0
> [ 1.107984] kthread+0x151/0x170
> [ 1.108447] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.108924] IN-SOFTIRQ-R at:
> [ 1.109227] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.109820] _raw_read_lock+0x42/0x90
> [ 1.110404] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0x70
> [ 1.111051] kbd_bh+0x9e/0xc0
> [ 1.111558] tasklet_action_common.constprop.0+0xe9/0x100
> [ 1.112265] tasklet_action+0x22/0x30
> [ 1.112917] __do_softirq+0xcc/0x46d
> [ 1.113474] run_ksoftirqd+0x3f/0x70
> [ 1.114033] smpboot_thread_fn+0x116/0x1f0
> [ 1.114597] kthread+0x151/0x170
> [ 1.115118] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.115674] SOFTIRQ-ON-R at:
> [ 1.115987] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.116468] _raw_read_lock+0x42/0x90
> [ 1.116949] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0x70
> [ 1.117454] rfkill_global_led_trigger_worker+0x94/0xb0
> [ 1.118070] process_one_work+0x240/0x560
> [ 1.118659] worker_thread+0x58/0x3d0
> [ 1.119225] kthread+0x151/0x170
> [ 1.119740] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.120294] INITIAL READ USE at:
> [ 1.120639] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.121141] _raw_read_lock+0x42/0x90
> [ 1.121649] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0x70
> [ 1.122177] rfkill_global_led_trigger_worker+0x94/0xb0
> [ 1.122841] process_one_work+0x240/0x560
> [ 1.123375] worker_thread+0x58/0x3d0
> [ 1.123880] kthread+0x151/0x170
> [ 1.124354] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.124853] }
> [ 1.125016] ... key at: [<ffffffff83da4c00>] __key.0+0x0/0x10
> [ 1.125564] ... acquired at:
> [ 1.125836] _raw_read_lock+0x42/0x90
> [ 1.126176] led_trigger_blink_oneshot+0x3b/0x90
> [ 1.126596] ledtrig_disk_activity+0x3c/0xa0
> [ 1.126985] ata_qc_complete+0x26/0x450
> [ 1.127347] ata_do_link_abort+0xa3/0xe0
> [ 1.127705] ata_port_freeze+0x2e/0x40
> [ 1.128050] ata_hsm_qc_complete+0x94/0xa0
> [ 1.128431] ata_sff_hsm_move+0x177/0x7a0
> [ 1.128796] ata_sff_pio_task+0xc7/0x1b0
> [ 1.129154] process_one_work+0x240/0x560
> [ 1.129519] worker_thread+0x58/0x3d0
> [ 1.129857] kthread+0x151/0x170
> [ 1.130156] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.130484]
> [ 1.130622] -> (&host->lock){-...}-{2:2} ops: 69 {
> [ 1.131043] IN-HARDIRQ-W at:
> [ 1.131322] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.131777] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x52/0xa0
> [ 1.132303] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x27/0x200
> [ 1.132807] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xd5/0x2b0
> [ 1.133359] handle_irq_event+0x57/0xb0
> [ 1.133837] handle_edge_irq+0x8c/0x230
> [ 1.134314] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0xf/0x20
> [ 1.134819] common_interrupt+0x100/0x1c0
> [ 1.135328] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
> [ 1.135879] native_safe_halt+0xe/0x10
> [ 1.136539] arch_cpu_idle+0x15/0x20
> [ 1.137090] default_idle_call+0x59/0x1c0
> [ 1.137584] do_idle+0x22c/0x2c0
> [ 1.138013] cpu_startup_entry+0x20/0x30
> [ 1.138507] start_secondary+0x11d/0x150
> [ 1.138992] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xa6/0xab
> [ 1.139572] INITIAL USE at:
> [ 1.139843] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.140303] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x52/0xa0
> [ 1.140865] ata_dev_init+0x54/0xe0
> [ 1.141376] ata_link_init+0x8b/0xd0
> [ 1.141857] ata_port_alloc+0x1f1/0x210
> [ 1.142417] ata_host_alloc+0xf1/0x130
> [ 1.142932] ata_host_alloc_pinfo+0x14/0xb0
> [ 1.143453] ata_pci_sff_prepare_host+0x41/0xa0
> [ 1.144031] ata_pci_bmdma_prepare_host+0x14/0x30
> [ 1.144591] piix_init_one+0x21f/0x600
> [ 1.145063] local_pci_probe+0x48/0x80
> [ 1.145524] pci_device_probe+0x105/0x1c0
> [ 1.146006] really_probe+0x221/0x490
> [ 1.146459] driver_probe_device+0xe9/0x160
> [ 1.146953] device_driver_attach+0xb2/0xc0
> [ 1.147449] __driver_attach+0x91/0x150
> [ 1.147916] bus_for_each_dev+0x81/0xc0
> [ 1.148392] driver_attach+0x1e/0x20
> [ 1.148893] bus_add_driver+0x138/0x1f0
> [ 1.149447] driver_register+0x91/0xf0
> [ 1.149964] __pci_register_driver+0x73/0x80
> [ 1.150522] piix_init+0x1e/0x2e
> [ 1.150999] do_one_initcall+0x5f/0x2d0
> [ 1.151549] kernel_init_freeable+0x26f/0x2cf
> [ 1.152127] kernel_init+0xe/0x113
> [ 1.152638] ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> [ 1.153097] }
> [ 1.153262] ... key at: [<ffffffff83d9fdc0>] __key.6+0x0/0x10
> [ 1.153890] ... acquired at:
> [ 1.154204] __lock_acquire+0x9da/0x2370
> [ 1.154588] lock_acquire+0xec/0x430
> [ 1.154973] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x52/0xa0
> [ 1.155418] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x27/0x200
> [ 1.155857] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xd5/0x2b0
> [ 1.156312] handle_irq_event+0x57/0xb0
> [ 1.156701] handle_edge_irq+0x8c/0x230
> [ 1.157087] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0xf/0x20
> [ 1.157524] common_interrupt+0x100/0x1c0
> [ 1.157914] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
> [ 1.158298] native_safe_halt+0xe/0x10
> [ 1.158679] arch_cpu_idle+0x15/0x20
> [ 1.159051] default_idle_call+0x59/0x1c0
> [ 1.159427] do_idle+0x22c/0x2c0
> [ 1.159768] cpu_startup_entry+0x20/0x30
> [ 1.160154] start_secondary+0x11d/0x150
> [ 1.160551] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xa6/0xab
>

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