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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v3 0/2] mm: remove extra ZONE_DEVICE struct page refcount
On Thu, Oct 1, 2020 at 11:17 AM Ralph Campbell <> wrote:
> This is still an RFC because after looking at the pmem/dax code some
> more, I realized that the ZONE_DEVICE struct pages are being inserted
> into the process' page tables with vmf_insert_mixed() and a zero
> refcount on the ZONE_DEVICE struct page. This is sort of OK because
> insert_pfn() increments the reference count on the pgmap which is what
> prevents memunmap_pages() from freeing the struct pages and it doesn't
> check for a non-zero struct page reference count.
> But, any calls to get_page() will hit the VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() that
> checks for a reference count == 0.
> // mmap() an ext4 file that is mounted -o dax.
> ext4_dax_fault()
> ext4_dax_huge_fault()
> dax_iomap_fault(&ext4_iomap_ops)
> dax_iomap_pte_fault()
> ops->iomap_begin() // ext4_iomap_begin()
> ext4_map_blocks()
> ext4_set_iomap()
> dax_iomap_pfn()
> dax_insert_entry()
> vmf_insert_mixed(pfn)
> __vm_insert_mixed()
> !pfn_t_devmap(pfn) && pfn_t_valid(pfn))
> insert_page()
> get_page(page) // XXX would trigger VM_BUG_ON_PAGE()
> page_add_file_rmap()
> set_pte_at()
> else
> insert_pfn()
> pte_mkdevmap()
> set_pte_at()
> Should pmem set the page reference count to one before inserting the
> pfn into the page tables (and decrement when removing devmap PTEs)?
> Where should they icrement/decrement the page reference count?
> I don't know enough about how these are used to really know what to
> do at this point. If people want me to continue to work on this series,
> I will need some guidance.

fs/dax could take the reference when inserting, but that would mean
that ext4 and xfs would need to go back to checking for 1 to be page
idle. I think that's ok because the filesystem is actually not
checking for page-idle it's checking for "get_user_pages()" idle.

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