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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 08/14] PCI/AER: Extend AER error handling to RCECs
On Fri, Oct 02, 2020 at 11:47:29AM -0700, Sean V Kelley wrote:
> From: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
>
> Currently the kernel does not handle AER errors for Root Complex
> integrated End Points (RCiEPs)[0]. These devices sit on a root bus within
> the Root Complex (RC). AER handling is performed by a Root Complex Event
> Collector (RCEC) [1] which is a effectively a type of RCiEP on the same
> root bus.
>
> For an RCEC (technically not a Bridge), error messages "received" from
> associated RCiEPs must be enabled for "transmission" in order to cause a
> System Error via the Root Control register or (when the Advanced Error
> Reporting Capability is present) reporting via the Root Error Command
> register and logging in the Root Error Status register and Error Source
> Identification register.
>
> In addition to the defined OS level handling of the reset flow for the
> associated RCiEPs of an RCEC, it is possible to also have non-native
> handling. In that case there is no need to take any actions on the RCEC
> because the firmware is responsible for them. This is true where APEI [2]
> is used to report the AER errors via a GHES[v2] HEST entry [3] and
> relevant AER CPER record [4] and non-native handling is in use.
>
> We effectively end up with two different types of discovery for
> purposes of handling AER errors:
>
> 1) Normal bus walk - we pass the downstream port above a bus to which
> the device is attached and it walks everything below that point.
>
> 2) An RCiEP with no visible association with an RCEC as there is no need
> to walk devices. In that case, the flow is to just call the callbacks for
> the actual device, which in turn references its associated RCEC.
>
> Modify pci_walk_bridge() to handle devices which lack a subordinate bus.
> If the device does not then it will call the function on that device
> alone.
>
> [0] ACPI PCI Express Base Specification 5.0-1 1.3.2.3 Root Complex
> Integrated Endpoint Rules.
> [1] ACPI PCI Express Base Specification 5.0-1 6.2 Error Signalling and
> Logging
> [2] ACPI Specification 6.3 Chapter 18 ACPI Platform Error Interface (APEI)
> [3] ACPI Specification 6.3 18.2.3.7 Generic Hardware Error Source
> [4] UEFI Specification 2.8, N.2.7 PCI Express Error Section
>
> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sean V Kelley <sean.v.kelley@intel.com>
> ---
> drivers/pci/pcie/err.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> index 5ff1afa4763d..c4ceca42a3bf 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> @@ -148,19 +148,25 @@ static int report_resume(struct pci_dev *dev, void *data)
>
> /**
> * pci_walk_bridge - walk bridges potentially AER affected
> - * @bridge bridge which may be a Port.
> + * @bridge bridge which may be an RCEC with associated RCiEPs,
> + * an RCiEP associated with an RCEC, or a Port.
> * @cb callback to be called for each device found
> * @userdata arbitrary pointer to be passed to callback.
> *
> * If the device provided is a bridge, walk the subordinate bus,
> * including any bridged devices on buses under this bus.
> * Call the provided callback on each device found.
> + *
> + * If the device provided has no subordinate bus, call the provided
> + * callback on the device itself.
> */
> static void pci_walk_bridge(struct pci_dev *bridge, int (*cb)(struct pci_dev *, void *),
> void *userdata)
> {
> if (bridge->subordinate)
> pci_walk_bus(bridge->subordinate, cb, userdata);
> + else
> + cb(bridge, userdata);
> }
>
> pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev,
> @@ -174,11 +180,13 @@ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev,
> /*
> * Error recovery runs on all subordinates of the first downstream
> * bridge. If the downstream bridge detected the error, it is
> - * cleared at the end.
> + * cleared at the end. For RCiEPs we should reset just the RCiEP itself.
> */
> type = pci_pcie_type(dev);
> if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT ||
> - type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM)
> + type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM ||
> + type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_RC_EC ||

What is the case where an RCEC is passed to pcie_do_recovery()? I
guess it's the case where an RCEC is reporting an error that it logged
itself, i.e., no RCiEP is involved at all? In that case I guess we
should try an FLR on the RCEC and clear its status?

(I don't think the current series attempts the FLR.)

> + type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_RC_END)
> bridge = dev;
> else
> bridge = pci_upstream_bridge(dev);
> @@ -186,7 +194,13 @@ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev,
> pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast error_detected message\n");
> if (state == pci_channel_io_frozen) {
> pci_walk_bridge(bridge, report_frozen_detected, &status);
> - status = reset_subordinate_device(bridge);
> + if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_RC_END) {
> + pci_warn(dev, "subordinate device reset not possible for RCiEP\n");
> + status = PCI_ERS_RESULT_NONE;
> + goto failed;
> + }
> +
> + status = reset_subordinate_devices(bridge);
> if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
> pci_warn(dev, "subordinate device reset failed\n");
> goto failed;
> @@ -219,7 +233,8 @@ pci_ers_result_t pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev,
> pci_walk_bridge(bridge, report_resume, &status);
>
> if (type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT ||
> - type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM) {
> + type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM ||
> + type == PCI_EXP_TYPE_RC_EC) {
> if (pcie_aer_is_native(bridge))
> pcie_clear_device_status(bridge);
> pci_aer_clear_nonfatal_status(bridge);
> --
> 2.28.0
>

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