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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: nVMX: Morph notification vector IRQ on nested VM-Enter to pending PI
On Tue, Oct 6, 2020 at 11:35 AM Sean Christopherson
<sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Oct 06, 2020 at 10:36:09AM -0700, Jim Mattson wrote:
> > On Wed, Aug 12, 2020 at 10:51 AM Sean Christopherson
> > <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > On successful nested VM-Enter, check for pending interrupts and convert
> > > the highest priority interrupt to a pending posted interrupt if it
> > > matches L2's notification vector. If the vCPU receives a notification
> > > interrupt before nested VM-Enter (assuming L1 disables IRQs before doing
> > > VM-Enter), the pending interrupt (for L1) should be recognized and
> > > processed as a posted interrupt when interrupts become unblocked after
> > > VM-Enter to L2.
> > >
> > > This fixes a bug where L1/L2 will get stuck in an infinite loop if L1 is
> > > trying to inject an interrupt into L2 by setting the appropriate bit in
> > > L2's PIR and sending a self-IPI prior to VM-Enter (as opposed to KVM's
> > > method of manually moving the vector from PIR->vIRR/RVI). KVM will
> > > observe the IPI while the vCPU is in L1 context and so won't immediately
> > > morph it to a posted interrupt for L2. The pending interrupt will be
> > > seen by vmx_check_nested_events(), cause KVM to force an immediate exit
> > > after nested VM-Enter, and eventually be reflected to L1 as a VM-Exit.
> > > After handling the VM-Exit, L1 will see that L2 has a pending interrupt
> > > in PIR, send another IPI, and repeat until L2 is killed.
> > >
> > > Note, posted interrupts require virtual interrupt deliveriy, and virtual
> > > interrupt delivery requires exit-on-interrupt, ergo interrupts will be
> > > unconditionally unmasked on VM-Enter if posted interrupts are enabled.
> > >
> > > Fixes: 705699a13994 ("KVM: nVMX: Enable nested posted interrupt processing")
> > > Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> > > Cc: Liran Alon <liran.alon@oracle.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> > > ---
> > I don't think this is the best fix.
>
> I agree, even without any more explanantion :-)
>
> > I believe the real problem is the way that external and posted
> > interrupts are handled in vmx_check_nested_events().
> >
> > First of all, I believe that the existing call to
> > vmx_complete_nested_posted_interrupt() at the end of
> > vmx_check_nested_events() is far too aggressive. Unless I am missing
> > something in the SDM, posted interrupt processing is *only* triggered
> > when the notification vector is received in VMX non-root mode. It is
> > not triggered on VM-entry.
>
> That's my understanding as well. Virtual interrupt delivery is evaluated
> on VM-Enter, but not posted interrupts.
>
> Evaluation of pending virtual interrupts is caused only by VM entry, TPR
> virtualization, EOI virtualization, self-IPI virtualization, and posted-
> interrupt processing.
>
> > Looking back one block, we have:
> >
> > if (kvm_cpu_has_interrupt(vcpu) && !vmx_interrupt_blocked(vcpu)) {
> > if (block_nested_events)
> > return -EBUSY;
> > if (!nested_exit_on_intr(vcpu))
> > goto no_vmexit;
> > nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, EXIT_REASON_EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT, 0, 0);
> > return 0;
> > }
> >
> > If nested_exit_on_intr() is true, we should first check to see if
> > "acknowledge interrupt on exit" is set. If so, we should acknowledge
> > the interrupt right here, with a call to kvm_cpu_get_interrupt(),
> > rather than deep in the guts of nested_vmx_vmexit(). If the vector we
> > get is the notification vector from VMCS12, then we should call
> > vmx_complete_nested_posted_interrupt(). Otherwise, we should call
> > nested_vmx_vmexit(EXIT_REASON_EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT) as we do now.
>
> That makes sense. And we can pass in exit_intr_info instead of computing
> it in nested_vmx_vmexit() since this is the only path that does a nested
> exit with EXIT_REASON_EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT.
>
> > Furthermore, vmx_complete_nested_posted_interrupt() should write to
> > the L1 EOI register, as indicated in step 4 of the 7-step sequence
> > detailed in section 29.6 of the SDM, volume 3. It skips this step
> > today.
>
> Yar.
>
> Thanks Jim! I'll get a series out.

Hey Sean,

I actually ran into this issue as well before noticing your patch. I
have a repro kvm-unit-test that I'll send out shortly.

Thanks for looking into this!

--
Oliver

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