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Subject[PATCH 09/23] wfx: add fwio.c/fwio.h
Date
From: Jérôme Pouiller <jerome.pouiller@silabs.com>

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Pouiller <jerome.pouiller@silabs.com>
---
drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.c | 405 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.h | 15 +
2 files changed, 420 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.c
create mode 100644 drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.h

diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.c b/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1b8aec02d169
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.c
@@ -0,0 +1,405 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * Firmware loading.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2017-2020, Silicon Laboratories, Inc.
+ * Copyright (c) 2010, ST-Ericsson
+ */
+#include <linux/firmware.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/bitfield.h>
+
+#include "fwio.h"
+#include "wfx.h"
+#include "hwio.h"
+
+// Addresses below are in SRAM area
+#define WFX_DNLD_FIFO 0x09004000
+#define DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE 0x0400
+#define DNLD_FIFO_SIZE 0x8000 // (32 * DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE)
+// Download Control Area (DCA)
+#define WFX_DCA_IMAGE_SIZE 0x0900C000
+#define WFX_DCA_PUT 0x0900C004
+#define WFX_DCA_GET 0x0900C008
+#define WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS 0x0900C00C
+#define HOST_READY 0x87654321
+#define HOST_INFO_READ 0xA753BD99
+#define HOST_UPLOAD_PENDING 0xABCDDCBA
+#define HOST_UPLOAD_COMPLETE 0xD4C64A99
+#define HOST_OK_TO_JUMP 0x174FC882
+#define WFX_DCA_NCP_STATUS 0x0900C010
+#define NCP_NOT_READY 0x12345678
+#define NCP_READY 0x87654321
+#define NCP_INFO_READY 0xBD53EF99
+#define NCP_DOWNLOAD_PENDING 0xABCDDCBA
+#define NCP_DOWNLOAD_COMPLETE 0xCAFEFECA
+#define NCP_AUTH_OK 0xD4C64A99
+#define NCP_AUTH_FAIL 0x174FC882
+#define NCP_PUB_KEY_RDY 0x7AB41D19
+#define WFX_DCA_FW_SIGNATURE 0x0900C014
+#define FW_SIGNATURE_SIZE 0x40
+#define WFX_DCA_FW_HASH 0x0900C054
+#define FW_HASH_SIZE 0x08
+#define WFX_DCA_FW_VERSION 0x0900C05C
+#define FW_VERSION_SIZE 0x04
+#define WFX_DCA_RESERVED 0x0900C060
+#define DCA_RESERVED_SIZE 0x20
+#define WFX_STATUS_INFO 0x0900C080
+#define WFX_BOOTLOADER_LABEL 0x0900C084
+#define BOOTLOADER_LABEL_SIZE 0x3C
+#define WFX_PTE_INFO 0x0900C0C0
+#define PTE_INFO_KEYSET_IDX 0x0D
+#define PTE_INFO_SIZE 0x10
+#define WFX_ERR_INFO 0x0900C0D0
+#define ERR_INVALID_SEC_TYPE 0x05
+#define ERR_SIG_VERIF_FAILED 0x0F
+#define ERR_AES_CTRL_KEY 0x10
+#define ERR_ECC_PUB_KEY 0x11
+#define ERR_MAC_KEY 0x18
+
+#define DCA_TIMEOUT 50 // milliseconds
+#define WAKEUP_TIMEOUT 200 // milliseconds
+
+static const char * const fwio_errors[] = {
+ [ERR_INVALID_SEC_TYPE] = "Invalid section type or wrong encryption",
+ [ERR_SIG_VERIF_FAILED] = "Signature verification failed",
+ [ERR_AES_CTRL_KEY] = "AES control key not initialized",
+ [ERR_ECC_PUB_KEY] = "ECC public key not initialized",
+ [ERR_MAC_KEY] = "MAC key not initialized",
+};
+
+/*
+ * request_firmware() allocate data using vmalloc(). It is not compatible with
+ * underlying hardware that use DMA. Function below detect this case and
+ * allocate a bounce buffer if necessary.
+ *
+ * Notice that, in doubt, you can enable CONFIG_DEBUG_SG to ask kernel to
+ * detect this problem at runtime (else, kernel silently fail).
+ *
+ * NOTE: it may also be possible to use 'pages' from struct firmware and avoid
+ * bounce buffer
+ */
+static int sram_write_dma_safe(struct wfx_dev *wdev, u32 addr, const u8 *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ int ret;
+ const u8 *tmp;
+
+ if (!virt_addr_valid(buf)) {
+ tmp = kmemdup(buf, len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!tmp)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ } else {
+ tmp = buf;
+ }
+ ret = sram_buf_write(wdev, addr, tmp, len);
+ if (tmp != buf)
+ kfree(tmp);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int get_firmware(struct wfx_dev *wdev, u32 keyset_chip,
+ const struct firmware **fw, int *file_offset)
+{
+ int keyset_file;
+ char filename[256];
+ const char *data;
+ int ret;
+
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_%02X.sec",
+ wdev->pdata.file_fw, keyset_chip);
+ ret = firmware_request_nowarn(fw, filename, wdev->dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_info(wdev->dev, "can't load %s, falling back to %s.sec\n",
+ filename, wdev->pdata.file_fw);
+ snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s.sec",
+ wdev->pdata.file_fw);
+ ret = request_firmware(fw, filename, wdev->dev);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "can't load %s\n", filename);
+ *fw = NULL;
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ data = (*fw)->data;
+ if (memcmp(data, "KEYSET", 6) != 0) {
+ // Legacy firmware format
+ *file_offset = 0;
+ keyset_file = 0x90;
+ } else {
+ *file_offset = 8;
+ keyset_file = (hex_to_bin(data[6]) * 16) | hex_to_bin(data[7]);
+ if (keyset_file < 0) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "%s corrupted\n", filename);
+ release_firmware(*fw);
+ *fw = NULL;
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+ if (keyset_file != keyset_chip) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "firmware keyset is incompatible with chip (file: 0x%02X, chip: 0x%02X)\n",
+ keyset_file, keyset_chip);
+ release_firmware(*fw);
+ *fw = NULL;
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ wdev->keyset = keyset_file;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int wait_ncp_status(struct wfx_dev *wdev, u32 status)
+{
+ ktime_t now, start;
+ u32 reg;
+ int ret;
+
+ start = ktime_get();
+ for (;;) {
+ ret = sram_reg_read(wdev, WFX_DCA_NCP_STATUS, &reg);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return -EIO;
+ now = ktime_get();
+ if (reg == status)
+ break;
+ if (ktime_after(now, ktime_add_ms(start, DCA_TIMEOUT)))
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ if (ktime_compare(now, start))
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "chip answer after %lldus\n",
+ ktime_us_delta(now, start));
+ else
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "chip answer immediately\n");
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int upload_firmware(struct wfx_dev *wdev, const u8 *data, size_t len)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u32 offs, bytes_done = 0;
+ ktime_t now, start;
+
+ if (len % DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "firmware size is not aligned. Buffer overrun will occur\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ offs = 0;
+ while (offs < len) {
+ start = ktime_get();
+ for (;;) {
+ now = ktime_get();
+ if (offs + DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE - bytes_done < DNLD_FIFO_SIZE)
+ break;
+ if (ktime_after(now, ktime_add_ms(start, DCA_TIMEOUT)))
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ ret = sram_reg_read(wdev, WFX_DCA_GET, &bytes_done);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ if (ktime_compare(now, start))
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "answer after %lldus\n",
+ ktime_us_delta(now, start));
+
+ ret = sram_write_dma_safe(wdev, WFX_DNLD_FIFO +
+ (offs % DNLD_FIFO_SIZE),
+ data + offs, DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ // WFx seems to not support writing 0 in this register during
+ // first loop
+ offs += DNLD_BLOCK_SIZE;
+ ret = sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_PUT, offs);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void print_boot_status(struct wfx_dev *wdev)
+{
+ u32 reg;
+
+ sram_reg_read(wdev, WFX_STATUS_INFO, &reg);
+ if (reg == 0x12345678)
+ return;
+ sram_reg_read(wdev, WFX_ERR_INFO, &reg);
+ if (reg < ARRAY_SIZE(fwio_errors) && fwio_errors[reg])
+ dev_info(wdev->dev, "secure boot: %s\n", fwio_errors[reg]);
+ else
+ dev_info(wdev->dev, "secure boot: Error %#02x\n", reg);
+}
+
+static int load_firmware_secure(struct wfx_dev *wdev)
+{
+ const struct firmware *fw = NULL;
+ int header_size;
+ int fw_offset;
+ ktime_t start;
+ u8 *buf;
+ int ret;
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(PTE_INFO_SIZE > BOOTLOADER_LABEL_SIZE);
+ buf = kmalloc(BOOTLOADER_LABEL_SIZE + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS, HOST_READY);
+ ret = wait_ncp_status(wdev, NCP_INFO_READY);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ sram_buf_read(wdev, WFX_BOOTLOADER_LABEL, buf, BOOTLOADER_LABEL_SIZE);
+ buf[BOOTLOADER_LABEL_SIZE] = 0;
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "bootloader: \"%s\"\n", buf);
+
+ sram_buf_read(wdev, WFX_PTE_INFO, buf, PTE_INFO_SIZE);
+ ret = get_firmware(wdev, buf[PTE_INFO_KEYSET_IDX], &fw, &fw_offset);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+ header_size = fw_offset + FW_SIGNATURE_SIZE + FW_HASH_SIZE;
+
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS, HOST_INFO_READ);
+ ret = wait_ncp_status(wdev, NCP_READY);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DNLD_FIFO, 0xFFFFFFFF); // Fifo init
+ sram_write_dma_safe(wdev, WFX_DCA_FW_VERSION, "\x01\x00\x00\x00",
+ FW_VERSION_SIZE);
+ sram_write_dma_safe(wdev, WFX_DCA_FW_SIGNATURE, fw->data + fw_offset,
+ FW_SIGNATURE_SIZE);
+ sram_write_dma_safe(wdev, WFX_DCA_FW_HASH,
+ fw->data + fw_offset + FW_SIGNATURE_SIZE,
+ FW_HASH_SIZE);
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_IMAGE_SIZE, fw->size - header_size);
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS, HOST_UPLOAD_PENDING);
+ ret = wait_ncp_status(wdev, NCP_DOWNLOAD_PENDING);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+
+ start = ktime_get();
+ ret = upload_firmware(wdev, fw->data + header_size,
+ fw->size - header_size);
+ if (ret)
+ goto error;
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "firmware load after %lldus\n",
+ ktime_us_delta(ktime_get(), start));
+
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS, HOST_UPLOAD_COMPLETE);
+ ret = wait_ncp_status(wdev, NCP_AUTH_OK);
+ // Legacy ROM support
+ if (ret < 0)
+ ret = wait_ncp_status(wdev, NCP_PUB_KEY_RDY);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto error;
+ sram_reg_write(wdev, WFX_DCA_HOST_STATUS, HOST_OK_TO_JUMP);
+
+error:
+ kfree(buf);
+ if (fw)
+ release_firmware(fw);
+ if (ret)
+ print_boot_status(wdev);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int init_gpr(struct wfx_dev *wdev)
+{
+ int ret, i;
+ static const struct {
+ int index;
+ u32 value;
+ } gpr_init[] = {
+ { 0x07, 0x208775 },
+ { 0x08, 0x2EC020 },
+ { 0x09, 0x3C3C3C },
+ { 0x0B, 0x322C44 },
+ { 0x0C, 0xA06497 },
+ };
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(gpr_init); i++) {
+ ret = igpr_reg_write(wdev, gpr_init[i].index,
+ gpr_init[i].value);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, " index %02x: %08x\n",
+ gpr_init[i].index, gpr_init[i].value);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int wfx_init_device(struct wfx_dev *wdev)
+{
+ int ret;
+ int hw_revision, hw_type;
+ int wakeup_timeout = 50; // ms
+ ktime_t now, start;
+ u32 reg;
+
+ reg = CFG_DIRECT_ACCESS_MODE | CFG_CPU_RESET | CFG_BYTE_ORDER_ABCD;
+ if (wdev->pdata.use_rising_clk)
+ reg |= CFG_CLK_RISE_EDGE;
+ ret = config_reg_write(wdev, reg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "bus returned an error during first write access. Host configuration error?\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ ret = config_reg_read(wdev, &reg);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "bus returned an error during first read access. Bus configuration error?\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ if (reg == 0 || reg == ~0) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "chip mute. Bus configuration error or chip wasn't reset?\n");
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "initial config register value: %08x\n", reg);
+
+ hw_revision = FIELD_GET(CFG_DEVICE_ID_MAJOR, reg);
+ if (hw_revision == 0) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "bad hardware revision number: %d\n",
+ hw_revision);
+ return -ENODEV;
+ }
+ hw_type = FIELD_GET(CFG_DEVICE_ID_TYPE, reg);
+ if (hw_type == 1) {
+ dev_notice(wdev->dev, "development hardware detected\n");
+ wakeup_timeout = 2000;
+ }
+
+ ret = init_gpr(wdev);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = control_reg_write(wdev, CTRL_WLAN_WAKEUP);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return -EIO;
+ start = ktime_get();
+ for (;;) {
+ ret = control_reg_read(wdev, &reg);
+ now = ktime_get();
+ if (reg & CTRL_WLAN_READY)
+ break;
+ if (ktime_after(now, ktime_add_ms(start, wakeup_timeout))) {
+ dev_err(wdev->dev, "chip didn't wake up. Chip wasn't reset?\n");
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ }
+ dev_dbg(wdev->dev, "chip wake up after %lldus\n",
+ ktime_us_delta(now, start));
+
+ ret = config_reg_write_bits(wdev, CFG_CPU_RESET, 0);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ ret = load_firmware_secure(wdev);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ return config_reg_write_bits(wdev,
+ CFG_DIRECT_ACCESS_MODE |
+ CFG_IRQ_ENABLE_DATA |
+ CFG_IRQ_ENABLE_WRDY,
+ CFG_IRQ_ENABLE_DATA);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.h b/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6028f92503fe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/silabs/wfx/fwio.h
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Firmware loading.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2017-2019, Silicon Laboratories, Inc.
+ * Copyright (c) 2010, ST-Ericsson
+ */
+#ifndef WFX_FWIO_H
+#define WFX_FWIO_H
+
+struct wfx_dev;
+
+int wfx_init_device(struct wfx_dev *wdev);
+
+#endif /* WFX_FWIO_H */
--
2.28.0
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