lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Oct]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [tip: locking/core] lockdep: Fix lockdep recursion
On Fri, Oct 09, 2020 at 09:41:24AM -0400, Qian Cai wrote:
> On Fri, 2020-10-09 at 07:58 +0000, tip-bot2 for Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > The following commit has been merged into the locking/core branch of tip:
> >
> > Commit-ID: 4d004099a668c41522242aa146a38cc4eb59cb1e
> > Gitweb:
> > https://git.kernel.org/tip/4d004099a668c41522242aa146a38cc4eb59cb1e
> > Author: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
> > AuthorDate: Fri, 02 Oct 2020 11:04:21 +02:00
> > Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> > CommitterDate: Fri, 09 Oct 2020 08:53:30 +02:00
> >
> > lockdep: Fix lockdep recursion
> >
> > Steve reported that lockdep_assert*irq*(), when nested inside lockdep
> > itself, will trigger a false-positive.
> >
> > One example is the stack-trace code, as called from inside lockdep,
> > triggering tracing, which in turn calls RCU, which then uses
> > lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled().
> >
> > Fixes: a21ee6055c30 ("lockdep: Change hardirq{s_enabled,_context} to per-cpu
> > variables")
> > Reported-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
>
> Reverting this linux-next commit fixed booting RCU-list warnings everywhere.

Is it possible that the RCU-list warnings were being wrongly suppressed
without a21ee6055c30? As in are you certain that these RCU-list warnings
are in fact false positives?

Thanx, Paul

> == x86 ==
> [ 8.101841][ T1] rcu: Hierarchical SRCU implementation.
> [ 8.110615][ T5] NMI watchdog: Enabled. Permanently consumes one hw-PMU counter.
> [ 8.153506][ T1] smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
> [ 8.163075][ T1] x86: Booting SMP configuration:
> [ 8.167843][ T1] .... node #0, CPUs: #1
> [ 4.002695][ T0]
> [ 4.002695][ T0] =============================
> [ 4.002695][ T0] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> [ 4.002695][ T0] 5.9.0-rc8-next-20201009 #2 Not tainted
> [ 4.002695][ T0] -----------------------------
> [ 4.002695][ T0] kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3497 RCU-list traversed in non-reader section!!
> [ 4.002695][ T0]
> [ 4.002695][ T0] other info that might help us debug this:
> [ 4.002695][ T0]
> [ 4.002695][ T0]
> [ 4.002695][ T0] RCU used illegally from offline CPU!
> [ 4.002695][ T0] rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 1
> [ 4.002695][ T0] no locks held by swapper/1/0.
> [ 4.002695][ T0]
> [ 4.002695][ T0] stack backtrace:
> [ 4.002695][ T0] CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc8-next-20201009 #2
> [ 4.002695][ T0] Hardware name: HPE ProLiant DL385 Gen10/ProLiant DL385 Gen10, BIOS A40 07/10/2019
> [ 4.002695][ T0] Call Trace:
> [ 4.002695][ T0] dump_stack+0x99/0xcb
> [ 4.002695][ T0] __lock_acquire.cold.76+0x2ad/0x3e0
> lookup_chain_cache at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3497
> (inlined by) lookup_chain_cache_add at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3517
> (inlined by) validate_chain at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3572
> (inlined by) __lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4837
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x3d0/0x3d0
> [ 4.002695][ T0] lock_acquire+0x1c8/0x820
> lockdep_recursion_finish at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:435
> (inlined by) lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5444
> (inlined by) lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5407
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? __debug_object_init+0xb4/0xf50
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? memset+0x1f/0x40
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? rcu_read_unlock+0x40/0x40
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? mce_gather_info+0x170/0x170
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? arch_freq_get_on_cpu+0x270/0x270
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? mce_cpu_restart+0x40/0x40
> [ 4.002695][ T0] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x30/0x50
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? __debug_object_init+0xb4/0xf50
> [ 4.002695][ T0] __debug_object_init+0xb4/0xf50
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? mce_amd_feature_init+0x80c/0xa70
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? debug_object_fixup+0x30/0x30
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? machine_check_poll+0x2d0/0x2d0
> [ 4.002695][ T0] ? mce_cpu_restart+0x40/0x40
> [ 4.002695][ T0] init_timer_key+0x29/0x220
> [ 4.002695][ T0] identify_cpu+0xfcb/0x1980
> [ 4.002695][ T0] identify_secondary_cpu+0x1d/0x190
> [ 4.002695][ T0] smp_store_cpu_info+0x167/0x1f0
> [ 4.002695][ T0] start_secondary+0x5b/0x290
> [ 4.002695][ T0] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xb8/0xbb
> [ 8.379508][ T1] #2
> [ 8.389728][ T1] #3
> [ 8.399901][ T1]
>
> == s390 ==
> 00: [ 1.539768] rcu: Hierarchical SRCU implementation.
> 00: [ 1.561622] smp: Bringing up secondary CPUs ...
> 00: [ 1.568677]
> 00: [ 1.568681] =============================
> 00: [ 1.568682] WARNING: suspicious RCU usage
> 00: [ 1.568688] 5.9.0-rc8-next-20201009 #2 Not tainted
> 00: [ 1.568688] -----------------------------
> 00: [ 1.568691] kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3497 RCU-list traversed in non-reade
> 00: r section!!
> 00: [ 1.568692]
> 00: [ 1.568692] other info that might help us debug this:
> 00: [ 1.568692]
> 00: [ 1.568694]
> 00: [ 1.568694] RCU used illegally from offline CPU!
> 00: [ 1.568694] rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 1
> 00: [ 1.568697] no locks held by swapper/1/0.
> 00: [ 1.568697]
> 00: [ 1.568697] stack backtrace:
> 00: [ 1.568702] CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc8-next-2020
> 00: 1009 #2
> 00: [ 1.568704] Hardware name: IBM 2964 N96 400 (z/VM 6.4.0)
> 00: [ 1.568706] Call Trace:
> 00: [ 1.568719] [<000000011fb85370>] show_stack+0x158/0x1f0
> 00: [ 1.568723] [<000000011fb90402>] dump_stack+0x1f2/0x238
> 00: [ 1.568730] [<000000011ebd89d8>] __lock_acquire+0x2640/0x4dd0
> lookup_chain_cache at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3497
> (inlined by) lookup_chain_cache_add at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3517
> (inlined by) validate_chain at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3572
> (inlined by) __lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:4837
> 00: [ 1.568732] [<000000011ebdd230>] lock_acquire+0x3a8/0xd08
> lockdep_recursion_finish at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:435
> (inlined by) lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5444
> (inlined by) lock_acquire at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5407
> 00: [ 1.568738] [<000000011fbb5ca8>] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0xc0/0xf0
> __raw_spin_lock_irqsave at include/linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:117
> (inlined by) _raw_spin_lock_irqsave at kernel/locking/spinlock.c:159
> 00: [ 1.568745] [<000000011ec6e7e8>] clockevents_register_device+0xa8/0x528
> 00:
> 00: [ 1.568748] [<000000011ea55246>] init_cpu_timer+0x33e/0x468
> 00: [ 1.568754] [<000000011ea7f4d2>] smp_init_secondary+0x11a/0x328
> 00: [ 1.568757] [<000000011ea7f3b2>] smp_start_secondary+0x82/0x88
> smp_start_secondary at arch/s390/kernel/smp.c:892
> 00: [ 1.568759] no locks held by swapper/1/0.
> 00: [ 1.569956] smp: Brought up 1 node, 2 CPUs
>
> > ---
> > include/linux/lockdep.h | 13 +++--
> > kernel/locking/lockdep.c | 99 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
> > 2 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 45 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/lockdep.h b/include/linux/lockdep.h
> > index 6a584b3..b1227be 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/lockdep.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/lockdep.h
> > @@ -534,6 +534,7 @@ do {
> > \
> >
> > DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, hardirqs_enabled);
> > DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, hardirq_context);
> > +DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, lockdep_recursion);
> >
> > /*
> > * The below lockdep_assert_*() macros use raw_cpu_read() to access the above
> > @@ -543,25 +544,27 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, hardirq_context);
> > * read the value from our previous CPU.
> > */
> >
> > +#define __lockdep_enabled (debug_locks &&
> > !raw_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion))
> > +
> > #define lockdep_assert_irqs_enabled()
> > \
> > do { \
> > - WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && !raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled)); \
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(__lockdep_enabled && !raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled)); \
> > } while (0)
> >
> > #define lockdep_assert_irqs_disabled()
> > \
> > do { \
> > - WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled)); \
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(__lockdep_enabled && raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled)); \
> > } while (0)
> >
> > #define lockdep_assert_in_irq()
> > \
> > do { \
> > - WARN_ON_ONCE(debug_locks && !raw_cpu_read(hardirq_context)); \
> > + WARN_ON_ONCE(__lockdep_enabled && !raw_cpu_read(hardirq_context)); \
> > } while (0)
> >
> > #define lockdep_assert_preemption_enabled() \
> > do { \
> > WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) && \
> > - debug_locks && \
> > + __lockdep_enabled && \
> > (preempt_count() != 0 || \
> > !raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled))); \
> > } while (0)
> > @@ -569,7 +572,7 @@ do {
> > \
> > #define lockdep_assert_preemption_disabled() \
> > do { \
> > WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT) && \
> > - debug_locks && \
> > + __lockdep_enabled && \
> > (preempt_count() == 0 && \
> > raw_cpu_read(hardirqs_enabled))); \
> > } while (0)
> > diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> > index a430fbb..85d15f0 100644
> > --- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> > +++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> > @@ -76,6 +76,23 @@ module_param(lock_stat, int, 0644);
> > #define lock_stat 0
> > #endif
> >
> > +DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, lockdep_recursion);
> > +EXPORT_PER_CPU_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_recursion);
> > +
> > +static inline bool lockdep_enabled(void)
> > +{
> > + if (!debug_locks)
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + if (raw_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion))
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + if (current->lockdep_recursion)
> > + return false;
> > +
> > + return true;
> > +}
> > +
> > /*
> > * lockdep_lock: protects the lockdep graph, the hashes and the
> > * class/list/hash allocators.
> > @@ -93,7 +110,7 @@ static inline void lockdep_lock(void)
> >
> > arch_spin_lock(&__lock);
> > __owner = current;
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + __this_cpu_inc(lockdep_recursion);
> > }
> >
> > static inline void lockdep_unlock(void)
> > @@ -101,7 +118,7 @@ static inline void lockdep_unlock(void)
> > if (debug_locks && DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(__owner != current))
> > return;
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion--;
> > + __this_cpu_dec(lockdep_recursion);
> > __owner = NULL;
> > arch_spin_unlock(&__lock);
> > }
> > @@ -393,10 +410,15 @@ void lockdep_init_task(struct task_struct *task)
> > task->lockdep_recursion = 0;
> > }
> >
> > +static __always_inline void lockdep_recursion_inc(void)
> > +{
> > + __this_cpu_inc(lockdep_recursion);
> > +}
> > +
> > static __always_inline void lockdep_recursion_finish(void)
> > {
> > - if (WARN_ON_ONCE((--current->lockdep_recursion) &
> > LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK))
> > - current->lockdep_recursion = 0;
> > + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(__this_cpu_dec_return(lockdep_recursion)))
> > + __this_cpu_write(lockdep_recursion, 0);
> > }
> >
> > void lockdep_set_selftest_task(struct task_struct *task)
> > @@ -3659,7 +3681,7 @@ void lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(unsigned long ip)
> > if (unlikely(in_nmi()))
> > return;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK))
> > + if (unlikely(__this_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion)))
> > return;
> >
> > if (unlikely(lockdep_hardirqs_enabled())) {
> > @@ -3695,7 +3717,7 @@ void lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare(unsigned long ip)
> >
> > current->hardirq_chain_key = current->curr_chain_key;
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __trace_hardirqs_on_caller();
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > }
> > @@ -3728,7 +3750,7 @@ void noinstr lockdep_hardirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
> > goto skip_checks;
> > }
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK))
> > + if (unlikely(__this_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion)))
> > return;
> >
> > if (lockdep_hardirqs_enabled()) {
> > @@ -3781,7 +3803,7 @@ void noinstr lockdep_hardirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
> > if (in_nmi()) {
> > if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS_NMI))
> > return;
> > - } else if (current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK)
> > + } else if (__this_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion))
> > return;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -3814,7 +3836,7 @@ void lockdep_softirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
> > {
> > struct irqtrace_events *trace = &current->irqtrace;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -3829,7 +3851,7 @@ void lockdep_softirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
> > return;
> > }
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > /*
> > * We'll do an OFF -> ON transition:
> > */
> > @@ -3852,7 +3874,7 @@ void lockdep_softirqs_on(unsigned long ip)
> > */
> > void lockdep_softirqs_off(unsigned long ip)
> > {
> > - if (unlikely(!debug_locks || current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -4233,11 +4255,11 @@ void lockdep_init_map_waits(struct lockdep_map *lock,
> > const char *name,
> > if (subclass) {
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > register_lock_class(lock, subclass, 1);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -4920,11 +4942,11 @@ void lock_set_class(struct lockdep_map *lock, const
> > char *name,
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > check_flags(flags);
> > if (__lock_set_class(lock, name, key, subclass, ip))
> > check_chain_key(current);
> > @@ -4937,11 +4959,11 @@ void lock_downgrade(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned
> > long ip)
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > check_flags(flags);
> > if (__lock_downgrade(lock, ip))
> > check_chain_key(current);
> > @@ -4979,7 +5001,7 @@ static void verify_lock_unused(struct lockdep_map *lock,
> > struct held_lock *hlock
> >
> > static bool lockdep_nmi(void)
> > {
> > - if (current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK)
> > + if (raw_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion))
> > return false;
> >
> > if (!in_nmi())
> > @@ -5000,7 +5022,10 @@ void lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned
> > int subclass,
> >
> > trace_lock_acquire(lock, subclass, trylock, read, check, nest_lock, ip);
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion)) {
> > + if (!debug_locks)
> > + return;
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled())) {
> > /* XXX allow trylock from NMI ?!? */
> > if (lockdep_nmi() && !trylock) {
> > struct held_lock hlock;
> > @@ -5023,7 +5048,7 @@ void lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned int
> > subclass,
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __lock_acquire(lock, subclass, trylock, read, check,
> > irqs_disabled_flags(flags), nest_lock, ip, 0, 0);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > @@ -5037,13 +5062,13 @@ void lock_release(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned
> > long ip)
> >
> > trace_lock_release(lock, ip);
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > if (__lock_release(lock, ip))
> > check_chain_key(current);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > @@ -5056,13 +5081,13 @@ noinstr int lock_is_held_type(const struct lockdep_map
> > *lock, int read)
> > unsigned long flags;
> > int ret = 0;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return 1; /* avoid false negative lockdep_assert_held() */
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > ret = __lock_is_held(lock, read);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -5077,13 +5102,13 @@ struct pin_cookie lock_pin_lock(struct lockdep_map
> > *lock)
> > struct pin_cookie cookie = NIL_COOKIE;
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return cookie;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > cookie = __lock_pin_lock(lock);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -5096,13 +5121,13 @@ void lock_repin_lock(struct lockdep_map *lock, struct
> > pin_cookie cookie)
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __lock_repin_lock(lock, cookie);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -5113,13 +5138,13 @@ void lock_unpin_lock(struct lockdep_map *lock, struct
> > pin_cookie cookie)
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> >
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __lock_unpin_lock(lock, cookie);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -5249,15 +5274,12 @@ void lock_contended(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned
> > long ip)
> >
> > trace_lock_acquired(lock, ip);
> >
> > - if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !debug_locks))
> > - return;
> > -
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __lock_contended(lock, ip);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -5270,15 +5292,12 @@ void lock_acquired(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned
> > long ip)
> >
> > trace_lock_contended(lock, ip);
> >
> > - if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !debug_locks))
> > - return;
> > -
> > - if (unlikely(current->lockdep_recursion))
> > + if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !lockdep_enabled()))
> > return;
> >
> > raw_local_irq_save(flags);
> > check_flags(flags);
> > - current->lockdep_recursion++;
> > + lockdep_recursion_inc();
> > __lock_acquired(lock, ip);
> > lockdep_recursion_finish();
> > raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-10-09 15:59    [W:0.318 / U:2.916 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site