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SubjectRe: lockdep null-ptr-deref
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On Fri, 2020-10-02 at 12:06 +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 11:49:37AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 11:16:11AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > > On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 07:08:23AM +0800, Boqun Feng wrote:
> > > > I think there are two problems here:
> > > >
> > > > 1) the "(null)" means we don't have the "usage_str" for a usage bit,
> > > > which I think is the LOCK_USED_READ bit introduced by Peter at
> > > > 23870f122768 ('locking/lockdep: Fix "USED" <- "IN-NMI" inversions').
> > > >
> > > > 2) the next null-ptr-deref, and I think this is also caused by
> > > > LOCK_USED_READ bit, because in the loop inside
> > > > print_lock_class_header(), we iterate from 0 to LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which
> > > > is 4*2 + 3), however the class->usage_traces[] only has
> > > > XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which is 4*2 + 1) elements, so if we have
> > > > LOCK_USED_READ bit set in ->usage_mask, we will try to access an element
> > > > out of the ->usage_traces[] array.
> > > >
> > > > Probably the following helps? And another possible fix is to enlarge the
> > > > ->usage_trace[] array and record the call trace of LOCK_READ_USED.
> > >
> > > Urgh.. yeah, I wanted to avoid saving that trace; it's pretty useless :/
> > > The existing USED trace is already mostly pointless, the consistent
> > > thing would be to remove both but that might be too radical.
> > >
> > > But you're right in that I made a right mess of it. Not sure what's
> > > best here.
> > >
> > > Let me have a play.
> >
> > How's something like this? It's bigger than I'd like, but I feel the
> > result is more consistent/readable.
> >
>
> Qian, could you confirm this works for you?

It works fine. No crash. The new report looks like this:

[ 29.439920] ========================================================
[ 29.449225] WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected
[ 29.453195] 5.9.0-rc7-next-20201002+ #5 Not tainted
[ 29.456023] --------------------------------------------------------
[ 29.459012] swapper/6/0 just changed the state of lock:
[ 29.461442] ffff8889e8cc0818 (&host->lock){-...}-{2:2}, at: ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.462752] scsi 0:0:0:0: Direct-Access ATA QEMU HARDDISK 2.5+ PQ: 0 ANSI: 5
[ 29.465625] but this lock took another, HARDIRQ-READ-unsafe lock in the past:
[ 29.465626] (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2}
[ 29.465629]

and interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.

[ 29.465630]
other info that might help us debug this:
[ 29.465631] Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:

[ 29.465632] CPU0 CPU1
[ 29.465638] ---- ----
[ 29.490458] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
[ 29.492455] local_irq_disable();
[ 29.495248] lock(&host->lock);
[ 29.497882] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
[ 29.501018] <Interrupt>
[ 29.502293] lock(&host->lock);
[ 29.503853]
*** DEADLOCK ***

[ 29.506636] no locks held by swapper/6/0.
[ 29.508558]
the shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:
[ 29.512201] -> (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2} {
[ 29.514614] HARDIRQ-ON-R at:
[ 29.516194] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.518755] _raw_read_lock+0x38/0x70
[ 29.521310] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
[ 29.523945] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
[ 29.526858] kbd_bh+0x14d/0x1d0
[ 29.529139] tasklet_action_common.isra.13+0x23a/0x2e0
[ 29.532338] __do_softirq+0x1ce/0x828
[ 29.534847] run_ksoftirqd+0x26/0x50
[ 29.537390] smpboot_thread_fn+0x30f/0x740
[ 29.540094] kthread+0x357/0x420
[ 29.542468] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
[ 29.544957] IN-SOFTIRQ-R at:
[ 29.546487] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.549003] _raw_read_lock+0x38/0x70
[ 29.551577] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
[ 29.554257] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
[ 29.557200] kbd_bh+0x14d/0x1d0
[ 29.559497] tasklet_action_common.isra.13+0x23a/0x2e0
[ 29.562705] __do_softirq+0x1ce/0x828
[ 29.565315] run_ksoftirqd+0x26/0x50
[ 29.567798] smpboot_thread_fn+0x30f/0x740
[ 29.570543] kthread+0x357/0x420
[ 29.572867] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
[ 29.575428] SOFTIRQ-ON-R at:
[ 29.576915] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.579460] _raw_read_lock+0x5d/0x70
[ 29.581954] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
[ 29.584621] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
[ 29.587551] kbd_start+0xd2/0xf0
[ 29.589901] input_register_handle+0x282/0x4f0
[ 29.592811] kbd_connect+0xc0/0x120
[ 29.595347] input_attach_handler+0x10a/0x170
[ 29.598212] input_register_device.cold.22+0xac/0x29d
[ 29.601390] atkbd_connect+0x58f/0x810
[ 29.603950] serio_connect_driver+0x4a/0x70
[ 29.606791] really_probe+0x222/0xb20
[ 29.609369] driver_probe_device+0x1f6/0x380
[ 29.612193] device_driver_attach+0xea/0x120
[ 29.615002] __driver_attach+0xf5/0x270
[ 29.617660] bus_for_each_dev+0x11c/0x1b0
[ 29.620370] serio_handle_event+0x1df/0x7f0
[ 29.623129] process_one_work+0x842/0x1410
[ 29.625874] worker_thread+0x87/0xb40
[ 29.628428] kthread+0x357/0x420
[ 29.630740] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
[ 29.633256] INITIAL USE at:
[ 29.634723] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.637236] _raw_write_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
[ 29.640049] led_trigger_set+0x44b/0xb70
[ 29.642692] led_trigger_set_default+0x163/0x200
[ 29.645672] led_classdev_register_ext+0x482/0x670
[ 29.648689] input_leds_connect+0x375/0x620
[ 29.651449] input_attach_handler+0x10a/0x170
[ 29.654293] input_register_device.cold.22+0xac/0x29d
[ 29.657468] atkbd_connect+0x58f/0x810
[ 29.659979] serio_connect_driver+0x4a/0x70
[ 29.662731] really_probe+0x222/0xb20
[ 29.665297] driver_probe_device+0x1f6/0x380
[ 29.668039] device_driver_attach+0xea/0x120
[ 29.670817] __driver_attach+0xf5/0x270
[ 29.673510] bus_for_each_dev+0x11c/0x1b0
[ 29.676237] serio_handle_event+0x1df/0x7f0
[ 29.678962] process_one_work+0x842/0x1410
[ 29.681676] worker_thread+0x87/0xb40
[ 29.684198] kthread+0x357/0x420
[ 29.686523] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
[ 29.688958] }
[ 29.689836] ... key at: [<ffffffffbea9c780>] __key.33862+0x0/0x40
[ 29.692932] ... acquired at:
[ 29.694395] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.696221] _raw_read_lock+0x5d/0x70
[ 29.697972] led_trigger_blink_oneshot+0x39/0xd0
[ 29.700232] ledtrig_disk_activity+0x77/0xf0
[ 29.702322] ata_qc_complete+0x63/0xd70 [libata]
[ 29.704542] ata_do_link_abort+0x1ae/0x340 [libata]
[ 29.706909] ata_sff_hsm_move+0x55f/0x1a30 [libata]
[ 29.709298] ata_sff_pio_task+0x397/0x4a0 [libata]
[ 29.711582] process_one_work+0x842/0x1410
[ 29.713567] worker_thread+0x87/0xb40
[ 29.715392] kthread+0x357/0x420
[ 29.716945] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30

[ 29.719446] -> (&host->lock){-...}-{2:2} {
[ 29.721368] IN-HARDIRQ-W at:
[ 29.722817] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.725316] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
[ 29.728053] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.731122] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xeb/0x5f0
[ 29.734033] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x73/0x140
[ 29.736929] handle_irq_event+0xa1/0x130
[ 29.739532] handle_edge_irq+0x1ee/0x770
[ 29.742097] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0x12/0x20
[ 29.744885] common_interrupt+0xe2/0x180
[ 29.747514] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
[ 29.750208] default_idle+0x18/0x20
[ 29.752579] default_idle_call+0xa0/0x370
[ 29.755225] do_idle+0x3c1/0x570
[ 29.757515] cpu_startup_entry+0x19/0x20
[ 29.760094] start_secondary+0x250/0x2f0
[ 29.762690] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xb8/0xbb
[ 29.765805] INITIAL USE at:
[ 29.767270] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.769671] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
[ 29.772429] ata_dev_init+0x195/0x3c0 [libata]
[ 29.775241] ata_link_init+0x19f/0x300 [libata]
[ 29.778018] ata_port_alloc+0x498/0x580 [libata]
[ 29.780885] ata_host_alloc+0x1c4/0x250 [libata]
[ 29.783751] ata_host_alloc_pinfo+0x1d/0x540 [libata]
[ 29.786840] ata_pci_sff_prepare_host+0x3c/0xb0 [libata]
[ 29.790017] ata_pci_bmdma_prepare_host+0x12/0x60 [libata]
[ 29.793318] piix_init_one+0x3f3/0xb62 [ata_piix]
[ 29.796259] local_pci_probe+0xd8/0x170
[ 29.798752] pci_device_probe+0x322/0x600
[ 29.801363] really_probe+0x222/0xb20
[ 29.803767] driver_probe_device+0x1f6/0x380
[ 29.806511] device_driver_attach+0xea/0x120
[ 29.809223] __driver_attach+0xf5/0x270
[ 29.811716] bus_for_each_dev+0x11c/0x1b0
[ 29.814320] bus_add_driver+0x39e/0x560
[ 29.816821] driver_register+0x18e/0x310
[ 29.819389] piix_init+0x1f/0x1000 [ata_piix]
[ 29.822116] do_one_initcall+0xbb/0x3e0
[ 29.824649] do_init_module+0x1f2/0x760
[ 29.827156] load_module+0x5846/0x6e80
[ 29.829595] __do_sys_finit_module+0x11a/0x1b0
[ 29.832371] do_syscall_64+0x33/0x40
[ 29.834714] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
[ 29.837755] }
[ 29.838569] ... key at: [<ffffffffc0552600>] __key.69338+0x0/0xfffffffffffbfa00 [libata]
[ 29.842534] ... acquired at:
[ 29.843920] __lock_acquire+0x14ec/0x3ac0
[ 29.845895] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.847707] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
[ 29.849831] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.852253] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xeb/0x5f0
[ 29.854480] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x73/0x140
[ 29.856678] handle_irq_event+0xa1/0x130
[ 29.858581] handle_edge_irq+0x1ee/0x770
[ 29.860507] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0x12/0x20
[ 29.862570] common_interrupt+0xe2/0x180
[ 29.864484] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
[ 29.866517] default_idle+0x18/0x20
[ 29.868232] default_idle_call+0xa0/0x370
[ 29.870172] do_idle+0x3c1/0x570
[ 29.871747] cpu_startup_entry+0x19/0x20
[ 29.873655] start_secondary+0x250/0x2f0
[ 29.875580] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xb8/0xbb

[ 29.878701]
stack backtrace:
[ 29.880737] CPU: 6 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/6 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc7-next-20201002+ #5
[ 29.884206] Hardware name: Red Hat KVM, BIOS 1.14.0-1.module+el8.3.0+7638+07cf13d2 04/01/2014
[ 29.888111] Call Trace:
[ 29.889288] <IRQ>
[ 29.890254] dump_stack+0x99/0xcb
[ 29.891778] mark_lock.part.48+0x131c/0x1be0
[ 29.893756] ? print_usage_bug+0x1f0/0x1f0
[ 29.895678] ? print_usage_bug+0x1f0/0x1f0
[ 29.897582] ? mark_lock.part.48+0x105/0x1be0
[ 29.899595] ? mark_lock.part.48+0x105/0x1be0
[ 29.901607] ? print_usage_bug+0x1f0/0x1f0
[ 29.903517] __lock_acquire+0x14ec/0x3ac0
[ 29.905399] ? __bpf_trace_lock+0xf0/0xf0
[ 29.907257] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x4d0/0x4d0
[ 29.909614] ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0xa1/0xd0
[ 29.911775] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
[ 29.913499] ? ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.915868] ? rcu_read_unlock+0x40/0x40
[ 29.917690] ? __lock_acquire+0x1864/0x3ac0
[ 29.919637] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
[ 29.921657] ? ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.924010] ? ata_bmdma_port_intr+0x320/0x320 [libata]
[ 29.926469] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
[ 29.928744] ? rcu_read_lock_bh_held+0xb0/0xb0
[ 29.930795] ? find_held_lock+0x33/0x1c0
[ 29.932625] ? ata_bmdma_port_intr+0x320/0x320 [libata]
[ 29.935034] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xeb/0x5f0
[ 29.937254] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x73/0x140
[ 29.939369] ? __handle_irq_event_percpu+0x5f0/0x5f0
[ 29.941659] ? rwlock_bug.part.1+0x90/0x90
[ 29.943568] ? do_raw_spin_unlock+0x14b/0x230
[ 29.945613] handle_irq_event+0xa1/0x130
[ 29.947466] handle_edge_irq+0x1ee/0x770
[ 29.949301] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0x12/0x20
[ 29.951291] </IRQ>
[ 29.952297] common_interrupt+0xe2/0x180
[ 29.954103] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
[ 29.956072] RIP: 0010:default_idle+0x18/0x20
[ 29.958068] Code: 5d e9 7c 52 35 ff cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc 0f 1f 44 00 00 e8 c6 a4 69 fe e9 07 00 00 00 0f 00 2d 0a 2a 5a 00 fb f4 <c3> 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 53 be 08 00 00 00 65 48 8b
[ 29.966729] RSP: 0018:ffff8881068d7df8 EFLAGS: 00000202
[ 29.969173] RAX: 000000000001235b RBX: 0000000000000006 RCX: ffffffffbac561f0
[ 29.972467] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffffbac7bf0a
[ 29.975767] RBP: 0000000000000006 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000001
[ 29.979051] R10: ffff888a7eb3606b R11: ffffed114fd66c0d R12: ffffffffbc5718a0
[ 29.982377] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 1ffff11020d1afc6 R15: 0000000000000000
[ 29.985667] ? rcu_eqs_enter.constprop.74+0xa0/0xc0
[ 29.987913] ? default_idle+0xa/0x20
[ 29.989593] ? default_idle+0xa/0x20
[ 29.991282] default_idle_call+0xa0/0x370
[ 29.993228] do_idle+0x3c1/0x570
[ 29.994740] ? arch_cpu_idle_exit+0x40/0x40
[ 29.996670] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x32b/0x4d0
[ 29.999021] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x39/0x40
[ 30.001355] cpu_startup_entry+0x19/0x20
[ 30.003178] start_secondary+0x250/0x2f0
[ 30.004986] ? set_cpu_sibling_map+0x2430/0x2430
[ 30.007155] ? start_cpu0+0xc/0xc
[ 30.008700] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xb8/0xbb


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