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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/5] counter: Internalize sysfs interface code
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On 10/18/20 9:49 AM, William Breathitt Gray wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 12, 2020 at 09:15:00PM -0500, David Lechner wrote:
>> On 9/26/20 9:18 PM, William Breathitt Gray wrote:
>>> This is a reimplementation of the Generic Counter driver interface.
>>
>> I'll follow up if I find any problems while testing but here are some
>> comments I had from looking over the patch.
>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/counter/counter-core.c b/drivers/counter/counter-core.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 000000000000..987c6e8277eb
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/counter/counter-core.c
>>
>>
>>> +/**
>>> + * counter_register - register Counter to the system
>>> + * @counter: pointer to Counter to register
>>> + *
>>> + * This function registers a Counter to the system. A sysfs "counter" directory
>>> + * will be created and populated with sysfs attributes correlating with the
>>> + * Counter Signals, Synapses, and Counts respectively.
>>> + */
>>> +int counter_register(struct counter_device *const counter)
>>> +{
>>> + struct device *const dev = &counter->dev;
>>> + int err;
>>> +
>>> + /* Acquire unique ID */
>>> + counter->id = ida_simple_get(&counter_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> + if (counter->id < 0)
>>> + return counter->id;
>>> +
>>> + /* Configure device structure for Counter */
>>> + dev->type = &counter_device_type;
>>> + dev->bus = &counter_bus_type;
>>> + if (counter->parent) {
>>> + dev->parent = counter->parent;
>>> + dev->of_node = counter->parent->of_node;
>>> + }
>>> + dev_set_name(dev, "counter%d", counter->id);
>>> + device_initialize(dev);> + dev_set_drvdata(dev, counter);
>>> +
>>> + /* Add Counter sysfs attributes */
>>> + err = counter_sysfs_add(counter);
>>> + if (err)
>>> + goto err_free_id;
>>> +
>>> + /* Add device to system */
>>> + err = device_add(dev);
>>> + if (err) {
>>> + put_device(dev);
>>> + goto err_free_id;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> +err_free_id:
>>> + /* get_device/put_device combo used to free managed resources */
>>> + get_device(dev);
>>> + put_device(dev);
>>
>> I've never seen this in a driver before, so it makes me think this is
>> not the "right way" to do this. After device_initialize() is called, we
>> already should have a reference to dev, so only device_put() is needed.
>
> I do admit this feels very hacky, but I'm not sure how to handle this
> more elegantly. The problem is that device_initialize() is not enough by
> itself -- it just initializes the structure, while device_add()
> increments the reference count via a call to get_device().

add_device() also releases this reference by calling put_device() in all
return paths. The reference count is initialized to 1 in device_initialize().

device_initialize > kobject_init > kobject_init_internal > kref_init

>
> So let's assume counter_sysfs_add() fails and we go to err_free_id
> before device_add() is called; if we ignore get_device(), the reference
> count will be 0 at this point. We then call put_device(), which calls
> kobject_put(), kref_put(), and eventually refcount_dec_and_test().
>
> The refcount_dec_and_test() function returns 0 at this point because the
> reference count can't be decremented further (refcount is already 0), so
> release() is never called and we end up leaking all the memory we
> allocated in counter_sysfs_add().
>
> Is my logic correct here?

Not quite. I think you missed a few things I mentioned above. So we never
have a ref count of 0 until the very last call to put_device().

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