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Subject[PATCH RFC V3 4/9] x86/pks: Preserve the PKRS MSR on context switch
Date
From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

The PKRS MSR is defined as a per-logical-processor register. This
isolates memory access by logical CPU. Unfortunately, the MSR is not
managed by XSAVE. Therefore, tasks must save/restore the MSR value on
context switch.

Define a saved PKRS value in the task struct, as well as a cached
per-logical-processor MSR value which mirrors the MSR value of the
current CPU. Initialize all tasks with the default MSR value. Then, on
schedule in, check the saved task MSR vs the per-cpu value. If
different proceed to write the MSR. If not avoid the overhead of the
MSR write and continue.

Follow on patches will update the saved PKRS as well as the MSR if
needed.

Co-developed-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 13 +++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 2 ++
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 21 +++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 85 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
index 2859ee4f39a8..e467e087f1b3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -747,6 +747,7 @@

#define MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE 0x000006E0

+#define MSR_IA32_PKRS 0x000006E1

#define MSR_TSX_FORCE_ABORT 0x0000010F

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
index a9f086f1e4b4..05781be33c14 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
@@ -8,4 +8,24 @@

#define PKR_AD_KEY(pkey) (PKR_AD_BIT << ((pkey) * PKR_BITS_PER_PKEY))

+/*
+ * Define a default PKRS value for each task.
+ *
+ * Key 0 has no restriction. All other keys are set to the most restrictive
+ * value which is access disabled (AD=1).
+ *
+ * NOTE: This needs to be a macro to be used as part of the INIT_THREAD macro.
+ */
+#define INIT_PKRS_VALUE (PKR_AD_KEY(1) | PKR_AD_KEY(2) | PKR_AD_KEY(3) | \
+ PKR_AD_KEY(4) | PKR_AD_KEY(5) | PKR_AD_KEY(6) | \
+ PKR_AD_KEY(7) | PKR_AD_KEY(8) | PKR_AD_KEY(9) | \
+ PKR_AD_KEY(10) | PKR_AD_KEY(11) | PKR_AD_KEY(12) | \
+ PKR_AD_KEY(13) | PKR_AD_KEY(14) | PKR_AD_KEY(15))
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs);
+#else
+static inline void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs) { }
+#endif
+
#endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_INTERNAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 97143d87994c..da2381136b2d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ struct vm86;
#include <asm/cpufeatures.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable_types.h>
+#include <asm/pkeys_common.h>
#include <asm/percpu.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/desc_defs.h>
@@ -542,6 +543,11 @@ struct thread_struct {

unsigned int sig_on_uaccess_err:1;

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+ /* Saved Protection key register for supervisor mappings */
+ u32 saved_pkrs;
+#endif
+
/* Floating point and extended processor state */
struct fpu fpu;
/*
@@ -840,8 +846,15 @@ static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x)
#define STACK_TOP TASK_SIZE_LOW
#define STACK_TOP_MAX TASK_SIZE_MAX

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+#define INIT_THREAD_PKRS .saved_pkrs = INIT_PKRS_VALUE
+#else
+#define INIT_THREAD_PKRS 0
+#endif
+
#define INIT_THREAD { \
.addr_limit = KERNEL_DS, \
+ INIT_THREAD_PKRS, \
}

extern unsigned long KSTK_ESP(struct task_struct *task);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index a129d5e4afab..968863d59b6c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -57,6 +57,7 @@
#include <asm/intel-family.h>
#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
+#include <linux/pkeys.h>

#include "cpu.h"

@@ -1458,6 +1459,7 @@ static void setup_pks(void)
if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_PKS))
return;

+ write_pkrs(INIT_PKRS_VALUE);
cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_PKS);
}

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index ba4593a913fa..eb3a95a69392 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
#include <asm/io_bitmap.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/frame.h>
+#include <asm/pkeys_common.h>

#include "process.h"

@@ -187,6 +188,22 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp, unsigned long arg,
return ret;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(u32, pkrs_cache);
+static inline void pks_init_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ /* New tasks get the most restrictive PKRS value */
+ tsk->thread.saved_pkrs = INIT_PKRS_VALUE;
+}
+static inline void pks_sched_in(void)
+{
+ write_pkrs(current->thread.saved_pkrs);
+}
+#else
+static inline void pks_init_task(struct task_struct *tsk) { }
+static inline void pks_sched_in(void) { }
+#endif
+
void flush_thread(void)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
@@ -195,6 +212,8 @@ void flush_thread(void)
memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));

fpu__clear_all(&tsk->thread.fpu);
+
+ pks_init_task(tsk);
}

void disable_TSC(void)
@@ -644,6 +663,8 @@ void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)

if ((tifp ^ tifn) & _TIF_SLD)
switch_to_sld(tifn);
+
+ pks_sched_in();
}

/*
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
index 3cf8f775f36d..30f65dd3d0c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -229,3 +229,31 @@ u32 update_pkey_val(u32 pk_reg, int pkey, unsigned int flags)

return pk_reg;
}
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, pkrs_cache);
+
+/**
+ * It should also be noted that the underlying WRMSR(MSR_IA32_PKRS) is not
+ * serializing but still maintains ordering properties similar to WRPKRU.
+ * The current SDM section on PKRS needs updating but should be the same as
+ * that of WRPKRU. So to quote from the WRPKRU text:
+ *
+ * WRPKRU will never execute transiently. Memory accesses
+ * affected by PKRU register will not execute (even transiently)
+ * until all prior executions of WRPKRU have completed execution
+ * and updated the PKRU register.
+ */
+void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs)
+{
+ u32 *pkrs;
+
+ if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PKS))
+ return;
+
+ pkrs = get_cpu_ptr(&pkrs_cache);
+ if (*pkrs != new_pkrs) {
+ *pkrs = new_pkrs;
+ wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_PKRS, new_pkrs);
+ }
+ put_cpu_ptr(pkrs);
+}
--
2.28.0.rc0.12.gb6a658bd00c9
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