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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 2/3] tty/serial: ttvys: add null modem driver emulating serial port
Thanks Greg for the review, please find my replies inline.

On Tue, Jan 7, 2020 at 1:05 AM Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jan 06, 2020 at 12:51:54PM +0530, Rishi Gupta wrote:
> > This commit adds driver that can create virtual tty devices.
> > This is useful in software testing and gps data simulation.
> >
> > Devices are created either through DT or by writing to device
> > node. Serial port events like frame, parity, overflow errors
> > are also emulated by writing to sysfs files.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Rishi Gupta <gupt21@gmail.com>
> > ---
> > MAINTAINERS | 8 +
> > drivers/tty/Kconfig | 16 +
> > drivers/tty/Makefile | 1 +
> > drivers/tty/ttyvs.c | 2429 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 4 files changed, 2454 insertions(+)
> > create mode 100644 drivers/tty/ttyvs.c
> >
> > diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> > index c6b893f..350fb36 100644
> > --- a/MAINTAINERS
> > +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> > @@ -16794,6 +16794,14 @@ F: include/uapi/linux/serial_core.h
> > F: include/uapi/linux/serial.h
> > F: include/uapi/linux/tty.h
> >
> > +TTYVS VIRTUAL SERIAL DRIVER
> > +M: Rishi Gupta <gupt21@gmail.com>
> > +L: linux-serial@vger.kernel.org
> > +L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> > +S: Maintained
> > +F: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/ttyvs.yaml
> > +F: drivers/tty/ttyvs.c
> > +
> > TUA9001 MEDIA DRIVER
> > M: Antti Palosaari <crope@iki.fi>
> > L: linux-media@vger.kernel.org
> > diff --git a/drivers/tty/Kconfig b/drivers/tty/Kconfig
> > index a312cb3..1e843f9 100644
> > --- a/drivers/tty/Kconfig
> > +++ b/drivers/tty/Kconfig
> > @@ -477,4 +477,20 @@ config LDISC_AUTOLOAD
> > dev.tty.ldisc_autoload sysctl, this configuration option will
> > only set the default value of this functionality.
> >
> > +config TTY_VS
> > + tristate "Virtual serial null modem emulation"
> > + help
> > + This driver creates virtual serial port devices (loopback and
> > + null modem style) that can be used in the same way as real serial
> > + port devices. Parity, frame, overflow, ring indicator, baudrate
> > + mismatch, hardware and software flow control can be emulated.
> > +
> > + For information about how to create/delete devices, exchange data
> > + and emulate events, please read:
> > + <file:Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/ttyvs.yaml>.
> > +
> > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > + module will be called ttyvs.ko. If you want to compile this driver
> > + into the kernel, say Y here.
> > +
> > endif # TTY
> > diff --git a/drivers/tty/Makefile b/drivers/tty/Makefile
> > index 020b1cd..c5f2b4c 100644
> > --- a/drivers/tty/Makefile
> > +++ b/drivers/tty/Makefile
> > @@ -34,5 +34,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_EPAPR_HV_BYTECHAN) += ehv_bytechan.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_GOLDFISH_TTY) += goldfish.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_MIPS_EJTAG_FDC_TTY) += mips_ejtag_fdc.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_VCC) += vcc.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_TTY_VS) += ttyvs.o
> >
> > obj-y += ipwireless/
> > diff --git a/drivers/tty/ttyvs.c b/drivers/tty/ttyvs.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 0000000..894346c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/drivers/tty/ttyvs.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,2429 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > +/*
> > + * Serial port null modem emulation driver
> > + *
> > + * Copyright (c) 2020, Rishi Gupta <gupt21@gmail.com>
> > + */
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Virtual multi-port serial card:
> > + *
> > + * This driver implements a virtual multi-port serial card in such a
> > + * way that the virtual card can have 0 to N number of virtual serial
> > + * ports (tty devices). The devices created in this card are used in
> > + * exactly the same way as the real tty devices using standard termios
> > + * and Linux/Posix APIs.
> > + *
> > + * /dev/ttyvs_card
> > + * +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~+
> > + * | +-------------+ |
> > + * | | /dev/ttyvs0 | |
> > + * | +-------------+ |
> > + * | . |
> > + * | . |
> > + * | +-------------+ |
> > + * | | /dev/ttyvsN | |
> > + * | +-------------+ |
> > + * +~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~+
> > + *
> > + * DT bindings: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/ttyvs.yaml
> > + *
> > + * Example udev rules:
> > + * 1. Permissions on card's node to create/destroy and query information:
> > + * ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="misc", KERNEL=="ttyvs_card", MODE="0666"
> > + *
> > + * 2. Permission on tty device nodes and event sysfs files (%S is sysfs
> > + * mount point and %p is DEVPATH /devices/virtual/tty/ttyvsNUM):
> > + * ACTION=="add", SUBSYSTEM=="tty", KERNEL=="ttyvs[0-9]*",\
> > + * MODE="0666", RUN+="/bin/chmod 0666 %S%p/event %S%p/faultycable"
> > + */
> > +
> > +#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
> > +
> > +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > +#include <linux/errno.h>
> > +#include <linux/init.h>
> > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > +#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
> > +#include <linux/slab.h>
> > +#include <linux/wait.h>
> > +#include <linux/tty.h>
> > +#include <linux/tty_driver.h>
> > +#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
> > +#include <linux/serial.h>
> > +#include <linux/sched.h>
> > +#include <linux/version.h>
> > +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> > +#include <linux/of.h>
> > +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> > +
> > +/* Pin out configurations definitions */
> > +#define VS_CON_CTS 0x0001
> > +#define VS_CON_DCD 0x0002
> > +#define VS_CON_DSR 0x0004
> > +#define VS_CON_RI 0x0008
> > +
> > +/* Modem control register definitions */
> > +#define VS_MCR_DTR 0x0001
> > +#define VS_MCR_RTS 0x0002
> > +#define VS_MCR_LOOP 0x0004
> > +
> > +/* Modem status register definitions */
> > +#define VS_MSR_CTS 0x0008
> > +#define VS_MSR_DCD 0x0010
> > +#define VS_MSR_RI 0x0020
> > +#define VS_MSR_DSR 0x0040
> > +
> > +/* UART frame structure definitions */
> > +#define VS_CRTSCTS 0x0001
> > +#define VS_XON 0x0002
> > +#define VS_NONE 0X0004
> > +#define VS_DATA_5 0X0008
> > +#define VS_DATA_6 0X0010
> > +#define VS_DATA_7 0X0020
> > +#define VS_DATA_8 0X0040
>
> Why the "X"?
Sorry I did not understand, do you mean why VS_XON.
>
>
> > +#define VS_PARITY_NONE 0x0080
> > +#define VS_PARITY_ODD 0x0100
> > +#define VS_PARITY_EVEN 0x0200
> > +#define VS_PARITY_MARK 0x0400
> > +#define VS_PARITY_SPACE 0x0800
> > +#define VS_STOP_1 0x1000
> > +#define VS_STOP_2 0x2000
> > +
> > +/* Constants for the device type (odevtyp) */
> > +#define VS_SNM 0x0001
> > +#define VS_CNM 0x0002
> > +#define VS_SLB 0x0003
> > +#define VS_CLB 0x0004
> > +
> > +/* Represents a virtual tty device in this virtual card */
> > +struct vs_dev {
> > + /* index for this device in tty core */
> > + unsigned int own_index;
> > + /* index of the device to which this device is connected */
> > + unsigned int peer_index;
> > + /* shadow modem status register */
> > + int msr_reg;
> > + /* shadow modem control register */
> > + int mcr_reg;
> > + /* rts line connections for this device */
> > + int rts_mappings;
> > + /* dtr line connections for this device */
> > + int dtr_mappings;
> > + int set_odtr_at_open;
> > + int set_pdtr_at_open;
> > + int odevtyp;
> > + /* mutual exclusion at device level */
> > + struct mutex lock;
> > + int is_break_on;
> > + /* currently active baudrate */
> > + int baud;
> > + int uart_frame;
> > + int waiting_msr_chg;
> > + int tx_paused;
> > + int faulty_cable;
> > + struct tty_struct *own_tty;
> > + struct tty_struct *peer_tty;
> > + struct serial_struct serial;
> > + struct async_icount icount;
> > + struct device *device;
> > +};
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Associates index of the device as managed by index manager
> > + * to its device specific data.
> > + */
> > +struct vs_info {
> > + int index;
> > + struct vs_dev *vsdev;
> > +};
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * Root of database of all devices managed by this driver. Devices
> > + * are referenced using this root. For ex; to retreive struct vs_dev
> > + * of 3rd device use db[3].vsdev.
> > + */
> > +static struct vs_info *db;
>
> No, please create these dynamically, no need to have this, right?
Okay, I have replaced this with index radix tree. I will send v2 soon.
>
> > +
> > +/*
> > + * This is used to create and destroy devices atomically.
> > + */
> > +static DEFINE_MUTEX(card_lock);
> > +
> > +/* Describes this driver */
> > +static struct tty_driver *ttyvs_driver;
> > +
> > +/* Module params / device-tree properties */
> > +#define VS_DEFAULT_MAX_DEV 64
> > +static ushort max_num_vs_devs = VS_DEFAULT_MAX_DEV;
> > +static ushort init_num_nm_pairs;
> > +static ushort init_num_lb_devs;
> > +
> > +/* Gives how many null modem pairs exist at present */
> > +static ushort total_nm_pair;
> > +
> > +/* Gives how many loop back devices exist at present */
> > +static ushort total_lb_devs;
>
> u16 for all of these?
Okay, I will update in v2.
>
>
> > +static struct attribute *vs_info_attrs[] = {
> > + &dev_attr_event.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_faultycable.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_ownidx.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_peeridx.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_ortsmap.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_odtrmap.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_prtsmap.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_pdtrmap.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_odevtyp.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_odtropn.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_pdtropn.attr,
> > + &dev_attr_ostats.attr,
> > + NULL,
> > +};
>
> There are a _LOT_ of sysfs files here that are not documented anywhere
> in your Documentation/ABI/ entry. Why are these all needed?
I will double check this with my team or document why they are needed in v2.
>
> > +
> > +static const struct attribute_group vs_info_attr_grp = {
> > + .attrs = vs_info_attrs,
> > +};
>
> ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS()?
Okay, I will update in v2.
>
> > +/*
> > + * Returns next minor number (index) free to be used for
> > + * next tty device otherwise -ENOMEM. If a particular index
> > + * is to be excluded it is provided by the caller in 'exclude'.
> > + */
> > +static int vs_get_free_idx(unsigned int *idx, int exclude)
> > +{
> > + int x;
> > +
> > + for (x = 0; x < max_num_vs_devs; x++) {
> > + if (db[x].index == -1) {
> > + if (x == exclude) {
> > + continue;
> > + } else {
> > + *idx = x;
> > + return 0;
> > + }
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +}
>
> Use an idr please. Or is it an 'ida'? Either way, NEVER open-code this
> type of logic anymore, you will get it wrong :(
Okay, I will update in v2.
>
> > +static int vs_alloc_reg_one_dev(int oidx, int pidx, int rtsmap,
> > + int dtrmap, int dtropn)
> > +{
> > + int ret;
> > + struct vs_dev *vsdev;
> > + struct device *dev;
> > +
> > + /* Allocate and init virtual tty device private data */
> > + vsdev = kcalloc(1, sizeof(struct vs_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!vsdev)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + vsdev->own_tty = NULL;
> > + vsdev->peer_tty = NULL;
> > + vsdev->own_index = oidx;
> > + vsdev->peer_index = pidx;
> > + vsdev->rts_mappings = rtsmap;
> > + vsdev->dtr_mappings = dtrmap;
> > + vsdev->set_odtr_at_open = dtropn;
> > + vsdev->msr_reg = 0;
> > + vsdev->mcr_reg = 0;
> > + vsdev->waiting_msr_chg = 0;
> > + vsdev->tx_paused = 0;
> > + vsdev->faulty_cable = 0;
> > + mutex_init(&vsdev->lock);
> > +
> > + /* Register with tty core with specific minor number */
> > + dev = tty_register_device(ttyvs_driver, oidx, NULL);
> > + if (!dev) {
> > + ret = -ENOMEM;
> > + goto fail;
> > + }
> > +
> > + vsdev->device = dev;
> > + dev_set_drvdata(dev, vsdev);
> > +
> > + /* Create custom sysfs files for this device for events */
> > + ret = sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, &vs_info_attr_grp);
>
> Please no. You just raced with userspace and lost (i.e. userspace has
> no idea these files are present.)
>
> Please use the correct apis for this, if you _REALLY_ want special sysfs
> files for a tty device.
Any specific API would you like to suggest. I am unable to progress on
how to address this one.
>
> greg k-h

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