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Subject[PATCH v12 3/5] drivers/soc/litex: add LiteX SoC Controller driver
From: Pawel Czarnecki <pczarnecki@internships.antmicro.com>

This commit adds driver for the FPGA-based LiteX SoC
Controller from LiteX SoC builder.

Co-developed-by: Mateusz Holenko <mholenko@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Mateusz Holenko <mholenko@antmicro.com>
Signed-off-by: Pawel Czarnecki <pczarnecki@internships.antmicro.com>
---

Notes:
Changes in v12:
- removed unnecssary WARN on a failed validation (panic is enough)
- simplified probe implementation
- introduced litex_{read,write}{8,16,32,64}() fast accessors
- added formal documentation of litex_get_reg()/litex_set_reg()
- added LITEX config symbol
- removed unnecessary header include
- removed spin locks from CSR accessors

Changes in v11:
- removed an unnecessary comment left over from previous version
- changed a multi-line comment to comply with the formatting rules
- use WARN instad of BUG on a failed CSR validation

Changes in v10:
- added casting to avoid sparse warnings in the SoC Controller's driver

Changes in v9:
- added exporting of the `litex_set_reg`/`litex_get_reg` symbols

Changes in v8:
- removed `litex_check_accessors()` helper function
- added crashing (BUG) on the failed LiteX CSR access test

No changes in v7.

Changes in v6:
- added dependency on OF || COMPILE_TEST
- used le32_to_cpu(readl(addr)) instead of __raw_readl
and writel(cpu_to_le32(value), addr) instead of __raw_writel
to take advantage of memory barriers provided by readl/writel

Changes in v5:
- removed helper accessors and used __raw_readl/__raw_writel instead
- fixed checking for errors in litex_soc_ctrl_probe

Changes in v4:
- fixed indent in Kconfig's help section
- fixed copyright header
- changed compatible to "litex,soc-controller"
- simplified litex_soc_ctrl_probe
- removed unnecessary litex_soc_ctrl_remove

This commit has been introduced in v3 of the patchset.

It includes a simplified version of common 'litex.h'
header introduced in v2 of the patchset.

MAINTAINERS | 2 +
drivers/soc/Kconfig | 1 +
drivers/soc/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig | 19 ++++
drivers/soc/litex/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c | 178 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/litex.h | 103 ++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 307 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig
create mode 100644 drivers/soc/litex/Makefile
create mode 100644 drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c
create mode 100644 include/linux/litex.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 39be98db7418..4d70a1b22a87 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -9840,6 +9840,8 @@ M: Karol Gugala <kgugala@antmicro.com>
M: Mateusz Holenko <mholenko@antmicro.com>
S: Maintained
F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/*/litex,*.yaml
+F: drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c
+F: include/linux/litex.h

LIVE PATCHING
M: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
diff --git a/drivers/soc/Kconfig b/drivers/soc/Kconfig
index 425ab6f7e375..d097d070f579 100644
--- a/drivers/soc/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/soc/Kconfig
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ source "drivers/soc/bcm/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/fsl/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/imx/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/ixp4xx/Kconfig"
+source "drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/mediatek/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/qcom/Kconfig"
source "drivers/soc/renesas/Kconfig"
diff --git a/drivers/soc/Makefile b/drivers/soc/Makefile
index 36452bed86ef..0b16108823ef 100644
--- a/drivers/soc/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/soc/Makefile
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_GEMINI) += gemini/
obj-y += imx/
obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_IXP4XX) += ixp4xx/
obj-$(CONFIG_SOC_XWAY) += lantiq/
+obj-$(CONFIG_LITEX_SOC_CONTROLLER) += litex/
obj-y += mediatek/
obj-y += amlogic/
obj-y += qcom/
diff --git a/drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig b/drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c974ec3846bc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/soc/litex/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+# SPDX-License_Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+menu "Enable LiteX SoC Builder specific drivers"
+
+config LITEX
+ bool
+
+config LITEX_SOC_CONTROLLER
+ tristate "Enable LiteX SoC Controller driver"
+ depends on OF || COMPILE_TEST
+ select LITEX
+ help
+ This option enables the SoC Controller Driver which verifies
+ LiteX CSR access and provides common litex_get_reg/litex_set_reg
+ accessors.
+ All drivers that use functions from litex.h must depend on
+ LITEX.
+
+endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/soc/litex/Makefile b/drivers/soc/litex/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..98ff7325b1c0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/soc/litex/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# SPDX-License_Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_LITEX_SOC_CONTROLLER) += litex_soc_ctrl.o
diff --git a/drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c b/drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..08330c9872b0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/soc/litex/litex_soc_ctrl.c
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * LiteX SoC Controller Driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2020 Antmicro <www.antmicro.com>
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/litex.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+
+/*
+ * LiteX SoC Generator, depending on the configuration, can split a single
+ * logical CSR (Control&Status Register) into a series of consecutive physical
+ * registers.
+ *
+ * For example, in the configuration with 8-bit CSR Bus, 32-bit aligned (the
+ * default one for 32-bit CPUs) a 32-bit logical CSR will be generated as four
+ * 32-bit physical registers, each one containing one byte of meaningful data.
+ *
+ * For details see: https://github.com/enjoy-digital/litex/wiki/CSR-Bus
+ *
+ * The purpose of `litex_set_reg`/`litex_get_reg` is to implement the logic
+ * of writing to/reading from the LiteX CSR in a single place that can be
+ * then reused by all LiteX drivers.
+ */
+
+/**
+ * litex_set_reg() - Writes the value to the LiteX CSR (Control&Status Register)
+ * @reg: Address of the CSR
+ * @reg_size: The width of the CSR expressed in the number of bytes
+ * @val: Value to be written to the CSR
+ *
+ * In the currently supported LiteX configuration (8-bit CSR Bus, 32-bit aligned),
+ * a 32-bit LiteX CSR is generated as 4 consecutive 32-bit physical registers,
+ * each one containing one byte of meaningful data.
+ *
+ * This function splits a single possibly multi-byte write into a series of
+ * single-byte writes with a proper offset.
+ */
+void litex_set_reg(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long reg_size,
+ unsigned long val)
+{
+ unsigned long shifted_data, shift, i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < reg_size; ++i) {
+ shift = ((reg_size - i - 1) * LITEX_SUBREG_SIZE_BIT);
+ shifted_data = val >> shift;
+
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(shifted_data, reg, i);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(litex_set_reg);
+
+/**
+ * litex_get_reg() - Reads the value of the LiteX CSR (Control&Status Register)
+ * @reg: Address of the CSR
+ * @reg_size: The width of the CSR expressed in the number of bytes
+ *
+ * Return: Value read from the CSR
+ *
+ * In the currently supported LiteX configuration (8-bit CSR Bus, 32-bit aligned),
+ * a 32-bit LiteX CSR is generated as 4 consecutive 32-bit physical registers,
+ * each one containing one byte of meaningful data.
+ *
+ * This function generates a series of single-byte reads with a proper offset
+ * and joins their results into a single multi-byte value.
+ */
+unsigned long litex_get_reg(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long reg_size)
+{
+ unsigned long shifted_data, shift, i;
+ unsigned long result = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < reg_size; ++i) {
+ shifted_data = READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, i);
+
+ shift = ((reg_size - i - 1) * LITEX_SUBREG_SIZE_BIT);
+ result |= (shifted_data << shift);
+ }
+
+ return result;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(litex_get_reg);
+
+#define SCRATCH_REG_OFF 0x04
+#define SCRATCH_REG_VALUE 0x12345678
+#define SCRATCH_TEST_VALUE 0xdeadbeef
+
+/*
+ * Check LiteX CSR read/write access
+ *
+ * This function reads and writes a scratch register in order to verify if CSR
+ * access works.
+ *
+ * In case any problems are detected, the driver should panic.
+ *
+ * Access to the LiteX CSR is, by design, done in CPU native endianness.
+ * The driver should not dynamically configure access functions when
+ * the endianness mismatch is detected. Such situation indicates problems in
+ * the soft SoC design and should be solved at the LiteX generator level,
+ * not in the software.
+ */
+static int litex_check_csr_access(void __iomem *reg_addr)
+{
+ unsigned long reg;
+
+ reg = litex_read32(reg_addr + SCRATCH_REG_OFF);
+
+ if (reg != SCRATCH_REG_VALUE) {
+ panic("Scratch register read error - the system is probably broken! Expected: 0x%x but got: 0x%lx",
+ SCRATCH_REG_VALUE, reg);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ litex_write32(reg_addr + SCRATCH_REG_OFF, SCRATCH_TEST_VALUE);
+ reg = litex_read32(reg_addr + SCRATCH_REG_OFF);
+
+ if (reg != SCRATCH_TEST_VALUE) {
+ panic("Scratch register write error - the system is probably broken! Expected: 0x%x but got: 0x%lx",
+ SCRATCH_TEST_VALUE, reg);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ /* restore original value of the SCRATCH register */
+ litex_write32(reg_addr + SCRATCH_REG_OFF, SCRATCH_REG_VALUE);
+
+ pr_info("LiteX SoC Controller driver initialized");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct litex_soc_ctrl_device {
+ void __iomem *base;
+};
+
+static const struct of_device_id litex_soc_ctrl_of_match[] = {
+ {.compatible = "litex,soc-controller"},
+ {},
+};
+
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, litex_soc_ctrl_of_match);
+
+static int litex_soc_ctrl_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct litex_soc_ctrl_device *soc_ctrl_dev;
+
+ soc_ctrl_dev = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*soc_ctrl_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!soc_ctrl_dev)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ soc_ctrl_dev->base = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(soc_ctrl_dev->base))
+ return PTR_ERR(soc_ctrl_dev->base);
+
+ return litex_check_csr_access(soc_ctrl_dev->base);
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver litex_soc_ctrl_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "litex-soc-controller",
+ .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(litex_soc_ctrl_of_match)
+ },
+ .probe = litex_soc_ctrl_probe,
+};
+
+module_platform_driver(litex_soc_ctrl_driver);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("LiteX SoC Controller driver");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Antmicro <www.antmicro.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/include/linux/litex.h b/include/linux/litex.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..72061018c172
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/litex.h
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Common LiteX header providing
+ * helper functions for accessing CSRs.
+ *
+ * Implementation of the functions is provided by
+ * the LiteX SoC Controller driver.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Antmicro <www.antmicro.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_LITEX_H
+#define _LINUX_LITEX_H
+
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/compiler_types.h>
+
+/*
+ * The parameters below are true for LiteX SoCs configured for 8-bit CSR Bus,
+ * 32-bit aligned.
+ *
+ * Supporting other configurations will require extending the logic in this
+ * header and in the LiteX SoC controller driver.
+ */
+#define LITEX_REG_SIZE 0x4
+#define LITEX_SUBREG_SIZE 0x1
+#define LITEX_SUBREG_SIZE_BIT (LITEX_SUBREG_SIZE * 8)
+
+#define WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val, base_offset, subreg_id) \
+ writel((u32 __force)cpu_to_le32(val), base_offset + (LITEX_REG_SIZE * subreg_id))
+
+#define READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(base_offset, subreg_id) \
+ le32_to_cpu((__le32 __force)readl(base_offset + (LITEX_REG_SIZE * subreg_id)))
+
+void litex_set_reg(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long reg_sz, unsigned long val);
+
+unsigned long litex_get_reg(void __iomem *reg, unsigned long reg_sz);
+
+static inline void litex_write8(void __iomem *reg, u8 val)
+{
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val, reg, 0);
+}
+
+static inline void litex_write16(void __iomem *reg, u16 val)
+{
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 8, reg, 0);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val, reg, 1);
+}
+
+static inline void litex_write32(void __iomem *reg, u32 val)
+{
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 24, reg, 0);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 16, reg, 1);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 8, reg, 2);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val, reg, 3);
+}
+
+static inline void litex_write64(void __iomem *reg, u64 val)
+{
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 56, reg, 0);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 48, reg, 1);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 40, reg, 2);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 32, reg, 3);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 24, reg, 4);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 16, reg, 5);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val >> 8, reg, 6);
+ WRITE_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(val, reg, 7);
+}
+
+static inline u8 litex_read8(void __iomem *reg)
+{
+ return READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 0);
+}
+
+static inline u16 litex_read16(void __iomem *reg)
+{
+ return (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 0) << 8)
+ | (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 1));
+}
+
+static inline u32 litex_read32(void __iomem *reg)
+{
+ return (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 0) << 24)
+ | (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 1) << 16)
+ | (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 2) << 8)
+ | (READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 3));
+}
+
+static inline u64 litex_read64(void __iomem *reg)
+{
+ return ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 0) << 56)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 1) << 48)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 2) << 40)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 3) << 32)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 4) << 24)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 5) << 16)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 6) << 8)
+ | ((u64)READ_LITEX_SUBREGISTER(reg, 7));
+}
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_LITEX_H */
--
2.25.1
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