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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 1/2] dt-bindings: usb: Add binding for discrete onboard USB hubs
On Fri, Oct 02, 2020 at 05:58:22PM -0500, Rob Herring wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 2, 2020 at 1:36 PM Alan Stern <> wrote:
> > Regardless of how the situation is represented in DT, there remains the
> > issue of where (i.e., in which driver module) the appropriate code
> > belongs. This goes far beyond USB. In general, what happens when one
> > sort of device normally isn't hooked up through a power regulator, so
> > its driver doesn't have any code to enable a regulator, but then some
> > system does exactly that?
> >
> > Even worse, what if the device is on a discoverable bus, so the driver
> > doesn't get invoked at all until the device is discovered, but on the
> > new system it can't be discovered until the regulator is enabled?
> Yep, it's the same issue here with USB, MDIO which just came up a few
> weeks ago, MMC/SD which hacked around it with 'mmc-pwrseq' binding
> (not something I want to duplicate) and every other discoverable bus.
> What do they all have in common? The kernel's driver model being
> unable to cope with this situation. We really need a common solution
> here and not bus or device specific hack-arounds.

To me this doesn't seem quite so much to be a weakness of the kernel's
driver model.

It's a platform-specific property, one that is not discoverable and
therefore needs to be represented somehow in DT or ACPI or something
similar. Something that says "Device A cannot operate or be discovered
until power regulator B is enabled", for example.

The decision to enable the power regulator at system startup would be
kernel policy, not a part of the DT description. But there ought to be
a standard way of recognizing which resource requirements of this sort
should be handled at startup. Then there could be a special module (in
the driver model core? -- that doesn't really seem appropriate) which
would search through the whole DT database for resources of this kind
and enable them.

The case that Matthias is working on is even more complicated
because he wants to add a platform-specific sysfs attribute for
controlling the power resource. But I think that would be relatively
easy to set up, if only we could guarantee that the power regulator
would be enabled initially so that the hub can be discovered.

Alan Stern

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