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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/4] mmc: sdhci-of-arasan: Enable UHS-1 support for Keem Bay SOC
On Fri, 9 Oct 2020 at 19:50, Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini
<muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> >-----Original Message-----
> >From: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> >Sent: Friday, October 9, 2020 2:56 PM
> >To: Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini <muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >Cc: Hunter, Adrian <adrian.hunter@intel.com>; Michal Simek
> ><michal.simek@xilinx.com>; Shevchenko, Andriy
> ><andriy.shevchenko@intel.com>; linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org; Linux ARM
> ><linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>; Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-
> >kernel@vger.kernel.org>; Raja Subramanian, Lakshmi Bai
> ><lakshmi.bai.raja.subramanian@intel.com>; Wan Mohamad, Wan Ahmad
> >Zainie <wan.ahmad.zainie.wan.mohamad@intel.com>; Arnd Bergmann
> ><arnd@arndb.de>
> >Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 4/4] mmc: sdhci-of-arasan: Enable UHS-1 support for
> >Keem Bay SOC
> >
> >On Thu, 8 Oct 2020 at 19:21, Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini
> ><muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi,
> >>
> >> >-----Original Message-----
> >> >From: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> >> >Sent: Thursday, October 8, 2020 11:19 PM
> >> >To: Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini <muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >> >Cc: Hunter, Adrian <adrian.hunter@intel.com>; Michal Simek
> >> ><michal.simek@xilinx.com>; Shevchenko, Andriy
> >> ><andriy.shevchenko@intel.com>; linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org; Linux ARM
> >> ><linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>; Linux Kernel Mailing List
> >> ><linux- kernel@vger.kernel.org>; Raja Subramanian, Lakshmi Bai
> >> ><lakshmi.bai.raja.subramanian@intel.com>; Wan Mohamad, Wan Ahmad
> >> >Zainie <wan.ahmad.zainie.wan.mohamad@intel.com>; Arnd Bergmann
> >> ><arnd@arndb.de>
> >> >Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 4/4] mmc: sdhci-of-arasan: Enable UHS-1
> >> >support for Keem Bay SOC
> >> >
> >> >On Thu, 8 Oct 2020 at 12:54, Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini
> >> ><muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com> wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> Hi,
> >> >>
> >> >> >-----Original Message-----
> >> >> >From: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
> >> >> >Sent: Thursday, October 8, 2020 5:28 PM
> >> >> >To: Zulkifli, Muhammad Husaini
> >> >> ><muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >> >> >Cc: Hunter, Adrian <adrian.hunter@intel.com>; Michal Simek
> >> >> ><michal.simek@xilinx.com>; Shevchenko, Andriy
> >> >> ><andriy.shevchenko@intel.com>; linux-mmc@vger.kernel.org; Linux
> >> >> >ARM <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>; Linux Kernel Mailing
> >> >> >List
> >> >> ><linux- kernel@vger.kernel.org>; Raja Subramanian, Lakshmi Bai
> >> >> ><lakshmi.bai.raja.subramanian@intel.com>; Wan Mohamad, Wan
> >Ahmad
> >> >> >Zainie <wan.ahmad.zainie.wan.mohamad@intel.com>; Arnd Bergmann
> >> >> ><arnd@arndb.de>
> >> >> >Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 4/4] mmc: sdhci-of-arasan: Enable UHS-1
> >> >> >support for Keem Bay SOC
> >> >> >
> >> >> >On Thu, 8 Oct 2020 at 04:12, <muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >> >wrote:
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> From: Muhammad Husaini Zulkifli
> >> >> >> <muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> Voltage switching sequence is needed to support UHS-1 interface.
> >> >> >> There are 2 places to control the voltage.
> >> >> >> 1) By setting the AON register using firmware driver calling
> >> >> >> system-level platform management layer (SMC) to set the register.
> >> >> >> 2) By controlling the GPIO expander value to drive either 1.8V
> >> >> >> or 3.3V for power mux input.
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> Signed-off-by: Muhammad Husaini Zulkifli
> >> >> >> <muhammad.husaini.zulkifli@intel.com>
> >> >> >> Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@intel.com>
> >> >> >> Reviewed-by: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>
> >> >> >> ---
> >> >> >> drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-of-arasan.c | 126
> >> >> >> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> >> >> 1 file changed, 126 insertions(+)
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> diff --git a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-of-arasan.c
> >> >> >> b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-of-arasan.c
> >> >> >> index 46aea6516133..ea2467b0073d 100644
> >> >> >> --- a/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-of-arasan.c
> >> >> >> +++ b/drivers/mmc/host/sdhci-of-arasan.c
> >> >> >> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
> >> >> >> */
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> >> >> >> +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/mfd/syscon.h>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/module.h>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/of_device.h>
> >> >> >> @@ -23,6 +24,7 @@
> >> >> >> #include <linux/regmap.h>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/of.h>
> >> >> >> #include <linux/firmware/xlnx-zynqmp.h>
> >> >> >> +#include <linux/firmware/intel/keembay_firmware.h>
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> #include "cqhci.h"
> >> >> >> #include "sdhci-pltfm.h"
> >> >> >> @@ -136,6 +138,7 @@ struct sdhci_arasan_clk_data {
> >> >> >> * @soc_ctl_base: Pointer to regmap for syscon for soc_ctl registers.
> >> >> >> * @soc_ctl_map: Map to get offsets into soc_ctl registers.
> >> >> >> * @quirks: Arasan deviations from spec.
> >> >> >> + * @uhs_gpio: Pointer to the uhs gpio.
> >> >> >> */
> >> >> >> struct sdhci_arasan_data {
> >> >> >> struct sdhci_host *host; @@ -150,6 +153,7 @@ struct
> >> >> >> sdhci_arasan_data {
> >> >> >> struct regmap *soc_ctl_base;
> >> >> >> const struct sdhci_arasan_soc_ctl_map *soc_ctl_map;
> >> >> >> unsigned int quirks;
> >> >> >> + struct gpio_desc *uhs_gpio;
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> /* Controller does not have CD wired and will not function
> >> >> >> normally without
> >> >> >*/
> >> >> >> #define SDHCI_ARASAN_QUIRK_FORCE_CDTEST BIT(0)
> >> >> >> @@ -361,6 +365,112 @@ static int
> >> >> >> sdhci_arasan_voltage_switch(struct
> >> >> >mmc_host *mmc,
> >> >> >> return -EINVAL;
> >> >> >> }
> >> >> >>
> >> >> >> +static int sdhci_arasan_keembay_voltage_switch(struct mmc_host
> >> >*mmc,
> >> >> >> + struct mmc_ios *ios) {
> >> >> >> + struct sdhci_host *host = mmc_priv(mmc);
> >> >> >> + struct sdhci_pltfm_host *pltfm_host = sdhci_priv(host);
> >> >> >> + struct sdhci_arasan_data *sdhci_arasan =
> >> >sdhci_pltfm_priv(pltfm_host);
> >> >> >> + u16 ctrl_2, clk;
> >> >> >> + int ret;
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + switch (ios->signal_voltage) {
> >> >> >> + case MMC_SIGNAL_VOLTAGE_180:
> >> >> >> + clk = sdhci_readw(host, SDHCI_CLOCK_CONTROL);
> >> >> >> + clk &= ~SDHCI_CLOCK_CARD_EN;
> >> >> >> + sdhci_writew(host, clk, SDHCI_CLOCK_CONTROL);
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + clk = sdhci_readw(host, SDHCI_CLOCK_CONTROL);
> >> >> >> + if (clk & SDHCI_CLOCK_CARD_EN)
> >> >> >> + return -EAGAIN;
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + sdhci_writeb(host, SDHCI_POWER_ON | SDHCI_POWER_180,
> >> >> >> + SDHCI_POWER_CONTROL);
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + /*
> >> >> >> + * Set VDDIO_B voltage to Low for 1.8V
> >> >> >> + * which is controlling by GPIO Expander.
> >> >> >> + */
> >> >> >> + gpiod_set_value_cansleep(sdhci_arasan->uhs_gpio,
> >> >> >> + 0);
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + /*
> >> >> >> + * This is like a final gatekeeper. Need to
> >> >> >> + ensure changed
> >> >voltage
> >> >> >> + * is settled before and after turn on this bit.
> >> >> >> + */
> >> >> >> + usleep_range(1000, 1100);
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + ret =
> >> >keembay_sd_voltage_selection(KEEMBAY_SET_1V8_VOLT);
> >> >> >> + if (ret)
> >> >> >> + return ret;
> >> >> >> +
> >> >> >> + usleep_range(1000, 1100);
> >> >> >
> >> >> >No, sorry, but I don't like this.
> >> >> >
> >> >> >This looks like a GPIO regulator with an extension of using the
> >> >> >keembay_sd_voltage_selection() thingy. I think you can model these
> >> >> >things behind a regulator and hook it up as a vqmmc supply in DT
> >> >> >instead. BTW, this is the common way we deal with these things for
> >> >> >mmc
> >> >host drivers.
> >> >>
> >> >> The SDcard for Keem Bay SOC does not have its own voltage regulator.
> >> >> There are 2 places to control the voltage.
> >> >> 1) By setting the AON register calling system-level platform
> >> >> management
> >> >layer (SMC)
> >> >> to set the I/O pads voltage for particular GPIOs line for clk,data and cmd.
> >> >> The reason why I use this keembay_sd_voltage_selection() via
> >> >> smccc
> >> >interface it because during voltage switching
> >> >> I need to access to AON register. On a secure system, we could
> >> >> not
> >> >directly access to AON register due to some security concern from
> >> >driver side, thus
> >> >> cannot exposed any register or address.
> >> >> 2) By controlling the GPIO expander value to drive either 1.8V or
> >> >> 3.3V for
> >> >power mux input.
> >> >
> >> >I see, thanks for clarifying.
> >> >
> >> >To me, it sounds like the best fit is to implement a pinctrl (to
> >> >manage the I/O
> >> >pads) and a GPIO regulator.
> >> >
> >> Even with pinctrl, i still need to use the keembay_sd_voltage_selection()
> >thingy for AON register.
> >
> >Yes, I am fine by that.
> >
> >Although, as it's really a pinctrl, it deserves to be modelled like that. Not as a
> >soc specific hack in a mmc host driver.
> >
> >> Plus, the GPIO pin that control the sd-voltage is in GPIO Expander not using
> >Keembay SOC GPIO Pin.
> >> The best option is using the gpio consumer function to toggle the pin.
> >
> >As I said, please no.
> >
> >The common way to model this is as a GPIO regulator. In this way, you can even
> >rely on existing mmc DT bindings. All you have to do is to hook up a vqmmc
> >supply to the mmc node.
> >
> >To be clear, as long as there are no arguments for why a pinctrl and GPIO
> >regulator can't be used - I am not going to pick up the patches.
> As I mentioned The SDcard does not have its own voltage regulator.
> It only uses the voltage rails on the mux input.
>
> There are 2 things need to be configured before getting the output voltage:
>
> 1) V_VDDIO_B :
> Supplied voltage applied to I/O Rail which is controlled from the Always on domain using specific bits in AON_CFG1 register.
> This is where we set for V_VDDIO_B using the keembay_sd_voltage_selection() to set either 1.8v or 3.3v depending on the bit value.
> IMHO, we do not pinctrl to do this.
>
> 2) V_VDDIO_B_MAIN:
> The output V_VDDIO_B_MAIN (OUT1) will be either V_3P3_MAIN (IN1) or V_1P8_MAIN (IN2),
> depending on the state of GPIO expander Pin value. There is a POWER MUX involving here.
> IMHO, we do not need any gpio regulator/regulator api hook up for this.
> Most important thing, there is no regulator ic at all.
> We still need to manually control and toggle the pin value.
>
> The final IO voltage is set by V_VDDIO_B (= V_VDDIO_B_MAIN after passing through voltage sense resistor).
>
> Hope this will clarify.

I think I get it, thanks.

Again, I haven't seen any reasons for why this can't be modelled as a
pinctrl and a gpio-regulator. So, please convert it to that.

Kind regards
Uffe

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