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SubjectRe: [tip: locking/core] lockdep: Fix lockdep recursion
On Tue, Oct 13, 2020 at 12:44:50PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 13, 2020 at 12:34:06PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 12, 2020 at 02:28:12PM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > It is certainly an accident waiting to happen. Would something like
> > > the following make sense?
> >
> > Sadly no.
> >
> > > ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > >
> > > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > index bfd38f2..52a63bc 100644
> > > --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > > @@ -4067,6 +4067,7 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
> > >
> > > rnp = rdp->mynode;
> > > mask = rdp->grpmask;
> > > + lockdep_off();
> > > raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
> > > WRITE_ONCE(rnp->qsmaskinitnext, rnp->qsmaskinitnext | mask);
> > > newcpu = !(rnp->expmaskinitnext & mask);
> > > @@ -4086,6 +4087,7 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
> > > } else {
> > > raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
> > > }
> > > + lockdep_on();
> > > smp_mb(); /* Ensure RCU read-side usage follows above initialization. */
> > > }
> >
> > This will just shut it up, but will not fix the actual problem of that
> > spin-lock ending up in trace_lock_acquire() which relies on RCU which
> > isn't looking.
> >
> > What we need here is to supress tracing not lockdep. Let me consider.
>
> We appear to have a similar problem with rcu_report_dead(), it's
> raw_spin_unlock()s can end up in trace_lock_release() while we just
> killed RCU.

So we can deal with the explicit trace_*() calls like the below, but I
really don't like it much. It also doesn't help with function tracing.
This is really early/late in the hotplug cycle and should be considered
entry, we shouldn't be tracing anything here.

Paul, would it be possible to use a scheme similar to IRQ/NMI for
hotplug? That seems to mostly rely on atomic ops, not locks.

---
diff --git a/include/linux/lockdep.h b/include/linux/lockdep.h
index d05db575f60f..22e3a3523ad3 100644
--- a/include/linux/lockdep.h
+++ b/include/linux/lockdep.h
@@ -159,7 +159,7 @@ extern void lockdep_init_task(struct task_struct *task);
*/
#define LOCKDEP_RECURSION_BITS 16
#define LOCKDEP_OFF (1U << LOCKDEP_RECURSION_BITS)
-#define LOCKDEP_RECURSION_MASK (LOCKDEP_OFF - 1)
+#define LOCKDEP_TRACE_MASK (LOCKDEP_OFF - 1)

/*
* lockdep_{off,on}() are macros to avoid tracing and kprobes; not inlines due
@@ -176,6 +176,16 @@ do { \
current->lockdep_recursion -= LOCKDEP_OFF; \
} while (0)

+#define lockdep_trace_off() \
+do { \
+ current->lockdep_recursion++; \
+} while (0)
+
+#define lockdep_trace_on() \
+do { \
+ current->lockdep_recursion-- \
+} while (0)
+
extern void lockdep_register_key(struct lock_class_key *key);
extern void lockdep_unregister_key(struct lock_class_key *key);

diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index 3e99dfef8408..2df98abee82e 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ static inline bool lockdep_enabled(void)
if (raw_cpu_read(lockdep_recursion))
return false;

- if (current->lockdep_recursion)
+ if (current->lockdep_recursion >> LOCKDEP_RECURSION_BITS)
return false;

return true;
@@ -5410,7 +5410,8 @@ void lock_acquire(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned int subclass,
{
unsigned long flags;

- trace_lock_acquire(lock, subclass, trylock, read, check, nest_lock, ip);
+ if (!(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_TRACE_MASK))
+ trace_lock_acquire(lock, subclass, trylock, read, check, nest_lock, ip);

if (!debug_locks)
return;
@@ -5450,7 +5451,8 @@ void lock_release(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned long ip)
{
unsigned long flags;

- trace_lock_release(lock, ip);
+ if (!(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_TRACE_MASK))
+ trace_lock_release(lock, ip);

if (unlikely(!lockdep_enabled()))
return;
@@ -5662,7 +5664,8 @@ void lock_contended(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned long ip)
{
unsigned long flags;

- trace_lock_acquired(lock, ip);
+ if (!(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_TRACE_MASK))
+ trace_lock_acquired(lock, ip);

if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !lockdep_enabled()))
return;
@@ -5680,7 +5683,8 @@ void lock_acquired(struct lockdep_map *lock, unsigned long ip)
{
unsigned long flags;

- trace_lock_contended(lock, ip);
+ if (!(current->lockdep_recursion & LOCKDEP_TRACE_MASK))
+ trace_lock_contended(lock, ip);

if (unlikely(!lock_stat || !lockdep_enabled()))
return;
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index edeabc232c21..dbd56603fc0a 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -4047,6 +4047,11 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)

rnp = rdp->mynode;
mask = rdp->grpmask;
+
+ /*
+ * Lockdep will call tracing, which requires RCU, but RCU isn't on yet.
+ */
+ lockdep_trace_off();
raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
WRITE_ONCE(rnp->qsmaskinitnext, rnp->qsmaskinitnext | mask);
newcpu = !(rnp->expmaskinitnext & mask);
@@ -4064,6 +4069,7 @@ void rcu_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
} else {
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
}
+ lockdep_trace_on();
smp_mb(); /* Ensure RCU read-side usage follows above initialization. */
}

@@ -4091,6 +4097,11 @@ void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu)

/* Remove outgoing CPU from mask in the leaf rcu_node structure. */
mask = rdp->grpmask;
+
+ /*
+ * Lockdep will call tracing, which requires RCU, but we're switching RCU off.
+ */
+ lockdep_trace_off();
raw_spin_lock(&rcu_state.ofl_lock);
raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags); /* Enforce GP memory-order guarantee. */
rdp->rcu_ofl_gp_seq = READ_ONCE(rcu_state.gp_seq);
@@ -4101,8 +4112,10 @@ void rcu_report_dead(unsigned int cpu)
raw_spin_lock_irqsave_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
}
WRITE_ONCE(rnp->qsmaskinitnext, rnp->qsmaskinitnext & ~mask);
+ /* RCU is off, locks must not call into tracing */
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore_rcu_node(rnp, flags);
raw_spin_unlock(&rcu_state.ofl_lock);
+ lockdep_trace_on();

rdp->cpu_started = false;
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/update.c b/kernel/rcu/update.c
index 39334d2d2b37..403b138f7cd4 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
@@ -275,8 +275,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_callback_map);

noinstr int notrace debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled(void)
{
- return rcu_scheduler_active != RCU_SCHEDULER_INACTIVE && debug_locks &&
- current->lockdep_recursion == 0;
+ return rcu_scheduler_active != RCU_SCHEDULER_INACTIVE && __lockdep_enabled;
+
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled);

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