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Subject[RFC PATCH 2/3] hugetlbfs: introduce hinode_rwsem for pmd sharing synchronization
Date
Due to pmd sharing, the huge PTE pointer returned by huge_pte_alloc
may not be valid. This can happen if a call to huge_pmd_unshare for
the same pmd is made in another thread.

To address this issue, add a rw_semaphore (hinode_rwsem) to the hugetlbfs
inode.
- hinode_rwsem is taken in read mode before calling huge_pte_alloc, and
held until finished with the returned pte pointer.
- hinode_rwsem is held in write mode whenever huge_pmd_unshare is called.

In the locking hierarchy, hinode_rwsem must be taken before a page lock.

In an effort to minimize performance impacts, hinode_rwsem is not taken
if the caller knows the target can not possibly be part of a shared pmd.
lockdep_assert calls are added to huge_pmd_share and huge_pmd_unshare to
help catch callers not using the proper locking.

Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
---
fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c | 8 ++++
include/linux/hugetlb.h | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
mm/hugetlb.c | 86 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
mm/memory-failure.c | 15 ++++++-
mm/migrate.c | 15 +++++++
mm/rmap.c | 3 +-
mm/userfaultfd.c | 9 ++++-
7 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
index 3a1246aeedc4..d6bb675d4872 100644
--- a/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c
@@ -499,13 +499,17 @@ static void remove_inode_hugepages(struct inode *inode, loff_t lstart,
* Getting here in a truncate operation is a bug.
*/
if (unlikely(page_mapped(page))) {
+ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *info =
+ HUGETLBFS_I(inode);
BUG_ON(truncate_op);

+ down_write(&info->hinode_rwsem);
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
hugetlb_vmdelete_list(&mapping->i_mmap,
index * pages_per_huge_page(h),
(index + 1) * pages_per_huge_page(h));
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
+ up_write(&info->hinode_rwsem);
}

lock_page(page);
@@ -562,15 +566,18 @@ static int hugetlb_vmtruncate(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
pgoff_t pgoff;
struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
struct hstate *h = hstate_inode(inode);
+ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *info = HUGETLBFS_I(inode);

BUG_ON(offset & ~huge_page_mask(h));
pgoff = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;

+ down_write(&info->hinode_rwsem);
i_size_write(inode, offset);
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
if (!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root))
hugetlb_vmdelete_list(&mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, 0);
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
+ up_write(&info->hinode_rwsem);
remove_inode_hugepages(inode, offset, LLONG_MAX);
return 0;
}
@@ -829,6 +836,7 @@ static struct inode *hugetlbfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = current_time(inode);
inode->i_mapping->private_data = resv_map;
info->seals = F_SEAL_SEAL;
+ init_rwsem(&info->hinode_rwsem);
switch (mode & S_IFMT) {
default:
init_special_inode(inode, mode, dev);
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index bf79a5601091..10322fdcf3d9 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -163,7 +163,8 @@ pte_t *huge_pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long sz);
pte_t *huge_pte_offset(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long sz);
-int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep);
+int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep);
void adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long *start, unsigned long *end);
struct page *follow_huge_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
@@ -196,8 +197,9 @@ static inline unsigned long hugetlb_total_pages(void)
return 0;
}

-static inline int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *addr,
- pte_t *ptep)
+static inline int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
return 0;
}
@@ -414,6 +416,7 @@ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info {
struct shared_policy policy;
struct inode vfs_inode;
unsigned int seals;
+ struct rw_semaphore hinode_rwsem;
};

static inline struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *HUGETLBFS_I(struct inode *inode)
@@ -439,6 +442,51 @@ static inline struct hstate *hstate_inode(struct inode *i)
{
return HUGETLBFS_SB(i->i_sb)->hstate;
}
+
+static inline bool vma_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
+{
+ unsigned long base = addr & PUD_MASK;
+ unsigned long end = base + PUD_SIZE;
+
+ /* check on proper vm_flags and page table alignment */
+ if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE && range_in_vma(vma, base, end))
+ return true;
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline void hinode_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ if (!mapping)
+ return;
+ if (vma && !vma_shareable(vma, addr))
+ return;
+
+ down_read(&HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host)->hinode_rwsem);
+}
+
+static inline void hinode_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ if (!mapping)
+ return;
+ if (vma && !vma_shareable(vma, addr))
+ return;
+
+ up_read(&HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host)->hinode_rwsem);
+}
+
+static inline void hinode_assert_locked(struct address_space *mapping)
+{
+ lockdep_assert_held(&HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host)->hinode_rwsem);
+}
+
+static inline void hinode_assert_write_locked(struct address_space *mapping)
+{
+ lockdep_assert_held_write(&HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host)->hinode_rwsem);
+}
#else /* !CONFIG_HUGETLBFS */

#define is_file_hugepages(file) false
@@ -913,6 +961,18 @@ static inline void set_huge_swap_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr
pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned long sz)
{
}
+
+static inline void hinode_lock_read(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void hinode_unlock_read(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */

static inline spinlock_t *huge_pte_lock(struct hstate *h,
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 9a316b6d0b51..940c037418f8 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -3728,6 +3728,18 @@ int copy_hugetlb_page_range(struct mm_struct *dst, struct mm_struct *src,
vma->vm_start,
vma->vm_end);
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * For shared mappings hinode_rwsem must be held to call
+ * huge_pte_alloc, otherwise the returned ptep could go
+ * away if part of a shared pmd and another thread calls
+ * huge_pmd_unshare.
+ *
+ * Note: As an optimization We could check at each PUD_SIZE
+ * boundary to see if sharing is possible before taking
+ * hinode_rwsem.
+ */
+ hinode_lock_read(vma->vm_file->f_mapping, NULL, 0UL);
}

for (addr = vma->vm_start; addr < vma->vm_end; addr += sz) {
@@ -3805,6 +3817,8 @@ int copy_hugetlb_page_range(struct mm_struct *dst, struct mm_struct *src,

if (cow)
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);
+ else
+ hinode_unlock_read(vma->vm_file->f_mapping, NULL, 0UL);

return ret;
}
@@ -3848,7 +3862,7 @@ void __unmap_hugepage_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
continue;

ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
- if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, &address, ptep)) {
+ if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, ptep)) {
spin_unlock(ptl);
/*
* We just unmapped a page of PMDs by clearing a PUD.
@@ -4253,13 +4267,17 @@ static vm_fault_t hugetlb_no_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
};

/*
- * hugetlb_fault_mutex must be dropped before
- * handling userfault. Reacquire after handling
+ * hugetlb_fault_mutex and inode mutex must be dropped
+ * before handling userfault. Reacquire after handling
* fault to make calling code simpler.
*/
hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx);
mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
+ hinode_unlock_read(mapping, vma, address);
+
ret = handle_userfault(&vmf, VM_UFFD_MISSING);
+
+ hinode_lock_read(mapping, vma, address);
mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
goto out;
}
@@ -4424,6 +4442,11 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,

ptep = huge_pte_offset(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h));
if (ptep) {
+ /*
+ * Since we hold no locks, ptep could be stale. That is
+ * OK as we are only making decisions based on content and
+ * not actually modifying content here.
+ */
entry = huge_ptep_get(ptep);
if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_migration(entry))) {
migration_entry_wait_huge(vma, mm, ptep);
@@ -4431,20 +4454,32 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
} else if (unlikely(is_hugetlb_entry_hwpoisoned(entry)))
return VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE |
VM_FAULT_SET_HINDEX(hstate_index(h));
- } else {
- ptep = huge_pte_alloc(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h));
- if (!ptep)
- return VM_FAULT_OOM;
}

+ /*
+ * Acquire hinode_sema before calling huge_pte_alloc and hold
+ * until finished with ptep. This prevents huge_pmd_unshare from
+ * being called elsewhere and making the ptep no longer valid.
+ *
+ * ptep could have already be assigned via huge_pte_offset. That
+ * is OK, as huge_pte_alloc will return the same value unless
+ * something has changed.
+ */
mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
- idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, haddr);
+ hinode_lock_read(mapping, vma, address);
+ ptep = huge_pte_alloc(mm, haddr, huge_page_size(h));
+ if (!ptep) {
+ ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
+ goto out_mutex;
+ }
+

/*
* Serialize hugepage allocation and instantiation, so that we don't
* get spurious allocation failures if two CPUs race to instantiate
* the same page in the page cache.
*/
+ idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, haddr);
hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx);
mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);

@@ -4532,6 +4567,7 @@ vm_fault_t hugetlb_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
out_mutex:
mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
+ hinode_unlock_read(mapping, vma, address);
/*
* Generally it's safe to hold refcount during waiting page lock. But
* here we just wait to defer the next page fault to avoid busy loop and
@@ -4872,6 +4908,8 @@ unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long pages = 0;
bool shared_pmd = false;
struct mmu_notifier_range range;
+ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *hinfo =
+ HUGETLBFS_I(vma->vm_file->f_inode);

/*
* In the case of shared PMDs, the area to flush could be beyond
@@ -4886,6 +4924,7 @@ unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
flush_cache_range(vma, range.start, range.end);

mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(&range);
+ down_write(&hinfo->hinode_rwsem);
i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
for (; address < end; address += huge_page_size(h)) {
spinlock_t *ptl;
@@ -4893,7 +4932,7 @@ unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
if (!ptep)
continue;
ptl = huge_pte_lock(h, mm, ptep);
- if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, &address, ptep)) {
+ if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, ptep)) {
pages++;
spin_unlock(ptl);
shared_pmd = true;
@@ -4948,6 +4987,7 @@ unsigned long hugetlb_change_protection(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* See Documentation/vm/mmu_notifier.rst
*/
i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
+ up_write(&hinfo->hinode_rwsem);
mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(&range);

return pages << h->order;
@@ -5166,19 +5206,6 @@ static unsigned long page_table_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *svma,
return saddr;
}

-static bool vma_shareable(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
-{
- unsigned long base = addr & PUD_MASK;
- unsigned long end = base + PUD_SIZE;
-
- /*
- * check on proper vm_flags and page table alignment
- */
- if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE && range_in_vma(vma, base, end))
- return true;
- return false;
-}
-
/*
* Determine if start,end range within vma could be mapped by shared pmd.
* If yes, adjust start and end to cover range associated with possible
@@ -5212,6 +5239,10 @@ void adjust_range_if_pmd_sharing_possible(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
* pud has to be populated inside the same i_mmap_rwsem section - otherwise
* racing tasks could either miss the sharing (see huge_pte_offset) or select a
* bad pmd for sharing.
+ *
+ * This should be called with hinode_rwsem held in read mode. Otherwise, it
+ * could race with huge_pmd_unshare and the pte_t pointer could become invalid
+ * before being returned to the caller.
*/
pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud)
{
@@ -5227,6 +5258,7 @@ pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud)

if (!vma_shareable(vma, addr))
return (pte_t *)pmd_alloc(mm, pud, addr);
+ hinode_assert_locked(mapping);

i_mmap_lock_read(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_foreach(svma, &mapping->i_mmap, idx, idx) {
@@ -5269,12 +5301,13 @@ pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud)
* indicated by page_count > 1, unmap is achieved by clearing pud and
* decrementing the ref count. If count == 1, the pte page is not shared.
*
- * called with page table lock held.
+ * Called with page table lock held and hinode_rwsem held in write mode.
*
* returns: 1 successfully unmapped a shared pte page
* 0 the underlying pte page is not shared, or it is the last user
*/
-int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
+int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(mm, *addr);
p4d_t *p4d = p4d_offset(pgd, *addr);
@@ -5284,6 +5317,8 @@ int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
if (page_count(virt_to_page(ptep)) == 1)
return 0;

+ hinode_assert_write_locked(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
+
pud_clear(pud);
put_page(virt_to_page(ptep));
mm_dec_nr_pmds(mm);
@@ -5297,7 +5332,8 @@ pte_t *huge_pmd_share(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, pud_t *pud)
return NULL;
}

-int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
+int huge_pmd_unshare(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+ unsigned long *addr, pte_t *ptep)
{
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/memory-failure.c b/mm/memory-failure.c
index 0c4f8cbc772e..fd6ee4d941a0 100644
--- a/mm/memory-failure.c
+++ b/mm/memory-failure.c
@@ -1054,7 +1054,20 @@ static bool hwpoison_user_mappings(struct page *p, unsigned long pfn,
if (kill)
collect_procs(hpage, &tokill, flags & MF_ACTION_REQUIRED);

- unmap_success = try_to_unmap(hpage, ttu);
+ if (PageHuge(hpage) && !PageAnon(hpage) && mapping) {
+ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *hinode_info =
+ HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host);
+ /*
+ * For hugetlb pages, try_to_unmap could potentially call
+ * huge_pmd_unshare. Because of this, take hinode_rwsem
+ * in write mode before calling.
+ */
+ down_write(&hinode_info->hinode_rwsem);
+ unmap_success = try_to_unmap(hpage, ttu);
+ up_write(&hinode_info->hinode_rwsem);
+ } else {
+ unmap_success = try_to_unmap(hpage, ttu);
+ }
if (!unmap_success)
pr_err("Memory failure: %#lx: failed to unmap page (mapcount=%d)\n",
pfn, page_mapcount(hpage));
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 05c3c2e569df..f068727293c2 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -1327,9 +1327,24 @@ static int unmap_and_move_huge_page(new_page_t get_new_page,
goto put_anon;

if (page_mapped(hpage)) {
+ struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
+ struct hugetlbfs_inode_info *hinode_info;
+ /*
+ * try_to_unmap could potentially call huge_pmd_unshare.
+ * Take hinode_rwsem if sharing is possible.
+ */
+ if (!PageAnon(hpage)) {
+ mapping = page_mapping(hpage);
+ if (mapping) {
+ hinode_info = HUGETLBFS_I(mapping->host);
+ down_write(&hinode_info->hinode_rwsem);
+ }
+ }
try_to_unmap(hpage,
TTU_MIGRATION|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK|TTU_IGNORE_ACCESS);
page_was_mapped = 1;
+ if (mapping)
+ up_write(&hinode_info->hinode_rwsem);
}

if (!page_mapped(hpage))
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 8ef12940e357..9e65c9c95449 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
*
* inode->i_mutex (while writing or truncating, not reading or faulting)
* mm->mmap_lock
+ * hugetlbfs inode->hinode_rwsem (hugetlbfs specific)
* page->flags PG_locked (lock_page)
* hugetlbfs_i_mmap_rwsem_key (in huge_pmd_share)
* mapping->i_mmap_rwsem
@@ -1455,7 +1456,7 @@ static bool try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
address = pvmw.address;

if (PageHuge(page)) {
- if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, &address, pvmw.pte)) {
+ if (huge_pmd_unshare(mm, vma, &address, pvmw.pte)) {
/*
* huge_pmd_unshare unmapped an entire PMD
* page. There is no way of knowing exactly
diff --git a/mm/userfaultfd.c b/mm/userfaultfd.c
index ab9e0496d601..3ca789934f6f 100644
--- a/mm/userfaultfd.c
+++ b/mm/userfaultfd.c
@@ -278,10 +278,14 @@ static __always_inline ssize_t __mcopy_atomic_hugetlb(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
BUG_ON(dst_addr >= dst_start + len);

/*
- * Serialize via hugetlb_fault_mutex
+ * Serialize via hinode_rwsem hugetlb_fault_mutex.
+ * hinode_rwsem ensures the dst_pte remains valid even
+ * in the case of shared pmds. fault mutex prevents
+ * races with other faulting threads.
*/
idx = linear_page_index(dst_vma, dst_addr);
mapping = dst_vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
+ hinode_lock_read(mapping, dst_vma, dst_addr);
hash = hugetlb_fault_mutex_hash(mapping, idx);
mutex_lock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);

@@ -289,6 +293,7 @@ static __always_inline ssize_t __mcopy_atomic_hugetlb(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
dst_pte = huge_pte_alloc(dst_mm, dst_addr, vma_hpagesize);
if (!dst_pte) {
mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
+ hinode_unlock_read(mapping, dst_vma, dst_addr);
goto out_unlock;
}

@@ -296,6 +301,7 @@ static __always_inline ssize_t __mcopy_atomic_hugetlb(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
dst_pteval = huge_ptep_get(dst_pte);
if (!huge_pte_none(dst_pteval)) {
mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
+ hinode_unlock_read(mapping, dst_vma, dst_addr);
goto out_unlock;
}

@@ -303,6 +309,7 @@ static __always_inline ssize_t __mcopy_atomic_hugetlb(struct mm_struct *dst_mm,
dst_addr, src_addr, &page);

mutex_unlock(&hugetlb_fault_mutex_table[hash]);
+ hinode_unlock_read(mapping, dst_vma, dst_addr);
vm_alloc_shared = vm_shared;

cond_resched();
--
2.25.4
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